In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(controversy, clash)polémica femininecontroversia femininea border dispute — un diferendo limítrofe Latin America
- Despite his dissatisfaction with financial constraints, Mr Martin said he was not in dispute with Mr McCreevy.
- But consultants remain in dispute with the Government over a scheme aimed at streamlining public health compensation claims.
- As for her naïve belief that people would not fight to death over a parking space, Hilary Evans has clearly never seen my husband in dispute with another motorist.
- The engineers are in dispute with British Gas over the its plans to end a final salary pension scheme for new employees from January.
- Shifting weather patterns would prompt changes that could lead to international disputes.
- To be in dispute with the club for which he had played and coached has obviously cut deep, yet Telfer, true to form, rationalises the issue.
- He believes those people already in dispute with their neighbours will exploit the legislation to cause as much aggravation as possible to rivals.
- Unequal access to water will lead us to disputes and war, and heading off that spectre is also what skilled politicians exist for.
- The consultants are in dispute with the Department over medical indemnity.
- Before that first stone was put in place the Bucknells were in dispute with the council over its design, and had two suggestions turned down.
- Both Kuerten and Marshall vowed not to ride on a team with O'Connor, and are in dispute with the selectors.
- The obscure legal status of these territories and zones often leads to disputes and conflicts.
- Relatives of people buried in the former Wesleyan cemetery in Cheetham Hill have been in dispute with Manchester city council for the past four months.
- Families are finding themselves in dispute with the Revenue even when tax planning was the furthest thing from their minds.
- Ms Baker is currently in dispute with West Wiltshire Housing Association, who she says are trying to evict her from the house for damage.
- The initial dispute led to a brawl involving over ten people in which one was hit with a glass or glass bottle.
- We had been in dispute with a major financial institution since February because we believed we had been sold an endowment policy that was not suitable.
- While she had been in dispute with the tax people about a year-and-a-half ago, she believed the matter had been settled and she was fully paid up.
- As the alliance gradually grew into a federation, the many cantonal and communal differences led to frequent disputes and armed conflicts.
- The sheep farmers had been in dispute with factories over what they claimed was a serious cut in the price being paid for lamb.
2feminine discusiónfeminine disputathe territory in / under dispute — el territorio en litigio
- the matter is still in / under dispute — aún no se ha llegado a un acuerdo sobre el asunto
- her superiority in this field is beyond (all) dispute — su superioridad en este campo es indiscutible
3(leading to industrial action)conflicto (laboral) masculinean industrial/a pay dispute — un conflicto laboral/salarial
- the union is in dispute with management — existe una situación de conflicto entre el sindicato y la patronal
- Security firm Brinks Allied is in dispute with its staff over new security arrangements which, the union claims, put its members in more danger.
- Mr Hayes said the dispute had led to a shutdown of services to farmers and everything from the payment of EU monies to the issuing of cattle movement permits has been delayed.
- The Senior National Officer for the union said they had come up against a brick wall when seeking talks with management over their disputes.
- The dispute is over management's failure to fully inform employees about adverse changes to their superannuation scheme.
- The Wagner Act of 1935 also created the National Labor Relations Board to help oversee employee disputes in private industry.
- Please forgive me for perhaps dealing with it in this way: we have received a huge amount of evidence of what is wrong with management, and why disputes are not resolved, and why you get employment law cases.
- ALMOST 400 students at a city vocational school could be locked out for a day just weeks ahead of their State exams due to a dispute over the management there.
- The dispute between management and doctors has been dragging on for a number of years, since a review of medical services within the State's prisons.
- But Val Hampshire, who has been a control operator for 17 years, denied that the dispute was being led from London.
- An accountancy firm estimates that an escalation of the dispute leading to disruption of the national rail network could take the nation's bill up to £200m a day.
- York, Wakefield and Doncaster stations are run by GNER and will not be affected as the unions are not in dispute with that company.
- The union, which represents most of the 2,500 workers in the dairy processing giant, is in dispute with the co-op over its procedural agreement.
- Conductors are already in dispute with the company, while station and clerical staff are being balloted for industrial action.
- But Allan Craig added, if the council goes ahead with the plans, the would declare a dispute which could lead to industrial action of some kind.
- The dispute has led to 263 staff being removed from the Department's payroll and farming activities being disrupted in various parts of the country.
- The group is also in dispute with the National Union of Journalists over the axing of 11 editorial positions.
- The strike was called by the Rail, Maritime and Transport Union, which is in dispute with the company over pay and conditions.
- Disputes in the fishing industry fall mainly into two groups but any type of dispute can lead to industrial action.
- Coun Stroud condemned the scheme as inappropriate at a time when the Fire Brigades Union is in dispute with the Government over pay.
- We have got to kiss and make up with the staff we have been in dispute with and get the team rebuilt.
1.1(contest)discutircuestionarI don't dispute (the fact) that it was a mistake — no discuto que fue un error
- it cannot be disputed that the idea is attractive — no se puede negar / hay que reconocer que la idea resulta atrayente
- I dispute the idea that … — yo rechazo la idea de que …
- Macclesfield took an early and disputed lead through a Lee Glover penalty and veteran Tony Ford equalised for the home side on 25 minutes.
- They were, in effect, disputing some common territory, a point that the diagram reveals especially when Modernism triumphs after the Second World War.
- Scottish International fell runner Neil Wilkinson gave them the lead after Holmfirth, Morpeth and Derby all disputed top spot following the first three legs.
- In its classic sense, war means an armed conflict between two sovereign nations disputing control of territory.
- Similar struggles exist in east Malaysia, where the land rights of indigenous groups are bitterly disputed with loggers eager to harvest the timber for export.
- You see, they were disputing territory with the guerillas.
- That left Martin Tomcyk and Alexandre Premat disputing the lead.
- Somalia became, and remains, a classic ‘failed state’ where warlords dispute resources and territory.
- As the race progressed Hanks dropped back a little leaving Horspole and Neary to dispute the lead.
- When a member asks a question with an assertion contained within it, it is perfectly open to the Minister to answer the question by disputing the assertion.
- Mr Haughey's solicitors dispute this conclusion and argue the monies came through Mr Traynor.
- Darling disputed these assertions of fact, but there were no proceedings in which he could be given a hearing or the matters resolved after full consideration.
- Of course, we will see in our learned friends' submission whether they dispute our repeated assertions that the evidence was uncontested.
- There is a clear and substantial prejudice to the Claimant - she is unable to dispute the facts alleged by the Defendant that go to the heart of the case as both Cecil and Arthur are dead.
- Now, underpinning all of those particular questions is the much more general consideration: what, if any, disputed question of fact is there in this case?
- Marshall disputes the argument that Dean has locked up the nomination.
- White is now disputing the head-rubbing charge.
- Some reliance was placed on this by him since the Claimant, it is not disputed, falls within that very broad category.
- Maddison disputes the interpretation and argues that 1820 is a much more crucial point separating periods of slow and rapid growth.
- In effect the accuracy of the vast majority of the series' facts could not be disputed or questioned in any way.
- Cesare's claims of provocation weren't disputed; nobody quarrelled with Cesare Borgia at the height of his power.
- It was not disputed that the words were spoken on a privileged occasion, but the plaintiff alleged that the privilege was defeated by malice on the defendant's part.
- David Berman has disputed this view, arguing that Collins is, in fact, an atheist.
- He also argued with the tournament referee and later disputed another decision with a linesman.
- He disputed Cross's evidence though he admitted he had told another prisoner that he had been involved.
- You're disputing a laying of charges against you; what are those charges?
- And then I disputed every single charge our company had made on it!
- In any event, the International Committee of the Red Cross hotly disputes this claim.
- Smith-Windsor also disputes the argument that if Talisman left Sudan, another company would take over.
1.3(argue)(point/subject/question) debatir(subject/question/point) discutir
- I have to say that the Olympiad for breakaway regions, disputed territories and separatist enclaves quite appeals to me.
- Government officials now estimate 54,000 people are dead in the disputed territory.
- Not a weekend has gone by where some, or all, of the teams are not discussing or disputing these regulations.
- Officers also impounded the motorcycle as disputed property and all three were charged with possession of a class 5 illegal drug.
- As usual, they don't try to argue with the post as a whole or dispute its principal themes.
- Not knowing how to argue in Mandarin, it is very difficult to dispute any bill or when you think you have been overcharged.
- The physical borders may no longer exist but the authorities are watching and waiting for the moment when these disputed territories have to be renegotiated yet again.
- As the country invaded its neighbour in a bid to retrieve disputed territory, the region witnessed the kind of fighting that would not have seemed out of place in Flanders during the first world war.
1.4disputed past participle(decision) discutido(decision) polémico(territory) en litigio
2.1(fight for)(possession/victory/territory) disputarseour team disputed the match till the end — nuestro equipo luchó hasta el final
2.2(resist)(entry/advance) hacer frente a(advance/entry) resistir
- At 1:30 p. m. the column is again in motion; no enemy has appeared to dispute the advance.
- He has disposed of his surplus baggage and commissary stores, placing them out of reach of any descent of a force in this direction, and leaving him free to dispute the advance of the rebel army.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.