In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(unclean substance)suciedad femininemugre femininehe looked at me as though I were dirt — me miró con cara de asco
- I looked down at my clothes and saw that my dark green shirt was covered with dirt and dust as well as my long dark green skirt.
- Altair picked himself up from the ground, brushing the dirt from his coat.
- "Oh, Chris, " Lorna said, brushing dirt off her pants.
- The textile cover protects the car against dirt, dust and sunlight, among other things, until the cover is removed.
- The use of polythene cover protects it from wear and tear, dirt and dust, moisture and stains etc., and also avoids too much folding of the pages.
- The inside needs to be free from dust bunnies, dirt, gravel, and pet dander - even if you end up buying a furry case.
- The jeans had been stretched to the limit and were covered in dirt and dust, not to mention her top, which was in the same condition.
- The mile ended and the eight were covered in red dirt and breathing heavily.
- He wiped the red dirt from his face and struggled to catch his breath.
- Three and a half months worth of dust, dirt and sand needs to be shaken from our tents, the van and rucksacks.
- Another tear escapes, tracing clean a second path through the accumulated dirt on his face.
- "Thanks doll face, " I said with a grin before wiping some dirt off my pants.
- And these items are all covered in dust and dirt from the construction, and now sit on my windowsill.
- His face was rather dirty, his nose smudged with dust and dirt, but he looked like he was enjoying himself nonetheless.
- Looking closer, she saw that he bore the Seal of Royalty, covered mostly by dirt and dust from the long journey.
- A gray tarp, ragged and covered with dry, caked dirt fell open in her hands.
- Blackened and degraded by centuries of dust and dirt, they emerged in a remarkable state of preservation that gives an excellent idea of their intended flamboyance.
- I was fully dressed, my pants stained brown with dirt and dust.
- The boy hesitated, wiping the dirt on his face.
- He told me quietly as he bent down to brush some dirt off his pants.
1.2euphemistic (excrement)dog('s)/cat('s) dirt — porquería de perro/gato feminine euphemistic
- There are scenes with me cleaning up dog dirt in my glittering boots!
- We have watched people - mainly adults - pick up dog dirt in a polythene bag and then when they think nobody is looking just throw it down.
- Local politics are about refuse collection and dog dirt, not the war with Iraq.
- Now I know that in the parks around Islington, north London, dog dirt is a menace, but the countryside is almost entirely carpeted with excrement.
- Along the route I noticed 4 separate lots of dog dirt fouling the pavement.
- I haven't forgotten my roots in Glasgow, with the dingy tenements and the grass full of dog dirt, and there are parts of Middlesbrough which look as if they belong to the Dark Ages.
- Acorn Rugby Club has tried to cut down possible injuries to players by building a fence to keep the playing area free from broken glass, needless dog dirt and people's rubbish.
- South Lakeland District Council actually plans to consult voters on whether they are prepared to pay more council tax to remove dog dirt from the district's pavements.
- Dog dirt does not have to be fresh to be infective.
- Questions will be asked about the validity of some of the issues, such as people being asked to sniff and record traces of urine and count the amount of dog dirt.
- And it wants to remind dog owners that it is an offence not to clear up after their pets and dog dirt is dangerous for children who may come into contact with it.
- And broken vodka bottles, condoms, dog dirt and human excrement have turned the area into a menacing health hazard.
- The 19 year-old says she has to negotiate mounds of dog dirt whenever she visits Cliffe Castle with her toddler, Rosie.
- I can vouch there is more dog dirt in Renaissance Florence than the pathways around Windermere and Ambleside - and that takes some beating.
- As well as the majority of streetlights not working, it is still deeply unpleasant due mainly to being overgrown, as well as being persistently covered with litter and dog dirt.
- There was dog dirt smeared on the slides and the floor.
- Always pick up dog dirt and dispose of it sensibly
- Listening to some people, Skipton is ‘not what it used to be’; it's a dirty, badly run, untidy town full of dog dirt.
- The women said that they had intended to remove the dog dirt but felt frightened and shaken by the demand.
- Bags filled with rubbish, permanently fixed rat traps and mounds of dog dirt are not sights you would want to see just metres away from Skipton High Street.
2.1(scandal)they tried to get some dirt on the party — intentaron ensuciar el nombre del partido
2.2British informal (obscenity)inmundicia femininea novel with a bit of dirt in it — una novela un poco verde
- Readers need some information quickly - dirt on candidates before Election Day, for instance.
- Pam gives the inside dirt on parliament and it's not pretty.
- I don't know much about Garner, but I take it as a good sign that The Guardian has utterly failed to come up with any dirt on him.
- Read up to find dirt on opponents; if there's nothing in the gossip pages, find weaknesses in their game.
- But they got away with it, including the distribution to the press of dirt on Dr. King, picked up by secret FBI photo and wiretap.
- But his opponents are reported to be digging for dirt on the actor, who has faced claims about his private life in the past.
- In the novel Stark assigns narrator Jack Burden the task of uncovering dirt on the universally admired Judge Monty Irwin.
- Anyway, Helen doesn't need to dig up dirt on the Maori party.
- ‘There is an expectation that somebody, somewhere has got some dirt on him,’ said one senior MP menacingly.
- Truth is that some news agencies can't wait to get dirt on the military so they can embarrass the Bush administration.
- As you sidle up close you can hear voices swapping art world gossip, platitudes and dirt on various celebs, institutions and artists.
- Nixon wanted dirt on Ellsberg, so his men dispatched a ham-fisted outfit to Los Angeles to see what Fielding had.
- It is situations like this that provide unwarranted dirt on local promoters, partygoers and the scene in general.
- Their political ploy is to deny knowledge of all accusations and try to throw dirt on their opposition hoping to deflect the media attention.
- The first two were definite push polls. the first one was trying to dish dirt on a candidate for governor in North Carolina.
- Well, I'll dig up more dirt on you, or I'll lie and say you did something really bad.
- He has got on the public record a senior staffer saying that he spends his time, he occupies his time, digging dirt on me.
- She was merely retelling facts to me as I prodded her to give me dirt on all the celebs she had met whilst working in the UK.
- In the age of Drudge and various anti-Drudges, if you have dirt on a political opponent, you make sure it gets out.
- He gives us some behind the scenes dirt on all these contestants.
3(earth, soil)tierra feminine US(track/road) de tierrato hit the dirt — caerse al suelo
- It's a place of dirt roads and galvanised iron shacks.
- The short six-mile loop offers stretches of dirt road for passing and technical singletrack that runs along cliff edges.
- We had walkie-talkies to ensure that nobody got lost on the long journeys down dirt roads between preaching engagements.
- Brittany led Caleb and I down the dirt path and through the broken fence.
- Larry wanted to give me a tour of his ranch, so we talked in his pickup, lurching down rutted dirt roads.
- Install a polyethylene vapor retarder, or equivalent material, over the dirt floor.
- Before the arrival of the railways in 1850, travel in India meant months of struggle over primitive dirt roads.
- That is up to 5,000 illegal aliens a year who must first cross this rugged border in the hills and then they must sneak across this dirt road.
- As the trees lessened, Zeke and Jon reached the dirt path and stopped.
- There's this dirt road that is in almost every dream I have.
- It's possible you could take this dirt road and eventually end up on Interstate 95 or U.S. route 1.
- Ten to 12 hour trips on dirt roads in 4WDs or trucks are unheard of.
- Empty cans, old rags and stained wet paper littered the uneven dirt floor.
- He let her into a very ugly cell, with dirt for the ground.
- I pointed along a narrow dirt path that branched off the main access road.
- Motorists leave huge clouds of dust behind them as they drive along the village's narrow dirt roads in the dry season.
- California Highway Patrol and National Park Service helicopters spotted at least eight other vehicles off highways and dirt roads.
- ‘Once you're outside the capital it's all dirt roads and most houses don't have electricity,’ he said.
- The 108-mile dirt road from Buchanan to Greenville has been upgraded to a four-lane highway allowing logging to continue every day of the year.
- The dirt road down to the river passed by some clay banks.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.