In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(command)(country/people/industry) controlar(industry/people/country) efercer control sobrehis ambition to control the business — su ambición de hacerse con el control del negocio
- In London, many people defied a request by police to avoid meeting in Trafalgar Square, where authorities often have trouble controlling the rowdier celebrants.
- At one point, each soldier was responsible for controlling 75 prisoners.
- The more alcohol you take in, the less able you are to control your behaviour.
- Focus your talents and energies on areas you can directly influence and control.
- Many are drugged to control their behaviour because there are no proper therapies for their conditions.
- How well you control your mind determines why you choke while others remain calm and focused.
- It ruled that the union would face legal action if it failed to control the behaviour of those protesting.
- I feel like I'm on top of this huge mountain, screaming at the top of my lungs, my heart tearing open, and the state of my soul controlling what I'm saying.
- Secondly, it develops and maintains an animal that is easy to have around, has appropriate behaviour and is readily controlled in any environment.
- The whole point of a blog is that its author controls its content.
- It was an elite, skillfully and ruthlessly controlling demoralized and apathetic masses.
- By controlling influential committees, the Prime Minister can also ensure that he drives the policies of these committees.
- Yet through all of this, I realized society's constructs were limiting me by controlling my body, mind, sex and sexuality.
- I discovered the key to controlling their outrageous behaviour.
- The offender had limited capacity to control her behaviour in this respect.
1.2(regulate)(temperature/rate/flow) controlar(rate/flow/temperature) regular(traffic) dirigir(growth/prices/inflation) controlar
- The researchers' initial goal was to learn what controls this process.
- He was such a bad pilot, having trouble controlling and landing the aircraft, that they would not let him rent the plane without a rental company employee to accompany him!
- Fingerprint recognition can be used in access control for opening doors, controlling burglar alarms and supervising working hours.
- My wife Amy sings and I read from the texts of my poems, as music plays which Stan controls at a soundboard.
- The receiver can be accessed and controlled remotely using Internet browsers or company software.
- Scientists believe they will be able to develop treatments for deafness due to the discovery of the gene they believe controls the process that enables us to hear.
- This aspect of the process was controlled through separate instrumentation.
2.1(curb, hold in check)(animal/person) controlar(fire/disease/vermin) controlar(emotion) controlar(emotion) dominaryou ought to control that temper of yours! — ¡deberías controlar / dominar ese genio!
- to control oneself — controlarse
- The girls investigated agriculture and the best practice to control the nitrate levels in the soil.
- Pain has to be controlled and adequate hydration maintained so that the abnormal proteins don't plug the kidneys.
- Stella loves him dearly, as well, but he has trouble controlling his temper.
- To others this would look icy, but Aradia knew her best friend was barely controlling her temper.
- Psychiatric supervision may help him control some of his feelings of anxiety and he has been offered this on an outpatient basis.
- Exams can be nerve-wracking, and controlling your stress levels around this time can be difficult.
- It is approved for organic as well as conventional use, and it keeps in check many serious pests not otherwise easily controlled.
- He also called upon the citizens to launch a green revolution to control increasing pollution levels in the City.
- The body is then unable to control blood sugar levels and insulin must be injected daily.
- They are also exploring the effects of social and legislative controls such as blood alcohol limits for driving and controlling the density of liquor outlets in neighborhoods.
- Mr Keaney said noise and dust generated by the quarry could be controlled by conditions limiting the hours of operation and the cleaning of the public roads.
- Everything that can be done to stop the transmission of diseases like avian influenza is important in controlling it.
- Mulching can effectively control weeds from seeds that germinate at or near the soil surface.
- The Government has placed great emphasis on controlling the level of inflation but yet, a State body is being granted increases well above the rate of inflation.
- Check out how to control your costs, how to keep accounts and how to manage employees.
- Use pesticides only when necessary and only in amounts that will adequately control pests.
- It has long been credited with helping to control cholesterol levels.
- The disease may be controlled with medications or through surgery or radiation treatments.
- By tightly controlling your blood sugar levels, intensive insulin therapy can help prevent long-term diabetes complications such as kidney damage.
- Use music prior to competition to help maintain focus by controlling negative thoughts.
2.2(manage, steer)(boat/vehicle) controlar(horse) controlar(horse) dominar
- A small number of states could determine which party controls the House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate.
- In addition to the presidential race, November's election will determine which party controls the next Congress.
- But what is sometimes overlooked is that the upcoming elections could determine who controls Congress for the next 10 years.
- At Tewkesbury School, which is not controlled by the education authority, the new system will be introduced gradually.
- This is what is meant by span of control: the numbers of positions allocated to and controlled by a supervisor or manager.
- The army of 28 new-style traffic wardens was introduced this month, completely controlled by the authority.
- Those who are regulated usually end up controlling the process and warp the regulations to their own benefit.
- Rodney would stress that peasants controlled the agricultural process inside villages, and indeed even their own societies in a wider sense.
- The story is about a future society in which an authoritarian cult controls the vast reaches of Asia, but is then overthrown, leaving a pair of young lovers to experience the scary novelty of freedom.
- The majority of the 2000-plus health and fitness clubs in the UK are still either operated independently or controlled by local authorities.
- Having local authorities controlling licensing certainly makes a lot of sense, because they are in the front line of the drinking culture in their particular communities.
- If the scheme goes ahead, it could become the first in the country to follow the example of the Continent, where in some places prostitution is tolerated but actively controlled by the authorities.
- They relocate to another community after he unwittingly takes a job with a company controlled by a super-villain.
- They acted after the London Port Authority, which controls the waters, told Colin they would charge him up to £10,000 to move it.
- In the tobacco factory a supervisor controlled the quality of the cigars.
- They received a monthly salary and were charged with controlling the production process and recording the flow of tobacco leaves and products.
- Regional media are generally controlled by regional authorities.
- We can now ask how genes are controlling cell behavior.
- The government is also planning to have a single authority for controlling venture capital funds.
- If the election is as tight as it promises to be, they could well determine who controls the US Senate.
1.1(command)control masculineto gain control of sth — hacerse con el control de algo
- to have/lose control of sth — tener/perder el control de algo
- the firm remains in the family's control — la compañía sigue en manos de / bajo el control de la familia
- the zone was under Arab control — la zona estaba bajo el control / el dominio de los árabes
- we need only a few more shares to take control of the company — solo necesitamos unas pocas acciones más para hacernos con el control de la compañía
- His Marlowe is always pushing buttons, probing people for weakness, wresting control of the situation.
- The only independent control of the powers comes from the Home Secretary's supervision of authorisations.
- Off-campus, one gains complete control of their diet and food intake.
- Then, as is the case with many expeditions, variables beyond our control take over.
- The health authority will argue that other factors, beyond the hospital's control, were probably involved.
- The secretary who once thought that he was in total power and control now felt helpless and terrified.
- Some men are like this because they want to have control and power over women.
- The parties have lost direct control over the nomination process as more candidates are being selected by the primary process.
- It is doubtful whether he had any particular control over the course of events.
- The aim is then to weaken further the government's control in order to hasten its full collapse.
- He exercised total control over every aspect of our lives.
- The director would not have day-to-day control or financial power over the other agencies.
- We must seize control of our own economic destinies as far as possible.
- The fact that they failed to do so was dictated to some degree by events outside their direct control.
- You have no control over the event - it has happened, it is past - but you can choose your reaction.
- When did any bureaucracy ever volunteer to give away authority, control or influence?
- You retain a position of power and control despite all the changes in the work area.
- Sailing is a sport in which circumstances beyond your control not only affect your performance but also your ability to perform at all.
- The event also highlighted the advantages of the community groups having control of their own events.
- They benefited from the efforts of the earlier pioneers, but still found state control too restrictive.
- Can we really hand over enormous power and control of our lives to anyone and expect them to act in our best interests?
1.2masculine controlfeminine autoridadto be beyond sb's control — estar fuera del control de algn
- problems which are beyond the government's control — problemas que escapan al control del gobierno
- circumstances beyond our control may lead to delays — circunstancias ajenas a nuestra voluntad pueden ocasionar retrasos
- he lost control of the horse — el caballo se le desmandó
- he lost control of himself — se descontroló
- he lost control of the car — perdió el control del coche
- My mother nodded her head and wiped the tears from her face as she tried to keep control of her emotions.
- He wasn't sure how he was managing to keep control of his laughter, but he was very grateful for it.
- Anger I could deal with, but I hated to be embarrassed and to lose control of my emotions.
- Sometimes there is a lack of control over aggressive tendencies.
- She managed to regain control of herself for long enough to cry out in fear.
- When deciding this, bear in mind that the law expects people to exercise control over their emotions.
- This was not due to a lack of ability as Tom had excellent ball control, could accurately score goals and easily hit a rounders' ball.
- He had the fans on their feet all night long with his dazzling ball control and jaw dropping passes.
- True freedom is about control; learn to exercise control and restraint when you must.
- He amazed the crowd with his perfect driving skills and the control over the machine.
- This cushions the impact of the pass and gives you better control of the ball.
- His eyes were wild and he still had not regained complete control of himself.
- He then lost control and crashed into a huge tree that had fallen across the road.
- A passing car lost control and ran into the telephone kiosk knocking it to the ground.
- She rubbed at her eyes with it, embarrassed to have lost control in such a manner.
- His unerring control of whatever machine he was driving came into play in Indianapolis, too.
- Parked cars were damaged when the driver of a car lost control on a roundabout and collided with them yesterday.
- She knew she was losing control over her emotions.
- Most patients will have increasing anxiety before losing control of their emotions.
- It made my engines cut out, leaving me without power, without control, and without vision.
- Sometimes I think that it would be good to be one of those people who are in total control of their emotions.
- They are all worth closer investigation as they contribute to better control of the machine.
- She'd like more control over her emotions so as to appear immune to perceived insults and snubs.
- He says that no matter how tough these guys appear there often comes a time when they lose control of their emotions.
- Once seated Kelly took a deep breath and fought to regain control of her emotions.
- The car slows and veers: but I manage to keep control and the lorry pulls away again.
- Once you have control of the ball with your left hand, increase your tempo as you make the first dribble.
- Last December a car lost control and hit the wall near the village hall.
- The rhetoric serves to perpetuate the myth that perpetrators have no control over their behaviour when they are drunk.
- Police said the driver lost control as the car came over the brow of the hill near Hopton Industrial Estate.
- She would return to the village in the morning, when she had control over her emotions again.
- I spent a lot of time those two days shaking my head because he had so much control over the ball.
- He has a very soft grip, which properly allows for control of the ball to rest in the shooting hand.
- Seth tried with all of his ability to keep control over his car, but just couldn't handle it.
- She stumbled the next few steps, and then managed to take control of her coordination.
- It is understood that around 10 am, the driver of the car lost control after colliding with a lorry.
- I shouted so hard and punched the air with such delight I almost lost control of the car.
- It was a struggle to keep it that way, but he refused to lose control of his emotions in front of Jesse.
- The woman attempted to escape by reversing the car, but lost control and ended up in a ditch at the side of the quiet country road close to Wistow Mine.
- One answer that might come to mind is that these are just emotions, and I don't have complete control over my emotions.
2(regulation, restriction)control masculinecontrol(s) on/of sth — control de algo
- arms control — control de armamentos
- wage control(s) — regulación salarial / de salarios
- price control(s) — control de precios
- Teachers called for tighter controls on home education yesterday with figures showing that parents were increasingly rejecting formal schooling and teaching children themselves.
- When the gems were discovered in 1930, the British colonial government tried in vain to slap strict controls on mining.
- But there are no controls on charges and they can also be varied by the bank with immediate effect.
- The department, which is responsible for official controls on animal feed, did not disclose where the contaminated premixture was found.
- He said the bill would introduce controls on the manufacture, use, noise and sale of fireworks, as well as introduce penalties for breaking the rules if it became law.
- Dr Cullen also needs to bring in tighter controls on foreign investment, both to limit speculation on property and focus the inflow of foreign capital on new, productive investment.
- In the 1920s the state imposed controls on freight charges.
- The market will become unfettered by regulation - the modest controls on the internet to protect consumers, for example, are to be dumped on the grounds that they impose burdens on business.
- We must put pressure on legislators to introduce tighter controls on the sale of these products.
- There was a need for tougher controls on meat imports.
- We have stringent laws relating to censorship of films and videos but it would appear there are no such controls on games - and we are now beginning to see the consequences of that
- Mr Reilly said controls on food and feed will be structured so that they are integrated at all stages of production and in all sectors.
- But a survey published today shows 85% of Britons believe there should be greater controls on the way fast foods are promoted to children.
- But aren't there export controls on these items?
- U.S. government controls on technology exports could limit the Europeans' access to defense contracts.
- Measures to introduce new EU-wide controls on feed for farmed livestock in England were announced this week by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
- Researchers at a Yorkshire university are calling for tighter controls on aviation in an attempt to reduce greenhouse gases and minimise the effects of climate change.
- The commission, which is responsible for ensuring standards of care in the NHS and the private sector, will also propose tougher controls on rogue cosmetic surgeons.
- But the government also promised to consider controls on air guns, blamed for causing injuries and distress to humans and animals.
- But the court decided yesterday that the rules to tighten controls on the growing market in vitamins and minerals can come into force on August 1 as planned.
3.1(knob, switch)botón de control masculinecontrol masculinethe volume/tone control — el botón / control del volumen/tono
- He also gets behind the controls of several vehicles, including a tank and an armed helicopter.
- They are frost-free, have individual humidity controls on each crisper drawer and the option of built-in water filters for water and crushed-ice dispensers.
- His hands went over the radio controls and flicked some switches.
- Most excavator operators find it easier to operate levers, switches, and other controls with their hands or fingers rather than the ball or heel of their foot.
- Voice dialling and other key phone functions can be activated using the vehicles' steering wheel controls.
- The controls allow you to switch between bass, treble and flat settings and quick-scan through tracks, but it can't fast forward or rewind.
- I went up with the chief instructor and he was superb and let me take the controls so I actually flew the plane at around 240 mph.
- Even the cheapest alarms have an on/off switch and a volume control, something that many people seem to forget.
- The low spec model which we drove still came with standard front electric windows, air conditioning and an integral CD and radio with controls on the column of the steering wheel.
- When flying a helicopter the controls need to be manually held at all times.
- Unfortunately, she needed a code to work the controls, and her spies had failed to gather that particular piece of information.
- Many complain that the modern car is home to a confusing and unnecessary multitude of buttons, switches and controls.
- She pressed one button and the controls, switches, and buttons all came to life around her.
- He pressed a control on the device before him.
- The music fades in and out as if there was a kid at the controls playing with the volume knob.
- It also provides a central control to operate the other equipment in the room.
- They say devices that would allow air traffic controllers to override the controls of a hijacked plane are close to development.
- You can run this camera in full automatic mode or switch to completely manual controls.
- The menu and controls of the device are done really properly: everything is very logical and intuitive.
- The controls found inside this vehicle are fairly simple and straightforward.
3.2controls plural(of vehicle)mandos masculine
- Then there is the routine stop and search and the rigmarole at airport passport control.
- All this means is that passport control can verify that you are who you say you are.
- Already, talk has begun in some quarters about the need to tighten up on border controls to prevent illegal immigrants who might be potential terrorists getting into the country.
- Sets of parallel lines painted on the tarmac led him to the passport control kiosks and the customs sheds beyond.
- He was stopped at passport control at the airport.
- We are not Customs we're not Police, we don't have the powers to enforce border control.
- target: not reached
- At the passport control desk, the officer holds your passport against a scanner which reads the code.
- If you get your visa in the UK before you go, you can skip this queue, go direct to passport control and be first in the baggage reclaim queue.
- In the shop after passport control, some goods were being sold at high-street prices.
5(in experiment)patrón (de comparación) masculinebefore noun control experiment — experimento de control masculine
- control group — grupo de control
- This type of experiment, by its very nature, does not provide long travel times to serve as controls, so conclusive results are difficult to obtain.
- Thirty six healthy resident doctors and staff members served as controls.
- Table 4 shows the relative mortality of this group of patients compared with the control group.
- Compared with controls, significant results remained for deliberate self-harm in moderately and severely victimized individuals.
- A further 932 were recruited from the public to act as a control group for comparison.
- Hospital admissions for renal stone disease were compared between patients and controls.
- First, our sample was a clinical sample that did not include clinical controls or normal comparison families.
- Statistical tests refer to differences between experiments and their corresponding controls.
- Patients in the control group received standard care delivered by the community mental health teams.
- Mortality in the controls varied among all experiments in this study from 0 to 27%.
- We wished to demonstrate the importance of these factors in a control experiment.
- Intact leaves selected the evening before the experiments served as controls.
- For the statistical evaluation the results were compared with the corresponding controls.
- Dr Duncan found that only one of the groups, the third group, showed any apparent effect in comparison with the control group.
- Distilled water was used instead of the chemicals for the control experiments.
- Negative and positive controls showed the expected results.
- Being a scientist at heart, Gorman set up a control experiment with a man born at the same time and the same place as himself.
- These control experiments confirmed that the antibody penetrated well in all the samples studied.
- These rats and the normal controls were bred under standard conditions, approved by the University Animal Care Committee.
- Total absence of care or health services cannot be considered a suitable control standard.
- This study is a preliminary report of the case series without a control group for comparison.
6(skill, mastery)dominio masculine
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