In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(summon)desafiarretarone knight challenged the other — un caballero desafió / retó al otro
- he challenged him to a duel — lo retó a duelo
- to challenge sb to + inf — desafiar a algn a que + subj
- I challenge you to prove that! — ¡lo desafío a que lo demuestre!
1.2(offer competition to)no one can challenge the leaders now — nadie puede hacer peligrar la posición de los líderes
- they'll be challenged by a coalition at the next election — en las próximas elecciones se les enfrentará una coalición
1.3(question)(right/findings/authority) cuestionar(assumption/theory/idea) cuestionar(assumption/theory/idea) poner en entredicho(theory/assumption/idea) poner en duda(assumption/theory/idea) poner en tela de juicio
- Now no member state would openly challenge the legitimacy of the institution's role.
- He challenged existing theoretical propositions which he believed were only rationalization of current practices.
- Right now, are Newcastle any nearer to challenging for the title than Liverpool?
- They are challenging for promotion and have a big, experienced squad.
- In 1989 Maitland challenged the settlement, claiming that only a small salary disparity existed between men and women professors.
- Fan is so far the only candidate and no one has yet emerged from the democratic camp to challenge the position she has held for the past seven years.
- Anyway, it appears California's speed camera rules have been successfully challenged in court.
- They challenge existing theories and accepted musical norms, always striving to keep a step ahead.
- Fast-paced, relevant and worldly, it directly challenges Western notions about the universalizing effects of literature.
- If all the pieces mesh nicely, they could challenge for the East title.
- The Bulls were expected to challenge for a playoff spot but instead got blasted early this season.
- Davis supporters had filed a lawsuit challenging the validity of some of the recall signatures.
- Many others before you have made the decision to openly challenge the legitimacy of my marriage.
- With his teaching, Jesus challenges this position.
- On top of that Coulthard started winning races from the front and challenging Hakkinen's position within the team.
- The impressive and young Nurney team have not lost sight of the fact that they are one win away from getting themselves into a promotion challenging position.
- Today, as a fellow countryman challenges for the championship lead, he worries that the sport's decision to re-embrace computer aids could put drivers at risk in Monaco.
- Since the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 Britain's Royal Navy had been the dominant fighting fleet in the world; now Germany was challenging this position.
- A similar care order secured on the child of another couple has been successfully challenged in the courts.
- "It will be a change challenging for the title rather than battling relegation".
- Brighton boss Micky Adams believes a resurgent York City will be challenging for promotion next season.
- Both lawsuits challenge the constitutionality of holding immigration hearings in secrecy.
- Not until Malthus and Ricardo were Smith's optimistic assumptions seriously challenged.
- Kelly would be able to challenge for a starting spot at a position of need.
- He is now nicely poised to challenge for the top spot.
- One part is to challenge directly the notion that there is an obligation to carry out a war against disease.
- For example, moving services from secondary to primary care challenges many deeply held assumptions about the role of specialists.
- He said that either a Newton Hearing, in which the disputed evidence is challenged, or an agreed basis of plea needed to take place before he could proceed with the case.
- Well, no one was challenging my position so I would keep it until someone was ready to take my place.
- Pat's are now in a strong position to challenge for league honours.
- Once that title was won, no Bonaparte in Pakistan would dare to challenge him for the leadership mantle.
- At least one murder conviction is to be challenged on the basis of "flawed" fingerprint evidence.
- By the time he left Cowdenbeath, the club were challenging for promotion.
- The latest find suggest the huge pythons might even challenge alligators' leading position in the food chain.
- By saying she doesn't remember she is tacitly accepting the truth by not challenging it.
- A pioneer in liquid crystal displays, Sharp has seen its once-dominant position challenged by Taiwanese and Korean rivals.
- But his interpretation of the latest figures as solely attributable to his policies was challenged by the opposition and by the Irish Refugee Council.
- Morrison completes her trilogy by confronting contemporary race and gender representations and challenging declarations of truth and law.
- The debate is strikingly one-sided; few civilian or military leaders have publicly challenged the fundamental assumptions of the critics.
- Still, it seems that both teams have the capacity to challenge for honours this season.
2(stimulate)suponer un reto paraconstituir un reto parasuponer un desafío paraconstituir un desafío parathis job will really challenge him — este trabajo realmente supondrá / constituirá un reto / un desafío para él
- No strategy he could come up with would challenge him enough to spark interest.
- During the trading year, random events could spring up to challenge your ability to manage the business through such unforeseen situations.
- The people I see grow old with grace and inspiration are the people who keep challenging themselves.
- In these cases pupils are constantly challenged by the course and make good progress.
- My directorial task is to challenge my company and myself.
- There are so many areas where you can challenge yourself and test your own limits.
- The rare breeds hatchery business has challenged them, Drowns says.
- To challenge yourself, do the balance poses on a plush carpet or on a wobble board.
- The facts are that students become disengaged and are not challenged by the curriculum.
- Communication between defenders becomes more difficult and the concentration level of the defender is challenged.
(stop)darle el alto ashe was challenged by a store detective — un guarda de seguridad la abordó
- He moved through the civilian sector without attracting attention and when he passed the gate area without being challenged by the guard he knew he was doing alright.
- Sometimes a guard will challenge me and demand to see my pass.
- Despite that, he was able to walk straight into the castle's Waterloo Chamber and was only challenged five minutes after entering the party as he ordered champagne at the bar.
- The security guard challenged him outside the building and the youngster gave himself up.
- They formed a circle around Zero and the guard who had challenged her.
- Harkishin was challenged by security guards when he approached the checkout on Sunday.
- It's believe the attacker blew himself up after he was challenged by a security guard as he was trying to enter into the parking lot.
- I left the unit twice and walked back in without being challenged either time, entering in ways that didn't require much ingenuity.
- Defence Counsel may challenge two jury candidates and jurors will be asked if they have any connection with case or defendant.
- Since one is not allowed to select jurors, but only to challenge (deselect) them, traditional approaches to jury selection have focused on identification and challenge of undesirable jurors
- The parties to any jury trial may inspect a copy of the panel from which the jury in their trial will be chosen, in order to decide whether any should be challenged
1.1(to duel, race)desafío masculinereto masculineto issue a challenge to sb — desafiar / retar a algn
- to take up / accept the challenge — aceptar el reto / desafío
- On this occasion, he mistakenly believed that they would not meet his challenge by fighting.
- He gave him the stiffest challenge for the title, and he was in fact the only player to remain uneaten till the end.
- Will fixture congestion caused by The Champions League weaken their league challenge?
- It was a nice win and one that we needed if we are to mount a challenge for the play-offs.
- Manchester United have won through November in a manner that should presage a championship challenge.
- I can still see that mighty frame of his winning crucial challenges in vital championship games.
- The Edinburgh side were quick to rise to the challenge and with their superior forward play they denied the Border men any more points in the first half.
- And, those in the treasury benches, far from going on the defensive, took up the challenge.
- They do not have the depth in squad required to proceed in Europe, and at the same time mount anything like a serious challenge on the domestic title at home.
- We need teams like Leeds to make a challenge for the premiership title so we don't see the old same teams winning it year after year
- John beat challenges from 399 other contestants to take the title by knocking seven Yorkshire puddings from their perch using a six-ounce black pudding.
- The obsession of kite flying can also be seen in competitive kite challenges.
- Backup Gus's poor performance showed he wasn't up to the playoff challenge.
- A promising start for Ilkley in a season that will contain some very stern challenges and some easier contests.
- This time, they had decided, they would accept the challenge.
- He is looking to steer his new found sensation into the international fold and a possible challenge for a world title next year.
- The dream of gold or silver became a reality when they took up the challenge of a Mayo team with a strong tradition in the sport.
- Unfortunately, Montoya learnt that too late to save his championship challenge for 2003.
- Last season, Leeds made a realistic challenge for the premiership title, this season they are even better!
- Chelsea seemed a solid defensive unit who might grind their way towards a Championship challenge.
- Because of this idea of a competitive country, open to the biggest international challenges, I decided to be associated with the creation of A1 Team Portugal.
- Bellamy's pace and skill refreshed a somewhat ageing Newcastle side - their title challenge faltered when he was injured.
- Heworth, who were champions in 1998, may mount a realistic challenge in a championship race.
- But after three years of frantic knitting, they decided to end the challenge, despite reaching halfway.
- She has to judge the strength of the challenge from the other crews and dictate the response of her own crew.
- Would Truman State withstand a stiff challenge from rival Drury to win a fifth consecutive team title?
- The 1993 election saw Prime Minister Keating fight a challenge from the new Liberal Leader Dr John Hewson.
- Gomersal took advantage of Idle's week off to continue their challenge for the secondary title.
- Needless to say the Sri Lanka Air Force Cycling Club rode to easy victory in more than 20 races with rarely a challenge.
- Hatton stresses that he is not looking beyond Rios, who has never been stopped and has twice lost in challenges for world lightweight titles.
- Trojans turned in a competent performance to brush aside a youthful Northallerton side and keep their title challenge on course.
- Let us assume for a second that I have decided to take the challenge.
- Ian Fitzgerald returned to competitive action in a challenge against Roscommon last Sunday.
- Rosa Parks challenged us to fight for our soul, and we accepted the challenge.
- They'll come second, but should really be staking a claim for a championship challenge.
- Yet they gamely rose to the challenge, fighting the Tabs to the bitter end.
- Although he continued to box, he was unsuccessful in subsequent world title challenges, including one against Evander Holyfield in 1992.
- A diversity of masculine subjectivities is mobilized around and through Spike as he comes to terms with challenges to his power.
- The Australian champion throws off the challenge of Pirrie, the Canadian youth, and just wins a great race.
- This is after all the biggest club in the Second City and yet it's 12 years since the team managed a decent challenge for the title.
1.2(competition)rival masculinethe Democrats are a serious challenge to the government — los demócratas constituyen un serio rival para el gobierno
1.3(disputing)I cannot tolerate this challenge to my authority — no tolero que se cuestione mi autoridad
2(stimulation)reto masculinedesafío masculineit isn't going to be easy, but I like a challenge — no va a ser fácil, pero me gusta todo lo que supone / constituye un reto / un desafío
- Traditional concepts of security were woefully inadequate to meet the new challenges faced by humankind.
- Many brave souls took up the challenge, but only two could succeed.
- I decided to take a challenge and registered myself for a spring session offering of introductory Latin.
- Good question - though he acknowledges that a seaside property of this one's age offers plenty of challenges in terms of repairs and renovation.
- Meeting the pressing security challenges of the 21st century will require new ideas, initiatives, and energy.
- It was his brother, Matthew, an architect, who took up the challenge of linking the tiny stone school buildings and turning them into a home.
- The opthalmologist Robert D' Amato took up the challenge of finding such a drug in the early 1990s.
- He ran the Great North Run last year and took up the challenge of the marathon.
- Julie gave a presentation on blogging as a social tool and the challenges in deciding what to blog, what to keep private, and what your online self really is.
- One of today's greatest challenges for young people working for change is to fight complacency.
- Every day, the dozy dozen face a series of challenges and tasks designed to test the sleep-deprived.
- One of peace activists' biggest challenges now may be deciding whether broadening their scope will dilute their public profile.
- Pat said he coped with illness by treating it as a challenge, fighting for the one life he has and making the most of it.
- The smallest gardens can present the biggest design challenges, but a professional designer can work picture-perfect magic.
- There are only three people in the game at this point who are competitive at the challenges.
- The main challenges facing agencies are a shortage of trucks and the poor condition of some roads.
- My uncle took up the challenge and bolted out to the rescue.
- The wannabes leave their lives behind for two months and undergo tests, missions and challenges that are based on real spy training programmes.
- Hungry for a new challenge, he fought his way through ‘God Save the Queen’.
- The novice traveler often must undergo tests or challenges, but the experienced holy person is familiar with the road and the terrain and encounters no such problems.
3.1(by policeman, sentry)alto masculine
- Immediately the sentry shouted a challenge to the gunman who responded by raising his weapon to fire at the sentry.
- The challenge must be made at a distance sufficient to prevent your being rushed by the person being challenged.
- Partisan poll workers have been accused of intimidating voters with photographs, heckling, and by challenges to their identity and qualifications.
- In order to proceed further, you must answer the sentry's challenge by entering the countersign
3.2(to juror)recusación feminine
- The coroner in charge of the inquest is facing a legal challenge to his decision to appoint 12 royal courtiers to the jury
- Members of a jury should be selected at random from the panel, subject to any rule of law as to right of challenge by the defence
- Either party may challenge any juror either for cause or peremptorily and each party shall have three peremptory challenges.
- In mounting such a challenge, an attorney argues that based on a person's answers to the lawyer's or the judge's questions, that person has proved himself incapable of carrying out his responsibilities as a juror.
- Most of the hearing time was actually occupied by challenges to the jury, as it were, the panel of military officers that are going to hear the case.
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