In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1Religioncruz femininepapal/Latin/Greek cross — cruz papal/latina/griega
- Above them a cluster of crosses mark graves and beyond them a few people cross onto a ship.
- As opposed to the resurrection, the cross symbolises crucifixion.
- The lintel shows Jesus carrying the cross on the way to Calvary.
- He said this cross was built in the 1950s to mark a holy year.
- The Cross of Christ is the centre of God's entire plan of redemption.
- At least twenty people have offered to sell me a piece of the true cross.
- An eternal transaction was taking place as Jesus was dying on the Cross.
- A special prayer around the Cross for young people takes place for the Lenten Season.
- It is proposed to build, plaster and cap a perimeter wall and erect a Cross on completion of the work.
- The cross of Christ, theologically speaking, was not an end in itself.
- Everything you have ever done wrong was placed on Jesus as He hung upon the Cross.
- The foundation of the Church is always the sacrifice of Christ on the Cross.
- As Jesus hung upon the Cross, He hung there as the representative Man - the last of the Adamic race.
- One way she does this is by stripping down, multiplying, and opening up the central symbol of Christianity, the cross.
- The cross as a symbol of Christianity is everywhere.
- Lulu wears a tiny gold cross around her neck.
- To the early Christians and Byzantines, it was called the gammadion cross, and it figured prominently in their artwork.
- He could have saved himself, but he did not for it was through his death on the Cross that God was going to save the world.
- He buried them out back, behind the small cabin, forming two wooden crosses out of pieces of wood, spliced together with strips of rawhide.
- A bible hung from his belt, and he wore a cross around his neck.
- Dozens of people turned up on Otley Chevin at the weekend to help pull the Easter Cross into place.
- Just when we figure out the cross and empty tomb, something happens to remind us that Jesus' death and resurrection are a mystery.
- The life-size crosses and figures of saints were one of the great forms of benefaction in the eleventh century and are described in churches across England.
- That's why, with time, they started to represent the Christ with a beard and later, they represented him on the cross.
- It is because the dogwood was used for the Cross, it is said, that it has not grown straight, or to a large size ever since.
- I believe that Jesus Christ died on the cross to cleanse me from sin.
- She was no longer biting her fingernail, but fidgeting with the gold cross on a chain around her neck.
- In England, hot cross buns are traditionally eaten on Good Friday; they are marked on top with a cross, either cut in the dough or composed of strips of pastry.
- Meanwhile, through an open doorway, the reader can see hundreds of crosses lining the general's backyard in neat rows.
- This day provides an opportunity to acknowledge grief and sorrow, and to teach why Christians use a cross as a symbol.
- Your old sinful life was put to death on the Cross with Jesus, and buried with him in the grave.
- Like many of the troops I met during the war, she wore a cross around her neck.
- He used his own pain, following the example of Christ on the cross, to share with compassion the pain of others.
- The cross of Jesus Christ reveals that the very heart of God is mercy and forgiveness.
- Noting my covetousness, a native woman lifted her cross off her neck and placed it around mine.
- This was an expression of all the sins of the world put into one cup and poured out on Christ while He was on the Cross.
- Though our foreheads are marked with a black, ashen cross, Matthew warns us to practice our piety in secret.
- These include a fragmented image of the crucifixion with parts of Christ's body in pieces around the cross.
- A lot of Christians wear crosses around their necks.
- Christ encountered her at the very entrance of the church, all bloody and nailed to the Cross.
1.2(mark, sign)cruz feminineto make a cross — hacer una cruz
- And there's ticks and crosses to indicate everyone's preferences.
- Cut a small cross in the top of each pie, insert a sprig of thyme and lightly brush with milk.
- Put a cross against the wrong answer.
- The cross represents the masculine side of his face, the nought represents the feminine side.
- Torvald checks his letter box and finds some letters and two Business cards from Dr. Rank with black crosses on them.
- They will not meekly give up their power simply because of a few million crosses on pieces of paper.
- The small cross indicates the position of the Earth when at perihelion (closest approach to the Sun) in early January.
- Watch any low budget pre-election television show, lay back and listen while the terminally dumb mumble their excuses for not being able to put a cross on a piece of paper and pop it into a battered tin box.
- The yellow outline and magenta cross mark the best guess of the RADAR team at the location of the Huygens DISR images.
- Trapping was carried out in the reedbed with 147 m of mist nets arranged in two lines forming a cross.
- Knead it well then shape it into a ball, cut a cross into the centre, place in a bowl and cover.
- If George W Bush had enjoyed the right to vote in this country two weeks ago he would have thought twice about putting his cross against any candidate representing the Conservative Party.
- Opponents have halted plans for voters in York's next local elections to place their crosses by post.
- The ancient Egyptians had the cross as a religious symbol of their Gods.
- The center of the cross indicates the position of the breakpoints with moderate precision.
- How can they ever expect conditions to change when a short trip to a polling station to mark a cross on a voting paper might make all the difference, but is too much for them?
- Initially voters were required to mark as many crosses as there were vacancies and the candidates with greatest support, usually from the same party, were elected.
- All I did was put pencil crosses on pieces of paper and put them in a ballot box.
- Use a green tick if the best option was chosen, a yellow tick for a partially correct answer, and a red cross for a totally wrong answer.
- With the pointed end of a potato peeler or a small, sharp knife, cut out the core of the tomatoes and lightly mark a cross on their undersides.
- It is understood that a street map of Brussels with a number of places marked with crosses - including a street near the embassy - was found on him.
- It was a map of Hillcrest, marked with numerous crosses.
- When giving a guest the map of Mantua, why not indicate with a cross where the restaurant you've booked for him is located?
- She cut an improvised cross from the head of a cork and dampened the ash by adding water.
1.3(medal)the Iron Cross — la Cruz de Hierro
(hybrid)cruce masculinecruza feminine Latin Americaa cross between anger and disbelief — una mezcla de ira e incredulidad
- Grandifloras are a cross between hybrid teas and floribundas.
- The first step is to make a cross between two parent plants.
- That clone was created from a cross between two strains from North and South Germany that were distinct from the clones we analyzed here.
- Hybrids are more difficult to spot because they are a cross between the native and Spanish varieties, and the colours vary in shades
- The movie becomes a cross between a serious life drama and a quirky romantic comedy.
- His hair was scraggly and slightly curly, its color a cross between brown and black.
- It is a cross between a corporation and a partnership.
- Hybrids such as the mule, a cross between a donkey and a horse, are sterile.
- These bitsy buds are a cross between broccoli and gai lan.
- With their five-wheel frame and their medium-height buckle cuff, they are a cross between a racing skate and recreational one.
- That place was like a cross between hell and jail.
- In many respects, this form of analysis represents a cross between a psychological profile and stereotyping.
- He led her out of the bedroom and into something that looked like a cross between a library, a laboratory, and a study.
- Covered only from waist down by white sheets, they evoked a cross between Greek statues and hospital patients.
- The farm's herd is a cross between the indigenous Wagyu and another quality export from Scotland, the Aberdeen Angus.
- It's a cross between rap and line dancing if you can categorise it at all.
- Clearly, the closer a family car resembles a cross between a combine harvester and a rocket launcher, the happier today's families are.
- He was an imposing figure, a cross between Humpty Dumpty and a brigadier, who had rowed hard in his youth.
- The jail was a cross between a political headquarters and an industrial plant.
- We assume that the parents that initiate the cross are pure inbred lines.
- Draft animals, especially the ubiquitous dzo, a cross between a yak and a cow, play a central part in the farming economy.
- His face was growing old quickly, his hair a cross between gray and brown.
- Orchestral life, at its best, is a cross between summer camp and labour camp.
- Weblogs, or blogs for short, are a cross between a diary, a web site, and an online community.
- This is the ideal present for someone with a slightly sadistic nature as a cross between a plant and a pet.
- It's a brilliant cross between stealth, puzzle and platform genres that you really have to play to believe.
- He describes his life as a cross between being a GP, vicar and social worker - ‘which is fine, but not very challenging’.
- A genetic map constructed using a cross between the two M. grisea strains used in this study revealed a high degree of synteny between the two genomes.
- It's been described as a cross between orienteering and sailing, of course with the extra dimension of being able to go up and down, something you don't wish to do in a sailing boat.
- He said animals had to be 16 hands 3ins minimum and a cross between a heavy working breed and a thoroughbred.
- Most hybrid striped bass that consumers purchase are a cross between female white bass and male striped bass.
(in soccer)pase cruzado masculine
- His limp cross was kicked towards the Leeds goal by Ian Harte and only a smart save by Nigel Martyn kept things equal.
- He looks in an off-side position but the linesman disagrees, and so he can ping another cross in.
- He creates so many goals for others with his precision crosses and his sweeping through balls.
- The former Rochdale man delivered a pin-point low cross for top-scorer Foster to turn home from close range.
- Only a few minutes had gone when the Welshman flung in an inviting right-foot cross to the back post.
(in boxing)cruzado masculinecross masculineright/left cross — cruzado / cross de derecha/izquierda
- The messages from Moore's brain to the rest of his body were immediately scrambled by the perfectly timed right cross, and Moore fell down to the canvas in a heap.
- He had an excellent one-two combination and a surprisingly stiff right cross, which enabled him to score a number of early knockouts.
- Faster than I could recover, he whipped his massive fist into a right cross that took me in the jaw.
- He was very mobile for a man his size and he had a pretty fair right cross.
- Jason kneed him in the stomach before following the blow with a right cross to his mouth.
4Clothingcut on the cross — cortado al bies / al sesgo
1.1(go across)(road) cruzar(desert/river) cruzar(desert/river) atravesar
- She crossed to the left side of the road before going on to Coltman Street.
- But to get there you have to cross a treacherous stretch of water called Jack Sound.
- The row erupted among a group of about 10 men - at least two of whom had crossed the nearby Border from the south.
- The drivers' biggest challenges will be the Western Sahara with no metalled roads and crossing a minefield in Mauritania.
- We crossed to the other side of the balcony, where there was a second door.
- As all three crossed to the other side of the road, Daniel saw a speeding car, then heard the sound of a car hit Michael.
- The trolley is fitted with a sensor which is triggered if it crosses the supermarket's boundaries, causing a shield to drop down over the wheels and stop the runaway cart.
- It was also hazardous for pedestrians to cross Cemetery Road, and she suggested traffic lights and a pelican crossing were needed.
- First of all, any architectural or engineering work has a technical or practical purpose, for example to span a river, to cross an obstacle.
- I didn't get a sense of having crossed some life-changing boundary.
- I hope this will be an opportunity to cross international boundaries and express practical help and love for those who are bereft and homeless.
- When they had crossed to the far side of the square, they came to a straw colored building with a thatched roof.
- They then crossed the border and got into a vehicle, which drove them to France.
- The glint of a smile briefly crosses his face when asked if he's ready for the playoffs.
- He stretched enormously, crossed to the washstand, and poured hot water into the basin, then frowned.
- Sarah ended her vigil at Sofia's side and crossed the room to her fiancé.
- Hundreds die during attempts to cross the borders illegally.
- When I was at school and less than well behaved, a yell in the ear and slap of the ruler on my wrist told me I'd crossed the boundaries of acceptability.
- How fluently can creative artists cross global boundaries?
- She managed to cross all obstacles on the medium course, and liked it so much that she decided to try the big one too.
- Police officers were stationed along the route every hundred yards preventing anyone from crossing the boundary.
- Residents were also concerned that it would mean children having to cross New Road Side - even though the council has said a pedestrian crossing would be installed.
- In their separate rooms, the exact same smirk crossed both of their faces.
- The alleged bomber claims to have illegally crossed the Mexican border into the US.
- The quest to bring John Lillie to justice took around 10 years and crossed international boundaries.
- She quickly crossed to the other side of the street and walked towards her house.
- Asking spectators to cross national boundaries, and especially seas, is putting far to heavy a financial burden on them.
- I crossed to the other side of the road, and went along that one for a while.
- They said a policeman kicked a civilian when he attempted to cross the barriers set up at the corner of Queen and Henry Streets.
- Tens of thousands of mobile phone customers are believed to be caught in the trap of incurring international charges every time they cross the Border for work and leisure.
- But persuading our English neighbours to cross the Border is a bigger problem than anyone thought.
- Police are reminding all motorists they should not attempt to cross the barriers if they are in any doubt about the safety of the conditions.
- The vehicle sped away, going through red traffic lights at 50 mph in a 30 mph area before crossing the Pheasant roundabout on the wrong side.
- A single road crosses the area.
- His car crossed to the wrong side of the road and collided with a tree.
- Rivers and streams along the routes of the Roman roads were crossed by bridges.
- A weak, forced smile crossed the bruised and grimy face, " Hey.
- Determined, she waited for a clear road before crossing the busiest stretch in the city to the other side.
- At the time the Russians said he had been shot by a border guard while crossing the frontier with Finland.
- Then turning again toward Christina, a frown crossed the woman's stern features.
1.2(lie across)(bridge/railway/road) cruzar(railway/road/bridge) atravesar
- Both of her arms crossed each other across her chest, the daggers she held lay lazily over her shoulders on each side.
- He sat down, crossed and uncrossed his legs, and tried to pick up the flagging vibe.
- He waved his hands back and forth for a few minutes before jumping onto the bed and sitting on his with his legs crossed underneath him.
- ‘The same thing I told the last three guys that came in here,’ she said, crossing her arms tighter across her chest.
- He casually settled into a worn orange couch, and crossed his long, lithe legs.
- I crossed my legs Indian-style and took a drag of my cigarette before asking him what it was about.
- Sitting down, and crossing her legs she closed her eyes and concentrated.
- ‘You're forgetting one very important thing,’ implied Tyler, crossing his lean, tanned arms.
- He leans back, placing his hands on the back of his head and crossing one of his legs over the other.
- He crossed his well toned arms as looked her up and down, and made no move to hide his snicker.
- She pulled a nearby seat in front of her and stuck her legs on it, crossed one upon the other, and sipped the drink.
- Gem crossed her two, graceful arms over her raised chest.
- Her long floral dress bunched up as she crossed her long tan legs.
- I crossed my room and flicked on my stereo, turning it up as loud as it could then I sat on my bed with my legs crossed underneath me.
- He fidgets in his chair like a man unaccustomed to sitting still, crossing and uncrossing his legs, slipping his socked feet underneath him.
- She crossed her long thin legs and rested her chin on her hands.
- He sat back, crossed his own supple young arms and watched, awe struck by the creative process of life.
- Finally Emily sat back down on the couch next to Reese, crossing her bony, slender legs as she spoke.
- In addition, he showed how to decode body language: crossing one's legs when sitting was a sign of uneasiness, while standing with one's legs wide apart was the hallmark of a braggart.
- Setting the tray down in the middle of the rug, David sat, crossing his legs.
2(put crosswise)(legs/arms) cruzarto cross one's eyes — ponerse bizco
- we have a crossed line — está ligado
- Our paths never crossed again after playgroup anyway.
- Noticing this, he squeezed in as close as possible to the vehicle he was passing and we crossed with no more than a couple of feet to spare.
- There were two tubes crossing in different directions.
3(put line through)to cross the t — ponerle el palito a la t
4BritishFinancecruzarcrossed cheque — cheque cruzado masculine
- Subcontractors are also advised to pay workers by auto pay or crossed cheques.
- The holder is entitled to cross a cheque even if an original crossing, usually printed on the cheque, has been opened by the drawer.
- Anyone wishing to contribute as requested to should have cheques crossed and made payable to the Athletic Club.
- Extreme caution is needed where cheques are crossed and marked account payee only.
- This means that it is at the risk of the bank to accept a crossed cheque into someone else's account when it is written in favour of somebody else, which means that banks don't generally accept them.
5(crossbreed)(breeds/plants) cruzarto cross sth with sth — cruzar algo con algo
- These felines are hybrids first bred from crossing a wild small leopard cat of Asia with a domestic cat.
- The story of his life, at least as he tells it, reads as if Kafka had been crossed with Dostoevsky with a dollop of magical realism thrown in for good measure.
- This was observed when two wallaby species, Macropus eugenii and Wallabia bicolor, were crossed.
- Males from Oregon-R and 2b were crossed with virgin females from each deficiency strain.
- The barb was taken to Spain by the Moors in the eighth century, and was crossed with local mares to produce the Andalusian.
- Merino ewes, grown for their wool, are crossed with a meat breed, such as a border Leicester ram, to produce so-called first-cross meat sheep.
- What do you get if you cross a carrier pigeon with a woodpecker?
- Arabian stallions were crossed with a few English mares at the end of the 17th and start of the 18th centuries to produce the thoroughbred.
- During the 15th and 16 centuries, it was crossed with the sheep dog to provide strength, and later various hounds to obtain more speed.
- She is now working with her third puppy Maple, a curly coated Retriever crossed with a Labrador.
- The South American bee was crossed with the African bee, the idea being to create a more ‘resistant’ bee, a hardy all-weather insect.
- The horses are usually Irish draught crossed with thoroughbred, a combination with a reliable temperament, and arrive at Hutton aged four.
- The latest craze among dog fanciers: Poodles crossed with other breeds.
- If we get to the point where we can make the offspring viable and fertile, then what I think we should do is attempt to cross lions with successively smaller felines until we create a male housecat with a mane.
- First, the two breeds described previously were crossed, followed by 10 generations of random mating.
- He's a Clydesdale cross, crossed with a standard breed.
- Similar results have been obtained by crossing Pachon and Subterraneo cavefish.
- The novel is like science fiction crossed with an SAS adventure.
- It's actually a hybrid between two species, so it's rather like crossing a donkey with a horse: what you get is strong but it's completely sterile.
- The Long-hair was crossed with the spaniel and an old German gun dog, the Stoberhund.
6(go against)(person) contrariar(plans) frustrarshe doesn't like to be crossed — no le gusta que la contraríen
- to be crossed in love — ser desventurado en amores
- The smile that said I dare you to cross me and see what happens.
- In his last years he was able to pick off those who had crossed him, reward those who had stood by him, and enjoy a quiet life at last.
- You will experience a sense of liberation for the rest of your working life and be able to spit in the eye of just about anyone who crosses you - a great and abiding pleasure.
- There would be little quarter given to anyone who crossed him.
- And he can make so much trouble if he doesn't get the elections he wants that it is not worthwhile crossing him.
- Lately, he's taken to assailing university officials who dare to cross him on this explosive issue.
- She likes her own way and is unforgiving if slighted; one journalist who crossed her subsequently found many other powerful doors were slammed in his face.
- He has a daughter, I pity her husband if he crosses her.
- Those who crossed him 12 months ago are not easily forgotten.
- Too late they discover that Hale is an underworld crime lord, and that crossing him results in an inevitable slow and painful death.
- So then, you've got PMS, and you're on the warpath, and you know that anyone who dares to cross you in any way, gets it!
- Most importantly remind them of who's in control now and that they don't want to cross me.
- After suing anyone who dared to cross him, Douglas was finally imprisoned himself for libeling Winston Churchill.
- He wants her to explain why everyone who crosses her gets injured.
- You might want to do it if your aim was not only to discredit the story but to discredit the source and discourage others from crossing you.
- If someone crosses me I do like revenge, so watch out.
- No one dared to cross her - if Madeline didn't like you, it got pretty ugly.
- Brigid herself was the only one who dared to cross this woman.
- Now that he had free range over his powers to do whatever he wanted with them, the men dared not cross him.
- Next time everyone will be against you, because you will have led them to expect that there will be no penalties for crossing you.
7Sport(ball) cruzar(ball) tirar cruzado
- From the ensuing free-kick wide on the right, the ball is crossed in to the Italy penalty area.
- Frank Foley went on a run from centre back, crossed the ball into the square for Thomas Doyle to equalise.
- Germany attack down the left, the ball is crossed and Lukas Podolski tries a volley from inside the D of the Italy penalty area.
- His ability to cross the ball and pass it over very long distances absolutely astonishes people.
- Luis Garcia escapes down the right wing and crosses the ball into the Chelsea penalty area.
1(walk across road)cruzarto cross over (the road) — cruzar (la calle)
- before crossing look both ways — antes de cruzar mire en ambos sentidos
- shall we cross over? — ¿cruzamos?
3(pass one another)(letters) cruzarse
- A letter from Alstom also of 18 June probably crossed with that letter.
- Maybe the letters crossed over in the post.
- It would appear that our letters crossed and I therefore repeated this request on 15th May.
1persignarsesantiguarsehacerse la señal de la cruz
1enojado Latin Americaenfadado Spainthey've been married 50 years and never a cross word! — llevan casados 50 años y nunca se han levantado la voz
- to get cross — enojarse
- it makes me cross — me da rabia
- I'm so cross with myself for forgetting — estoy furiosa conmigo misma por haberme olvidado
- to be cross about sth — estar enfadado por algo
- I am also cross that there may have been an assumption that private day nurseries are all just a licence to make money.
- No one will get cross with you because you're too tired - they don't want you to faint halfway through a concert or anything.
- Their father sounded really cross this time.
- Folks will be even crosser when they can't take a shower because your shortsighted bulldozing of environmental protections has dirtied most of the water and dried up the rest.
- I went to them to see if they were interested but I just got a Dear John-type letter back which made me quite cross.
- We promised to meet for coffee, and then suddenly, my station arrived and the train vomited me up onto the platform in a crowd of cross commuters.
- He added he was very cross and would stay mayor until the next council meeting on June 2 even if his brother returned wanting to take over office.
- She said it with such conviction that her words, her cross tone, her stern expression - they are all burned in my memory.
- However, he can become cross or frustrated on occasion and he will sometimes resort to hitting himself or talking to himself.
- When he said, brusquely, that he was exceedingly cross, he was given nice things to smell and eat, with kindest expressions of condolence.
- First, there is a new writ - and this time not from a cross landlord but from a large, impatient bank.
- I have had the honour of knowing Roger for many years, and I can assure you that you have made a large number of people very cross through your careless choice of insulting words.
- Yes, you might be able to tell, I am feeling quite cross with the world at large.
- It's not like he gets extra attention for doing it - after all, I'm not then able to play with him while I go into repair mode yet again, and I end up feeling very cross and resentful.
- The driver couldn't get them open again so he was quite cross.
- Now I think I was more cross with my mum than I was with my dad for not being there - I was definitely Daddy's little girl.
- I go to the door in my pants and slippers, very cross indeed.
- I remember being terribly cross with him, but he got away with a great deal because of his personal charm.
- ‘She chatters away and gets very cross when she doesn't get her own way,’ laughs Katherine.
- It does make her cross now when young women moan about their husbands being away for three months.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.