In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(matter)caso masculinethe Greene case — el caso Greene
- police are investigating several cases of fraud — la policía está investigando varios casos de estafa
- to dismiss a case — sobreseer una causa
- to hear a case — conocer de una causa
- to lose/win a case — perder/ganar un pleito / juicio
- the workers' case has been taken up by the papers — los periódicos se han hecho eco de la causa de los obreros
- an open-and-shut case — un caso que no tiene vuelta de hoja
- to make a federal case out of sth — hacer un drama de algo
2.1Medicinecaso masculinetwo cases of meningitis, two meningitis cases — dos casos de meningitis
- the doctor said he was a hopeless case — el médico dijo que no tenía cura
- We had our fracture ward upstairs full of cases immobilised in full plaster casts.
- With current medications most cases of both types of cancer in kids and teens are curable.
- In addition, it is effective in cases requiring radical surgery of malignant tumors.
- There is no sign of a slowdown in new cases of the disease.
- There are about 200 cases of Legionnaires' Disease in England each year.
- King Edward Hospital in Perth centred on the treatment of obstetrics and gynaecology cases.
- Recent well-publicised cases of the disease highlight the point that this epidemic will not go away on its own.
- We know where the chronic heart disease cases are going to be.
- He said although new cases of foot-and-mouth disease had dramatically reduced he still had to be extra cautious.
- They believe their children are suffering from undiagnosed cases of brittle bone disease.
- Most of these cases had contracted the disease some time ago and are only now starting treatment.
- There had previously been only four cases of the disease diagnosed in Scotland this year.
- More cases than controls saw a gynaecologist or an obstetrician and cases had more prenatal visits.
- Four out of the five Indian cases with septicaemia or meningitis had a fatal outcome.
- We recently admitted two cases of tuberculous meningitis to our hospital within a week.
- So far, more than two thirds of cases have required advice only.
- They said she had a case of chicken pox and some sort of allergy.
- At least 75 cases of dengue fever have been detected in hospitals in the city in the last week, the sources said.
- Another complicating factor is whether or not psychiatric cases are included in the casualty figures.
- Almost 30 new cases of the disease were detected as a result of the screening programme.
- It has been estimated that the general practitioner sees about five cancer cases yearly.
- Only two of the team were not affected by an appalling case of food poisoning on the day of the final.
- Less than one per cent of the substantiated cases required medical care for broken bones or head trauma.
- How many cases of mumps, measles, or rubella would the lack of vaccination of this number of children produce?
- Two cases of primary malignant melanoma of the common bile duct were reported in 1991.
- The most severe cases are medical emergencies and require the skilled care of a physician in hospital to avoid death.
- The sanctuary takes in cruelty and abuse cases and regularly receives referrals from the police.
- Severe cases require treatment in hospital with antibiotics.
- She normally only saw one case of the virus a year.
- The nurse would direct the more serious cases to a general practitioner.
- In cases of typhoid fever caused by salmonella bacteria, early symptoms are the same.
- Hospitals were requested to provide copies of the medical records of potential cases.
- Cholesterol clefts were shown on biopsy in all four cases, and eosinophilia was noted in three.
- He called on the need for a healthy diet so as to prevent cases of malnutrition and anaemia, especially among women in India.
- But he said a lot of work was being done to raise awareness and combat rising cases of diseases like chlamydia in the town.
- Hundreds of contacts of the suspected cases are under medical surveillance, at least five of whom have developed fevers.
- Diabetes and hypertension are the underlying causes in most cases of chronic kidney disease.
- Although smaller in number, incidences of gonorrhea and genital warts rose, while there was a fall in cases of herpes and syphilis.
- Most of those patients are run of the mill cases that a medical student could handle.
- He has been suffering from a chronic case of Mud Fever ever since we bought him 6 months ago.
2.2informal (pitiable person)caso masculinehe's a mental case — está loco de remate / de atar informal
- don't trust her with it, she's a hopeless case — no se lo confíes a ella, es un caso perdido
- the man next door's a sad case — el del vecino es un caso digno de lástima
2.3dated (eccentric)caso masculine informalmy aunt's a real case — mi tía es un caso informal
- "He's a case," said Father Jerry.
- I checked out the whole joint, mate, and the verdict is in: you're a case.
- She's a case and a half. You love to hate her don't you?
3(instance, situation)caso masculinea clear case of bias — un caso claro de parcialidad
- it was a case of love at first sight — fue el clásico flechazo
- it was a case of doing what we were told — era cuestión de hacer lo que se nos mandara
- in Martin's case — en el caso de Martin
- in the case of Martin — en el caso de Martin
- in her case — en su caso
- in most cases — en la mayoría de los casos
4(argument)the case for the prosecution — la acusación
- the case for the defense — la defensa
- she has a good/strong case — sus argumentos son buenos/poderosos
- there is a case for leniency/for doing nothing — hay razones para ser indulgente/para no hacer nada
- to make (out) a case for sth/-ing — exponer los argumentos a favor de algo/para + inf
- the case put by the banks is that … — la razón que aducen los bancos es que …
- to put/state one's case — dar/exponer sus (or mis etc.) razones
- there's no case to answer — la acusación no tiene asidero / fundamento
- Such a view is not unreasonable and I am certainly not about to make a case against rights in general.
- Waving banners and flags, protesters cheered and shouted as speakers put across the case against war.
- He sets out the case against posting someone else's personal email address.
- If disaster movies are to be the new currency of scientific debate, who will make the case against alarmism?
- Reading his book I began to recall other exercises in arguing the case for state control.
- The case against them, let alone against the government itself, is unproven.
- Our application will be considered on its merits and we have confidence in our case.
- I presume you will give equal prominence to the case against the euro.
- The only case against anonymity for all accused until found guilty is that it would sell fewer papers.
- A wealth of studies indicate that a good case can be made for the first of these claims.
- He makes a strong case for the fact that dealing with loss is the key to dealing with life.
- They will also argue an economic case against membership.
- Few will be moved by its case against the company today, even though the grievance is genuine.
- He takes pains to limit the range and reach of his case against censorship.
- It is telling the people of New Zealand that they will not be allowed to hear him put his case in his own words.
- Speakers at this meeting put the case against the proposed handing over of council housing stock.
- The case against is that soppy makeover shows are not what the BBC is there for.
- We therefore consider there is a case for retaining the complex monopoly provisions and propose to do so.
- He has travelled literally thousands of miles to argue the case against war and occupation.
- No group will have the funds or organization to make the case against any revenue cap.
- Do common cases become conventionalized as new senses for the words involved?
- Only relatively recently did grammarians begin a debate over noun cases in English.
- Let us start by explaining all of the seven Croatian grammatical cases.
- They had at least as many noun cases to contend with as Latin speakers did, as well.
- The nominal part of this prepositional phrase is not in the nominative case.
1(crate)caja femininecajón masculinejaba feminine Peru Chile(of wine, liquor) caja de 12 botellas
- My treasures are stored on a magnetic disk for the most part, and on silver disks in CD-ROM cases.
- With it comes a case of wine that steers the taster through a range of styles and regions.
- But police and customs officers later seized cases of lager and wine that had been illegally imported.
- This rod comes in a cloth bag and a heavy duty protective case which can be taken on your airline as hand luggage.
- The reliability of waterproof cases could be greatly improved if more manufacturers incorporated two independent seals.
- They never stay in their cases or wrapping resulting in soap suds and gunk everywhere.
- Like the miniature, they were mounted under glass with a gilded surround in a handsome and ornate protective case.
- I put the camera into the case and stubbed the cigarette, which was, by then, my fifth.
- Some 500,000 nine-litre cases are sold annually, making it second only to Glenfiddich.
- We buy a whole case of champagne but we are not going to drink it… just for you but we are not going to drink it.
- Irish wine consumers now buy over five million cases of wine a year.
- Identify the wines you like and ask your local wine shop what price a case of 12 bottles would be.
- Many English longcase clocks had cases designed in the style of the period in which they were made.
- Whereas I know people who can drink cases of beer and it doesn't affect them; I don't know how they do it.
- Authorities say the suspects made off with thousands of cases of beer and wine before they were caught.
- Shane showed us inside of the big barn, a glut of huge machines, cases, and containers.
- You get five discs and each comes in its own case with nice looking sleeves.
- Beer and milk may be sold in crates but, contrary to popular usage, wine is sold in cases.
- It is posited that the case contains 12 bottles because that is as many as a man can comfortably carry.
- Joey held the map in one hand and had his violin case gripped firmly in the other.
- In fact, they pour so many free samples that they end up giving away 35,000 cases of wine a year.
- Antique tools displayed in cases designed by Roger are found in their home in La Jolla.
- A case of beer, a case of wine, and six bottles of Wild Turkey were disposed of in merciless fashion.
- They produce a miniscule two and a half, to three thousand cases of wine a year.
- I explained to her that the case held a CD-R containing files for work that I wanted to take home and work on overnight.
- She was now sporting a pair of dark sunglasses and taking a cigarette out of a silver case.
- Among the sofas I encounter a perspex case containing a sleek-looking chair.
- A fireproof case which had contained the masterpiece was open to the public but without the painting.
- The best advice is to taste a wine by buying a single bottle before you commit to several bottles or a case.
- Glasses should be stored in individual cases or sleeves to protect them from damage.
- They reminded me of those toys they used to sell in protective plastic cases.
- Some sent cash enclosed in unsigned birthday cards, while another showed his thanks via a couple of cases of wine.
- Prices take a leap in the case of unadorned, silver cases by the legendary Faberge.
- Prizes were given to lucky winners and those ordering cases of wine.
- For example, the top thirty chateaux in Bordeaux only produce half a million cases of wine in any one year.
- It comes with a protective carrying case and software.
- My friend James got a good deal on a couple of cases of wine but the only room he had for storage was in his loft.
- The case contains a single liner card without a spine to enable identification when shelved.
- Just fill in the voting form and you'll be automatically entered into a draw to win one of 20 cases of luxury wines.
- At Tesco in Oldham, she was sold a case of 12 bottles of Stella lager.
- She sat down and extracted a silver cigarette case from a small handbag hidden amongst the folds of her enormous dress.
- Loyal customers deserve a change from the usual cases of wine and gift vouchers.
2(hard container)(for small objects) estuche feminine(for large objects) caja feminine(soft container) funda feminine
3(soft container)funda feminine
4British(suitcase)maleta femininepetaca feminine Mexicovalija feminine River Plate
5attaché casemaletín masculine
1to case the joint — (antes de cometer un delito) reconocer el terreno
- He had fallen asleep after casing the apartment for hours.
- He cased a target location in the beginning of November, then decided to carry out his plan in the outdoor parking lot next to the Railway Station.
- But in a gross violation of their trust, Williams spent the fortnight casing the house, working out where keys were kept to the safe and what possessions they had.
- He is standing in the hall, casing the area.
- After spending two weeks casing the joint, they rob it on Christmas Eve.
- I snooped about, casing the area for suspicious activity.
- He was in the habit of doing crossword puzzles while casing premises prior to breaking and entering, and would always obligingly leave them behind for police to find.
- The area is buzzing with talk of American security men casing local streets, pubs and hotels.
- This individual was casing the area for a burglary that took place on the 26th.
- A credit check for an unfamiliar loan or lease could be a sign a thief is casing your credit history.
- How do we exclude them from people who are simply casing the joint so they can commit a robbery?
- After casing the joint and setting up a fence for the goods, the gang goes about a late night break-in and precision burglary.
- Was it a burglar casing our house to see if anyone would be around to catch him?
- Of course, what all of this means is that the thieves cased the joint during the day and came back that night to make their heist.
- I'd been casing this neglected place for weeks.
- Is she casing the joint in preparation for a future robbery?
- She had somehow heard through the local grapevine that he was going to be flying in and out of this airfield, and she had been casing the area for hours.
- I could have smiled and waved and established a nice friendship, but instead I pretended not to see them and peered into windows and looked over my shoulder nervously as if I was casing the joint.
- If you see a guy who looks like a burglar casing the joint - that will be me!
- A slight 23-year-old for whom the term ‘lairy geezer’ could have been minted, he ambles on stage and gets to work as casually as if he was casing your living room for stuff to nick.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.