In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(command)(people/country/industry) controlar(industry/country/people) efercer control sobrehis ambition to control the business — su ambición de hacerse con el control del negocio
- It ruled that the union would face legal action if it failed to control the behaviour of those protesting.
- The whole point of a blog is that its author controls its content.
- I discovered the key to controlling their outrageous behaviour.
- How well you control your mind determines why you choke while others remain calm and focused.
- It was an elite, skillfully and ruthlessly controlling demoralized and apathetic masses.
- At one point, each soldier was responsible for controlling 75 prisoners.
- The more alcohol you take in, the less able you are to control your behaviour.
- Secondly, it develops and maintains an animal that is easy to have around, has appropriate behaviour and is readily controlled in any environment.
- In London, many people defied a request by police to avoid meeting in Trafalgar Square, where authorities often have trouble controlling the rowdier celebrants.
- I feel like I'm on top of this huge mountain, screaming at the top of my lungs, my heart tearing open, and the state of my soul controlling what I'm saying.
- Yet through all of this, I realized society's constructs were limiting me by controlling my body, mind, sex and sexuality.
- Many are drugged to control their behaviour because there are no proper therapies for their conditions.
- Focus your talents and energies on areas you can directly influence and control.
- By controlling influential committees, the Prime Minister can also ensure that he drives the policies of these committees.
- The offender had limited capacity to control her behaviour in this respect.
1.2(regulate)(flow/rate/temperature) controlar(rate/temperature/flow) regular(traffic) dirigir(growth/inflation/prices) controlar
- The receiver can be accessed and controlled remotely using Internet browsers or company software.
- Scientists believe they will be able to develop treatments for deafness due to the discovery of the gene they believe controls the process that enables us to hear.
- Fingerprint recognition can be used in access control for opening doors, controlling burglar alarms and supervising working hours.
- The researchers' initial goal was to learn what controls this process.
- My wife Amy sings and I read from the texts of my poems, as music plays which Stan controls at a soundboard.
- This aspect of the process was controlled through separate instrumentation.
- He was such a bad pilot, having trouble controlling and landing the aircraft, that they would not let him rent the plane without a rental company employee to accompany him!
2.1(curb, hold in check)(animal/person) controlar(fire/disease/vermin) controlar(emotion) controlar(emotion) dominaryou ought to control that temper of yours! — ¡deberías controlar / dominar ese genio!
- to control oneself — controlarse
- They are also exploring the effects of social and legislative controls such as blood alcohol limits for driving and controlling the density of liquor outlets in neighborhoods.
- The body is then unable to control blood sugar levels and insulin must be injected daily.
- Use music prior to competition to help maintain focus by controlling negative thoughts.
- The Government has placed great emphasis on controlling the level of inflation but yet, a State body is being granted increases well above the rate of inflation.
- It is approved for organic as well as conventional use, and it keeps in check many serious pests not otherwise easily controlled.
- Use pesticides only when necessary and only in amounts that will adequately control pests.
- Mulching can effectively control weeds from seeds that germinate at or near the soil surface.
- The disease may be controlled with medications or through surgery or radiation treatments.
- Stella loves him dearly, as well, but he has trouble controlling his temper.
- Everything that can be done to stop the transmission of diseases like avian influenza is important in controlling it.
- Mr Keaney said noise and dust generated by the quarry could be controlled by conditions limiting the hours of operation and the cleaning of the public roads.
- To others this would look icy, but Aradia knew her best friend was barely controlling her temper.
- Psychiatric supervision may help him control some of his feelings of anxiety and he has been offered this on an outpatient basis.
- Pain has to be controlled and adequate hydration maintained so that the abnormal proteins don't plug the kidneys.
- He also called upon the citizens to launch a green revolution to control increasing pollution levels in the City.
- It has long been credited with helping to control cholesterol levels.
- By tightly controlling your blood sugar levels, intensive insulin therapy can help prevent long-term diabetes complications such as kidney damage.
- Exams can be nerve-wracking, and controlling your stress levels around this time can be difficult.
- The girls investigated agriculture and the best practice to control the nitrate levels in the soil.
- Check out how to control your costs, how to keep accounts and how to manage employees.
2.2(manage, steer)(boat/vehicle) controlar(horse) controlar(horse) dominar
- In addition to the presidential race, November's election will determine which party controls the next Congress.
- The majority of the 2000-plus health and fitness clubs in the UK are still either operated independently or controlled by local authorities.
- If the scheme goes ahead, it could become the first in the country to follow the example of the Continent, where in some places prostitution is tolerated but actively controlled by the authorities.
- Rodney would stress that peasants controlled the agricultural process inside villages, and indeed even their own societies in a wider sense.
- Regional media are generally controlled by regional authorities.
- They relocate to another community after he unwittingly takes a job with a company controlled by a super-villain.
- Having local authorities controlling licensing certainly makes a lot of sense, because they are in the front line of the drinking culture in their particular communities.
- But what is sometimes overlooked is that the upcoming elections could determine who controls Congress for the next 10 years.
- A small number of states could determine which party controls the House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate.
- This is what is meant by span of control: the numbers of positions allocated to and controlled by a supervisor or manager.
- If the election is as tight as it promises to be, they could well determine who controls the US Senate.
- They acted after the London Port Authority, which controls the waters, told Colin they would charge him up to £10,000 to move it.
- At Tewkesbury School, which is not controlled by the education authority, the new system will be introduced gradually.
- In the tobacco factory a supervisor controlled the quality of the cigars.
- They received a monthly salary and were charged with controlling the production process and recording the flow of tobacco leaves and products.
- The story is about a future society in which an authoritarian cult controls the vast reaches of Asia, but is then overthrown, leaving a pair of young lovers to experience the scary novelty of freedom.
- The government is also planning to have a single authority for controlling venture capital funds.
- We can now ask how genes are controlling cell behavior.
- Those who are regulated usually end up controlling the process and warp the regulations to their own benefit.
- The army of 28 new-style traffic wardens was introduced this month, completely controlled by the authority.
1.1(command)control masculineto gain control of sth — hacerse con el control de algo
- to have/lose control of sth — tener/perder el control de algo
- the firm remains in the family's control — la compañía sigue en manos de / bajo el control de la familia
- the zone was under Arab control — la zona estaba bajo el control / el dominio de los árabes
- we need only a few more shares to take control of the company — solo necesitamos unas pocas acciones más para hacernos con el control de la compañía
- His Marlowe is always pushing buttons, probing people for weakness, wresting control of the situation.
- When did any bureaucracy ever volunteer to give away authority, control or influence?
- The aim is then to weaken further the government's control in order to hasten its full collapse.
- The parties have lost direct control over the nomination process as more candidates are being selected by the primary process.
- He exercised total control over every aspect of our lives.
- It is doubtful whether he had any particular control over the course of events.
- Some men are like this because they want to have control and power over women.
- Sailing is a sport in which circumstances beyond your control not only affect your performance but also your ability to perform at all.
- Can we really hand over enormous power and control of our lives to anyone and expect them to act in our best interests?
- The director would not have day-to-day control or financial power over the other agencies.
- The event also highlighted the advantages of the community groups having control of their own events.
- You have no control over the event - it has happened, it is past - but you can choose your reaction.
- Then, as is the case with many expeditions, variables beyond our control take over.
- The fact that they failed to do so was dictated to some degree by events outside their direct control.
- The only independent control of the powers comes from the Home Secretary's supervision of authorisations.
- Off-campus, one gains complete control of their diet and food intake.
- The secretary who once thought that he was in total power and control now felt helpless and terrified.
- You retain a position of power and control despite all the changes in the work area.
- They benefited from the efforts of the earlier pioneers, but still found state control too restrictive.
- The health authority will argue that other factors, beyond the hospital's control, were probably involved.
- We must seize control of our own economic destinies as far as possible.
1.2masculine controlfeminine autoridadto be beyond sb's control — escapar al control de algn
- problems which are beyond the government's control — problemas que escapan al control del gobierno
- circumstances beyond our control may lead to delays — circunstancias ajenas a nuestra voluntad pueden ocasionar retrasos
- he lost control of the horse — el caballo se le desmandó
- he lost control of himself — perdió el control / el dominio de sí mismo
- he lost control of the car — perdió el control del coche
- One answer that might come to mind is that these are just emotions, and I don't have complete control over my emotions.
- Last December a car lost control and hit the wall near the village hall.
- I shouted so hard and punched the air with such delight I almost lost control of the car.
- My mother nodded her head and wiped the tears from her face as she tried to keep control of her emotions.
- The woman attempted to escape by reversing the car, but lost control and ended up in a ditch at the side of the quiet country road close to Wistow Mine.
- This was not due to a lack of ability as Tom had excellent ball control, could accurately score goals and easily hit a rounders' ball.
- Sometimes I think that it would be good to be one of those people who are in total control of their emotions.
- The rhetoric serves to perpetuate the myth that perpetrators have no control over their behaviour when they are drunk.
- He wasn't sure how he was managing to keep control of his laughter, but he was very grateful for it.
- He amazed the crowd with his perfect driving skills and the control over the machine.
- She managed to regain control of herself for long enough to cry out in fear.
- She would return to the village in the morning, when she had control over her emotions again.
- Once seated Kelly took a deep breath and fought to regain control of her emotions.
- She rubbed at her eyes with it, embarrassed to have lost control in such a manner.
- A passing car lost control and ran into the telephone kiosk knocking it to the ground.
- I spent a lot of time those two days shaking my head because he had so much control over the ball.
- It is understood that around 10 am, the driver of the car lost control after colliding with a lorry.
- Anger I could deal with, but I hated to be embarrassed and to lose control of my emotions.
- His eyes were wild and he still had not regained complete control of himself.
- He then lost control and crashed into a huge tree that had fallen across the road.
- Most patients will have increasing anxiety before losing control of their emotions.
- Police said the driver lost control as the car came over the brow of the hill near Hopton Industrial Estate.
- She knew she was losing control over her emotions.
- It made my engines cut out, leaving me without power, without control, and without vision.
- She stumbled the next few steps, and then managed to take control of her coordination.
- When deciding this, bear in mind that the law expects people to exercise control over their emotions.
- He has a very soft grip, which properly allows for control of the ball to rest in the shooting hand.
- This cushions the impact of the pass and gives you better control of the ball.
- It was a struggle to keep it that way, but he refused to lose control of his emotions in front of Jesse.
- He had the fans on their feet all night long with his dazzling ball control and jaw dropping passes.
- They are all worth closer investigation as they contribute to better control of the machine.
- The car slows and veers: but I manage to keep control and the lorry pulls away again.
- Parked cars were damaged when the driver of a car lost control on a roundabout and collided with them yesterday.
- He says that no matter how tough these guys appear there often comes a time when they lose control of their emotions.
- His unerring control of whatever machine he was driving came into play in Indianapolis, too.
- True freedom is about control; learn to exercise control and restraint when you must.
- Once you have control of the ball with your left hand, increase your tempo as you make the first dribble.
- She'd like more control over her emotions so as to appear immune to perceived insults and snubs.
- Seth tried with all of his ability to keep control over his car, but just couldn't handle it.
- Sometimes there is a lack of control over aggressive tendencies.
2(regulation, restriction)control masculinecontrol(s) on/of sth — control de algo
- arms control — control de armamentos
- wage control(s) — regulación salarial / de salarios
- price control(s) — control de precios
- We must put pressure on legislators to introduce tighter controls on the sale of these products.
- But a survey published today shows 85% of Britons believe there should be greater controls on the way fast foods are promoted to children.
- Researchers at a Yorkshire university are calling for tighter controls on aviation in an attempt to reduce greenhouse gases and minimise the effects of climate change.
- The commission, which is responsible for ensuring standards of care in the NHS and the private sector, will also propose tougher controls on rogue cosmetic surgeons.
- Mr Reilly said controls on food and feed will be structured so that they are integrated at all stages of production and in all sectors.
- The department, which is responsible for official controls on animal feed, did not disclose where the contaminated premixture was found.
- When the gems were discovered in 1930, the British colonial government tried in vain to slap strict controls on mining.
- Measures to introduce new EU-wide controls on feed for farmed livestock in England were announced this week by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
- Dr Cullen also needs to bring in tighter controls on foreign investment, both to limit speculation on property and focus the inflow of foreign capital on new, productive investment.
- He said the bill would introduce controls on the manufacture, use, noise and sale of fireworks, as well as introduce penalties for breaking the rules if it became law.
- But there are no controls on charges and they can also be varied by the bank with immediate effect.
- There was a need for tougher controls on meat imports.
- In the 1920s the state imposed controls on freight charges.
- But the court decided yesterday that the rules to tighten controls on the growing market in vitamins and minerals can come into force on August 1 as planned.
- The market will become unfettered by regulation - the modest controls on the internet to protect consumers, for example, are to be dumped on the grounds that they impose burdens on business.
- But aren't there export controls on these items?
- But the government also promised to consider controls on air guns, blamed for causing injuries and distress to humans and animals.
- Teachers called for tighter controls on home education yesterday with figures showing that parents were increasingly rejecting formal schooling and teaching children themselves.
- U.S. government controls on technology exports could limit the Europeans' access to defense contracts.
- We have stringent laws relating to censorship of films and videos but it would appear there are no such controls on games - and we are now beginning to see the consequences of that
3.1(knob, switch)botón de control masculinecontrol masculinethe volume/tone control — el botón / control del volumen/tono
- Voice dialling and other key phone functions can be activated using the vehicles' steering wheel controls.
- The controls allow you to switch between bass, treble and flat settings and quick-scan through tracks, but it can't fast forward or rewind.
- The music fades in and out as if there was a kid at the controls playing with the volume knob.
- You can run this camera in full automatic mode or switch to completely manual controls.
- He also gets behind the controls of several vehicles, including a tank and an armed helicopter.
- His hands went over the radio controls and flicked some switches.
- Unfortunately, she needed a code to work the controls, and her spies had failed to gather that particular piece of information.
- Many complain that the modern car is home to a confusing and unnecessary multitude of buttons, switches and controls.
- The menu and controls of the device are done really properly: everything is very logical and intuitive.
- The low spec model which we drove still came with standard front electric windows, air conditioning and an integral CD and radio with controls on the column of the steering wheel.
- Even the cheapest alarms have an on/off switch and a volume control, something that many people seem to forget.
- It also provides a central control to operate the other equipment in the room.
- The controls found inside this vehicle are fairly simple and straightforward.
- They are frost-free, have individual humidity controls on each crisper drawer and the option of built-in water filters for water and crushed-ice dispensers.
- They say devices that would allow air traffic controllers to override the controls of a hijacked plane are close to development.
- When flying a helicopter the controls need to be manually held at all times.
- I went up with the chief instructor and he was superb and let me take the controls so I actually flew the plane at around 240 mph.
- She pressed one button and the controls, switches, and buttons all came to life around her.
- Most excavator operators find it easier to operate levers, switches, and other controls with their hands or fingers rather than the ball or heel of their foot.
- He pressed a control on the device before him.
3.2controls plural(of vehicle)mandos masculine
- He was stopped at passport control at the airport.
- target: not reached
- At the passport control desk, the officer holds your passport against a scanner which reads the code.
- Already, talk has begun in some quarters about the need to tighten up on border controls to prevent illegal immigrants who might be potential terrorists getting into the country.
- In the shop after passport control, some goods were being sold at high-street prices.
- Then there is the routine stop and search and the rigmarole at airport passport control.
- If you get your visa in the UK before you go, you can skip this queue, go direct to passport control and be first in the baggage reclaim queue.
- All this means is that passport control can verify that you are who you say you are.
- Sets of parallel lines painted on the tarmac led him to the passport control kiosks and the customs sheds beyond.
- We are not Customs we're not Police, we don't have the powers to enforce border control.
5(in experiment)patrón (de comparación) masculinebefore noun control experiment — experimento de control masculine
- control group — grupo de control
- These rats and the normal controls were bred under standard conditions, approved by the University Animal Care Committee.
- Table 4 shows the relative mortality of this group of patients compared with the control group.
- This type of experiment, by its very nature, does not provide long travel times to serve as controls, so conclusive results are difficult to obtain.
- Distilled water was used instead of the chemicals for the control experiments.
- Statistical tests refer to differences between experiments and their corresponding controls.
- These control experiments confirmed that the antibody penetrated well in all the samples studied.
- Total absence of care or health services cannot be considered a suitable control standard.
- Compared with controls, significant results remained for deliberate self-harm in moderately and severely victimized individuals.
- This study is a preliminary report of the case series without a control group for comparison.
- Intact leaves selected the evening before the experiments served as controls.
- Patients in the control group received standard care delivered by the community mental health teams.
- Being a scientist at heart, Gorman set up a control experiment with a man born at the same time and the same place as himself.
- Hospital admissions for renal stone disease were compared between patients and controls.
- Dr Duncan found that only one of the groups, the third group, showed any apparent effect in comparison with the control group.
- A further 932 were recruited from the public to act as a control group for comparison.
- For the statistical evaluation the results were compared with the corresponding controls.
- Mortality in the controls varied among all experiments in this study from 0 to 27%.
- First, our sample was a clinical sample that did not include clinical controls or normal comparison families.
- We wished to demonstrate the importance of these factors in a control experiment.
- Negative and positive controls showed the expected results.
- Thirty six healthy resident doctors and staff members served as controls.
6(skill, mastery)dominio masculine
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.