In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(bus/train/car) manejar(car/train/bus) conducir Spain(racing car/power boat) pilotar(power boat/racing car) pilotearshe drives a Renault — tiene un Renault
- I drive a taxi/truck — soy taxista/camionero
- I am tired of short people who can't see over the steering wheel driving large cars.
- The government is all to quick to penalise motorists for driving a car which is not in a safe condition.
- They drive expensive cars and SUVs, and there are just as many female drivers as male ones.
- If you have never driven a car with anti-lock brakes, sure to get training on proper use.
- If you are going to drive this car, know your limits, and respect its power.
- The child was in collision with a black Chrysler Voyager estate car driven by a 27-year-old Basildon woman, who was unhurt.
- ‘The car is definitely the most powerful car I've ever driven,’ said Speed, 22.
- Well, if you drive a company car you don't have to worry about insurance, road tax, servicing or repairs and maintenance.
- Philip, from Chadderton, near Oldham, had restored and driven old cars for many years.
- Happily, this is not a problem with the estate, because salesmen don't drive estate cars.
- Fans at the San Marino Grand Prix can finally feel what it's like to drive Michael Schumacher's Ferrari.
- A lot of us enjoy driving and prefer to drive a car that makes a journey a rewarding experience.
- Traffic chaos has frustrated drivers, both those driving private cars as well as public transportation drivers.
- In a sentence, he summed up the pros and cons of driving a soft-top car in Ireland.
1.2(convey in vehicle)llevar en cocheshe drove me home/into town — me llevó en coche a casa/al centro
- When the time came for Caroline's baby to be born, the commanding officer's wife drove her to hospital and stayed throughout her labour.
- And poor Paul, he probably felt like a chauffeur, always driving her wherever she needed to go.
- It seems serious, so his wife decides to drive him to hospital.
- Hank's wife drove him to the office because he suddenly became weak and lightheaded.
- But when he decided to make a brash stab at the sports-car market, economics drove him to Canada.
- When we had finished shopping, Jake left to join the guys at a private sports court and Cynthia drove me to a spa to meet the girls.
- Some may wonder why a sweet girl like Elizabeth would possibly need a bodyguard who drove her around in a limo.
- We made our way back to his car and his chauffeur drove us home.
- My wife drove him back to Girona where the vet was waiting for her call.
- Julia watches as her chauffeur drives Morgan out of the estate and the limousine speeds away into the distance.
- We helped him into the Jeep, and Burke drove him to the battalion aid station.
- The reasons why parents drive their children to school are varied.
- At seven-thirty Brett drove the girls to the mall since Brooke's jeep was in the shop.
- The three of us squeezed in the back of my mom's Honda and she drove us to our high school.
- Later that morning Akbay went to Tastan's house in a Honda and then drove him to a lay-by in Faversham.
- Anyway, when we were sharing a flat in London I carried on driving him to clubs on a Friday night.
- Earlier in the evening I had napped in the back seat as Odysea drove us across New York State.
- After the evening performance the night before, a chauffeur drove her from Bath to a suite at an airport hotel.
- They drove her to a parking lot near to the marina, and she mutely followed them down to the dock.
- At Chelsea there was a chauffeur to drive the directors around because of problems with parking.
2.1(cause to move)the wind drove the dust into our faces/the clouds away — el viento nos echó el polvo en la cara/se llevó / barrió las nubes
- I don't want to drive you away, but I'm expecting visitors — no es que quiera echarte, pero estoy esperando visitas
- the Indians were driven off their land — los indios fueron expulsados de sus tierras
- they drove the enemy back across the river — hicieron retroceder al enemigo al otro lado del río
- the smoke drove them out of the house — el humo los obligó a salir de la casa
- the ship was driven off course — el barco perdió el rumbo
- the shortage is driving prices higher — la escasez está haciendo subir los precios
- So one counts, the other drives the sheep and at the end of the session the farmer says, ‘Well, how many?’
- It was hard work driving the cattle to the fair and standing all day with them.
- As the rain bucketed down, driven horizontally by a southeast gale, he decided the walk would go ahead.
- Flooding was a problem in some coastal areas where the storm's high wind drove waves onto shore and over seawalls.
- Hard rains driven by high winds slashed through the camp.
- The group took turns driving the dogs, breaking trail and navigating.
- He explained that power lines were particularly vulnerable to wet snow driven by high winds clinging to cables and bringing them down.
- It was established late in the 1800s as a watering point for cattle being driven overland to markets in Queensland and to other areas within the Northern Territory.
- For many centuries this was the last watering place for cattle and sheep being driven to York cattle market from as far away as Helmsley.
- The insurance companies in their standard policies exclude damage resulting from water, even if that water is driven by wind.
- Here, the barrier winds down a narrow alleyway used 350 years ago by sisters to drive cows out to pasture.
- The ban also meant that for the first time hunts were using terriers to drive foxes out of holes, he said.
- The wind was driving the rain at acute angles, and the windows were shuddering from the thunder.
- It began on the western frontier, at a time when driving cattle was vital to the survival of an expanding nation.
- In York rain and sleet driven by gale force winds caught many workers on their way home the previous evening.
- In his day he guided for the Texas Rangers and drove cattle north to the railheads.
- In spite of brave rearguard actions the British, French and Belgian troops had been practically driven into the sea by the numerically superior and better equipped German forces.
- The rocks were encased in crusted snow and the wind was driving spindrift across the open slopes.
- Attempts to re-light the boiler failed, and now the vessel was in real trouble; drifting, powerless, pitching and rolling, driven by wind and tide towards a sandbank in the dark.
- I badly wanted to go on to see the monkey-puzzle forests at the foot of the Andes, to drive the cattle to high summer pasture.
- A number of experts have stated that high winds could have been a factor in driving the ship off course.
- Angry, bitter wind drove frozen rain hard into the window, rattling the panes.
- Small clouds of snow were driven into his eyes and began to skitter up his nose.
- The men that drove the cattle were a special breed.
- Rain fell from overcast skies and gale force winds drove large waves on to the beaches of Normandy as dawn broke on Monday June 5, 1944.
- They'd not driven the cattle in the most likely direction, which was south, but due east, straight into the center of Double - 8 range.
- The game was played in dreadful conditions with a strong breeze driving the heavy rain into the Keane's Road goal.
- Even when overlanders Joseph Hawdon and Charles Bonney drove cattle from NSW to Adelaide in 1838, they had more men than saddle horses.
- Large surface currents are mainly driven by winds that blow year round.
- The fires knocked out a number of vital systems, including main propulsion, and she was left wallowing in 25 ft waves driven by gale-force winds.
- The rain has driven most of them indoors but I eventually spot one lurking on the green.
- He now spends his days driving his weakening cattle back and forth across the valley first to find meagre pasture and then to find water.
- Storm surges are unusual elevations in sea level that are driven by anomalous wind stresses and low atmospheric pressures associated with storms.
- It was cold and dry, and their footprints were quickly obliterated by the powdery snow driven along by the gusting wind.
- Desperate for a resolution, the Los Ojos producers drove their sheep without permits onto state lands in 1989.
- By morning, the wind was driving icy pellets against the windows.
- Amundsen also learned how to drive dog teams from Inuit he met.
- When asked what he is doing, he explains that he is driving away elephants.
- Shoddy umbrellas and whipping winds drive most New Yorkers indoors during stormy weather.
- The black cloud driven by the winds spread above the fields as far as the eyes of the anxious farmers could see.
2.2Sport(ball) mandar(ball) lanzar
- Guiel, a left-handed batter, has a compact, efficient swing and can drive the ball with power.
- From the free kick, Dale Marval drove the ball through the defence and past the keeper into the net.
- Players make it to the big leagues because of their ability to drive the ball, not watch it sail past them.
- Frank Lampard drove a free kick just wide before Kezman drilled a low shot straight into the arms of Howard in the United goal.
- About once a game, he drives the ball hard but right into a defender's glove.
- Scouts say he has above-average skills, covers the plate well and can drive the ball the opposite way.
- He is not an ideal second hitter, because he doesn't drive the ball into the gaps and isn't a run producer.
- He drives the ball from the edge of the box, and it raps the bar once more.
- Their early attempts came from Peter Hanson who headed over the bar and Ben Furness who drove his free kick wide.
- If you're driving the ball poorly, you don't need statistics to know it.
- He usually is late on fastballs and is having trouble driving the ball.
- My way of fighting back was to try to drive the ball as hard as I could through the pitcher's box for a base hit.
- Nick Klassen took the free kick, driving the ball into the top corner and tying the game 2-2.
- Poor marking by Ilkley allowed Cook to turn and drive the ball high past Smith for a deserved equalising goal.
- He cut back on to his left foot before driving the ball across for Derek Nicol to head home.
- Wie, who can drive a golf ball 300 + yards, would play from the men's tees at these events.
- He hired a trainer in the off season and lifted weights, giving him the strength to drive the ball better.
- Lately, he has been making solid contact but not driving the ball in the air.
- Two down at the time, Coltart drove his ball into the rough.
- But I putted well, I drove the ball well, I did just about everything well.
- If she could learn to drive her golf ball, she could still be a great player.
- Deco drives a low free kick into the Chelsea box from the left wing, but his delivery is poor and Lampard clears easily.
- Paul Evans drove his free kick around the wall, but Alan Gough in the Glens' goal parried the shot and the home defence scrambled it clear.
- The White Sox pitcher challenged Mantle with a high fastball, and Mickey drove the ball almost out of sight for a three-run homer.
- He also has a knack for driving the ball into right field or right-center, which allows the runner to reach third.
2.3(provide power for, operate)hacer funcionarmover
- New machinery driven by steam power was introduced, and railways and canals were being created.
- Water power will again turn the mill wheel and drive the turbine to provide electricity to light the building.
- All of the machinery was driven by a steam engine in the basement of the machine shop.
- It uses heat from the sun to create steam, which drives giant turbines that generate electricity.
- There are also two vacuum pumps, one driven by each engine.
- The output is regulated by a single pulse width modulating controller which drives the boost switch and buck switch simultaneously.
- Just about every camera in the world these days has a battery, even if it is just to drive the needle on the light meter.
- The wind turbine drives the pump at varying speeds, pumping more in high winds than in low winds.
- The whole of the mechanism was powered by heavy weights which drove the cog wheel.
- These engines use the heat of nuclear fission to drive steam turbines, which in turn charge the batteries.
- The hydraulic power-steering pump is driven by the engine via a rubber belt that over time will wear out and become shiny.
- Steam power drove threshing mills and other barn machinery.
- The heat is not wasted but is used to make steam that drives a turbine that generates electricity.
- The current is channeled to an 82-hp electric motor that drives the car.
- Until the fairgrounds started to use petrol and diesel engines their rides were driven by steam.
- LCD monitors operate at low voltages whereas high voltages are required to drive a CRT monitor.
- On the other hand, the new transistor simultaneously controls the electric power that drives a lamp and serves as the lamp itself.
- That change is equivalent to the piston movement in a car's engine which ultimately drives the wheels round.
- The engine is front mounted and the car is driven through a rear-mounted transaxle.
- The device is driven by Sony's own 123MHz ARM-compatible CPU, the Handheld Engine.
- This energy trapped in the reactor is used as a heat source to drive a steam turbine and create electricity.
- After landing, the rotors and propellers would automatically fold away, and the machine would use the same engine to drive its wheels.
- Boiler water is used primarily to drive steam turbines in electric power generating plants.
- He produced a steam pressure gauge to record pressure in a cylinder and a rotary engine which could drive various forms of machinery.
- The rare 350 horsepower engine was used to drive woollen weaving machinery in Bradley Mill until the 1970s.
3.1(make penetrate)(nail) clavar(stake) hincarhe drove the nail through the plank — atravesó la tabla con el clavo
- to drive sth into sth — clavar/hincar algo en algo
- If you had driven a stake through Baker's heart at that moment, you couldn't have caused a greater wound.
- Long, spiked posts were driven deep into the soft soil by the constant hammering of a solid stone that I had found on the ground.
- Stakes were driven in the ground around the perimeter of the footing and then screwed to the screed board at the footing height.
- Stakes are driven into the ground at the opposite end.
- One person had a bad cold and another had accidentally driven a nail into his foot at work and Saturday was to be therefore spent getting tetanus injections.
- Where the two diagonal strings cross, drive a stake into the ground to mark the position of the center footing.
- Huge iron pegs were driven into the rock before the base blocks were put in place, and the first 14m of the tower was solid.
- We all drove a lot of nails into the wall and have hung up all Christmas stockings on the wall.
- The nail was driven into his political coffin on Friday as a string of high - level officials abandoned him.
- One 4.5-inch iron nail had been driven through a wooden board and then through both his heel bones.
- What you want to do is to be able to drive stakes into the ground here.
- Hidden nailing is where nails are driven into the groove of the plank and covered by the tongue of the next plank and so on.
- Once you've determined the course of the fence, drive a stake in at each corner.
- Put the ladder feet on blocks and then drive a stake into the ground so that it is right behind the ladder feet.
- Hence the decision of the union bureaucracy to drive a stake into the heart of the strike by pulling the pickets at one of the chains.
- Secure the board to the frame using small finish nails driven part way into the inside frame edges.
- Then stakes are driven in by hand and the fabric is attached to the stakes, completing the installation.
- They drove pegs into his land to stake out claims, and prevented him from entering his fields.
- He quickly spun himself around and drove the wooden stake into Riley's chest as Riley tried to fire off a shot.
- To grip the bone, the screws have to be driven in the right direction.
3.2(open up)(shaft/tunnel) perforar(tunnel/shaft) abrirthe cavalry drove a passage through the enemy ranks — la caballería abrió una brecha entre las filas enemigas
- Almost as soon as work began above ground, work also began on driving a tunnel northwards towards the sandstone face of Worsley Delph.
- A challenge facing the designers is that the tunnel will be driven through soft ground.
- Donnellan and Everette drove the Sheridan tunnel 100 feet farther along the vein and found richer ore.
- At the Daly mine they observed work in progress on the tunnel being driven about forty metres below the old workings.
- From available evidence, it is believed that the short tunnel was driven prior to 1916 and that no further work was done.
- A tunnel was driven into the hill to intersect the copper load which had been located and opened at the top of the hill.
- The focus of mining then shifted back to the upper level, and during the 1980s a tunnel was driven northward into the quarry wall.
- Second, if the countermine was driven below the mine, the counterminers could spring the end of their gallery, thereby collapsing the mine above.
4.1(cause to become)volverimprisonment drove him insane — la prisión lo volvió loco / lo llevó a la locura
- he drives me crazy / mad with his incessant chatter — me saca de quicio con su constante cháchara
- this pain is driving me crazy — este dolor me está enloqueciendo
- those blue eyes of yours really drive me wild! — ¡esos ojazos azules me vuelven loco …!
- his attitude drove her to despair — su actitud la desesperaba
- Sometimes, there are tremendous questions that overwhelm me, that drive me mad.
- The Australian dollar opened unchanged today, with little economic news to drive price action overnight.
- Listen ladies, going shoe shopping drives most men crazy.
- It's driving me so mad that I'm forced in the end to appeal to the general public.
- Sperm selection may thus be driven by the costs associated with inbreeding and outbreeding.
- The boredom was driving him nuts, and it was impossible to sleep with the lights on.
- The demographic changes that are driving the U.S. food market also are driving the larger global market.
- It lacks narrative forms, is not reducible to conventional proverbs, and is driven by grievance against God and the world.
- It drove me crazy that we all bent over backwards to be liked by her.
- I was just trying to solve one of those annoying problems that drive CEOs nuts.
- His story of losing his wife drove a reporter to tears.
- It is clearly the bosses, the bankers, the stockbrokers and the generals who are driving the budgetary process.
- It drives me crazy the way a lot of parents are afraid to say no.
- Because winning means overcoming levels of boredom that can drive a man mad.
- ‘My whole life, he used to put his hand on the top of my head and just hold it there, and it drove me crazy,’ she says.
- I drove my parents crazy reciting states and their capitals.
- Reb and I went to the Tracey Emin exhibition at the City Gallery and it drove me crazy because Emin can't spell.
- I have to, before all this guilt I'm carrying around drives me absolutely insane.
- Still, I didn't want to drive him mad with all my worries.
- There was just something about him that drove her wild, and she knew that sometime soon things were going to change.
- I feel like I'm the only one in the world with nothing to do, and it drives me crazy!
- Of course poetry is also, even largely, driven by metaphor and image, in a host of ways.
- For example, I have this chronic problem with losing things, and it drives me crazy.
- These machines drove the market and eventually, a year after they were out, all of them had our BASIC built-in.
- I have found that the engaged tone on a phone drives me crazy.
- I think it drives the kids crazy because I sing very loudly and off key.
- I tell you, I swear, you've been on my mind for years, and you're driving me crazy.
- For well over its first century, American foreign policy was a partnership between government and business, driven by efforts to keep markets open for exports and investments.
4.2(compel to act)to drive sb to + inf — llevar / empujar a algn a + inf
- we were driven to it by fear — fue el miedo lo que nos llevó a hacerlo
- she is driven by ambition — la impulsa / motiva la ambición
- She enrolled in nursing, not because of any influence from her mother, but because even at that tender age there was an inner force driving her.
- However, that ambition drove him to take on challenges others avoided.
- He disturbs us not because - as some have suggested - he no longer seems human, but because we can actually identify with the self-loathing which has driven him to such excesses.
- I told him how stories about immigrants and diverse communities were so important to me, and how that passion drove me as a journalist.
- Maybe I would have less passion, less fire, less anger driving me to make the world a better place.
- They're too smart, competitive and driven to do anything so foolish as get in each other's way.
- True love drives some men to strange behaviour.
- Loyalty toward their team is a force that drives women to push their limits beyond what they once thought themselves capable of.
- Necessity may yet drive them to strike a deal that is so clearly in both their national interests.
- Fortunately, few of us can understand the forces that drove the terrorists to do what they did.
- They lived lives that were hard and obsessive, that pushed them towards their limits; they were as determined and driven as any competitors I had met.
- I don't know the reason for this one and curiosity will drive me to find out shortly.
- He was driven by feelings of resentment and hatred, and felt compelled not only to defeat his enemies, but to humiliate them.
- It was stupid, and fruitless considering the situation, but it was the only thing he could do, and his terror drove him to it.
- The boy told Bradford Crown Court he thought he was going to be killed and was driven to a suicide attempt by the alleged incident.
- He was, said his company, ‘deeply driven and incredibly competitive’, and inspired everyone around him to never take no for an answer.
- In fall, the need to stockpile calories to survive the winter drives deer to seek high-calorie foods full of oils and starches.
- While he recovers, Gary's constant jealousy finally drives his wife Tess to cheat on him in earnest.
- Flippant to a frustrating degree, he give away precious little about the forces that drove him to become one of Ireland's most successful and wealthiest businessmen.
- The family is very strong in this country and a lot of the talented kids are driven by the fact they want to help their family to better things.
4.3(overwork)he drove them mercilessly — los hizo trabajar como esclavos
- they ought to work without being driven — deberían trabajar sin que se les tuviera que estar encima
- she drives herself far too hard — se exige demasiado a sí misma
1(in vehicle)manejarconducir Spaincan you drive? — ¿sabes manejar?
- to drive on the right/left — conducir por la derecha/izquierda
- to drive at 50 km/h — ir a 50 km/h
- he was driving too fast — iba demasiado deprisa
- she drives to work — va a trabajar en coche
- we drove 300 miles/all night — viajamos 300 millas/toda la noche
- did you walk here? — no, I drove — ¿viniste a pie? — no, en coche
- we'll drive back/over tomorrow — volveremos/iremos mañana (en el coche)
- they drove away in a cloud of dust — su coche se alejó en medio de una nube de polvo
- his new car drives well — su nuevo coche es muy fácil de conducir
2(dash)(wind/dust/rain) azotar(dust/wind/rain) barrer
3(penetrate)(point/tool) penetrar(army) penetrar(army) adentrarse
1(in vehicle)to go for a drive — ir a dar un paseo / una vuelta en coche
- his house is ten minutes' drive away — su casa está a diez minutos en coche
- it's a three-hour/300-mile drive — es un viaje de tres horas/300 millas en coche
- it's a long drive from here — está a muchas horas de coche de aquí
- the roads are good, so it's an easy drive — las carreteras son buenas así que se maneja sin problemas
2(leading to house)camino masculineavenida feminine
que lleva hasta una casa
3(in front of house)entrada feminine
4(in street names)calle feminine
(stroke)golpe fuerte masculine
6(energy)empuje masculinedinamismo masculineshe's totally lacking in drive — no tiene nada de empuje / dinamismo
(compulsion)impulso masculineinstinto masculinethe sex drive — el apetito sexual
8(organized effort)campaña femininea sales/export drive — una campaña de ventas/exportación
- a membership drive — una campaña para atraer socios
(attacking move)ofensiva feminineavanzada feminine
10(in US football)ataque masculine
11British(tournament)a bridge/whist drive — un torneo de bridge/whist
12(propulsion system)transmisión femininepropulsión femininebelt drive — transmisión por correa feminine
13Motor vehiclesfront-wheel/rear-wheel drive — tracción delantera/trasera feminine
- right-/left-hand drive — con el volante a la derecha/a la izquierda
14(automatic gear position)marcha femininedrive masculineto shift into drive — poner el coche en marcha / drive
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.