In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(in downward direction)I ran all the way down to the bottom — corrí hasta abajo
- the path that goes down into the valley — el sendero que baja hasta el valle
- to help sb down — ayudar a algn a bajar
- don't look down! — ¡no mires (hacia / para) abajo!
- from the waist/neck down — desde la cintura/el cuello para abajo
- jump down! — ¡salta!
- he flopped down exhausted — se dejó caer agotado
- down, boy! — ¡sentarse!
- wind the window down — baja la ventanilla
- down with Smith/tyranny! — ¡abajo Smith/la tiranía!
1.2(downstairs)can you come down? — ¿puedes bajar?
- run down and fetch the hammer — baja rápido a buscarme el martillo
- we can walk down — podemos bajar andando
2.1(of position)abajodown in the basement/valley — abajo en el sótano/el valle
- 500m/two floors down — 500m/dos pisos más abajo
- further down on the same page — más abajo en la misma página
- down here/there — aquí/allí (abajo)
- it was down at the bottom of the rucksack — estaba en el fondo de la mochila
- the sun/moon is down — el sol/la luna se ha puesto
- From there they could look down on the city's fine new skyscrapers and modern apartment blocks.
- It might have been cold up north, but at least it was sunny - down here it is cold, wet and miserable.
- Then one of the two warders threw the case down at his feet and slammed the door shut.
- Morgan stood up and walked over to the buffet table and looked down at the food.
- We have to try and prepare as best we can and take the confidence from the win against Wales down with us.
- We are hoping to get them in the north of England where we are stronger but down here it is unlikely.
- He converted hundreds as he made his way down into the South Leinster border area.
- All I had to do was get from Hampstead in the north to West Kensington and then down to the South Bank.
- The brick paving outside has slowly sunk over the years and no longer slopes down towards the nearest drain.
- Ashley stood on the hillside looking down at the devastation below in disbelief.
- The trees, which have been chopped down, but not uprooted, have been replaced by new turf.
- They have a big industry down there, and a lot of Irish businesses go there to film.
- I moved down here from Hackney because I thought it would be a better place to bring my child up.
- A few days ago I ran across an old friend who is now living down here with the new wife and child.
- Raffles and games on the coach trip down should boost the money raised.
- The Premiership boys use planes a lot and it would have been nice to fly down to Exeter but we have to work within our means.
- As well as causing an obstruction, he says the boards are liable to be blown down by the wind, which could damage cars.
- I'm sure he will go on to achieve great things at the club, and will one day be held in the same regard here as he is down on the south coast.
- We had mixed weather on the way down, everything from hard driving rain to bright sunshine.
- She put the wine glass down on the ground and turned over to face him lying flat, her belly against his.
- She was heading down from the north and I was on a slightly earlier flight from London.
- I was sure he was going to kiss me, for he had placed one arm on each side of me and was leaning down towards my face.
- Savage put the drink down gently, closed his eyes and opened them again very slowly.
- When we finally put her bags down in my living room she started to cry.
- Katie slept the whole way down, or at least lay on the back seat with her eyes closed.
- He digs his hands deep into the pockets of his jeans and looks down at the ground.
- It is believed he was shot down by ground fire as he attempted to gain height after the attack.
- It was unusual for me to set off on my own and the journey down was strangely lacking in atmosphere.
- He turned sharply racing through on goal only to be pulled down just short of the penalty area.
- Oddly, my father is from up this way, but did move down, although that was 35 or so years ago.
- Scroll down while reading each page and then when you come to the end just click to get the next.
- The money down there is incredible compared to up here, but I'd play anywhere.
- A woman, seen from above, seated in the balcony of a theatre, in her turn looks down on the spectacle below.
- Large pine trees were left standing but smaller silver birch and beech trees were chopped down.
- I am currently down in Cornwall so do not have a Tale of Two Cities with me.
- Look out here for a smaller path, dropping down towards a wall on the right.
- Mr Rogers said last spring he stopped an attempt by the council to chop the tree down and believed it was now safe.
- The youth knocked on his passenger window and asked him to wind it down.
- According to the ‘RailLinks’ pamphlet, the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire's stately home is down on the south coast, with nearby Bakewell on the Isle of Wight.
- Make sure you contact your ferry company before driving down for a Channel crossing this week.
2.2(downstairs)I'll be down right away — enseguida bajo
2.3(lowered, pointing downward)bajadowith the blinds down — con las persianas bajadas
- face/head down — boca abajo
- I had my foot down on the accelerator — tenía el pie en / estaba pisando el acelerador
2.4(in position)the carpet isn't down yet — aún no han puesto / colocado la alfombra
- I had newspaper down — había puesto periódicos (en el suelo)
2.5(prostrate)the champ is down! — ¡el campeón ha caído en la lona!
- I was down with flu all last week — estuve con gripe toda la semana pasada
3.1(of numbers, volume, intensity)with the volume down low — con el volumen al mínimo
- my temperature is down to 38°C — la fiebre me ha bajado a 38°C
- attendance/circulation is down — la asistencia/circulación ha bajado
- sterling closed half a cent down — al cierre la libra había bajado medio centavo
- they were two goals down — iban perdiendo por dos goles
3.2(in league, table, hierarchy)still down at the bottom of the league — todavía en el último lugar de la clasificación
- from the president down — desde el presidente para abajo
4.1(in, toward the south)to go/come down south/to London — ir/venir al sur/a Londres
- people down south/in Mexico — la gente del sur/de México
4.2British (at, to another place)down on the farm — en la granja
- he's down at the bar — está en el bar
- I'm going down to Anne's/the library — voy a casa de Anne/a la biblioteca
4.3British (away from university, major city)they're sending a detective down from Scotland Yard — van a enviar un detective de Scotland Yard
- he went down from Oxford in 1967 — egresó de Oxford en 1967
5.1(dismantled, removed)the Christmas decorations should be down by now — ya deberían haber quitado las decoraciones de Navidad
- the room looks bare with the pictures down — la habitación queda desnuda sin los cuadros
- once this wall is down — una vez que hayan derribado esta pared
5.2(out of action)the telephone lines are down — las líneas de teléfono están cortadas
- the system is down again — otra vez el sistema no funciona
5.3(deflated)one of your tires is down — tienes un neumático desinflado
6(in writing)did you get down what she said? — ¿apuntaste / anotaste lo que dijo?
- he's down for tomorrow at ten — está apuntado / anotado para mañana a las diez
- she's down as unemployed — consta / figura como desempleada
7(in cash)he's demanding $150 down — exige un depósito de $150
8(hostile)to be down on sb
- my teacher's down on me at the moment — la maestra me tiene ojeriza
9.1(as far as)hastafrom the roof down to the foundations — desde el tejado hasta los cimientos
- right down to the present day — hasta nuestros días
- It is a good 20 feet down and the way he has landed has contributed to how seriously he was hurt.
- The surface of the land has been cleared but the soil is contaminated several feet down.
- Nine down and six to go, Carlow and Naas are on track for All Ireland League promotion.
- Vandals also dug two feet down into the grave of John Devlin, who died eight years ago.
- The wreck of the vessel was located, 40 metres down on the seabed, later that morning.
- The objects from these sites were originally buried two to three feet down at the bottom of graves.
- I think my body knows it's the halfway point of the week, with four shows down and four to go.
- He told the jury a rear patio was completely removed and the soil dug down three feet.
- The well here was fascinating with two donkeys pulling up a huge leather bucket from 100 feet down.
- There is one down and two to go for Inveraray after their intermediate championship victory at Oban yesterday.
- Armstrong and Aldrin had to jump nearly a metre down from the bottom rung of the ladder to the Moon's surface.
- He said they set to work digging several feet down in search of the remains.
- We were kitted out with helmets and miners' torch and taken 40 metres down to the pit bottom in a cage.
9.2(reduced to)when the liquid is down to half its volume — cuando el líquido se haya reducido a la mitad de su volumen
- we're down to our last tin of tomatoes — nos queda solo una lata de tomates
9.3British (dependent on)it's all down to luck — todo es cuestión de suerte
9.4(to be done by)the rest is down to you — el resto depende de ti
- it's down to the owner to take precautions — es responsabilidad del propietario tomar precauciones
1(in downward direction)we ran down the slope — corrimos cuesta abajo
- to come down the stairs — bajar por la escalera
- it fell down a hole — se cayó por un agujero
- to tip sth down the sink — tirar algo por el fregadero
- you've spilled wine down your shirt — te has manchado la camisa de vino
- she looked down the list — recorrió la lista con la mirada
2(at lower level)halfway down the hill — a mitad de camino ladera abajo
- line 26, halfway down the page — línea 26, hacia la mitad de la página
3(along)we drove on down the coast/the Mississippi — seguimos por la costa/a lo largo del Misisipí
- as I strolled down the street — cuando paseaba por la calle
4(further along)the library is just down the street — la biblioteca está un poco más allá / más adelante
- 15 miles down the road — a 15 millas siguiendo la carretera
- there's a butcher's 100 yards down the road — hay una carnicería unas 100 yardas más adelante
5Britishinformal(to, in)I've got to go down the shops — tengo que ir de compras
- I saw her down the pub yesterday — ayer la vi en el bar
6(through)down the ages/centuries — a través de los tiempos/los siglos
1(going downward)the down escalator — la escalera mecánica de bajada / para bajar
2British(from London)the down train — el tren de Londres
3informal(depressed)deprimidoto feel down — estar con la depre informal
1(dislike)to have a down on sb — tenerle ojeriza a algn
2(in US football)down masculineoportunidad feminine
1(drink down)(drink) beberse rápidamente(drink) tomarse rápidamentehe downed it in one — se lo bebió / se lo tomó de un trago
2(knock down)(person/opponent) tumbar(opponent/person) derribar
3(shoot down)(aircraft) derribar(aircraft) abatir
4(put down)to down tools — declararse en huelga
1(on bird)plumón masculine
- This soft down is not a real feather, but works as a temporary covering.
- I bought a down comforter to put inside the duvet.
2masculine vellofeminine pelusillamasculine bozofeminine pelusilla
- Every single women on the planet has 'down' on her face- in fact, it's what gives some women that 'perfect complexion' look.
3(on plant, fruit)pelusa feminine
- Its leaves, which turn a deep crimson in autumn, are rounded and covered with down.
- Having used the sprawling downs for a variety of purposes including grazing their buffaloes over the years, some of the Toda youth are now in the process of adding a new chapter to their chequered history.
- Owned by descendants of the original lessees who took up the station - sight unseen - in 1877, the famous black soil downs carry more than 60,000 cattle.
- The regions rolling hills of this region which are almost treeless like the downs of southern England, have their own quiet beauty.
- He added the last bit with a glare that went around the whole car, taking note of everyone's expressions as they neared their target, their faces growing grimmer as the flat roads began to move into the rolling hills of the downs.
- Under the Countryside and Rights of Way Act, which came into effect in 2001, the Countryside Agency is charged with drawing up a map giving public access to many mountains, moors, heaths and downs.
- The county of Wiltshire is sometimes referred to as the chalk and cheese county, dairy products from the lush Salisbury Plain and sheep on the downs.
- I experienced a similar feeling one August night when we climbed the downs around Folkestone to lie under a meteor shower.
- Set on the northern edge of the Hampshire downs, Beacon Hill commands fine views northwards with defences utilizing the local topography to good effect.
- The hills and downs area seemed remote and edgy, in a way far from relaxing.
- From the village of Jevington climb steeply over the downs then descend to Alfriston, from where you climb again before turning south at Bostal Hill down to the Cuckmere Estuary.
- The sky is broodingly grey over the humid downs of the Barkly Tableland as a mob of well-fed white Brahman cows and calves quietly shift across the green expanse.
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