In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(before expected time)her early arrival took us by surprise — su llegada anticipada / antes de tiempo nos tomó por sorpresa
- I was early — llegué temprano
- we were 20 minutes early — llegamos con 20 minutos de adelanto
- the baby was a week early — el niño se adelantó una semana
- the bus was early — el autobús pasó (/ salió etc. ) antes de la hora
- your report is early for once — por una vez entregas el informe antes de tiempo
- I was early getting to work this morning — esta mañana llegué al trabajo antes de la hora
- to be early for sth
- he was early for his appointment — llegó a la cita antes de la hora
- We had decided to get an early start and headed out to Kirkuk and then to Tikrit.
- It's still early, but I may well get an entire chapter out of that little spark of an idea.
- Once I had finished updating a monthly report, I took an early lunch and met her for a coffee.
- Saturday will be centrepiece of the trek, and an early start will take them over a high mountain pass to Spain.
- The concentration of starch in stage two nodosities indicates a relatively early onset of starch accumulation.
- There was an early start each day, admittedly, but I covered nearly 100 miles a day and got a lot done in between.
- Just to really stoke things up, we arrived at Lyneham to find that we'd been booked an early lunch in the canteen.
- Monday was an early lunch of homemade mince pie, chips and veg at Via Veneto.
- The early onset of agricultural innovation there cannot be ascribed to above-average urban demand.
- The IAEA mission has handed the plant management an early report on their work.
- It's an idea that repeatedly surfaces in magazines and newspapers trying to sell an early start to the weekend.
- He's off to Aus for a month on Thursday so we grabbed an early Christmas drink down near his office in Leatherhead.
- I'd pretty well given up on the day, took an early lunch, popped a couple of painkillers and took to my bed.
- After an early lunch we packed some kit into a couple of bags and off we went to catch the ferry to Brownsea Island.
- He was three-quarters of a length up at the line, and could have gained no more than a neck's advantage by his early start.
- Twenty-five pensioners enjoyed a free lunch as an early Christmas present from their local pub.
- Mum was booked on the 12.55 back to Edinburgh, so it had to be an early lunch, come hail or shine.
- Any protracted celebrations were curtailed by the early start to the Derry championship.
- With early planting it is essential that a good seed treatment be used to protect the seed.
- It is expected that the union will shortly call an early general assembly.
2.1(crop/variety) temprano(crop/variety) tempranero Colombia
- However, for early crops in the south of the country, disease outbreak can be much earlier.
- In several cases it is possible to test this by comparing early and late varieties of titanite from the same sample or same locality.
- Two types of monad pollen are present in early orchids, namely that with pollenkitt and that with elastoviscin.
- Many of the early maturing varieties are best when ripened under relatively cool conditions.
- Wild plants such as the early marsh orchids are very selective about where they grow.
- The garden is taking on its autumn hues and late-flowering plants dominate while early bloomers fade.
2.2(before normal time)I had an early breakfast — desayuné pronto Spain
- let's have an early night — acostémonos temprano
- Easter is early this year — (la) Pascua cae temprano este año
- it sent him to an early grave — lo mató antes de tiempo
- an early death — una muerte temprana / prematura
2.3(first, far back in time)she was an early advocate of the free market — fue una pionera en la defensa del mercado libre
- early reports from the area — los primeros informes de la zona
- his earliest memories — sus primeros recuerdos
- the earliest train we can catch — el primer tren que podemos tomar
- at an early stage — en una etapa temprana
- if detected in the early stages — si se detecta en sus comienzos
- at an earlier stage — en una etapa anterior
- it's too early to tell — es demasiado pronto para saber
- For many crop species, such as corn or wheat, varieties involved in the early stages of domestication are lost.
- During the early stages of plant development, internode elongation is suppressed and only leaves expand.
- With the transformation still in its early stages revenues are expected to decline.
- The fact that we know how this horrible story ends makes it difficult for us to analyse the early chapters.
- In roots of wild-type plants of cultivar Finale, all early stages of infection were identified.
- She narrates the early chapters with an innocence and knowingness that is touching, funny and disturbing.
- This early sequence, without a trace of dignity or sensitivity, sets the tone for the entire film.
- The early chapters are a little confusing perhaps, and the ending is a tad predictable.
- These early chapters confirm much of what was suspected but not known about the Tampa crisis.
- Mr Miller told us that one question kept cropping up from an early stage.
- In my eyes, this is an exceptionally well written book, particularly in the early chapters.
- Browsing may cause profuse basal branching and maintain plants at an early stage of growth and development.
- Thackeray, as he penned the early chapters, saw a rather more dignified narrative future for William.
- A penniless writer used to sit here all day, writing the early draft chapters of her now famous novel.
- It reminded me a lot of the early parts of the peyote sequence in Animal Man.
- Mr Oliver said that plans for the plant were in the early stages and more details would be released next month.
- Just how rapid the early stages of recovery can be is shown for Anomodon viticulosus in Fig.3.
- The plot is triggered in the early chapters of the novel when a colleague is murdered.
- The early chapters are strong on narrative and pace but the ending sort of fades.
- The early chapters are not well handled from a technical point of view.
2.4(in morning)we're early risers — somos madrugadores
- you won't find anyone up at this early hour — no vas a encontrar a nadie levantado tan temprano / a estas horas
- in the early hours of the morning — de madrugada
- to get / make an early start — (on a journey) salir temprano
- I went for an early swim — me fui a nadar temprano
- I asked for an early morning call — pedí que me despertaran por la mañana temprano
2.5(toward beginning of period)in the early afternoon — a primeras horas de la tarde
- in early June — a principios / a comienzos de junio
- the early 20th century — los comienzos del siglo XX
- the Early Middle Ages — la Alta Edad Media
- the early Church — la iglesia primitiva
- in early childhood — en la primera infancia
- he spent his early life in India — pasó sus primeros años en la India
- from an early age — desde pequeño
- he was in his early twenties — tenía poco más de veinte años
- an early goal — un gol temprano
- an early Picasso — un Picasso de la primera época
- Early American style — estilo colonial americano
- We expected reasonable weather in early September, but boy, were we disappointed!
- A quick listen to their early songs proves just how clued in this group was from the start.
- For historians of the early modern period the study of death has proven especially fruitful.
- The unitary empire of the early Islamic period had fragmented into numerous regional and local states.
- An employee in his early thirties may well expect to retire at an earlier age than employees in their late fifties.
- A decision on how the court will proceed is expected sometime in early April.
- He had gone to his gentleman's club and was not expected to return until early evening.
- It is fascinating walking country, greener in early summer than you might expect.
- In the early modern period Descartes seems to have taken this position.
- The trials programme emerged as an ingenious political expedient in early 1998.
- Brading's book is a fine study that scholars of the early modern period should read.
- It was early in the morning and the sun was just beginning to show its lovely face from the horizon.
- The early work, expected to start soon, will focus on the nature reserve.
- The Islamic expansion of the early medieval period was not waged for glory, or any of the other factors I listed at the top of this op.
- From early morning, the general atmosphere was calm and relaxed, more in tune with a public festival than a mass protest.
- During the early post-war period, however, there was a marked turn towards a more analytical style.
- It was early morning and he had been parking his van near a site where he was working as a labourer, when he and a co-worker saw the fire.
- We are only now beginning to see how much survived of Roman and Celtic culture in the early medieval period.
- It's never too early in the spring to plant the radish seeds, as long as the soil can be worked.
- We had already done around a dozen surgical cases in the morning and the early afternoon.
- In the early hours of the morning, police saw a driver using fog lights when there was no need for it and checked him.
- The main phase of construction of the visible walls of the fort, however, belongs to the early medieval period.
- Rangers settled quickest and took an early lead from a diving header by Smith from Philips cross.
- It now goes to the Senate, where little opposition is expected, in early March.
- However, Stevenson and his film crew have been warned to expect a few early alarm calls before they finally have the film in the can.
- As we get into the post-Roman / early medieval period we have a series of bows from Denmark and Germany.
- When we look at this Hadith, we have a glimpse of life in the early Islamic period.
- The early goal in that second period helped lift us, gave us something to hold on to, and from then on we played well.
- Contrary to what many books say, neither chess or draughts were commonly played in the early medieval period.
- An early goal after 30 seconds had the team from Portmagee under pressure from the start.
- They have until September 30 to submit final bids, and a winner is expected by early October.
3(in near future)prontowe should appreciate an early reply — agradeceríamos una pronta respuesta
- an earlier date would be preferable — una fecha más cercana sería preferible
- at the earliest possible moment — lo antes / lo más pronto posible
- (in letters) at your earliest convenience — a la mayor brevedad posible
1(before expected time)tempranocome early if you want to get a seat — ven temprano si quieres conseguir asiento
- the baby arrived two weeks early — el niño se adelantó dos semanas
- she was released earlier than expected — la pusieron en libertad antes de lo esperado
2(before usual time)tempranopronto Spainwe had dinner early — cenamos pronto Spain
3(in morning)tempranopronto SpainI get up early every morning — me levanto pronto todas las mañanas Spain
4(toward beginning of period)early in the morning — por la mañana temprano
- early in the afternoon/evening — por la tarde/noche temprano
- early in the week/year — a principios de semana/año
- early one Tuesday evening — un martes a primeras horas de la noche
- early (on) in her career — al principio de su carrera
- earlier that night — antes / más temprano esa misma noche
- book early — haga su reserva cuanto antes
5(long ago)it was known as early as 200 BC — ya se sabía en el año 200 A. C.
6(soon)prontoas early as possible — cuanto antes
- we can't come earlier than Friday — no podemos venir antes del viernes
- they won't be here till nine at the earliest — por temprano que lleguen no estarán aquí antes de las nueve
- when is the earliest you can start? — ¿cuál es la primera fecha en la que podría empezar?
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.