In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
(by prosecutor)cargo masculineacusación femininewhat is the charge? — ¿cuál es el cargo / la acusación que se me (or le etc.) hace?
- he's being tried on a charge of murder — se lo juzga por homicidio
- to bring / lay a charge (of theft) against sb — formular / presentar cargos (de robo) contra algn
- to bring / press charges against sb — formular / presentar cargos contra algn
- to drop charges — retirar la acusación / los cargos
- He was already in custody on a charge of stealing.
- He subsequently pleaded guilty to failing to stop and to render assistance, but then stood trial on the charge of causing death by dangerous driving.
- But she was convicted on a charge of arson after a trial at Chelmsford Crown Court.
- Sixteen people have been detained under the Act, all in high security prisons without charge or trial.
- Three years ago I spent two months in Holloway prison awaiting trial on a charge of receiving stolen goods.
- Under this legislation some men have languished in prisons for almost two years now without charge or trial.
- He has been detained without charge or trial in the jail for the last 15 months.
- Therefore, the traditional approach might be that he should face his trial again on a charge of murder rather than manslaughter.
- They presented the indictment and brought the charges on behalf of the Commonwealth.
- It is used to detain without charge or trial any voices of dissent.
- A Taranaki farming couple have been fined and a regional council candidate fined and given community service on pollution charges.
- There are around 30,000 detainees in prisons without charge or trial.
- At his trial, on a charge of refusing to provide a breath sample, the accused was acquitted.
- First and foremost, the legislation provides for extensive detention without charge or trial, on the flimsiest of pretexts.
- His party has protested the cruel and unlawful detention without charge or trial of two citizens by the military.
- They have been held in the prison camp for up to three years without charge or trial.
- It is conceded that there was sufficient evidence to commit each accused to trial on a charge of second degree murder.
- But a Chelmsford Crown Court jury convicted him after a trial on a charge of wounding with intent.
- On the actual day of the murder, he had been arrested and taken into the lock-up on a charge of a very petty theft.
- After spending ten years in Belmarsh prison without charge or trial, the home office has agreed to an extradition request from France.
2.1masculine preciomasculine honorarioadmission charge — precio de entrada
- scale of charges — tarifa de precios (or honorarios etc.)
- is there a charge for the connection? — ¿cobran por la conexión?
- there is no charge for the service — el servicio es gratis
- a small charge is made for delivery — se cobra una pequeña cantidad por la entrega a domicilio
- free of / without charge — gratuitamente
- at no extra charge — sin cargo adicional
- electricity charges are going up again — las tarifas eléctricas vuelven a subir
2.2(financial liability)carga feminine
- Domestic users have escaped the net due to the political sensitivity of imposing a charge on consumers.
- Because of this decision, they will be taking a charge on the loss of its investment in its operations.
- And if its depreciation charge is massively overstated its profits are massively understated.
- After that, all the previously listed finance charges will apply.
- A charge on uncalled share capital leaves the company with the right to make calls, and this may properly be regarded as analogous to a right to collect book debts.
- At that point, the bank had registered a charge on the sites.
- Businesses did not make explicit depreciation charges against their revenues during this period.
- United is likely to benefit from falling depreciation charges.
- He owns some property, you see, and council has the power to either force its sale or put a charge on it so that when it is eventually sold they can reclaim their money.
- Check the charges applied by your financial institution in advance.
- In both cases, large foreign banks will underwrite these borrowings and take a charge on its assets.
- A receiver can be appointed to a firm by a creditor, usually a bank, whose debt has been secured by a charge on some or all of the company's assets.
3.1(command, commission)orden feminineinstrucción feminine
- This prompted the French to attack with a cavalry charge.
- Chabert's regiment led a cavalry charge against the Russian onslaught and turned the tide of battle for Napoleon.
- Don't miss Josh's first-hand account of a cavalry charge, in which the assembled anarchists fare poorly.
- Whether the men mistook my charge for a frenzied attack or not, they fled from me, allowing me to reach the body safely.
- The rider muttered something, looking down at the horse, still not seeing the wolves, and urged his charge forward.
- A perceived threat is challenged with a headlong charge and a fierce bite, and I was obviously seen as a threat.
- Distracted by the charge forward and the action with the enemy scout, both flanking groups were unaware of the drama which had developed behind us.
- It was McIntyre's ninth goal of the season and sparked the football team into a headlong charge at the Livingston goal.
- Raymond broke forward into a charge, drawing his sword back for the first strike.
- Finally, don't forget that Alexander offers you a rare treat: the chance to see an Oxford don leading a cavalry charge.
- They were then moved to the right to strengthen that flank, at noon, then forward to help repel French cavalry charges at 15.30.
- There had been a demonstration the day before that ended in a charge on the governors' mansion, but it had not led to major militia fighting.
3.2(responsibility)who is in charge around here? — ¿quién manda aquí?
- the person in charge — la persona responsable
- in the charge of sb — a cargo de algn
- in sb's charge — a cargo de algn
- I cannot ever stop being a teacher even when I am not officially working as I genuinely care about those in my charge.
- The majority of the teachers really care about their profession and care about the children in their charge.
- It was obvious that the school-age kids placed in his charge for the duration of the strike wanted nothing more than to return to class and their regular routines.
- How do they teach these skills not only to their young adult counseling staff, but also to the children and youth in their charge?
- But I got to live the dream today regardless, with two nephews left in my charge temporarily.
- As a French bioethicist has recently argued, physicians have, first and above all, to respect the rights of the patients in their charge.
- If she did then she would be punished and unable to protect the ones in her charge.
- We are inadvertently injuring those who are placed in our charge by continuing to use this archaic method of patient handling.
- Clearly, to Ray and Barbara, caring for the rare and precious birds in their charge is a lot more than a job.
- Not just a few reports, but visits by him and the theater commanders to every confinement facility in their charge.
- It also mirrors the commitment and dedication of our staff to uphold the fundamental principles of equality and fair play to all in their charge.
- I confronted several of the teachers present over what I considered the abuse of students in their charge.
- My cousin has gone to Canada for three weeks and left her car in my charge.
- He casts an experienced herder's eye over the animals now in his charge.
- He has more power over us than we have over those given in our charge.
- He is worried about the health of the souls in his charge.
- I had the distinct feeling that they weren't all that interested in, or appreciative of, the heritage in their charge.
- He left the business in my charge whenever he had to leave home.
- That resulted in her losing complete control and the ability to care for the animals in her charge.
- The two banks in his charge have many more rural outlets in the agricultural heartlands than most of their rivals, and in some cases they remain the only banks left in remote villages.
3.3(sb entrusted)a nanny with her young charges — una niñera con los niños a su cargo / cuidado
- They did not have children but they adopted two of their charges and returned to fostering only when the children reached the ages of nine and 11.
- Lorimer believes the players' clubs have a duty of care to their young charges.
- The former manager has obviously worked hard with his charges and they have responded in style.
- The maid seems as devotedly attached to her charge as a foster mother could be.
- Critics say a common theme has been the failure to exercise a duty of care for its young charges and a failure to crack down on bullying.
- It was the chaperone's responsibility to ensure that her charge was happy.
- He did not have much of his power back, but he was not willing to stand idly by while his charges were attacked.
- To the babysitter's probable surprise, her charge was plucked out of the crowd and cast as one of the chirpy orphans.
- She was held in the highest regard and usually got whatever she wanted or needed to care for her charges.
- They were used for general escort duties, protecting their charges from pirates and other threats.
- We ought to assume that the vast majority of teachers also care deeply about their charges.
- We have high standards of care for our feline charges and provide full training for our volunteers within a friendly and supportive environment.
- Now the servants came and awoke her, ran her a bath, and set out her clothing for the day before departing to take care of their other charges.
4Electricity Physicscarga feminine
- The amount of available energy can be represented by the adenylate energy charge.
- The results are fundamental for understanding the flow of heat and electrical charge in carbon nanostructures.
- Sometimes, capacitors are used to store charge for high-speed use.
- Electrical charge is then carried by ions in solution in the porewater.
- The flash circuit stores this high-voltage charge in a large capacitor.
- The adenylate energy charge decreased only slightly and stabilized at rather high values in all species.
- From the latter it is clear that cell energy charge is a key factor in regulating carbon flow through the TCA cycle.
- Now you can store up a nice high voltage charge on some caps and put them to use.
- As the spark gap breaks down it conducts the high voltage charge directly in the high voltage inductor coil which forms the primary circuit of the high voltage Tesla coils.
- Ampk induces a cascade of events within cells in response to the ever changing energy charge of the cell.
- The higher the value is the more electric charge can be stored, thereby indicating that a substance is superior as a condenser material.
5(of explosive)carga femininea charge of dynamite/gunpowder — una carga de dinamita/pólvora
- On striking the ground, the impact fuse fires a small charge of smokeless powder, blowing the main body of the grenade back into the air.
- Officials detonated three sets of explosive charges on board, and the 2,500-ton vessel slowly sank below the surface.
- Firstly, you are going to need some plastic explosives and a charge.
- Men fire blank charges during mock battles intended to guide the spirit of the deceased onto the path to the afterlife.
- Now Sam trained them to use explosives, to lay charges of dynamite and use rifles.
- The result was a small explosion from the charge.
- After shooting one aircraft down, the crew detonated demolition charges and set fire to the ship to prevent its capture.
- It has two modes of fire that can either lob the charge or fire it like a dart with a delayed explosion.
- What they were successful in doing was setting off enough explosive charges to demolish the entire cavern.
- Modern land mines may be an encased charge of explosive or may contain a chemical agent or incendiary device.
- In addition, if things get really bad, an emergency button under a safety cover will fire explosive charges, which blow out the windscreen to provide an emergency exit.
- The bomb squad detonated the charge, destroying the car.
- When the lifting charge fires to launch the shell, it lights the shell's fuse.
- The signal to begin might be a mine explosion or a demolition charge.
- A few hours later, troops blew up the house with explosive charges.
- Apparently, they made their way into the basement, planted explosive charges, and detonated them.
- That is the first and last time I am ever going to use an explosive charge to perform a bullet hit like that.
- No building remains intact, after they were blown up with explosive charges.
- Both got their weapons ready as their charge shook the ground beneath them.
- The rebel soldiers placed explosive charges around the building during the 22-hour revolt.
6.1(attack)carga femininecavalry charge — carga de (la) caballería
6.2(in US football)feminine ofensiva
1(accuse)acusarto charge sb with sth/-ing — encomendarle a algn algo/que + subj
- he was charged with murder — fue acusado de asesinato
- the crimes with which he is charged — los delitos que se le imputan / se le inculpan
- they charged him with stealing — lo acusaron de robar
2(ask payment)cobrarthey charged him $15 for a haircut — le cobraron 15 dólares por el corte de pelo
- I was charged extra for the bread — me cobraron el pan aparte
- I will pay for these purchases today instead of charging them to my account.
- And if you use your card abroad to take out local currency, almost all banks and building societies charge for this service.
- By passing your hand over a scanner at a check-out counter you may charge your purchases to either your bank account or credit system very efficiently with no fuss.
- Subsequently, his bank discovered that the original cheque for $132,987.66 was stolen and charged this amount to his account on the grounds of ‘forged endorsement.’
- Analysts praise the service's array of options and its secure billing system, which lets users charge purchases to their account.
- Much confusion exists regarding the tariff payable by the medical aid funds and the amount charged by the various service providers or institutions.
- Residents had to reserve places at dinner for themselves and their guests; missed meals would be charged to their accounts.
- He said three years ago, homeowners were conned in a fraud worth more than £500,000 when they were charged excessive amounts to have their drives resurfaced.
- Courtney gave Holly all her information so she could buy the ticket and charge it to their account.
- By January, the billings department had yet to charge Bitton for services rendered.
- Customers were able to buy vouchers from the credit company, which had a face value printed on them and a statement authorising retailers to charge the face value to the company's account.
- Its strategy was also to pay the salesmen immediately, directly charging the cost to the client's policy and removing this charge over a long period of time.
- For the amount of money they charge for the ticket, the service should be much better.
- The costs included overheads such as salaries, rents and repairs but no depreciation as all improvements were charged to the year's account.
- For example, why are they so unhappy with the suggestion that they should charge an all-inclusive fee to their pension fund clients, absorbing the cost of any commissions, research or information services themselves?
- The impertinent guest, who shall remain nameless, even had the temerity to charge it to his host's account - a prominent champagne house.
- If he is correct, there may be no entitlement to charge the costs to the mortgage account, as the building society habitually have done.
- Wale reported that in the British companies that she had studied, capitalising original assets and charging all subsequent costs to expense was the dominant practice.
- The province requires us to charge the same low price to all our clients, yet many of them are affluent and could easily afford to pay more.
- The council admits that few boroughs charge for children's services.
- Although banks have a standard penalty rate, it is worth asking the amount your bank will charge for the delay.
- There is no word as to whether they will charge for this service or not.
- It was also possible to arrange an item of mail to be left at a convenient Post Office though the Post Office would charge for this service.
- Griffiths clarified last night that he charges a market rent to the fees office, payable to him as owner of the office, for its legitimate use for an MP's constituency work.
- Representations made to the rail authorities about the high prices they charge for improvements had also been made, without success.
- If you are successful, the cost of the loan is charged to the other side's insurance company in addition to the solicitor's costs.
- All of those independent promotion costs are charged to the band.
- They charge a premium amount in the UK for their printing services and the sums simply don't add up.
- There is a range of prices open to you to charge for your services.
- It will also give users internet access to e-commerce opportunities, allowing them to buy goods through their handsets and charge the costs to their mobile bill.
- With Lynne's help, the charity, which has to charge for its services because funding is so tight, hopes to be able to expand.
- This is partly for financial reasons, as the council charges a fee to cover its costs, meaning some schools choose not to run the training classes.
- The council is currently reviewing the amount it charges people to use the town's car parks.
- Then, it either deducts the money from your cashcard (much like the current system), or it charges the amount to your credit card.
- Of the 126 who responded, 81 per cent agreed that it was reasonable for the council to charge an adequate amount for services provided.
- Someone sitting at a computer terminal charging bets to a credit card account is a case in point but this phenomenon is not limited to gambling on the internet.
- Right now I have no life coaching qualifications or experience, and so I don't feel qualified to charge for my services.
- This means companies will have to hire a lot more people to answer the telephone, but the cost can be charged to public relations.
- He said motorists who complained after pumping their own fuel at full service pumps and being charged the higher price were offered a refund.
- The council is facing a £11.5million shortfall if it charges the average amount of council tax for outer London.
3(obtain on credit)she never carries cash, she just charges everything — nunca lleva dinero, lo compra todo con tarjeta (de crédito)/lo carga todo a su cuenta
- to charge sth to sb — cargar algo a la cuenta de algn
- to charge sth on sth
- she charged the meal on Surecard — pagó la comida con Surecard
4.1formal (entrust)to charge sb with sth/-ing — encomendarle a algn algo/que + subj
- the body charged with the supervision of the project — el organismo al que se le ha encomendado la supervisión del proyecto
- I learned that you have charged that your company is the victim of an insidious conspiracy.
- Clearly, this senior level review charged to protect the public interest fully weighed all the issues, separating fact from assertion.
- They charged that the company had violated various provisions of the act.
- Opponents then charged that the east coast institution was jettisoning part of the city's cultural legacy.
- He charged that unless something was done he would be forced to remove some police officers from his area because they were not serving the intended purpose.
- It is a misfortune, but nobody has charged that it was fraudulent.
- One person charged that I was missing the point in showing the video.
- The two teams were charged with the task of selling ice-creams in down-town Manhattan.
- He also charged that the gag order was an unprecedented attempt to deny his constitutional rights.
- Critics have charged that the program will give the defence department the power to invade personal privacy.
- The Board and district commissions are charged to protect and conserve the lands and environment of the state.
- Faculty and higher education groups have charged that the measure, if passed, would violate the principles of academic freedom.
- Media reports also charged that writing materials were destroyed.
- On the following day, he was charged with the duty of getting rid of these shares.
- Every player is charged with the responsibility of making the performance an engaging experience for both the cast and the audience.
- He charged that the administration was trying to scuttle the deal.
- Indeed, these individuals are charged with the responsibility of public safety.
- We are social creatures, and as well as taking responsibility for ourselves we are charged with the duty of looking out for our nearest and dearest.
- In court filings, Felos has charged that the governor imposed his will on her, without regard to what she would have wanted.
- An employee also charged that he was discourteous.
- Yet he and virtually the same team were again charged with the task of winning a major tournament for Scotland.
- Lincoln charged that he was encouraging desertions from the Union army.
- In fairness to the land commissioner, he isn't charged with protecting local school revenue.
- There are a lot of people who are charged with the responsibility of protecting, promoting and defending that reputation.
- It was abandoned after the Justice Department charged that portions of it violated antitrust laws.
- Israeli-employed post office workers were charged with the task of verifying the identities of potential voters.
- He charged that he was owed compensation for a graphic novel they published in the year 2000.
- She is charged with the task of ensuring the government's lifelong learning plans make sense to the public.
- Governments are charged with a difficult responsibility of balancing economic development against environmental damage.
- They also charged that following the 1911 change of government, construction standards had not been upheld.
- Those who knew these men intimately were charged with the duty to relate their heroic deaths to their families upon returning to the Capital.
- All three are equally charged to protect the Constitution.
- He charged that the underwater ceramics were excavated and treated unprofessionally by the salvage companies.
- As part of my intelligence duties, I was charged with interrogating German prisoners of war.
- Some charged that we were refighting a cultural war from the '60s.
- He charged that officers in construction were expected to enforce registration regulations to root out dubious contractors.
- David Moore was charged with the task of taking the firm forward after Mr Lancaster retired in 2003.
- Additionally, he stood by and watched as laws were being broken by said children that he was charged to protect.
- Logistics leaders are charged with the duty to organize, train and equip the units under their command
- The news media are not charged with the duty of full court reporting, and it is necessarily fortuitous as to whether remarks upon sentence are reported or not.
4.2literary (command)to charge sb to + inf — ordenarle a algn + inf/que + subj
- They were charging just as quickly, also blinded by chaos.
- It is intriguing to watch those who run, those who hide, those that charge headlong and those that push their friends in front of themselves for protection.
- Such forces can rarely be detected ahead of time, but to charge headlong without at least trying to assess your situation is like skipping nonchalantly through a mine field.
- Quickly three people came charging at him, one was his own teammate.
- As he moved to charge, he found that his father was already upon him.
- The rest of the attack party charged, all shouting loudly.
- It continued its attack on her, charging at her head-first!
- His opponent charged at him quickly, sword held to the side.
- She charged so quickly at him, all you could see was a black blur.
- He made the first move, he charged at her with his arms at his sides, waiting to strike.
- She reached for it but quickly moved as he charged once again.
- The underlying weakness of the hull meant that the ship could not charge headlong in the heat of battle.
- Godfrey did not hesitate, but attacked immediately, charging headlong while the Egyptians were still in their camp.
- On 21st April, she was charged with the offence I have mentioned, that of assisting an offender.
- The man was acquitted but the young women were charged with perjury.
- However, on December 24 he was formally charged with illegally acquiring and sharing information.
- He was also charged with the offence of disobeying a lawful order.
- The applicant's girlfriend was not charged with any offences in connection with these seizures.
- She was charged with 12 offences at crown court, and a further three in the magistrates' court.
- He was subsequently charged with a disciplinary offence, but was cleared following a hearing in May.
- If someone is charged with an offence then they must face the full impact of the law.
- Police and fire crews labelled him ‘a stupid fool’ for putting his and other people's lives at risk but he was not charged with any offence.
- However she was charged with two offences of false accounting concerning housing benefit fraud.
- He was not charged with that offence, as I understand it.
- When he finally came down he was charged with offences including driving without insurance and threatening behaviour.
- In July 2002, he was charged with three drug-related offences.
- In many cases, drivers are not charged with an offence: police deem the pedestrian to have been ‘at fault’ in the accident.
- He was charged with the offence of which he was convicted and at that time handed in a prepared statement.
- He was charged with two criminal offences, and was acquitted of both offences.
- In July 2004, he was formally charged with various offenses, including terrorism, attacking civilians and murder.
- Originally he was charged with 16 offences, but yesterday they were withdrawn and five sample charges were substituted.
- On 16th June, nearly five months after the incidents, he was charged with both offences.
- On no occasion has he been charged with any offence, has no outstanding charges and I strongly doubt that there would be any adverse record against him, at least at the national level.
- You do have to be organised as it takes forever to charge the batteries, but it is free energy.
- Small, isolated farms used wind turbines to charge batteries, run radios and draw water from deep wells.
- The plasma screen consists of tiny gas plasma cells that are charged at exact electrical voltages to make a picture.
- By then, they knew too that the power system was struggling and the battery wasn't charged as much as was desired.
- Tonight we took short showers in the outside stained wood stalls, as another generator charged the batteries that ran the water pump and the electric water heater.
- When the car is slowing down, the electric motor runs backwards, acting as a generator to charge the battery.
- So anytime you're driving - highway or city - the battery can be charged up if it needs charging, and it should never run low.
- It is now eleven days later and the big battery is still charged and the camera working perfectly.
- As you read this, Brian Cashman is charging his ninth cell-phone battery of the day.
- Then at some point we might burn coal to supply electricity to charge batteries in electric cars.
- Increase the life span of your cell phone and battery by following the manufacturer's directions for using the phone and charging the battery.
- Diesel-powered submarines use combustion engines to provide power and charge the sub's batteries.
- This changes the voltage to direct current which can then be used to charge your battery.
- A large assemblage of tiny little storage batteries were charged up and gave a total, when they were all put in a series, of about a thousand volts.
- It is used to charge the battery and to power all the car's electric systems when its engine is running.
- An electrical charging source couples to the first and second electrical connectors to charge the battery.
- She made a mental note to plug her charger in and charge the battery.
- This battery is continuously charged by solar cells and the use of the cell obviates the need for separate charging of the battery.
- When the bank's charge drops below a certain level, the pump is shut off and the system resumes charging the batteries from the wind's energy.
- Plug it in to your computer to charge the battery and transfer songs.
1.1Military cargar(elephant/bull) arremeter(elephant/bull) embestirto charge at sth/sb — cargar contra algo/algn
- charge! — ¡a la carga!
1.2informal (rush)he came charging down the stairs — se abalanzó escaleras abajo
- she charged straight into me — se abalanzó hacía mí
- don't all charge off at the end of the lesson — no salgan en estampida al acabar la clase
- In an instant he rushed across the street, and Brigg charged forward to meet him, grasping the hilt of his sword in both hands.
- On the trail, charging forward at the front of their expedition, the old man had barely bothered to look back at them.
- His legs worked on their own, charging forward with abandon.
- They charge forward, launching their strongest and most long-range attacks possible.
- He turned back to the men on horses, who were charging forward.
- But Drake recognized the tactic and jumped back the instant they met, recovering quickly and charging in once more.
- His strength lies in his ability to charge forward and get into good scoring positions - and he showed it in the second-half of this game.
- As soon as the bell rang, Hatton charged into the attack in his typical style.
- Some of Edmonds's men were charging forward, running flat out, on foot or on horses, pausing to shoot toward the ridge.
- The second I did so, Anthony charged forward and the fight began.
- The game really sprang into life in the last quarter as skipper Scott Hutton charged forward for Hawks.
- Much of the game can be made much easier via the use of stealth and sneak attacks, rather than charging forward.
- He charged forward and prepared to attack when the man held up his hands.
- He charged forward at the warriors, who prepared to attack.
- The Red Hunters seized this opportunity and charged forward.
- Men around him took up the cry, charging forward with fear-stricken courage.
- Eventually he began charging forward and backing me up.
- The leader growled angrily, charging forward only to be restrained by his guards.
- We charged forward with all our might and swiped them away!
- The Marines quickly began charging up the stairs, reaching the final level unchallenged.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.