In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
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1(reduce)(sentence/punishment) conmutarthe death sentence was commuted to one of life imprisonment — le conmutaron la pena de muerte por la de cadena perpetua
2formal(change, convert)to commute sth into/for sth — conmutar algo por algo
- Many of these men were probably employed in respect of lands who had commuted their military obligation for cash, although others were employed entirely in their own right.
- During the 14th century landowners found it profitable to commute labour services for fixed cash payments.
- These obligations were initially rendered in kind, in terms of labor or provisions, but were gradually commuted to cash contributions.
- Under these conditions, direct labor service duties were commuted for money payments.
- Most of the head tenants and some of the under tenants held on condition of knight service, later commuted into a money payment in lieu of service called scutage.
- Although it was possible to commute this payment into cash, the payment was almost always made in the form of these arms.
- Landlords had commuted most labor rents and rents in kind into contractual money rents by around 1600.
- The order is merely commuted to a money payment, although this may be enhanced as we shall see below.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.