In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(no longer alive)(plant/animal/person) muertohe's dead — está muerto
- she has been dead for 50 years — hace 50 años que murió
- dead body — cadáver
- he was dead on arrival at the hospital — cuando llegó al hospital ya había muerto
- to drop dead — caerse muerto
- drop dead! — ¡vete al demonio!
- to shoot/strike sb dead — matar a algn a tiros/a golpes
- wanted, dead or alive — se busca: vivo o muerto
- more dead than alive — más muerta que viva
- as dead as a dodo / doornail — requetemuerto
- dead and buried
- long after I'm dead and buried — mucho después de que esté muerto y enterrado / de que esté bajo tierra
- dead and gone
- all this will be yours when I'm dead and gone — todo esto será tuyo cuando yo me muera
- dead men tell no tales — los muertos no hablan
- not to be seen / caught dead
- I wouldn't be seen / caught dead in that hat — yo no me pondría ese sombrero ni muerta / ni loca
- Just a few metres away from where I slept were all the dead bodies.
- He said the victims were carrying a dead person to a nearby cemetery for burial when their vehicle came under fire.
- And how many graphic pictures of dead bodies and desperate survivors do we need to see?
- We need to figure out how we're going to handle what could be many hundreds of thousands of dead bodies.
- The driver didn't know whether the person he hit was dead or alive.
- He's refusing to answer questions about the crash that left ten people dead.
- I charged through the house and saw the girl lying dead on the floor.
- Fear of dead bodies is a known phobia which is surprisingly common.
- My father is long dead and his death set me free, so it bothers me that he and his problem can still affect my adult life.
- Our loved ones are only truly dead if they are forgotten.
- An emotionally distant scientist, Banner believes that his father is dead.
- The family's pet bull mastiff dog was shot dead by the gunman.
- I found my father nearly dead, lying in the mud.
- Tests conducted on dead birds in those counties were positive for the virus.
- An ambulance was called but the boy was pronounced dead on arrival at hospital.
- A clause in the current scheme means the spouse of a dead officer would have to give up their pension if they remarried or decided to live with someone else.
- We waited what seemed an eternity not knowing if she would come back dead or alive.
- It was believed she had been dead for around two hours before they arrived.
- The men persuaded the woman they had been sent to remove a dead pigeon from her water tank.
- Paramedics tried to treat the victim but he was declared dead at the scene.
2.1(numb)dormidomy feet have gone dead with the cold — se me han dormido los pies del frío
- He still has some days when his arm is dead, and he had a scare last week when his shoulder popped during practice.
- She said that her left leg had gone dead and that she had fallen out of bed.
- His foot is dead and they need to operate immediately to save what's left of his leg.
- Have you ever woken up with a dead arm?
2.2(unresponsive)to be dead to sth — ser sordo a algo
- she remained dead to my pleas — permaneció sorda a mis súplicas
- he remained dead to pity — nada lo movía a compasión
- His voice sounded dead even to himself and he wondered why he was still talking.
- A person who has always been truly alone is one who will be emotionally dead.
- But now that he was out, he sounded as dead as he had at the first meeting with his lawyer.
- The grin was gone, and his voice had gone so emotionally dead that it was almost frightening.
- He felt dead and dull inside, like an electric toy with the batteries removed.
- His eyes are dead, as black as the depths of the sea, glancing at us as his halo of white-transparent hair swirls around his head.
- But now that I am older and emotionally dead inside, these things bother me less and less.
- The warmth from that simple touch and kiss thawed his cold dead heart back to life.
- Her emerald eyes were wide open, cold and almost dead.
- All the emotion had left her voice, and it was empty, dead, and lifeless, a mirror of her soul.
- He turns me around, jerking my chin up to look into his dead, black eyes.
- Anyone who can listen to Mozart's Requiem Mass without getting shivers up the spine is either physically or emotionally dead.
- Humour is actually a very important part of life and in fact you're dead without it.
- When a woman's voice from a car alongside him calls his name, his face is emotionless, blank, dead.
3informal(very tired, ill)muerto informalI'm absolutely dead — ¡estoy muerto! informal
- That comment caused dead silence, because he hit the nail on the head.
- The class stayed in the kind of dead silence that most teachers would greet with joy.
- The most amusing parts were when they'd call for audience participation, and there'd be dead silence.
- There was dead silence for a minute and then something streaked past.
- There was dead silence for the first 10 minutes, until Shelly's dad came and got her.
- She thought her little five-year-old heartbeat came to a dead stop in the silence.
- All sound stopped instantly and there was dead silence from inside the bar.
- There was a dead silence on the court for a few moments before Flynn's roar woke the officials up.
- There was a long moment of dead silence as Jessica processed that piece of depressing information.
- Maybe the officials can answer, as there is dead silence from Government members.
- The fact that this research has not lead to dozens of follow up studies, but instead was followed by dead silence, raises many questions in my mind.
- A dead silence followed as each person took time to analyze his surroundings.
- And if you can hold eight hundred people in dead silence and hear a pin drop you know something's going right.
- There was about half a minute of total dead silence before she could manage any words.
- Everyone sat there in dead silence for a moment, quietly digesting what they'd just heard.
- A wave of laughter flared up at that one, followed by a dead silence.
- The room fell into dead silence as it was clear no one had the money to upstage his bid.
- It's been almost a year now and there has been pretty much dead silence on the matter.
- Since disaster struck the students have been making frantic phone calls only to be greeted by dead silence.
- You'll hear gasps, a dead silence, then the sound of sobbing.
4.1(obsolete)(language) muerto(custom) en desusoa dead metaphor — una metáfora lexicalizada
- This demonstration shows that the movement is not at all dead, but alive and growing.
- Which is not to say that the well-wrought traditional panto is entirely dead.
- The interim economic plan, including the third currency, was dead before it was born.
- Now that the Eastern Corridor is a dead issue, dramatic action needs to be taken to address the transport woes in the region.
- Our voters confirmed that Europe was far from being a dead and done issue for any party.
- The postwar alliance that once structured and indeed defined our world is dead.
- The dining room is dead and the kitchen is the new hub of the home according to Yorkshire kitchen manufacturer Omega.
- I suppose that means that in one small way, chivalry isn't dead.
- Images move you up the television news agenda; without camera access, my friend, your issue is dead.
- Just because the war is to all intents and purposes over doesn't mean that this is a dead issue.
- Today, with the Warsaw Pact dead, France can safely make its reach for grandeur.
- Browsing through the diverse range of opinions posted by readers, it is hard to believe that the issue is dead.
- The Atlantic alliance that won the Cold War is virtually dead.
- Despite that result, however, there are indications that the issue is not completely dead.
- The Goth scene is dead and the venues are only open so people can enjoy the music and dance and be with their friends and have a good time.
- He thought that it was a dead issue, he had dealt with that.
- Financial services is a dead industry and cannot be revived anywhere close to what it was.
- This brought tears to my eyes and I thought of a headline in your paper some months ago saying community living is dead.
- In any case, unless there's some clear photo from tonight, I think this issue may be dead.
4.2(past, finished with)(issue) pasadothe matter is dead and buried — el asunto ya está enterrado, a lo pasado, pisado
- After being served our desert we had to call a waiter to clear all the dead glasses away.
- The place is covered in empty pizza boxes, dead bottles of booze and cigarette butts.
4.3(in bar, restaurant)is this glass/bottle dead? — ¿ha terminado ya con el vaso/la botella?
- As he walked the dead streets he was aware of tears running down his cheeks.
- The waterfront was also dead, an empty stretch of dock littered with bits of rope, fish, and other such trash.
- When he was singing decent songs he could send electricity through those dead restaurants he was playing.
- St. George's is normally pretty dead on a Friday night, but last night the streets were crowded.
- I look at the coverage on the news, and the streets look empty and dead.
- The degree of public support these workers had was an amazing spectacle - the stores were absolutely dead.
- They were still in the city centre and at this time of the evening every building looked empty and dead to Alexa's desperately searching eyes.
- But you can always count on some activity even mid week where other places are dead.
- Got sent home early since the place was dead, a nice change to actually get the last bus.
- I do not know how many members have visited the little town of Havelock, but 15 years ago that town was dead.
- Camembert, once a dead town, had suddenly become very lively indeed.
- In the end I only got one opportunity to go in to this place, and the night I was in there was absolutely dead, no-one else at all.
- Turned out the place was dead, hardly worth turning up for.
5.1(not functioning)(wire/circuit) desconectado(telephone) desconectado(telephone) cortado(battery) descargadothe line suddenly went dead — de repente se cortó (la comunicación)
- The pair were telling him what they had found on the planet when the transmission went dead.
- I came back last week from a spell in Istanbul to discover that the power in my flat was dead.
- The line suddenly went dead on us around 4 days ago and came back only this afternoon.
- Our techie found that the issue was a dead battery on the upstairs server.
- When the boat got back to the harbor after the snorkeling trip, our rental car's battery was dead.
- Don't sign any software agreement until you have read the fine print carefully, otherwise you could one day find yourself with a very dead computer.
- The television was dead and would not respond at all.
- Moving the crossbeam was the most desirable option, and the power lines appeared dead.
- Before Kat could respond, the line went dead and the faint beeping of the phone began to bother her.
- I picked up the mike to tell Mann my problem, but the transmitter had gone dead.
- You can create closed loops and boxes without short circuits by using dead connectors.
- I did finally find a link that connected to the same dead server I had been trying to access.
- Sure enough, she came in to work the next day, and the network was dead.
- The first match began and before the commentator could say hello to the live audience, one of the game monitors went dead.
5.2(not alight)(coals/fire/match) apagado
- The staff had left, together with the jeep, and around the dead fire were the empty Genghis Khan bottles.
- When she arrived at his house he wasn't there - the fire in the hearth was dead and he'd gone off into the bush.
- Jim stepped away from the cold embers of the dead fire and walked into the jungle.
- But the next day, the fire was dead. With no one to feed it, it went out while men were sleeping.
5.3(quiet, not busy)(hotel/party/town) muertothe dead season — la temporada baja
- in the dead hours of the night — a altas horas de la noche / de la madrugada
5.4Finance(capital/money) muerto(money/capital) improductivo
- Government money is dead money, ring-fenced and controlled so that every penny can meet the rigours of post - audit.
- This is dead finance as the loss is far greater than the gain and gets worse by the hour.
- The money is dead money unless we have some support from them.
- You can't go on paying out dead money every month on something you don't own.
- Is this dead money as I am sure there are many people in the same situation as me.
- Renting in Swindon is quite expensive and it's dead money really but I'd rather compromise on that and see the world instead.
- All this though doesn't change the fact that my rent will always be dead money.
- Many economists regard defence outlays as dead money, money that produces nothing of measurable value.
- Start a pension scheme and try to get on the property ladder as quickly as possible, as rent is dead money.
- The pension costs mean that an increasing slice of the force's budget is dead money which has no impact on front-line policing.
- He demonstrated that even on dead pitches a degree of aggression can bring dividends.
- This pitch was completely dead from the first ball.
- Keep in mind that on such plays the ball is not dead and the batter-runner may try for four bases at his own risk if he chooses.
- But a decision about an actual goal being scored when the ball is dead ought to be checked if there is any doubt in the ref's mind or even if there's not.
- England fast bowlers seemed to bowl too many short deliveries on a dead pitch today.
- The referee should not permit a player to resume until the ball is dead.
- With the ball eventually rolling dead, Smith decided against the penalty try.
- If an umpire is struck by a batted ball in that position, the ball is dead.
- I'm not criticising anyone but it's just a dead surface and there's no response from it.
- But after last night's rain I knew the ground would be on the dead side and if he didn't fall he'd have a chance.
6.1in dead silence — en un silencio absoluto / total
- he collapsed in a dead faint — se desplomó totalmente inconsciente
- to come to a dead halt/stop — parar en seco
- she's in dead earnest — lo dice muy en serio
- we're in dead trouble if they catch us — si nos agarran estamos fritos
6.2(exact)to be on a dead level with sth — estar exactamente al mismo nivel que algo
1(exactly)justodead on target — justo en el blanco
- she was dead on time — llegó puntualísima
2(directly)justodirectamentedead ahead — justo delante
3(suddenly)to stop dead — parar en seco
- he stopped the ball dead — paró la pelota en seco
4informal(absolutely)(straight/level) completamentedead slow — lentísimo
- dead drunk — completamente borracho
- dead tired — cansadísimo
- I'm dead broke — estoy pelado
- you're dead right — tienes toda la razón
- you're dead wrong — estás muy equivocado
- to be dead certain / sure — estar totalmente seguro
- to be dead beat — estar reventado / molido
5slangit was dead easy — estuvo regalado / tirado informal
- I'm dead bored — estoy aburridísimo / muerto de aburrimiento
1the dead — los muertos
- to rise from the dead — resucitar de entre los muertos
- they were screaming fit to wake the dead — chillaban a grito pelado
2(depth)in the / at dead of night — a altas horas de la noche / de la madrugada
- in the dead of winter — en lo más crudo del invierno
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