In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(agreement) contrato masculine(for public works, services) contrata feminine(price) (before noun) contractualto enter into a contract (with sb) — celebrar un contrato (con algn)
- to honor/break a contract — cumplir/incumplir / violar un contrato
- contract of employment — contrato de trabajo
- under the terms of your contract — según lo establecido en su contrato
- a fixed contract — un contrato fijo
- to be under contract to sb/sth — estar bajo contrato con algn/algo
- to win/lose a contract — obtener / conseguir/perder un contrato
- to put sth out to contract — otorgar la contrata de / para algo
1.2(document)contrato masculineto sign a contract — suscribir un contrato formal
- (in UK: on property deal) to exchange contracts — suscribir el contrato de compraventa
2slang(for murder)to put out a contract on sb — ponerle precio a la cabeza de algn
- Smith is accused by the Crown of being a contract killer, responsible for four other planned murders over the past 34 years.
- Whether it was a random killing, a settling of old accounts or a political contract killing remains unclear.
- Then a solution presents itself: why not hire a contract killer?
- He had been offered $50,000 to carry out the hit, and was jailed for life for the contract killing.
- There are so many people with contracts out on his life he has to look over his shoulder all the time.
- It was to have been a straight-forward contract killing arranged by an adulterous couple to rid them of the man's wife.
- There had been speculation that the couple, or a relative, had been on a witness protection scheme and that the shooting was a contract killing.
- The third tale speaks of El Chivo, a bitter ex-guerrilla-turned-hit man, who is given a contract to kill a wealthy businessman.
- Vincent is a ruthless contract killer and has to kill five people in a single night.
- He could claim that while creating and producing hit game shows, he was also a contract assassin for the CIA.
- When his boss becomes suspicious, the three decide to hire a contract killer, played by Adam Faith.
- Let us not forget that we are dealing with the alleged contract murder of a young naturopathic doctor, a crime that shocked the nation.
- The Hit Man's first step onto the slippery slope had been taking a contract to kill a gangster.
- A jury could reject entirely your client's statements and say all of the evidence is consistent with his being involved in the contract killing.
- When he can't succeed in killing himself, he hires a contract killer to carry out the job for him.
- Police have not ruled out robbery as a motive for the murder, but suspect it could have been a revenge murder or a contract killing disguised as a robbery.
- The film, a story of a contract killer fighting his conscience more often than his bullet-laden opponents, makes some brave new noises.
- The murder of a father-of-two, who was shot dead outside his Virginia Water home, could have been the victim of a contract killing, according to police.
- During the meeting, Hodson claimed he was offered a contract to kill an alleged amphetamine trafficker.
- For example, a serial killer and a contract killer both kill lots of people, but the crimes are essentially different.
- A British woman who tried to arrange the contract killing of her husband was jailed for five years on Wednesday.
1(place under contract)contratar
- Camp Henry contracted a wildlife biologist to study the property and create a land stewardship plan.
- If a local authority contracts a builder to construct a certain amount of houses they must pay the full cost not just a deposit.
- Once expired, the lessee could begin to contract with new suppliers.
- Biotech companies also contract with individual farmers to grow pharma crops.
- In others, employers contract privately to provide the benefits.
- She was contracted to work in a garment factory in the United Arab Emirates.
- I contracted him in November to remove my windows and replace them with French-styled steel windows.
- Now with open access, the mining companies wish to handle the traffics themselves, or contract with third parties.
- If you need help, you can get it from just about any of the tradespeople you contract with to deal with other parts of the project.
- Drivers are contracted to work Monday to Saturday.
- He complained about the wild dogs and the National Parks & Wildlife Service contracted a local man to trap and shoot the dogs.
- Fourthly, for the medium term, a non-governmental organisation has been contracted to provide six intensive support rehabilitation beds.
- If the amount of cargo is greater than the hauling capacity of available military trucks, civilian trucks are contracted to complete the mission.
- The goal was to contract with one vendor that could provide a consistent solution in all markets.
- Channel Seven contracted an outside lawyer to work up a draft agreement and has refused to negotiate on anything falling outside its scope.
- I forget what they called the deal, but he was contracted to produce something like 10 fairly low-budget features for MGM.
- The builders were contracted by Westlea Housing Association to build five houses on land behind Ashe Crescent.
- We contract with utilities to supply water, gas, or electricity at specified service levels for specified costs.
- He told how they contract with area farmers to guarantee a steady supply.
- We then moved to the situation where governments now contract with non-profit organisations to deliver a specified service.
- In Swindon, there is a strong network provided by Trio Childcare, which is contracted by the council to advise and support childminders and parents.
- The unions don't contract with the government, therefore they don't have to comply with it.
- I am contracted to be here for a year - who knows what will happen after that?
- Vendors contract with one of nine independent laboratory-testing facilities.
- He is officially contracted to work for the company for another 12 months - although few observers expect him to serve out the full year.
- The defendant has not returned the software and intends to use it until it can contract with a new vendor.
- Local governments can also contract with private businesses for other services, like trash collection.
- In 1985 he was contracted to film crocodiles and dolphins in China, the beginning of an amazing career spanning nearly 20 years.
- In 1999 the Council contracted Bedminster to provide an alternative waste system.
- We have tried to contract with them several times for specific jobs.
- Building owners want to contract with service providers that will be around to honor their commitments.
- Many have found it easier and less risky to contract with a vendor that already handles such issues.
- Some large wineries, for example, contract with hundreds of grape growers.
- He was contracted to produce films of a certain length and that week, he handed in one that was more than double the agreed-upon running time.
- Under the deed, signatories will refuse to contract with breaching suppliers until the problems are fixed.
- They also contract with local women to supply cakes and with local artisans to make Val Day mementos such as carved wall hangings.
- Clients contract with one of the member firms, whose services are supplemented by the resources of the others.
- The council later contracted another firm to complete the work, but at a cost of some €20m.
- She was contracted to work 24 hours a week on a permanent basis.
- He wanted something like that and contracted me to build it.
2.1(debt/liability) contraer formal
- Congress could not even pay the interest on its domestic debt and was financing its foreign debts only by contracting additional loans.
- It was held by many to undermine one of the elementary principles of economic life - that every person is bound to pay debts contracted insofar as this is possible.
- Now, he of course had to do something about the debts he'd contracted.
- And why should we, struggling American citizens of today, be bound by debts created by a past ruling elite who contracted these debts at our expense?
- Public debt - loans contracted by governments to pay their armies, borrowing by cities and rural communities to pay their taxes - had risen alarmingly.
- Currently the minister of Finance and National Planning has the mandate to contract debts for the nation whenever need arises.
- He says that he contracted the debt on behalf of the ruling party.
- Meanwhile, a debt had been contracted and four years later the papacy sent Pippin the bill.
- How unjust to do so by pillaging the church, an institution that was neither responsible for contracting the debt nor had benefited from the deficit expenditures.
- The debt which America has contracted, compared with the cause she has gained, and the advantages to flow from it, ought scarcely to be mentioned.
- Many debts contracted then were still being serviced three generations later, and were only liquidated by the Revolution.
- When you contract a debt for a fixed period, write it down.
- Only one in five elite Marylanders contracted debts during their lifetimes that forced the selling of land or slaves.
- One result of this is that the proportion of debt that is contracted on a short term basis rises.
- And on the other hand, they don't protect our identities, so we can end up liable for debts we didn't contract.
- A husband shall answer in court in pleas concerning debts contracted by his wife before and after their marriage.
- As stated earlier, much of the debt was contracted by undemocratic governments and oppressive regimes.
- The debt contracted to fund the war had been paid for in just over 19 years.
- So-called entrepreneurs do the buying and selling, pay the workers, contract debts and pay interest.
- As for the gild's financial influence, some jurats were indeed occasionally debtors of the gild, but their debts were contracted as gildsmen not as jurats.
2.2(disease) contraer formal
- He had been admitted to hospital after suffering a stroke on January 2 before then contracting pneumonia.
- The virus is spread by infected blood, and numerous ways to contract the disease have been identified.
- Two other patients are critically ill after contracting the disease through infected organs from the donor.
- Health chiefs say the number of people contracting the virus since then has remained low.
- Ninety per cent of travellers who contract malaria do not become ill until after they return home.
- More than 100 haemophiliacs contracted HIV and more than 260 contracted hepatitis C from contaminated blood products.
- Most of the human victims of bird flu appear to have contracted the disease through close contact with chickens.
- Reduce your chances of contracting the flu bug by getting a yearly flu vaccine from your doctor's office or local clinic.
- Elderly people are at particular risk of serious illness if they contract influenza.
- A baby is in intensive care and has somehow contracted meningitis while there.
- About 10,000 Irish patients contract the superbug each year.
- Rarely, an infant can contract the infection during delivery and develop a fever after birth.
- His early education was restricted by severe asthma and he contracted tuberculosis when he started medical school.
- In each case, when later exposed to full blown tuberculosis, the mice all contracted the disease.
- Another danger is contracting an illness while on the road.
- By then, over 30,000 people had already contracted AIDS, and it was too late to stop the epidemic.
- At age 4, she contracted double pneumonia and scarlet fever simultaneously and almost died.
- Humans can also contract the disease, by breathing in the infection, and then pass it on by kissing.
- If you think you've contracted an infectious disease, contact your doctor.
- The leaflets offer advice and tips on safe farm practices so that farmers can reduce the chances of they and their families contracting these germs.
- Between meals, a mammal's intestinal muscles normally contract rhythmically to sweep out bacteria and waste.
- Electrical stimulation causes the heart muscles to contract or pump.
- The polar ice caps are contracting at a rate of 9 percent each decade.
- These stars change in actual size by about 10 per cent, expanding and contracting over a period of several days.
- Spain is increasing the size of its fishing fleet while ours is contracting.
- The heart works as a pump, with its muscular walls contracting to force the movement of blood.
- I feel a tear trickle softly down my cheek, and my throat contracts to half its normal size.
- To see closer objects, this muscle contracts to thicken the lens.
- When your heart contracts, it ejects blood from the pumping chambers (ventricles).
- It increases the heart rate, makes muscles contract more forcefully and enhances the general state of alertness.
- The more slowly muscles contract, the more force they are able to deliver, which is why heavy weights can only be lifted slowly.
- That is because all objects expand when they are heated and contract when they are cooled.
- When people laugh, their muscles contract, their pulse rates rise and their breathing is faster.
- When they contract they reduce the internal diameter of the vessels in the arterial network.
- Because wood absorbs moisture, it will expand and contract with changes in the weather and humidity.
- On cooling it contracts to a smaller dimension, thus reducing the area of contact and allowing oxide to form at the interface.
- This causes the skin's natural collagen to contract, usually reducing wrinkles over the following months.
- Raise your hips only as high as you can while still forcefully contracting your abs for a second or two.
- Mucus production increases and the muscles surrounding the airways contract, narrowing the space through which air can flow.
- l Output in Japan, the world's second-biggest economy, contracted sharply in the second quarter of the year.
- Breath-holding helps create a firm base upon which the muscles can effectively contract.
- When these muscles contract, they don't directly push the head forward.
- Each time the calf and thigh muscles contract when walking, veins deep inside the leg are squeezed.
- The treated muscles can't contract so new wrinkles won't form either.
- The economy unexpectedly expanded in the final three months of last year after contracting in the third quarter.
- Most liquids contract as they cool.
- Then, while still contracting, the star cools through yellow and red-hot, and the protyle condenses into progressively heavier elements.
- Revised figures have shown that the Japanese economy contracted by 0.6 percent in the September quarter.
- While most Asian economies contracted in the third quarter, Korea grew by 1.8 %.
- You are not lifting weights; you are stretching and then contracting your muscles as hard as possible.
- Solid pieces used for the table top will expand and contract with changes in humidity.
- He then contracted his abs to raise his legs until they were perpendicular.
- As the air cools, it contracts and loses some of its capacity, so the moisture is given off to cooler surrounding surfaces.
- Since the recession began in March 2001, the labor force has contracted by 1.2 percent.
- As the lava solidified and cooled, it contracted, but the surface layers, exposed to the air, cooled faster than the deeper layers.
- For example, as an individual lands from a jump, the quadriceps muscle contracts, protecting the knee.
- This stimulation causes electrical activity in the muscle, which in turn causes the muscle to contract or tighten.
- The deer's range later contracted to the Ural Mountains, in modern-day Russia, which separate Europe from Asia.
- As your muscles contract during exercise, they use sugar for energy.
- In the case of the Sun or some similar large object, as it contracts there is a decrease in its gravitational energy because the composite matter is moving closer to the middle, and that energy has to go somewhere.
- Spasms shook every inch of my skin, and my muscles contracted painfully.
- Similarly, cooled rock contracts, experiences an increase in density, and tends to sink.
- I haven't checked the audio to see whether ‘is’ was contracted or not in those examples.
- Incidentally, Hocus Pocus was itself contracted during the eighteenth century into the word ‘Hoax.’
- The various sources consulted differ in its further evolution; some say the word was contracted further to aan't, others say an't (pronounced ahnt).
- This is someone who is so expert on the subject of sex that the two words become contracted into one - sexpert.
1(enter into an agreement)to contract (with sb) for sth — celebrar un contrato (con algn) para algo
- we hope to contract with them for the supply of … — esperamos celebrar un contrato con ellos para el suministro de …
2(become smaller)(metal/pupils/muscle) contraerse
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