There are 2 main translations of do in Spanish

: do1do2


hacer, v.

Pronunciation /duː//du/

transitive verb

  • 1

    (to perform an action)
    do something! ¡haz algo!
    • and do you know what she did? ¿y sabes lo que hizo?
    • they've done absolutely nothing no han hecho absolutamente nada
    • are you doing anything this evening? ¿vas a hacer algo esta noche?
    • to have something/nothing to do tener algo/no tener nada que hacer
    • don't do anything I wouldn't do! ¡pórtate bien!
    • you did the right thing hiciste lo correcto
    • it was a silly thing to do fue una estupidez
    • it's very much the thing to do es lo que hay que hacer / lo que se impone
    • now, would I do a thing like that? vamos ¿me crees capaz de una cosa así?
    • don't, whatever you do, forget to ... hagas lo que hagas, no te olvides de ...
    • what's the weather doing? ¿qué tal está el tiempo?
    • what are your boots doing in here? ¿qué hacen aquí tus botas?
    • I don't like what you're up to — well, what are you going to do about it? no me gustan las cosas en que andas — ¿ah, no? ¿y qué vas a hacer al respecto?
    • what is she doing about getting a job? ¿qué está haciendo para conseguir trabajo?
    • after all I've done for them! ¡después de todo lo que he hecho por ellos!
    • what can I do for you, sir? ¿en qué le puedo servir, caballero?
    • can I do anything to help? ¿puedo ayudar en algo?
    • he does a lot for charity participa mucho en obras de caridad
    • the things people do for entertainment! ¡las cosas que hace la gente para divertirse!
    • what have you done to your hair? ¿qué te has hecho en el pelo?
    • what did you do to your sister? ¿qué le hiciste a tu hermana?
    • that's what having a lot of money does to you eso es lo que le pasa a la gente cuando tiene mucho dinero
    • what have I done to deserve this? ¿qué he hecho yo para merecer esto?
    • I don't know what I'm going to do with you! ¡no sé qué voy a hacer contigo!
    • what have you been doing with yourself? ¿qué has estado haciendo?
    • Tests today revealed that the teenager did not die of drug abuse.
    • If players did not argue with the referee so much the amount of yellow and red cards would be cut drastically!
    • We thought we saw parakeets on a tree in the distance, but we didn't investigate this time.
    • That evening a dance was held which did not finish until the early hours of the morning.
    • Were you told about the press release before it happened, or did you discover it after it had been sent out?
    • But he does not accept that his decision will imperil the organisation's survival.
    • When they began to cook, did the first human beings incinerate or cremate themselves?
    • This Government, frightened of being seen as soft on the drugs trade, does not know what to do.
    • He does not accept that industrialised farming is to blame for the foot-and-mouth outbreak.
    • Despite being the most dangerous road in the country, the A537 does not have a speed camera on it.
    • The usual speed limits apply, but I did not see one speed camera in all of the miles I covered.
    • What does Shakespeare create in the play which makes it so timely for our present?
    • Mum got back from holiday and said the house was so clean it didn't feel lived in.
    • So does the company have what it takes to expand this market share, and can it afford it?
    • Three or four students have to share a textbook as the government does not provide enough books.
    • Unlike other Irish travel firms the company does not offer bookings direct from its website.
    • This man noted in his diary that he did not usually lose his temper with servants.
    • Has anyone tried this sort of thing and if so, what kind of results did you achieve?
    • The pain is usually felt on both sides may come on suddenly or gradually, and does not usually occur every day.
    • I tried once before to recommend this to you, but did you get yourself a copy?
  • 2

    • 2.1(to carry out)

      (task/job) hacer
      when are you going to get your homework done? ¿cuándo vas a hacer los deberes?
      • what do you want done? ¿qué quiere que haga?
      • tell me what needs doing dime qué hay que hacer
      • who does the cooking? ¿quién cocina?
      • let me do the talking déjame hablar a mí
      • well done! ¡muy bien!

    • 2.2

      (tricks/push-ups) hacer
      (sum/crossword) hacer
      you can do that in your head eso se puede hacer mentalmente
      • to do a Tarzan/Frank Sinatra hacer como Tarzán/Frank Sinatra

  • 3

    (as one's job, profession, function)
    what do you do? — I'm in advertising ¿usted qué hace / a qué se dedica? — trabajo en publicidad
    • what does your father do for a living? ¿en qué trabaja tu padre?
    • what does the thyroid gland/this lever do? ¿para qué sirve / qué función cumple la tiroides/esta palanca?
  • 4

    (to achieve, to bring about)
    she's done it: it's a new world record lo ha logrado: es una nueva marca mundial
    • one blow should do it con un golpe debería ser suficiente
    • it was climbing those stairs that did it fue por subir esa escalera
    • now you've done it! ¡ahora sí que la has hecho buena!
    • he's late again: that does it! vuelve a llegar tarde ¡esto ya es la gota que colma el vaso!
    • what is locking him up going to do? ¿qué se gana con encerrarlo?
    • the antibiotics aren't doing anything los antibióticos no están surtiendo ningún efecto
    • his rudeness did little to improve the situation su grosería no contribuyó a mejorar las cosas, que digamos
    • to do sth for sb/sth
    • that mustache really does something for him la verdad es que le queda muy bien el bigote
    • what has EU membership done for Greece? ¿en qué ha beneficiado a Grecia ser miembro de la UE?
    • I followed his advice and look what it's done for me seguí su consejo y mira cómo me ha ido / qué he conseguido
    • jazz doesn't do anything for me el jazz no me atrae / no me dice nada
  • 5

    (to attend to)
    (customer) atender
    I'll do you next ahora la atiendo a usted
    • I look all right, don't I?
    • Don't forget you have to earn money before you can spend it.
    • He did some outrageous things, didn't he?
    • She does go on, doesn't she?
    • You do understand, don't you?
    • You do like champagne, don't you, Charles?
    • You two kids have fun, and don't stay out too late.
    • ‘Don't say that,’ I spat, ‘What do you know of it? Nothing!’
  • 6

    • 6.1(to look after, to arrange, to repair)

      I have to do my nails me tengo que arreglar las uñas
      • she had her hair done se hizo peinar
      • who does your hair? ¿quién te peina?
      • we had someone in to do the kitchen hicimos pintar (/ empapelar etc. ) la cocina
      • I can't do the car myself yo no sé arreglar el coche

    • 6.2(to clean)

      (dishes) lavar
      (brass/windows) limpiar
      I haven't done my teeth yet todavía no me he lavado los dientes
      • Apparently you are not to expect a man to act how he did when you were simply dating.
      • Looks like he's going to be spending even more time on the bench than he does already.
      • Graham Lee's mount has been in good form lately and looks more at home over hurdles than he did over fences.
      • Comments like this makes your child feel even worse than she does already for failing at something.
      • His conduct invited the police to draw the conclusions which they did and to act as they did.
      • I didn't get up until late today but I feel more tired now than I did when I went to bed last night.
      • I accept, as Cleanthes did, that the argument does not by itself lead to that conclusion.
      • How can we expect change if the law says hitting children is acceptable, which it does now?
      • But I concede that a minority of young people behave worse than they did in my own youth.
      • Nothing like this could ever happen and yet it does and you will not forget.
      • It actually costs more to manage a team of volunteers than it does to manage a team of paid staff.
      • While many of our own have forgotten the importance of honouring our country, she did not.
      • On this occasion, the Warsaw native's quotes offered no clue to exactly why he chose to act the way he did.
      • This is going to affect myself and other residents even more than it does already.
      • Yes, it does seem impossible that my cat could sleep more than he already does, but it is true.
      • Liz doesn't seem to have a blog, but Crystal Evans does, and of course so does the Homeless Guy.
      • Those who did not sign it were beaten until they did or officers simply forged their signature.
      • She said it was typical of her husband to act as he did when he swam out to reach the boys.
      • He has briefed me fully on the background which led him to make the statement he did.
      • You're a much weaker person than you used to be, but you still act like you did when everyone looked up to you.

    • 6.3(to prepare, to arrange)

      would you do the carrots? ¿me preparas (/ pelas etc. ) las zanahorias?
      • they did the flowers for the wedding ellos hicieron los arreglos florales para la boda

  • 7

    • 7.1(to make, to produce)

      (meal) preparar
      (meal) hacer
      • Rarely does a new Ring cycle begin with such confidence and lucidity, on stage and in the pit.
      • Not alone did he encourage others to get involved but he is now the club's secretary.
      • She doesn't ask me anything, nor does she refer to The Incident With The Dolls.
      • He first searches to find where Josh is up to and only then does he begin to teach.
      • Only at the turn of this year did he begin to secure headlines with his mouth shut.

    • 7.2

      (translations/drawings/interviews) hacer
      she's done several films ha hecho varias películas
      • he doesn't do live concerts any more ya no da más conciertos en vivo

  • 8

    • 8.1(to provide)

      do you do breakfasts? ¿sirven desayunos?
      • we do student reductions hacemos descuentos a estudiantes
      • they do a set meal for £12 tienen un menú de 12 libras

    • 8.2informal (to provide for)

      • The film has a positive message because Bella does find friendship and love.
      • In the final act, the film does deliver a few surprises, but by that point it's far too late.
      • If he does give evidence the question will depend on whether his evidence is believed.
      • The Guardian does mention important and controversial issues, but only in passing.
      • It's a chilling and bizarre image, but it does answer the questions better than any other theory.
      • While not directly overlooked, the garden does look onto the side of another house.
      • Oh well, the tutor did mention she was interested in the reactions we would get.
      • In this case, the answers to the first two of these questions really does appear to be no.
      • For one thing, many Democrats seem to have forgotten that they did win the election last time.
      • It does beg the question of why they should go to all that effort though.
      • I think there is a lot of truth in that statement even if it does paint an unflattering portrait.
      • In that statement she does indeed make the statement which is attributed to her.
      • But this still does beg a question as to what is in all this for the manufacturer.
      • That more or less answers that question, but it does open up another can of worms.
      • However the parents do live in a rather affluent area outside of San Diego.
      • Which does rather raise the question of why the government didn't think of it two days ago.
      • However, the controversy does raise important questions over the use of technology in sport.
      • He did seem very tired in the bath though so I think we might need to work on his stamina.
      • However, it does pose the age-old question of whether or not money can buy you happiness.
      • Where the commandment does fall down is its lack of relevance to tenement life.

  • 9

    (to be adequate for, to suit)
    two shirts will do me con dos camisas me alcanza / tengo suficiente
  • 10

    (when expressing speeds, distances)
    the other car was doing 100 mph el otro coche iba a 100 millas por hora
    • the car has only done 4,000 miles el coche solo tiene 4.000 millas
    • this model does 45 miles per gallon este modelo da 45 millas por galón
    • we did 500 km in four hours hicimos 500 km en cuatro horas
  • 11

    • 11.1(to study)

      we're doing Balzac/the digestive system estamos estudiando Balzac/el aparato digestivo

    • 11.2informal (to visit)

      (museum/sights) visitar
      they did three capitals in two days se hicieron tres capitales en dos días informal
      • we did Europe last year el año pasado recorrimos Europa

  • 12

    • 12.1(to play role of)

      hacer el papel de

    • 12.2(to take part in)

      (play) actuar en

    • 12.3(to perform at)

      actuar en British

    • 12.4(to impersonate)


  • 13

    • 13.1(time in prison)

      he's doing eight years for armed robbery está cumpliendo ocho años por atraco a mano armada

    • 13.2(in a posting)

      I did six months in Panama estuve destinado seis meses en Panamá

  • 14

    • 14.1(to catch, to prosecute)

      they can do you for possession te pueden agarrar por posesión Latin America
      • he was done for speeding le encajaron una multa por exceso de velocidad

    • 14.2(to cheat)

      I've been done! ¡me han estafado / timado!

    • 14.3(to beat up)

      darle una paliza a
      I'll do you! ¡te voy a dar una paliza!

    • 14.4(to rob)

      (house/bank) robar

  • 15slang

    (to use)
    to do drugs consumir drogas
  • 16

    • 16.1(to finish)

      are / have you done complaining? ¿has terminado de quejarte?

    • 16.2British informal (to exhaust)

      dejar hecho polvo informal

intransitive verb

  • 1

    (to act, to behave)
    do as you're told! ¡haz lo que se te dice!
    • do as I say, not as I do haz lo que yo digo, pero no lo que yo hago
    • you did well to tell me hiciste bien en decírmelo
    • she'd do better to keep quiet sería mejor que se callara
  • 2

    (to be getting along, to manage)
    how are you doing? ¿qué tal estás / andas / te va?
    • (as greeting) how do you do? mucho gusto
    • how do? ¿qué tal?
    • mother and child are doing well madre e hijo se encuentran muy bien
    • she's doing well after her operation se está recuperando bien después de su operación
    • how am I doing? — you're doing fine! ¿qué tal voy? — ¡vas muy bien!
    • how's the bread/meat doing? ¿cómo va el pan/la carne?
    • azaleas don't do well here las azaleas no se dan bien aquí
    • how are we doing for time/cash? ¿cómo / qué tal vamos / andamos de tiempo/dinero?
    • she did well/badly in her exams le fue bien/mal en los exámenes
    • you did well to get into the finals llegar a las finales ya fue todo un logro
    • he's done well for himself se ha sabido forjar una posición
    • to do well/badly out of sth salir bien/mal parado de algo
  • 3informal

    (to go on, to happen)
    what's doing? (what's the matter?) ¿qué pasa?
    • there's nothing doing in town no pasa nada en el pueblo
    • couldn't you lend me $20? — nothing doing! ¿no me podrías prestar $20? — ¡ni hablar!
    • I asked her but ... nothing doing! se lo pedí, pero ni modo
  • 4

    (to be suitable, acceptable)
    look, this simply will not do! ¡mira, esto no puede ser!
    • it's not ideal, but it'll do no es lo ideal, pero sirve
    • will this suit do? ¿te parece que este traje está bien?
    • I'm afraid I can't manage it today — that's OK, tomorrow will do fine! lo siento, pero hoy no puedo — no importa, mañana da igual
    • I'm not going to cook, bread and cheese will do for them! no pienso cocinar, se tendrán que conformar con pan y queso
    • it doesn't do to get emotional no hay que ponerse sentimental
  • 5

    (to serve as)
    this box will do for a table esta caja nos servirá de mesa
    • fruit will do as dessert y de postre, ya nos arreglaremos con fruta
  • 6

    (to be enough)
    ser suficiente
    estar bien
    one egg will do for me con un huevo me alcanza
    • that'll do! shut up! ¡basta! ¡cállate la boca!
  • 7

    (to finish)
    are / have you done? ¿has terminado?
    • I'm not / I haven't done yet! no he terminado todavía


  • 1

    (in elliptical use)
    do you live here? — yes, I do/no, I don't ¿vives aquí? — sí/no
    • did you suspect her at the time? — I did, yes ¿sospechaste de ella en aquel momento? — pues sí
    • she wanted to come, but he didn't ella quería venir, pero él no
    • you don't have to stay, but she does tú no te tienes que quedar, pero ella sí
    • tell Jim — will do! dile a Jim — ¡se lo diré!
    • do you like ice cream? — you bet I do! ¿te gustan los helados? — ¡si me gustarán ... !
    • did you enjoy yourself? — did I ever! ¿te divertiste? — ¡si me habré divertido ... !
    • she found it in your drawer — oh, did she? lo encontró en tu cajón — ¿ah, sí?
    • I love Mozart; don't you? me encanta Mozart, ¿a tí no?
    • I don't need a haircut — yes, you do! no necesito cortarme el pelo — ¡cómo que no!
    • I didn't say that! — you did! yo no dije eso — sí, señor (, lo dijiste)
    • you cheated! — I didn't! hiciste trampa — ¡qué va!
    • I won! — no, you didn't! — did! — didn't! ¡gané yo! — ¡no! — ¡que sí! — ¡que no!
    • she says she understands, but she doesn't dice que comprende, pero no es así
    • I don't know why I dislike him: I just do! no sé por qué me cae mal: simplemente porque sí nomás
    • I want to be rich: who doesn't? quiero ser rico: ¿quién no?
    • I think I deserve more than the others — oh, you do, do you? creo que me merezco más que los demás — ¿ah, sí? ¡no me digas!
    • I expect they resent my presence as I do theirs me imagino que a ellos les molesta mi presencia tanto como a mí la suya
    • I didn't read that chapter — you ought to have done no leí ese capítulo — deberías haberlo leído / hecho
    • will you write to her? — I may (well) do ¿le vas a escribir? — posiblemente
    • I play the clarinet and so does she / she does too yo toco el clarinete y ella también
    • she doesn't smoke and neither do I / I don't either (ella) no fuma y yo tampoco
    • I think it's ridiculous — so do I me parece ridículo — a mí también
    • I don't want to go — nor / neither do I no quiero ir — yo tampoco
    • I love it — really? I don't me encanta — ¿de veras?, a mí no
    • I don't like her music — I do no me gusta su música — a mí sí
  • 2

    (used to form the negative)
    I do not / don't know no sé
    • she does not / doesn't want to no quiere
    • I did not / didn't see her no la vi
    • don't let's fool ourselves no nos engañemos
    • oh, don't let's be arguing when ... mira, no perdamos el tiempo discutiendo cuando ...
    • do not touch! no tocar
    • but honey ... — don't (you) 'honey' me! pero querida ... — ¡no me vengas con zalamerías!
  • 3

    (with inversion after negative adverbs)
    not once did he apologize no se disculpó ni siquiera una vez
    • not only does it cost more, it also ... no solo cuesta más, sino que también ...
  • 4

    (used to form the interrogative)
    does this belong to you? ¿esto es tuyo?
    • did I frighten you? ¿te asusté?
    • don't you agree? ¿no te parece?
    • did I not warn you that ... ? ¿(acaso) no te advertí que ... ?
  • 5

    (in exclamations)
    doesn't it make you sick! ¡dime si no es asqueante!
    • does that man get on my nerves! ¡cómo me saca de quicio ese hombre!
    • boy, do you need a bath! ¡Dios mío! ¡qué falta te hace un baño!
  • 6

    (for emphasis)
    you do exaggerate! ¡cómo exageras!
    • you must admit, she did look ill tienes que reconocer que tenía mala cara
    • and yes, I did write that letter y sí, sí que escribí esa carta
    • when she did at last arrive ... cuando por fin llegó ...
    • do be quiet! ¿te quieres callar?
    • do please help yourself sírvete por favor
    • she said she'd succeed and succeed she did dijo que triunfaría y lo cierto es que así fue
  • 7

    (when expressing alternatives)
    I haven't decided, but if I do accept ... todavía no lo he decidido, pero si aceptara ...
  • 8

    (when expressing contradictions)
    since you didn't ask me ... — but I did ask you! como no me lo pediste ... — ¡pero sí te lo pedí!
    • you don't care what I think — but I do care! a ti no te importa lo que pienso yo — ¡pero claro que me importa!
  • 9

    (in oaths, wills, affidavits etc)
    I, Charles Brown, do solemnly swear that ... yo, Charles Brown, juro solemnemente que ...
  • 10

    (in the marriage service)
    to say “I do” dar el “sí, quiero”
  • 11

    (in tag questions)
    you know Bob, don't you? conoces a Bob ¿no? / ¿verdad? / ¿no es cierto?
    • I told you, didn't I? te lo dije ¿no? / ¿no es cierto?
    • that's your trouble: you just don't think, do you? eso es lo que pasa contigo ¡que no piensas!


  • 1informal

    (party, gathering)
    fiesta feminine
    reunión feminine
  • 2informal

    (state of affairs)
    it's a poor do if we can't even get fifty people sería realmente deprimente que no vinieran ni 50 personas
    • it's a rum do ¡qué cosa más rara!
    • fair dos
    • I don't call that fair dos para mí eso no es justicia
    • fair dos all round a partes iguales para todos
    • fair dos! ¡seamos justos!
  • 3

    do's and don'ts (feminine plural) normas
    • the do's and don'ts of foreign travel qué hacer y qué evitar cuando se viaja al extranjero

There are 2 main translations of do in Spanish

: do1do2


do, n.

Pronunciation /doʊ/



  • 1

    do masculine