In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
- Exhaust gases include harmful volatile organic compounds or hydrocarbons, chemicals such as nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide.
- Chemistry is the study of elements and compounds and interactions between substances.
- The layers of plants and animals slowly broke down into simple substances called hydrocarbons, compounds of hydrogen and carbon.
- But so far only 120 plant derived chemical compounds have been developed into modern drugs.
- When they do so, they form ionic compounds.
- Dr. Miller says a compound called nitric oxide is known to play a role in the dilation of the endothelium.
- Chemists most often use distillation to separate and purify compounds in a mixture.
- Nitrogenous compounds have become a major global pollutant in freshwater and estuarine ecosystems.
- Metals usually make positive ions when the compounds are dissolved in solution.
- Substitution reactions of organic compounds can also involve free radicals.
- Diesel particulate matter consists of soot mixed with anything from volatile organic compounds to sulphur and nitrous oxides.
- Chemical forces are forces caused by other compounds or molecules that act on substances.
- Also, the burning of methane turns the carbon in it into a compound (carbon dioxide) that is far less potent as a greenhouse gas.
- The empirical formula of a compound is that which is obtained through laboratory research.
- When a halogen combines with another element, the resulting compound is called a halide.
- Once the active chemical compound has been identified, its molecular structure must be determined.
- For this he designed and produced an aromatic chemical compound.
- Organic compounds and other covalently bonded molecules do not dissolve well in water.
- These substances are compounds because the molecules that make it up have two kinds of atoms.
- This energy is used to produce new organic compounds form carbon dioxide, and thus enables bacteria to grow and divide in the absence of light.
2(word)palabra compuesta feminine
- You could compare this to an English compound like ‘chair lift’.
- American English has the general term car for railway vehicles, which British English only uses in compounds, such as restaurant car or sleeping car.
- The Oxford English Dictionary lists 125 compounds of the word ‘snow’ alone!
- When two words are joined together, the resultant compound cannot be interpreted on the basis of the separate, individual components.
- Here's a brief listing of some of the many compounds starting in cyber.
- They can be used as components of compounds, but if they are used on their own they must be used with possessive prefixes.
- It's certainly not a compound, and I can't imagine what two meanings might be evoked by this word in order to produce the intended effect.
- It's not the dictionary term I may or may not vaguely remember, which was not a German compound.
- The first case concerns the use of a noun as a modifier in a compound.
- The orthography was developed by Nance from the surviving texts, and vocabulary is extended by analogizing from Breton and Welsh and forming compounds from existing words.
- Names for body parts such as ai ‘eye’ and maus ‘mouth’ are used as metaphors in many pidgins and Creoles, and occur quite often in compounds.
- In New Zealand the word Maori was productive in forming compounds: Maori axe, Maori welcome, Maori scone, Maori council, and so on.
- Lexicalisation doesn't have to involve making up a new word, it could be a compound, or an existing word could be broadened.
- Terms like megastore or hypertext are also called compounds, because they are combinations of free-standing words with prefixes or suffixes.
- We also included some compounds with self-, like the ubiquitous self-identify, which has a number of uses.
- The name is a compound of two words meaning The Vine of Death or The Vine of the Spirits.
- They really are all around us, these compounds that are six nouns deep or more.
- Compounds of conditionals are a hard problem for everyone.
3(mixture)mezcla femininecompound feed — pienso compuesto masculine
- Also, the relative amounts of the different compounds of the mixture tend to be more even, which is reflected in lower dominance values.
- These two fears compose a powerful compound - sufficient to prop up governments everywhere on earth for several millennia.
- If the different compounds of a mixture act synergistically, greater toxicity or deterrence may result.
- In the last 100 years, humans have introduced hundreds of new, synthetic compounds into the environment.
- He prepared mixtures of many compounds, which he used to paint his posters.
- Improvements were made over the years to the syntheses of all these compounds, but I'm not going to go into the details.
- It is easier to identify a specific target with newer sensitizers, as these tend to be a pure compound rather than a mixture.
- There is a particular smell, a compound, I think, of floor polish and burnt egg, which I shall forever associate with boarding school.
- Many of these are natural and found in food at doses millions of times greater than those to which we are exposed by synthetic compounds.
- Simply stated an object composed of many compounds can have one frequency.
- Quick-setting cement compounds are a mixture of cement, sand and other ingredients, and are designed to mix with water.
- The two sets of compounds are separated by partitioning a mixture between phosphate buffer and ether.
- A small sample of the compound (or a mixture of compounds) is placed in a strong magnetic field.
- Now the sophistication of the device has authorities pretty rattled, especially as a unique mixture of explosive compounds was involved.
- Pyrolized Mobil jet oil showed the greatest complex pattern, with overlapping peaks indicating poor separation of compounds.
- Very often farmers will have to choose between a blend or a true compound.
- The most popular gallery was the one dedicated to works in chocolate, spices, birdseed and so on, the smell a compound of the enticing and the fetid.
- An enormous number of naturally occurring and synthetic compounds are known to be photosensitizers commonly used in photobiological studies.
- A brick's color can be attributed to its clay composition, any added compounds, its firing temperature and any surface treatments.
- During these processes, the energy from these compounds can be released for use by the body or stored in body tissues, especially the liver, muscles, and body fat.
1(eye/number/word/leaf) compuestocompound substance — compuesto masculine
- So in this pundit's view, the spelling determines compound status and thus the plural.
- Too bad we can't hear the pronunciation: does any gate also have compound pronunciation, like anyway?
- The new company about to be born will have a compound name.
- He did so by combining two complex ideas - or at least two abstract compound nouns - in a new way.
- The compound term bloc-notes is an old one, whose meaning strikes me as rather inappropriate as a basis for extension to blogging.
- These specialized plants generally have spike-like compound inflorescences, comprised of paired cymules of tiny flowers that are sessile within succulent free or fused bracts.
- When you have two different elements, there are usually only two words in the compound name.
- That is, they cannot be used in isolation but must occur either as part of a compound word or with a possessive prefix.
- I was about to take my colleague to task for failing to hyphenate ‘best known’ when using it as a compound adjective.
- The buckwheat inflorescence is a compound raceme that produces laterally flowered cymose clusters, the number of which was affected by the position of the inflorescence along the main stem.
- The female reproductive structures of flowers are the carpels, which are either free, or are fused to form a compound ovary.
- Leymus chinensis flowers are hermaphroditic and arranged in compound spikes.
- The compound nouns are chasing the adverbs out of the language.
- Leaves are opposite on the stem and mostly compound with three to five leaflets.
1(make worse)(problem) agravar(problem) exacerbar(risk/difficulties) acrecentar(difficulties/risk) aumentar(delay) alargar
- But the report merely compounds the confusion by never once defining its terms.
- The nighttime pilot must deal with all the visual challenges common in daylight, compounded with a whole new set of challenges resulting from darkness.
- Adolescents seek to relieve tension through risk behaviors such as substance use that only compound the negative psychological and physical toll.
- The lack of sanitation facilities compounds the trauma of displacement and loss.
- Major problems in agriculture and structural difficulties in the eurozone compounded the negative effects from slower global trade.
- Sometimes stresses outside the gym compound the situation.
- Little or no analysis is done and poor planning is compounded by even worse implementation strategies.
- Some horse owners actually compound the negative effects by adding corn oil to the horse's diet thinking that it offers a beneficial source of energy.
- When it is compounded by the anxiety that accompanies panic disorder, the patient and physician have a delicate situation on their hands.
- The paper also points out that individual land uses often interact synergistically, compounding their negative effect on habitats and birds.
- It compounds the potential inarticulateness of boys.
- Management crises are compounding the problems.
- All of this is compounded by the fact that the whole stalking and lurking phase of these sequences is tedious and suspense-free.
- The potential problem of reduced access revenue in a more competitive environment is compounded by the negative outlook for media and advertising services revenue.
- Inflation and tax will eat into the value of any savings, and a poor interest rate will only compound this.
- His uncouth son who shows no respect to his illiterate father compounds the dilemma.
- This is further compounded by varying ideas of what constitutes proper and improper dress.
- Thus her social status compounds her gender injustice.
- It simply compounds the strategic errors at the very top of the party.
- It merely compounds the problem as interest on your outstanding loans accumulates.
2.1literary (combine)to be compounded with sth — ir acompañado de algo
- We compounded the mixture of the medicinal herbs according to the season and the patient's condition.
- When we compound prescriptions, we mix ingredients specific to each patient's needs.
- We compound various strengths and combinations of thyroid hormone.
- The pharmacist then compounds the necessary ingredients and dispenses the medication to the patient.
- As Greek pharmacists found that there was more money to be made in compounding and mixing cosmetics, physicians were compelled out of necessity to return to making their own drugs.
2.2(compose, mix)combinar(to be) compounded of sth — (estar) compuesto de algo
- Society is compounded of all kinds of interests and meanings involved with social action.
- That illusion, like the touching belief that one party is always better than the other, is compounded of near-equal parts naiveté and cynicism.
- The horrifying scene was compounded of darkness, silhouettes of mountains, and beyond the mountains, a red glow which rose to the sky, from remote fires.
- His style was compounded of elements drawn from Titian, Dürer, and Parmigianino, whose prints he copied.
- This is effectively a pot of stew originally compounded of cheap cuts of mutton, potatoes, and onions.
- We can see wave movements not just compounded of different qualities but compounded of different, even noncontiguous, spaces.
- All animals are compounded of various organs, each of which exercising a separate function, and in a manner peculiar to itself, concurs to the preservation of the whole.
- The renouncers' attitude was compounded of dark bitterness and bright hope.
- It was compounded of loose soil to be sure, but also of a great deal more, including soot and ashes and street litter, and the fecal matter of the legion horses on whom all transport in London depended.
- All propositions are simple or compounded of simples.
- At the sight of them a rude, equally animal resentment rises in me, compounded of shame, fear, and ignoble joy not to be one of them.
3(settle by agreement)(debt) ajustar
1masculine complejo habitacionalmasculine barracones
- Whoever had been seeking refuge within the compound's razor-wire-topped walls had been forced to leave in a hurry.
- These four temples have a meditation hall and a major monks' training center within the same compound.
- Sensitive areas within compounds have also been given extra protection while electronic scanning of staff, visitors and vehicles entering sites has been stepped up.
- The enclosures were located within a compound covered with plastic mesh to exclude large predators.
- The arrangement of space is quite unique in that the longtang houses are built on a street but are divided into sub-lanes within the compound.
- At present an average 220 monks and novices live within the temple compound.
- The villages are rather compact, consisting of groups of compounds enclosed by millet-stalk fences.
- Within seconds the compound was swarming with scientists, examining every room in the place.
- The NUM is claiming more housing allowance for workers who don't live at the mine compound and better living conditions for those that do.
- If the elites continue to ignore the hard realities faced by a growing majority of us, they'll need to build mighty high fences around their own compounds.
- The 11 men, 15 women and three children entered the school premises through a hole cut in a wire fence surrounding the school compound.
- The temple compound is an example of a traditional temple.
- People are free to meditate anywhere within the compound.
- The display also contrasts the living conditions in a mine compound with a mine manager or randlord's house.
- Within the compound, the officials were able to protect some of the rare trees and other plant species.
- This position enables him to work as the only handyman in the compound.
- American diplomatic staff took refuge in a safe area within the compound.
- Both diamond and gold mines housed black workers in single-sex compounds, issuing contracts of limited duration.
- In the 1910s and 1920s, most of the 200,000 African men employed in gold-mining lived in vast single-sex compounds.
- Low coral walls fence their homes but please ask permission before photographing families at home within these compounds.
- Once within your compound's adobe walls you never really need to re-emerge.
- Classes of school children assembled in front of the embassy and attached telegrams of condolence to the fence that surrounds the compound.
- The 29 broke into the school premises Wednesday through a hole cut in a wire fence surrounding the compound.
- Within an enclosed compound, you discover a pristine, high-ceilinged exhibition space that occupies a renovated factory building.
- The bomb was believed to have been planted in a minibus parked outside the walled embassy compound and detonated remotely.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.