In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(near)próximocercanothe closest bank is in Front Street — el banco más próximo / cercano está en Front Street
- at close range / quarters — de cerca
- close to sth/sb — cerca de algo/algn
- the closest city to Cambridge — la ciudad más próxima / cercana a Cambridge
- A car park facility in close proximity to it would be a considerable advantage to the many people who visit it on a regular basis.
- Our guide kept moving at the same pace, and didn't turn back to face us, or give us any sign that our destination was close at hand.
- If you decide not to allow smoking in the reception area, how close is the nearest place for a smoker to go?
- The Sentinel banked and turned to line up with their relatively close destination.
- Louisa takes off and does the same, with Grace following in close pursuit.
- It is much smoother and more intimate than the ballroom tango, with the couple's upper bodies close together and lower bodies apart.
- Even those working in towns are usually close enough to go home for lunch, as do farmers.
- Indeed the Fairgreen Shopping Centre, Carlow Retail Park and the town centre are very close.
- As he sits down in the family's small room, explosions can be heard from a close neighbourhood.
- When the officer was close enough he reached out and grabbed Danny's ankles tight, pulling him forward.
- A few people, almost invariably working in close proximity to birds, have been infected and become seriously ill.
- I could hardly tell exactly what it was, but it was very close and was a highly concentrated light.
- A move to the village would give the Duchess her independence while allowing her daughters to be in close proximity to their father.
- In the small, tight world of the judo competitor your opponent is very close, at arms length or less.
- Her warm body was so close, his hands around that slim waist were gently squeezing and caressing her.
- If you don't like the weather this winter, a change is as close as your nearest airport.
- When moving home last summer we made sure our new house was close to a good primary school.
- Sometimes two different logging roads are close enough to be within radio range.
- Tessa cooks the evening meal, but the nearest town is close if clients wish to eat out occasionally.
- I was pretty close, though I still couldn't see the skyline of New York.
1.2(shave) al ras(shave) apuradothat was a close shave / call — se salvó (/ me salvé etc. ) por un pelo / por los pelos informal
2(link/connection) estrecho(contact) directoa close relative — un pariente cercano
- they are close friends — son muy amigos
- his closeest friends and family — sus amigos y familiares más allegados
- they've always been very close — siempre han estado muy unidos
- a source close to the government — fuentes allegadas / cercanas al gobierno
- they were close collaborators — mantenían una estrecha colaboración
- We're nowhere near as close as we used to be, but I enjoy talking to her all the same.
- I enjoyed living in the country and valued the close friends I made there.
- From 1754 he took up farming but maintained his scientific interests, being on close terms with Joseph Black.
- We're very good friends and very close but he doesn't spare me either.
- I'm close to all my children, but Rupert and I were especially close.
- My close friend and confidante was my cousin Kitty, the closest to me in age and the only other girl.
- I had a low point towards the end of last season and that is why I was close to leaving the club, but now I am at my best ever level.
- There were several occasions when they acted so stupidly, I came close to shouting at the screen in frustration.
- You know, I always joked I had a million acquaintances and only a couple of close friends.
- Little by little however, she seemed to get comfortable with the fact that I wanted to be close and intimate with her.
- I was hardly aware of opening my locker and being surrounded by my pack of close confidants.
- He might well go close to emulating his feat on the course last week when he won four races on the card.
- Sanjay himself is not a great party-goer; he prefers small gatherings with a few close friends.
- ‘I wouldn't say the club came close to closing over the last seven years, but we have had some very trying moments, particularly last season,’ he states.
- I have only told one of my close friends about what happened.
- The attempt nearly succeeded as he was close to being able to get his head through the hole.
- From a professional friendship, their relationship has evolved into a close intimate friendship.
- You tried to make friends with one of my close and dear friends, who also, as you knew, loved me.
- He was close to tears in breaking the news to me over the telephone.
- The tragedy of the situation is how close the company has come to being a financially sound airline.
- He and his sister were close and her death affected him so strongly that friends initially feared for his own mental health.
- Specialist poultry breeders are close to ruin because of the current outbreak of foot and mouth disease.
- The two of them had been close since childhood, and he had had a lifelong crush on her.
- He said the situation had got so bad that many drivers were close to breaking point.
- John Morgan, a close friend, said he was shocked by the news but admitted that Charles's health had deteriorated recently.
- Not surprisingly, close friends of his called during the interview to congratulate him on the promotion.
- At the age of 16 a close friend of mine died from drug abuse over a prolonged period.
3(in similarity)it's not the same color but it's a close match — no es el mismo color pero es casi igual
- he bears a close resemblance to his brother — se parece mucho a su hermano
- that's the closest thing to a hammer I've got — esto es lo más parecido a un martillo que tengo
4.1(weave) tupido(weave) cerrado(print) apretadoin close order — en formación cerrada
- It was slow work, for the trees were close, and in places dense with the bare vines and stalks of undergrowth.
- If the agreement is in writing it may be in very close print on the back of a delivery docket or ticket.
- He pulled out a sheet of thin blue paper covered in close type.
4.2(reasoning/argument) riguroso(translation) fiel
4.3British Sportde pases cortos
- It was a close contest, without doubt, and both men deserve credit for a decent heavyweight championship bout.
- In a fixture which has historically been a close contest, the Blues scored ten tries as their backs tore Loughborough apart.
- This was close fight and would have been even tighter without the points deducted.
- In the county juvenile championships there was plenty of excitement and some very close contests.
- It's going to be a close contest.
- The tight 1.5 mile circuit promises close racing action for all four classes of cars.
- The 1973 legislative elections were very close, and the vote of the right was squeezed by the left as its realignment paid off.
- After a close fight, the crowd becomes frustrated to hear the official verdict.
- I hope the matches this week are close, competitive and courteous.
- While Stevens built up a comfortable lead by the end of the race, behind him the competition for podium places was exceptionally close.
- If the large crowd thought that the first half was a close contest the second half was to be an even closer affair.
- The layout of the track lends itself to tight, close racing which is always good for the fans.
- The South Yorkshire club has won the League Championship more than any other side in recent years so a close contest can be expected.
- While she was pleased with the result she was also relieved at having come through after such a close contest.
- It will be a different kind of challenge from previous races, with really close racing in a big pack of cars.
- This was a very close contest all through with never more than a point or two between the teams at any time.
- But I am conscious of the fact that we lost all three matches by very narrow margins and winning the close matches becomes a habit.
- I remember once backing a horse called Tied Cottage for the Irish National, which came second in a very close race.
- This was a very close and exciting game with a large number of supporters crowding the field to cheer on their teams.
- It was a close competition as there was so much artistic talent on display on the day.
- A meeting between these two sides are always very close and tight and this clash will be no different.
- This left the overall result very close, but the winner was Steve Mascari with a total of 31 pts.
4.4(fit) ajustado(fit) ceñido
5(strictly guarded)it was kept a close secret — se mantuvo en el más absoluto / riguroso secreto
6(careful)(study/examination) detenido(study/examination) detalladoto pay close attention to sth — prestar mucha atención a algo
- to keep a close watch on sth/sb — vigilar algo/a algn de cerca
- on closer inspection, I found that ... — al mirarlo mejor / más de cerca vi que ...
- Both men were hit by debris from accidents and Sunday's Malaysian Grand Prix will be under close scrutiny.
- What it means is this deserves very careful attention, a very close investigation.
- It is, however, a claim that does not bear too much in the way of close scrutiny.
- Details are being kept a close secret until press day at the show.
- At last week's full council meeting she called for close monitoring of the situation by the county council.
- The third part of the trilogy is being kept a close secret.
- This can be a major source of error if you're not keeping close track of what every letter stands for.
- Samuel had to be treated for several infections and was kept under close observation in case his condition changed.
- They announced the pregnancy in January after their romance had been kept a close secret.
- Today, he can eliminate some of the crime prints just by having a close look at them.
- We'll take a close look at the tightest races across the country with our political panel.
- Every year, the Sowdens and the Waites put up their displays on the same day, but keep them a close secret until they are finished.
- Doctors said she wakened after the surgery and was being kept under close observation.
- A close examination of the group's claims has revealed serious holes.
- Despite a lack of wind, racing was close and the umpires were given plenty of cause for close scrutiny.
- Yet, a close analysis of West Brom two summers ago and reveal that all has not changed utterly.
- And while this was being sorted out, the brotherhood tried to keep the problem a close secret.
- The best precautionary measure is close observation of the patient's condition.
- The entire operation was kept a close secret.
- A close investigation of the bags throws up till receipts which make very interesting reading.
- But his performance in months ahead will come under close scrutiny.
- Stocks are moving cautiously higher today as investors keep a close eye on those oil prices.
- But about five per cent of cases in the city had some drug resistance and needed close observation.
- Again, Leonardo used his method of close observation to study how machines work.
- But a close comparison of the various reports also throws up a number of differences that the BBC will have to explain.
- The contents of the correspondence are still being kept a close secret and neither side has released any details.
- The Web site now has over eight thousand historical maps available for close examination.
7(contest/finish) reñidoit's going to be close — va a estar muy reñido
- he finished a close second — llegó en segundo lugar, muy cerca del ganador
8(of weather, atmosphere)pesadobochornoso
- The room was close and airless, making a tense situation even more tense.
- It looks like being dryer and warmer inland and may be a bit close.
- As many as 30,000 people are crammed into close, hot and extremely humid quarters.
- It was in the middle of the afternoon that some people began to notice a change, it began to get close and unseasonably warm.
- At weddings and religious ceremonies where attendees were crowded and when the atmosphere was very close, these "portable air conditioners" were in great demand.
- She was quite close with money, and they often had horrendous arguments about spending.
- I've been begging her to let me meet you all for quite some time, but she's kept very close about it.
9.2(secretive)reservadoto be close about sth
- she's very close about what she did during the war — es muy reacia a hablar de lo que hizo durante la guerra
- In the following presentation both the 'open' and the 'close' pronunciation of each of the five vowels is illustrated.
- Its vowel height is near-close, which means the tongue is positioned similarly to a close vowel, but slightly less constricted.
1(in position)cercawe must be close by now — ya debemos (de) estar cerca
- the car behind is very close — el coche de atrás viene muy pegado
- stay close or you'll get lost — no te separes o te perderás
- to draw/get/come close — acercarse
- don't come any closer or I'll scream — no te me acerques más o me pongo a gritar
- close to sth/sb — cerca de algo/algn
- we are closer to London than to Brighton — estamos más cerca de Londres que de Brighton
- come closer to the window — acércate más a la ventana
- to hold sb close — abrazar a algn
- they're following close behind — nos siguen de cerca
- phew, that was close! — ¡uf, nos salvamos por poco / por los pelos!
2(in time)it must be close to suppertime — ya casi debe ser la hora de la cena
- our birthdays are very close — nuestros cumpleaños caen por las mismas fechas / muy cerca
- it's getting close to Christmas — se acerca la Navidad
3(in intimacy)the tragedy brought them closer together / to each other — la tragedia los acercó / unió más
4(in approximation)it's not my favorite, but it comes pretty close — no es mi favorito pero casi
- close to sth
- the temperature is close to ... — la temperatura es de cerca de / de casi ...
- he must be close to 50 — debe andar frisando (en) los 50
- this production is close to the original — esta producción es fiel al original
- that's the closest to an apology you'll get — eso es lo más parecido a una disculpa que vas a recibir
- the industry is close to collapse — la industria está al borde de la ruina
- he was close to tears — estaba a punto de llorar
5(carefully)on looking closer, I found ... — al mirar más de cerca / al fijarme mejor vi que ...
6(short)he had his hair cut very close — se cortó el pelo muy corto
7close by — cerca
- we live close by — vivimos cerca
- we'll pass close by our house — vamos a pasar cerca de nuestra casa
- it must be close on suppertime — ya casi debe ser la hora de la cena
- there were close on 10,000 present — había cerca de / casi 10.000 asistentes
- I've never seen him close to — nunca lo he visto de cerca
- close to 60,000 attended — asistieron cerca de 60.000 personas
10close together — junto
- his eyes are too close together — tiene los ojos demasiado juntos
- our birthdays are close together — nuestros cumpleaños caen por las mismas fechas / muy cerca
11close up — de cerca
- to look at sth close up — mirar algo de cerca
1(conclusion, end)fin masculineto come/draw to a close — llegar/acercarse a su fin
- to bring sth to a close — poner / dar fin a algo
- he was born around the close of the 19th century — nació a / hacia finales / fines del siglo XIX
- at the close of day — al caer el día
- at the close of trading — al cierre
- As my excited nerves calmed down, the interview wound its way to a close.
- The declaration came with an hour of the fourth day remaining, and England grabbed the big wicket of Graeme Smith before the close.
- It's the return of the ice that you have to watch out for, and it was back with a vengeance as October came to a close.
- The company's share price then finished at a new low of 2.7 cents at the close of trade yesterday.
- Shares in the club were 1.5 pence higher at 286.5 pence by the close of trade in London on Thursday.
- His desperate financial woes, it seems, will finally be coming to a close.
- The five-year project, which has disrupted many communities in Bradford, will draw to a close at the end of the year.
- By the time their set was coming to a close the band had the audience eating out of their hands.
- This will bring to a close what was probably the most concentrated fund raising drive the parish has ever seen.
- There is a lot to reflect on these days as the year draws to a close.
- No more wickets fell before the close and Jaques ended unbeaten on 67.
- They had added an unbeaten 28 for the third wicket by the close.
- But the decision looked to be a good one, for at the close of play Derbyshire had reached 311 for four.
- The intense planning and preparing over many weeks, even months, is now drawing a close.
- We couldn't have known it at the time, but eight years of unparalleled success were about to draw to a close.
- By the close of the fourth day they were 37 for 5, Ellison taking four in 15 balls.
- After the national close of the campaign on August 12 the initiative will not be forgotten.
- Many of those rights found legal expression at the close of the eighteenth century.
- Therefore, the real value of the mutual fund may be quite different from the calculated value at the close of the trading day.
- In Hong Kong, the Hang Seng index is showing a fall of about 0.9 percent near the close.
- When the pros are more bullish than amateurs, the pros will drive prices higher all day and into the close.
- The spirited crowd were said to be still dancing the night away when the ball drew to a close at 1 am.
- The summer may be drawing to a close, but York Racecourse has still been pulling the crowds for its September meeting.
- If big news breaks after the close of trading, a late trade can land a quick profit - or avoid a big loss.
- Say a customer wanted to find out how many transactions it could run before the close of the stock market on a given day.
- Now it appears the national herd may end up as low as 450,000-480,000 by the close of 2002.
- It was only when my voice gave out completely that the day had to draw to a close.
- It can be the year when we draw to a close this sorry chapter in our treatment of those with disabilities.
- The termination is expected to occur after the close of trading on May 28.
- The incident was brought to a close at midnight when the man came down from the roof.
- The Dow had fallen more than 69 points in late trading before recovering at the close.
- I have been with the company for 12 years and I feel that my time has come to a close.
- Yet once our trip had come to a close we were left with the knowledge that when you really put your mind to some thing you can accomplish anything.
- It will also look closely into whether brokers handle orders near the close of the market fairly.
- A most enjoyable night was had by all and at the close a minimum of €1,000 had been raised.
- Shares fell around three per cent at the close of trading yesterday.
2.1British (in residential area)calle femininequinta feminine
- The hot water has remained off in four closes, Olley, Mcintosh, Brackley and Douglas.
- They are two of 19 domestic and commercial owners in two adjacent closes which are now deluged whenever it rains.
- But the secluded closes that run off the High Street and Canongate in Edinburgh's Old Town can also provide cover for criminal activities.
- Like Edinburgh, it also has an Old Town, with narrow closes and tall, old buildings.
- There were no streets, only avenues, crescents and closes.
- Around every corner lies another close, another lane, the bright sun throwing the rough stone walls into relief.
- Elsewhere, sober stone houses peek coyly at one and other across cobbled streets and evocative old closes.
en Per; sin salida
2.2(of cathedral)recinto masculine
- Stuff like this gives just as much pleasure as a cathedral close or a Regency arcade.
- The close of the cathedral is surrounded by a wall, which was built in the reign of Edward I.
- She has come a long way from the Aga saga and the cathedral close.
- The museum is in the heart of historic Salisbury, in the cathedral close.
- Pride of place goes to the cathedral and close, with a rich legacy of surviving and well-documented buildings.
1(window/book/valve) cerrarhe closed his mouth/eyes — cerró la boca/los ojos
4(block, deny access to)(road/checkpoint/channel) cerrarthe square is to be closed to traffic — van a cerrar la plaza al tráfico
- to close one's ears to sth — hacer oídos sordos a algo
- you shouldn't close your mind to the idea — no deberías cerrarte en banda a la idea / rechazar completamente la idea
5(halt operations)cerrarthe airport has been closed because of bad weather — han cerrado el aeropuerto debido al mal tiempo
6(terminate, wind up)(account/shop/branch/file) cerrar
7(conclude)(deal) cerrar(meeting/debate) cerrar(debate/meeting) poner fin athey closed the concert with ... — el concierto se cerró con ...
1(window/door) cerrar(se)the door closed — la puerta se cerró
- the door doesn't close properly — la puerta no cierra bien
- her eyes closed and she fell asleep — se le cerraron los ojos y se quedó dormida
2(gap/wound/crack) cerrarsethe darkness closed around him — la oscuridad lo envolvió
3(fold shut)(flower) cerrarsehis hands closed around my throat — me rodeó el cuello con las manos
4(stop service, trading)(shop/library/museum) cerrarat what time do you close? — ¿a qué hora cierran?
5(cease operations)(shop/shipyard/factory) cerrar
6(finish, end)(book/lecture) terminar(lecture/book) concluir
8closing pres p(words/years/remarks) últimoin the closing minutes of the game — en los últimos minutos / en los minutos finales del partido
- closing price — precio al cierre
9(approach)acercarseto close on sth/sb — acercarse a algo/algn
- defenders were closing on him from all sides — los defensas lo estaban cercando
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