In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(attempt)esfuerzo masculineto make an effort — hacer un esfuerzo
- she made a tremendous effort to give up smoking — hizo un gran esfuerzo / se esforzó mucho para dejar de fumar
- please make an effort to get here before ten — por favor traten de / intenten llegar antes de las diez
- repeated efforts were made to contact him — se intentó repetidamente localizarlo
- she made little/no effort to hide her displeasure — hizo pocos esfuerzos/no hizo ningún esfuerzo por disimular su descontento
- he simply makes no effort — el caso es que no se esfuerza en absoluto
- she couldn't even make the effort to telephone — ni siquiera se molestó en llamar
- Dieters often cut back on protein in an effort to reduce calories and lose weight.
- Smokeless braziers have been introduced in an effort to reduce air pollution in homes and the broader community.
- Mr Fuller added that the school has made sacrifices in expenditure and eight staff have taken promotions with no pay rise in an effort to reduce costs.
- Primary schools launched a safety campaign yesterday in an effort to prevent child deaths on our roads.
- Eggs laid in the dovecote will be removed regularly in an effort to humanely reduce the size of the flock.
- Today's efforts go far beyond the wellness fairs and free cholesterol screenings that first cropped up in the 1990s.
- The first skateboard park at a Scottish school is set to open in an effort to battle teenage inactivity.
- In an effort to reduce the numbers of cars on the road, licence plates are rationed.
- It has sold shares and assets and shed costs in an effort to reduce debt.
- Of course, some efforts only go so far.
- A post-mortem examination was being held yesterday in an effort to determine the exact cause of death.
- The implementation of this workplace smoking ban is crucial in an effort to reduce these unnecessary deaths.
- Clean Calgary and the City of Calgary are teaming up again in an effort to reduce the amount of garbage being generated locally.
- A department store is offering customers a parking fee refund in an effort to spark a campaign to lure shoppers back into York city centre.
- The company said it will also dispose of 12,000 surplus freight cars in an effort to reduce costs.
- A number of changes have been made in an effort to reduce the problems experienced in the past.
- Will the government's effort to marry off more low-income single parents ease poverty?
- The warning has been made by the Royal Life Saving Society in an effort to reduce the number of drowning-deaths.
- North Yorkshire County Council is to lobby the Government in an effort to reduce the use of disposable nappies.
- And when their efforts again prove mostly fruitless, the cycle starts anew.
1.2(exertion, strain)esfuerzo masculinehe passed his exams without any effort — aprobó sus exámenes sin ningún esfuerzo / sin esforzarse
- they've put a lot of effort into it — han trabajado / se han esforzado mucho en ello
- it took (a) considerable effort to keep quiet — tuve que hacer un gran esfuerzo para quedarme callada
- it doesn't take much effort/ much of an effort to say thank you — no cuesta tanto decir gracias
- it requires an enormous effort of will — exige una gran fuerza de voluntad
- it's an effort for me climb the stairs — me cuesta mucho (esfuerzo) subir la escalera
- I'd like you to help me, if it's not too much of an effort — quisiera que me ayudaras, si no es mucho pedir
- it's not worth the effort — no merece / vale la pena
- He put huge physical and mental effort into achieving this goal, chasing his dream from his native Austria to London and on to California.
- Both teams gave absolutely everything in terms of physical effort but neither quite had the cutting edge to break through.
- Using a bicycle or walking is definitely an alternative, but both require physical effort.
- Moreover, modern rifles don't possess bows or strings either, and require little physical effort to load.
- It then took only a slight mental effort to isolate a moment within that time stream and to observe it.
- The other things, like homework, require mental effort that they can see no result from and does not satisfy their needs.
- In the meantime I don't really feel much like blogging - it just requires too much mental effort at the moment.
- It requires a lot of effort, talent and hard work to make programming that sustains both critical and popular acclaim.
- The effort he puts into his swing is not a great amount of physical effort.
- Computers supply answers at the press of a key, with no mental effort needed.
- We could organise a party here of course, but that requires more effort and energy than I currently have.
- With a little more mental effort from wise people like yourselves, it could be improved.
- She's also more easily distracted, so multitasking requires extra mental effort.
- And, in our own small way, we must try and make some kind of physical effort.
- This is not so much due to time constraints as due to the fact that I don't feel like putting intense mental effort into it.
- I'm being sensible, keeping up the liquids and avoiding excessive physical effort but even so it's beginning to get to me.
- Irene and I managed to get to church together, which requires heroic effort on her part.
- The sheer physical effort wasn't bad, but after a while the psychological pressure began to mount.
- He used to suffer from bad headaches and had to avoid all mental effort.
- It takes a great deal of mental effort to keep in mind the fact that whatever is happening is just plain fiction.
2.1(campaign, operation)campaña femininethe war effort — campaña solidaria de la población civil durante una guerra
2.2(achievement)a literary/an artistic effort — una obra / creación literaria/artística
- what do you think of my latest effort? — ¿qué te parece mi última obra / creación?
- for an amateur, that's not a bad effort — para un aficionado, no está nada mal
- They allow tailoring a machine's effort and energy to meet the load's requirements for optimum efficiency.
- The mechanical advantage, which we shall call simply the advantage, is the ratio of the load to the effort.
- The speed reached by such a body depends on the ratio of the effort exerted to the resistance offered.
- The tractive effort of the machine seems weak, especially in this deep snow that we have now.
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