In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(to perform an action)hacerdo something! — ¡haz algo!
- and do you know what she did? — ¿y sabes lo que hizo?
- they've done absolutely nothing — no han hecho absolutamente nada
- are you doing anything this evening? — ¿vas a hacer algo esta noche?
- to have something/nothing to do — tener algo/no tener nada que hacer
- don't do anything I wouldn't do! — ¡pórtate bien!
- you did the right thing — hiciste lo correcto
- it was a silly thing to do — fue una estupidez
- it's very much the thing to do — es lo que hay que hacer / lo que se impone
- now, would I do a thing like that? — vamos ¿me crees capaz de una cosa así?
- don't, whatever you do, forget to ... — hagas lo que hagas, no te olvides de ...
- what's the weather doing? — ¿qué tal está el tiempo?
- what are your boots doing in here? — ¿qué hacen aquí tus botas?
- I don't like what you're up to — well, what are you going to do about it? — no me gustan las cosas en que andas — ¿ah, no? ¿y qué vas a hacer al respecto?
- what is she doing about getting a job? — ¿qué está haciendo para conseguir trabajo?
- after all I've done for them! — ¡después de todo lo que he hecho por ellos!
- what can I do for you, sir? — ¿en qué le puedo servir, caballero?
- can I do anything to help? — ¿puedo ayudar en algo?
- he does a lot for charity — participa mucho en obras de caridad
- the things people do for entertainment! — ¡las cosas que hace la gente para divertirse!
- what have you done to your hair? — ¿qué te has hecho en el pelo?
- what did you do to your sister? — ¿qué le hiciste a tu hermana?
- that's what having a lot of money does to you — eso es lo que le pasa a la gente cuando tiene mucho dinero
- what have I done to deserve this? — ¿qué he hecho yo para merecer esto?
- I don't know what I'm going to do with you! — ¡no sé qué voy a hacer contigo!
- what have you been doing with yourself? — ¿qué has estado haciendo?
- Tests today revealed that the teenager did not die of drug abuse.
- If players did not argue with the referee so much the amount of yellow and red cards would be cut drastically!
- We thought we saw parakeets on a tree in the distance, but we didn't investigate this time.
- That evening a dance was held which did not finish until the early hours of the morning.
- Were you told about the press release before it happened, or did you discover it after it had been sent out?
- But he does not accept that his decision will imperil the organisation's survival.
- When they began to cook, did the first human beings incinerate or cremate themselves?
- This Government, frightened of being seen as soft on the drugs trade, does not know what to do.
- He does not accept that industrialised farming is to blame for the foot-and-mouth outbreak.
- Despite being the most dangerous road in the country, the A537 does not have a speed camera on it.
- The usual speed limits apply, but I did not see one speed camera in all of the miles I covered.
- What does Shakespeare create in the play which makes it so timely for our present?
- Mum got back from holiday and said the house was so clean it didn't feel lived in.
- So does the company have what it takes to expand this market share, and can it afford it?
- Three or four students have to share a textbook as the government does not provide enough books.
- Unlike other Irish travel firms the company does not offer bookings direct from its website.
- This man noted in his diary that he did not usually lose his temper with servants.
- Has anyone tried this sort of thing and if so, what kind of results did you achieve?
- The pain is usually felt on both sides may come on suddenly or gradually, and does not usually occur every day.
- I tried once before to recommend this to you, but did you get yourself a copy?
2.1(to carry out)(task/job) hacerwhen are you going to get your homework done? — ¿cuándo vas a hacer los deberes?
- what do you want done? — ¿qué quiere que haga?
- tell me what needs doing — dime qué hay que hacer
- who does the cooking? — ¿quién cocina?
- let me do the talking — déjame hablar a mí
- well done! — ¡muy bien!
2.2(tricks/push-ups) hacer(sum/crossword) haceryou can do that in your head — eso se puede hacer mentalmente
- to do a Tarzan/Frank Sinatra — hacer como Tarzán/Frank Sinatra
3(as one's job, profession, function)what do you do? — I'm in advertising — ¿usted qué hace / a qué se dedica? — trabajo en publicidad
- what does your father do for a living? — ¿en qué trabaja tu padre?
- what does the thyroid gland/this lever do? — ¿para qué sirve / qué función cumple la tiroides/esta palanca?
4(to achieve, to bring about)she's done it: it's a new world record — lo ha logrado: es una nueva marca mundial
- one blow should do it — con un golpe debería ser suficiente
- it was climbing those stairs that did it — fue por subir esa escalera
- now you've done it! — ¡ahora sí que la has hecho buena!
- he's late again: that does it! — vuelve a llegar tarde ¡esto ya es la gota que colma el vaso!
- what is locking him up going to do? — ¿qué se gana con encerrarlo?
- the antibiotics aren't doing anything — los antibióticos no están surtiendo ningún efecto
- his rudeness did little to improve the situation — su grosería no contribuyó a mejorar las cosas, que digamos
- to do sth for sb/sth
- that mustache really does something for him — la verdad es que le queda muy bien el bigote
- what has EU membership done for Greece? — ¿en qué ha beneficiado a Grecia ser miembro de la UE?
- I followed his advice and look what it's done for me — seguí su consejo y mira cómo me ha ido / qué he conseguido
- jazz doesn't do anything for me — el jazz no me atrae / no me dice nada
5(to attend to)(customer) atenderI'll do you next — ahora la atiendo a usted
- I look all right, don't I?
- Don't forget you have to earn money before you can spend it.
- He did some outrageous things, didn't he?
- She does go on, doesn't she?
- You do understand, don't you?
- You do like champagne, don't you, Charles?
- You two kids have fun, and don't stay out too late.
- ‘Don't say that,’ I spat, ‘What do you know of it? Nothing!’
6.1(to look after, to arrange, to repair)I have to do my nails — me tengo que arreglar las uñas
- she had her hair done — se hizo peinar
- who does your hair? — ¿quién te peina?
- we had someone in to do the kitchen — hicimos pintar (/ empapelar etc. ) la cocina
- I can't do the car myself — yo no sé arreglar el coche
6.2(to clean)(dishes) lavar(brass/windows) limpiarI haven't done my teeth yet — todavía no me he lavado los dientes
- Apparently you are not to expect a man to act how he did when you were simply dating.
- Looks like he's going to be spending even more time on the bench than he does already.
- Graham Lee's mount has been in good form lately and looks more at home over hurdles than he did over fences.
- Comments like this makes your child feel even worse than she does already for failing at something.
- His conduct invited the police to draw the conclusions which they did and to act as they did.
- I didn't get up until late today but I feel more tired now than I did when I went to bed last night.
- I accept, as Cleanthes did, that the argument does not by itself lead to that conclusion.
- How can we expect change if the law says hitting children is acceptable, which it does now?
- But I concede that a minority of young people behave worse than they did in my own youth.
- Nothing like this could ever happen and yet it does and you will not forget.
- It actually costs more to manage a team of volunteers than it does to manage a team of paid staff.
- While many of our own have forgotten the importance of honouring our country, she did not.
- On this occasion, the Warsaw native's quotes offered no clue to exactly why he chose to act the way he did.
- This is going to affect myself and other residents even more than it does already.
- Yes, it does seem impossible that my cat could sleep more than he already does, but it is true.
- Liz doesn't seem to have a blog, but Crystal Evans does, and of course so does the Homeless Guy.
- Those who did not sign it were beaten until they did or officers simply forged their signature.
- She said it was typical of her husband to act as he did when he swam out to reach the boys.
- He has briefed me fully on the background which led him to make the statement he did.
- You're a much weaker person than you used to be, but you still act like you did when everyone looked up to you.
6.3(to prepare, to arrange)prepararwould you do the carrots? — ¿me preparas (/ pelas etc. ) las zanahorias?
- they did the flowers for the wedding — ellos hicieron los arreglos florales para la boda
7.1(to make, to produce)(meal) preparar(meal) hacer
- Rarely does a new Ring cycle begin with such confidence and lucidity, on stage and in the pit.
- Not alone did he encourage others to get involved but he is now the club's secretary.
- She doesn't ask me anything, nor does she refer to The Incident With The Dolls.
- He first searches to find where Josh is up to and only then does he begin to teach.
- Only at the turn of this year did he begin to secure headlines with his mouth shut.
7.2(translations/drawings/interviews) hacershe's done several films — ha hecho varias películas
- he doesn't do live concerts any more — ya no da más conciertos en vivo
8.1(to provide)do you do breakfasts? — ¿sirven desayunos?
- we do student reductions — hacemos descuentos a estudiantes
- they do a set meal for £12 — tienen un menú de 12 libras
8.2informal (to provide for)atender
- The film has a positive message because Bella does find friendship and love.
- In the final act, the film does deliver a few surprises, but by that point it's far too late.
- If he does give evidence the question will depend on whether his evidence is believed.
- The Guardian does mention important and controversial issues, but only in passing.
- It's a chilling and bizarre image, but it does answer the questions better than any other theory.
- While not directly overlooked, the garden does look onto the side of another house.
- Oh well, the tutor did mention she was interested in the reactions we would get.
- In this case, the answers to the first two of these questions really does appear to be no.
- For one thing, many Democrats seem to have forgotten that they did win the election last time.
- It does beg the question of why they should go to all that effort though.
- I think there is a lot of truth in that statement even if it does paint an unflattering portrait.
- In that statement she does indeed make the statement which is attributed to her.
- But this still does beg a question as to what is in all this for the manufacturer.
- That more or less answers that question, but it does open up another can of worms.
- However the parents do live in a rather affluent area outside of San Diego.
- Which does rather raise the question of why the government didn't think of it two days ago.
- However, the controversy does raise important questions over the use of technology in sport.
- He did seem very tired in the bath though so I think we might need to work on his stamina.
- However, it does pose the age-old question of whether or not money can buy you happiness.
- Where the commandment does fall down is its lack of relevance to tenement life.
9(to be adequate for, to suit)two shirts will do me — con dos camisas me alcanza / tengo suficiente
10(when expressing speeds, distances)the other car was doing 100 mph — el otro coche iba a 100 millas por hora
- the car has only done 4,000 miles — el coche solo tiene 4.000 millas
- this model does 45 miles per gallon — este modelo da 45 millas por galón
- we did 500 km in four hours — hicimos 500 km en cuatro horas
11.1(to study)estudiarwe're doing Balzac/the digestive system — estamos estudiando Balzac/el aparato digestivo
11.2informal (to visit)(museum/sights) visitarthey did three capitals in two days — se hicieron tres capitales en dos días informal
- we did Europe last year — el año pasado recorrimos Europa
12.1(to play role of)hacer el papel de
12.2(to take part in)(play) actuar en
12.3(to perform at)actuar en British
13.1(time in prison)cumplirhe's doing eight years for armed robbery — está cumpliendo ocho años por atraco a mano armada
13.2(in a posting)I did six months in Panama — estuve destinado seis meses en Panamá
14.1(to catch, to prosecute)agarrarthey can do you for possession — te pueden agarrar por posesión Latin America
- he was done for speeding — le encajaron una multa por exceso de velocidad
14.2(to cheat)estafartimarI've been done! — ¡me han estafado / timado!
14.3(to beat up)darle una paliza aI'll do you! — ¡te voy a dar una paliza!
14.4(to rob)(house/bank) robar
15slang(to use)to do drugs — consumir drogas
16.1(to finish)terminarare / have you done complaining? — ¿has terminado de quejarte?
16.2British informal (to exhaust)dejar hecho polvo informal
1(to act, to behave)hacerdo as you're told! — ¡haz lo que se te dice!
- do as I say, not as I do — haz lo que yo digo, pero no lo que yo hago
- you did well to tell me — hiciste bien en decírmelo
- she'd do better to keep quiet — sería mejor que se callara
2(to be getting along, to manage)how are you doing? — ¿qué tal estás / andas / te va?
- (as greeting) how do you do? — mucho gusto
- how do? — ¿qué tal?
- mother and child are doing well — madre e hijo se encuentran muy bien
- she's doing well after her operation — se está recuperando bien después de su operación
- how am I doing? — you're doing fine! — ¿qué tal voy? — ¡vas muy bien!
- how's the bread/meat doing? — ¿cómo va el pan/la carne?
- azaleas don't do well here — las azaleas no se dan bien aquí
- how are we doing for time/cash? — ¿cómo / qué tal vamos / andamos de tiempo/dinero?
- she did well/badly in her exams — le fue bien/mal en los exámenes
- you did well to get into the finals — llegar a las finales ya fue todo un logro
- he's done well for himself — se ha sabido forjar una posición
- to do well/badly out of sth — salir bien/mal parado de algo
3informal(to go on, to happen)what's doing? — ¿qué pasa?
- there's nothing doing in town — no pasa nada en el pueblo
- couldn't you lend me $20? — nothing doing! — ¿no me podrías prestar $20? — ¡ni hablar!
- I asked her but ... nothing doing! — se lo pedí, pero ni modo
4(to be suitable, acceptable)look, this simply will not do! — ¡mira, esto no puede ser!
- it's not ideal, but it'll do — no es lo ideal, pero sirve
- will this suit do? — ¿te parece que este traje está bien?
- I'm afraid I can't manage it today — that's OK, tomorrow will do fine! — lo siento, pero hoy no puedo — no importa, mañana da igual
- I'm not going to cook, bread and cheese will do for them! — no pienso cocinar, se tendrán que conformar con pan y queso
- it doesn't do to get emotional — no hay que ponerse sentimental
5(to serve as)servirthis box will do for a table — esta caja nos servirá de mesa
- fruit will do as dessert — y de postre, ya nos arreglaremos con fruta
6(to be enough)ser suficientealcanzarestar bienone egg will do for me — con un huevo me alcanza
- that'll do! shut up! — ¡basta! ¡cállate la boca!
7(to finish)terminarare / have you done? — ¿has terminado?
- I'm not / I haven't done yet! — no he terminado todavía
1(in elliptical use)do you live here? — yes, I do/no, I don't — ¿vives aquí? — sí/no
- did you suspect her at the time? — I did, yes — ¿sospechaste de ella en aquel momento? — pues sí
- she wanted to come, but he didn't — ella quería venir, pero él no
- you don't have to stay, but she does — tú no te tienes que quedar, pero ella sí
- tell Jim — will do! — dile a Jim — ¡se lo diré!
- do you like ice cream? — you bet I do! — ¿te gustan los helados? — ¡si me gustarán ... !
- did you enjoy yourself? — did I ever! — ¿te divertiste? — ¡si me habré divertido ... !
- she found it in your drawer — oh, did she? — lo encontró en tu cajón — ¿ah, sí?
- I love Mozart; don't you? — me encanta Mozart, ¿a tí no?
- I don't need a haircut — yes, you do! — no necesito cortarme el pelo — ¡cómo que no!
- I didn't say that! — you did! — yo no dije eso — sí, señor (, lo dijiste)
- you cheated! — I didn't! — hiciste trampa — ¡qué va!
- I won! — no, you didn't! — did! — didn't! — ¡gané yo! — ¡no! — ¡que sí! — ¡que no!
- she says she understands, but she doesn't — dice que comprende, pero no es así
- I don't know why I dislike him: I just do! — no sé por qué me cae mal: simplemente porque sí nomás
- I want to be rich: who doesn't? — quiero ser rico: ¿quién no?
- I think I deserve more than the others — oh, you do, do you? — creo que me merezco más que los demás — ¿ah, sí? ¡no me digas!
- I expect they resent my presence as I do theirs — me imagino que a ellos les molesta mi presencia tanto como a mí la suya
- I didn't read that chapter — you ought to have done — no leí ese capítulo — deberías haberlo leído / hecho
- will you write to her? — I may (well) do — ¿le vas a escribir? — posiblemente
- I play the clarinet and so does she / she does too — yo toco el clarinete y ella también
- she doesn't smoke and neither do I / I don't either — (ella) no fuma y yo tampoco
- I think it's ridiculous — so do I — me parece ridículo — a mí también
- I don't want to go — nor / neither do I — no quiero ir — yo tampoco
- I love it — really? I don't — me encanta — ¿de veras?, a mí no
- I don't like her music — I do — no me gusta su música — a mí sí
2(used to form the negative)I do not / don't know — no sé
- she does not / doesn't want to — no quiere
- I did not / didn't see her — no la vi
- don't let's fool ourselves — no nos engañemos
- oh, don't let's be arguing when ... — mira, no perdamos el tiempo discutiendo cuando ...
- do not touch! — no tocar
- but honey ... — don't (you) 'honey' me! — pero querida ... — ¡no me vengas con zalamerías!
3(with inversion after negative adverbs)not once did he apologize — no se disculpó ni siquiera una vez
- not only does it cost more, it also ... — no solo cuesta más, sino que también ...
4(used to form the interrogative)does this belong to you? — ¿esto es tuyo?
- did I frighten you? — ¿te asusté?
- don't you agree? — ¿no te parece?
- did I not warn you that ... ? — ¿(acaso) no te advertí que ... ?
5(in exclamations)doesn't it make you sick! — ¡dime si no es asqueante!
- does that man get on my nerves! — ¡cómo me saca de quicio ese hombre!
- boy, do you need a bath! — ¡Dios mío! ¡qué falta te hace un baño!
6(for emphasis)you do exaggerate! — ¡cómo exageras!
- you must admit, she did look ill — tienes que reconocer que tenía mala cara
- and yes, I did write that letter — y sí, sí que escribí esa carta
- when she did at last arrive ... — cuando por fin llegó ...
- do be quiet! — ¿te quieres callar?
- do please help yourself — sírvete por favor
- she said she'd succeed and succeed she did — dijo que triunfaría y lo cierto es que así fue
7(when expressing alternatives)I haven't decided, but if I do accept ... — todavía no lo he decidido, pero si aceptara ...
8(when expressing contradictions)since you didn't ask me ... — but I did ask you! — como no me lo pediste ... — ¡pero sí te lo pedí!
- you don't care what I think — but I do care! — a ti no te importa lo que pienso yo — ¡pero claro que me importa!
9(in oaths, wills, affidavits etc)I, Charles Brown, do solemnly swear that ... — yo, Charles Brown, juro solemnemente que ...
10(in the marriage service)to say “I do” — dar el “sí, quiero”
11(in tag questions)you know Bob, don't you? — conoces a Bob ¿no? / ¿verdad? / ¿no es cierto?
- I told you, didn't I? — te lo dije ¿no? / ¿no es cierto?
- that's your trouble: you just don't think, do you? — eso es lo que pasa contigo ¡que no piensas!
1informal(party, gathering)fiesta femininereunión feminine
2informal(state of affairs)it's a poor do if we can't even get fifty people — sería realmente deprimente que no vinieran ni 50 personas
- it's a rum do — ¡qué cosa más rara!
- fair dos
- I don't call that fair dos — para mí eso no es justicia
- fair dos all round — a partes iguales para todos
- fair dos! — ¡seamos justos!
3do's and don'ts — normas
- the do's and don'ts of foreign travel — qué hacer y qué evitar cuando se viaja al extranjero
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.