In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(loved)queridoa very dear friend of mine — un amigo mío muy querido
- dear (old) Jane, she's such a help to me — la buena de Jane, me ayuda tanto
- that was when dear Dr Wentworth was still alive — eso pasó cuando todavía vivía el pobre / el buen Dr Wentworth
- it was his dearest wish/possession — era su mayor deseo/su bien más preciado
- to be dear to sb
- memories that are very dear to him — recuerdos que le son muy caros / que significan mucho para él
- that bracelet was very dear to her — esa pulsera tenía gran valor (sentimental) para ella
- a man dear to all our hearts — un hombre querido de / por todos
- to hold sb dear — tenerle mucha estima a algn
- I hold my reputation (very) dear — tengo en mucho mi reputación
2.1(in speech)my dear Henry, you cannot be serious — ¡pero Henry! ¡qué disparate!
- my dear Mrs Harper, I can assure you that … — mi buena señora (Harper), le aseguro que …
- my dear girl/boy, how terrible for you! — ¡pero qué horror, hija mía/hijo mío!
- But disappear not in my ocean of thoughts, for I will always love you dear Unc.
- No, dear friend… such things happen, and they happen right here in Mumbai.
- My apologies, dear sir, and thank you for revealing truth to me!
- Charles, my dear fellow, you've no idea how wonderful that made me feel.
- "Well, for one thing, mother dear, I'm not a dog.
- Never fear dear reader, I am alive and well.
- Thank you for staying here dear sirs, hope you had a nice time, please do visit us again.
- "Dinner is ready sister dear, " Mikael announces, poking his head around the door.
- "Gee, nice to see you too dear brother, " Benji said grinning.
- There engraved on the trunk was this… "Here, dear friend, I stand."
- I congratulate you, my dear fellow, I really do.
- "It is so good to see you, as well, brother dear.
- Please dear reader, read the last paragraph once more.
- "Are you suggesting, dear sir, that we spoke to a ghost?
- "No… No please dear god… " she cried.
- Please dear God let Pakistan win some medals this time.
- Dear reader, to all of these questions I can provide no answers.
- Today, dear reader, I have two words for you: night sweats.
- An excellent idea, dear fellow, to not have a television.
- "So brother dear… " I started, propping myself on my pillow.
2.2(in letter-writing)Dear Mr Jones — Estimado Sr. Jones
- Dear Jimmy — (more affectionate) Querido Jimmy
- Dear Sir or Madam — Estimado/a Señor(a)
- My dear Paul — Mi querido Paul
- Dear BI Career Consultants: How can we measure the true impact of technology on learning and student success?
- The letter opened, "Dear Mother and Dad," and described the recent activity of the 7th Marines.
- If the letter began ‘Dear Sir’ or ‘Dear Madam’, you should sign off ‘Yours faithfully’.
- Dear Friend: First, I want to tip my hat to you.
- "Dear friends world over, Nepal is closed for the time being.
3(lovable)adorablewhat a dear little thing he is! — ¡pero qué ricura / monada (de niño)!
- they have the dearest (little) house — tienen una casita monísima
- she's a dear girl — es un encanto de chica
4(expensive)carowas it very dear? — ¿te costó muy caro?
- dear money — dinero caro
1oh dear! — ¡ay!
- dear, (oh) dear! — ¡vaya por Dios!
- oh, dear me, that's terrible — ay por Dios, eso sí que es terrible
1(as form of address)querido masculinequerida femininecariño masculinenot there, Sally, dear — allí no, Sally querida / cariño
- John, my dear, bring me my slippers — John, tesoro / corazón ¿me traes las pantuflas?
- my dearest — querido mío
- sorry, dear, we're sold out — no, mire, no nos quedan
- how many coffees was it, dear? — ¿cuántos cafés me dijo?
- Early this morning, that bar, which was very dear to me, my family and my friends, burned to the ground.
- Likewise, we want our lives to reflect those values and goals which are dear to us, and it is a source of pleasure to us when this is so.
- I gave everything of myself in support of the beliefs I held so dear.
- It took me a long time to learn the value of friends and I now have many who are very dear to me.
- And there was charity attached to it, something that was dear to his heart.
- A country especially dear to me, as my wife's homeland.
- Naomi… my dear youngest sister… farewell for now, " he murmured.
- I was nervous, certainly; afraid I might lose something dear to me.
- They like to hold on tightly to what they value as near and dear to them.
- The land where the plane had landed, everything belonging to it was intensely dear to me, ‘he wrote.’
- She joined a whole secret league of the hunters after being separated from a friend very dear to her.
- Yet there are surely more things close and dear to the human heart than are dreamed of in Carver's fiction.
- She'd hate to leave her friends… they were so dear to her.
- "Some dear friends from a Verdi opera were kind enough to donate these.
- I admittedly was pretty uneducated about this disease but it has piqued my interest in the last few months as these clients are close relatives of someone very dear to me.
- She went quietly about her daily life and was held in fond regard by her dear friends.
- What a shame dear ol ' TinTin couldn't make it this time!
- She is talented and very dear to me, but our concepts of music are totally different.
- Let the honor of your friend be as dear to you as your own (Ethics of the Fathers 2: 15).
- Francesca supposed she was lucky to have avoided losing anyone dear to her.
- But eventually, even a Labrador's jaw will tire, at which point the dear little animal will inevitably leave the thing where it can most conveniently be fallen over by someone carrying a full mug of hot liquid.
- What happened to the dear little boy who used to play with you in the street?
- I've seen it happen more than once to some very dear, sweet people, and it's really heartbreaking to watch.
- They both smiled at him a good deal, and one of them referred to me as ‘your dear little girl.’
- One of them gave me the most poisonous looks, but later she came to me and said ‘what a dear little child.’
- I'm staying at a dear little guesthouse a bit of a way out for a couple of days and perhaps we could meet at one of the fringe meetings Boris will be addressing?
- I have some advice for members out of this dear little book, which is called The Little Book of Calm.
- It would seem that Sammy's dear little darling sister has struck again.
- We delivered our little dog into the tender care of the vet, and we needed to know that, whatever the outcome for our dear little dog Sally, we had the provisions set out in the Veterinarians Bill.
- It's still a dumb haircut even on his dear little genius head.
- Or perhaps she felt that I am a simpleton who would welcome such kittens in his inbox, and that when I saw its dear little ears I would be happy.
- Here I might be in trouble with the law again, for my dear little Jack Russell terrier Polly has had her tail docked.
- But Jimmy Grimble smells like a sweet and innocuous film from the get-go, thus we know someone's going to get their comeuppance, and it isn't dear little Jimmy.
- It was quite a pleasant excursion for the dear little thing.
- That was the year James was born, and we bought our first new car, a dear little red Mini.
- In the course of the last half hour the sheep have been efficiently caught by Dr Biswell, and I have fired a nasty looking white gloop down their dear little throats with a syringe.
- You wouldn't believe how much I spend each week on assorted nuts and seeds to feed the dear little birds, not forgetting the cost of bird boxes and bird tables, some of which these days have proper tiled roofs and are as big as a house.
- Inevitably, she decided that a newly painted windowsill would be the better for dear little paw-prints and was duly shouted at.
- How could Garfield be so cruel to that dear little mouse?
- It wasn't that Uncle Henry's house wasn't pretty, but I did miss my dear little swing.
- Premiums are dear, typically in the range of $1 million per $25 million coverage.
- A Philadelphia customer admired the company's cut glass but hesitated to buy any because it was ‘most extravagantly dear.’
- But Americans had to pay a dear price for that questionable privilege.
- The passenger was not happy with the Metrolink service, and said ticket prices were very dear.
- We are ready to pay a very dear price for this peace.
- Tax payers are getting tired of always having to pay the dear price for the conduct of irresponsible and insensitive members of the public.
- I don't use the blank rune any longer, but before the Age of the Internet when information was dear and costly, I used it and didn't have a problem with it.
- They say these payments make it too dear to shoot films in the republic.
- His wife dying, his children scattered, he has paid a dear price for his act of defiance.
- He had extraordinary luck; he met a dealer with just what he needed, although he paid a dear price for them.
- The end result will lead to sharp cuts in pensions, endowments and other investment returns for its members, who will now have to pay a dear price for a series of catastrophic management blunders.
- She was forced to pay the £4 taxi fare from her benefits, which soon became too dear.
- Customers think organic food is too dear.
2informal(nice person)be a dear and answer the door for me — anda, sé bueno y abre la puerta
- he's/she's such a dear — es un ángel / un cielo
- (you) poor dear! — ¡pobre ángel!
- the poor dear, he's got the flu — el pobrecito tiene gripe
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.