In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1feminine monedasmasculine sistema monetario
- The fall in silver imports lead to the government minting copper coinage called vellon. 1599 to 1620 saw two decades of vellon production.
- Coinage in both England and Francia was used as a means of affirming royal authority, though the volume of production of early medieval coinage is still in question.
- It is no wonder that the Carolingian clerics, who were the spin doctors of their day, drew attention to the parallels, which are also manifest in Louis's coinage.
- Best known as the maker of the state's first coinage, issuing shillings, sixpence, and threepence silver coins in 1783, Chalmers's marked domestic silver is exceedingly rare.
- After the civil war in the 1920s a committee was established under the chairmanship of WB Yeats to mint a coinage fit for a country newly independent for the UK.
- In c.973 Eadgar designed a new coinage of pennies, which was regularly renewed and remained the basis of the English currency until long after the Conquest.
- The conspirators were supported by the French, and even though the raid on the Exchequer failed, considerable quantities of forged coinage were smuggled into England and put into circulation to disrupt the financial system.
- When asked to explain the morality of charges for other essential banking services such as standing orders, reminder letters and changing bags of loose coinage, he declined to answer.
- It is possible, as Richard Brickstock of Durham University has suggested, that the civilian population of the area hoarded small coinage to buy gold, against a future requirement to pay taxes in gold.
- He also is the artist for George Washington's Inaugural Centennial Medal, and was asked by Theodore Roosevelt to redesign the U.S. gold coinage.
- The weight of the copper coinage is incredible so no fear of sneak thieves running off with it!
- This hiatus in material culture and of the circulation of low-value coinage, both critical to the dating of archaeological deposits, has led some interpretations of site histories to argue for gaps in occupation in the third century.
- This was a complicated procedure because there were so many separate political entities, from city-states to empires, each having its own coinage with different weights and different contents of precious metal.
- Commercial development had encouraged the localized minting of silver in the Irish Sea region from the late tenth century, but the circulation of Hiberno-Norse coinage was restricted to eastern Ireland and other coastal parts.
- There was usually a fixed rate of exchange between the two coinages, though this was upset when opium poured in and silver flowed out, causing a scarcity of the latter.
- He became a senator of the Irish Free State in 1922, chairing the committee on the new Irish coinage, and later causing a controversy with his defence of divorce in June 1925.
- Market places have existed since that time, and coinage has been in circulation among urban people for 2500 years.
- It took until Edgar's standardizing reform of 973 to convert these semi-independent regional coinages into something approaching a national currency.
- By the fourth century they were one of only four nations in the world, along with Rome, Persia, and the Kushan Kingdom in northern India, to issue gold coinage.
- Louis's coinage may not have influenced the architects of the Euro whose notes and coins began to circulate in January 2002, but this was still a remarkable achievement by this unappreciated Carolingian emperor.
- Offsetting the lift in the proposed new funding agreement will be substantial savings accruing from the modernisation of the silver coinage, as well as some smaller efficiency gains.
- He also attempted to fine tune the money supply with mintage of new gold coinage and adulterated silver coins.
- A new coinage, based on the denarius, was introduced in 211.
- In the 750s, Pepin assumed the kingship of the Franks and introduced a completely new silver coinage, using the Latin term ‘denarius’.
- His monetary analysis is hopelessly contaminated by the attempt to explain the variations in the relative value of the copper, silver and gold coinage by a political sociology.
- Significant quantities are still used in jewelry, silver ware, and coinage; but even larger amounts are consumed by the photographic and electronics industries.
- Apart from providing the UK's coinage, Royal Mint also produces some of the world's finest coins and provides coinage for more than 100 countries.
- Trade Viticulture was also important to the economy of many cities, as is shown by the number of states whose coinage bears wine-related designs.
- Britain abandoned silver coinage in 1947, after more than two millennia.
- A later caliph, Abd al-Malik, strengthened the organization of the empire, making Arabic the official language of government and replacing Byzantine and Sassanian coinage with coins with Arabic inscriptions.
- Be that as it may, after the barbarian invasion there was no authority to re-introduce gold coinage that would circulate.
- I have four shillings of imperial coinage in a little commemorative velvet drawstring bag with a printed label.
- The grant of a patent in 1723 to the Birmingham ironmaster William Wood, to produce copper coinage for Ireland, raised an outcry in the Dublin press, and violent popular demonstrations.
- In 1867 Paris convened an international monetary conference that voted unanimously in favor of a universal coinage building on the LMU-franc system.
- The amount of gold coinage issued annually in Britain, France, and the USA increased nearly six-fold in the early 1850s, and the amount of paper money securely backed by gold also multiplied.
- Its empire instead consisted in commerce, particularly through the control that Venetian coinage exerted over international trade.
- Athelstan, the forceful grandson of Alfred, was the first to impose a unified coinage, which depicted him as the first English king to wear a crown.
- Before 1971, the primary coinage had 20 pence equal to one shilling.
- He came to the throne rich and bequeathed debts, a corrupt coinage, and roaring inflation; much of the newly acquired land was sold to the gentry and aristocracy by his death.
1.2(act of minting)acuñación feminine
- In the 1890s the Populist movement demanded stronger government intervention into the economy, including the free and unlimited coinage of silver at a ratio of sixteen to one.
- Acquiring gold and silver was vital for coinage and, in the late Empire, for official payments in plate and ingots.
- It can be effected by opening the U.S. Mint to the free and unlimited coinage of gold, as mandated by the U.S. Constitution.
- Metals like silver, nickel and gold are a perfect medium for coinage because of their durability and the value accorded by their relative rarity.
- Though Norman dukes controlled the coinage in their domain, no new coins had been minted since the time of William's grandfather.
- In 1896, the Democratic party coopted an aspect of the Populists' financial program, the free and unlimited coinage of silver, on behalf of the candidacy of William Jennings Bryan.
- Strong points or burghs were constructed; control of coinage established; a navy created, and the kingdom divided up into shires and hundreds.
- Its platform called for the free coinage of silver and plenty of paper money.
- Nevertheless, by the eighth century, royal control of coinage is clear.
- The gold standard divided the party, as 24 Western delegates staged a walk out when the GOP refused to accept the unlimited coinage of gold and silver.
- The point is that Fekete's plan calls for opening up the U.S. Mint for coinage of both gold and silver coins as the Founders intended.
2.1feminine palabra de nuevo cuñofeminine frase de nuevo cuño
- Over-governed is a recent coinage, normally referring in Britain to regional assemblies or Europe.
- Although they could tell me factual things about their lives, their language was peppered with new, idiosyncratic word coinages, peculiar misusages of phrases and illogical connection between ideas.
- Though the term is a fairly recent coinage, what it indicates is something familiar to all.
- Robin Red-breast was just another of these coinages, used since about 1450 to name a commonplace bird.
- The term ‘bling’ - the new slang coinage for the flash of all those carats - has even (for better or for worse) passed into the language.
- The alleged distinction between tsaritsa and tsarina does not exist: the latter term is not a Russian word at all, but a west European coinage.
- The Telegraph reports on the publication of a new dictionary of Italian neologisms (2006 parole nuove by Valeria Della Valle and Giovanni Adamo), which includes dozens of coinages based on the names of political leaders.
- H. L. Mencken, in his explorations into American linguistic usages once pointed out that ‘to get religion’ was an American coinage.
- This is not only an imaginative coinage, it is also more accurate than the English word, since computers are rarely asked to compute.
- The website, where you can register newly coined words, accepted the coinage by a journalist based at Muvattupuzha.
- Indeed, the very term ‘human resources’ (like ‘human capital’) was a coinage of the utilitarian consensus.
- Always the playful neologist (pertussion is his coinage from the technical term for whooping cough, pertussis), Wallace has lately become a professor of literature.
- The word universal appears to be an Aristotelian coinage.
- Probably more interesting is Shakespeare's inventiveness with noun-verb coinages.
- This means that the essence of European civilization is what Brague calls, in another of his coinages, ‘secondarity.’
- Even the once telling catchphrase that he had ‘something of the night’ about him is unstable - already new coinages are appearing, ‘something of the nice’ is just the most recent.
- The growth of electronics and communication mediated by computers has given rise to great numbers of coinages, many of them fleeting, all seeking to describe the adaptation of such techniques to some aspect of daily life.
- Robot is a word that is both a coinage by an individual person and a borrowing.
- New coinages appear literally on a weekly basis, nobody appears to have real input on the appropriateness of new words or on their usefulness, especially when it comes to jargon.
2.2(act of inventing word)acuñación feminine
- His learned coinage of the phrase fides levata - a convincing but altogether fictional Latin term - would contribute to the overwhelming success of Panofsky's account.
- This kind of coinage and derivation is a typical process in the creative evolution of language, and is exactly the sort of thing that snoots like to deprecate.]
- ‘Psychedelic’ is truly a great word, the coinage of genius.
- Not only is the phrase versus populum of very late coinage; it does not mean what its champions claim it does.
- The coinage and use of compound words often follow a pattern of development in texts and social situations, usually a sequence that reinforces certain usages and may precipitate others.
- Gould has written many times about his coinage of the term ‘symphonette.’
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.