In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
- The pope excommunicated John and put England under a Church law that stated that no christening or marriage would be legal until the time the pope said that they would be.
- Since 1570 when the Pope excommunicated Elizabeth I, Catholics in the country had faced an increase in persecution and were left with little option but to conceal their faith.
- In 1570 the Pope excommunicated Henry's daughter, Queen Elizabeth I, for what was by then called her ‘Protestantism’.
- The church excommunicated people who said that the earth revolved around the sun.
- A king of England could not remove a pope from his position but popes claimed that they could remove a king by excommunicating him - this meant that the king's soul was condemned to Hell and people then had the right to disobey the king.
- What really got my attention, though, is that he was excommunicated not once, but twice, for refusing to submit to Papal March 1638, after a heresy trial, the clergy excommunicated her.
- In September 1871, Bishop Shiel returned from Rome and excommunicated her for alleged insubordination.
- A Puritan New England congregation even excommunicated a man who neglected the sexual aspect of his relationship with his wife!
- Elizabeth was excommunicated by Pope Pius V in 1570.
- The Pope excommunicated king and cabinet, and these repeated ecclesiastical censures muzzled any patriotic stirrings among the clergy.
- The Vatican has excommunicated no world leader since 1962 when Pope John XXIII excommunicated Cuban leader Fidel Castro.
- Eventually he was excommunicated for arguing with the Pope and for emphasising that his fellow Franciscans had made vows of poverty.
- Eighty-one percent of Mexican Catholics opposed excommunicating a woman who has had an abortion (the current Catholic doctrine).
- If Robin Hood had tried pulling a bait and switch scam like that, I think Friar Tuck would have excommunicated him.
- The issue was resolved only in 1188, and in the intervening decade William was excommunicated and his kingdom placed under an interdict, while numerous appeals were made to Rome.
- Even worse for John was the fact that the pope excommunicated him in 1209.
- He supported the king against Thomas Becket, who excommunicated him in 1166 and again in 1169 as ‘a promoter of royal tyranny’.
- She was excommunicated by Pius V, who forbade her Catholic subjects to obey her and acted as a standing invitation to European Catholic powers to depose her.
- He left for France and then Germany, where he was excommunicated by the Lutheran Church, and returned to Italy in the mistaken belief that it would be safe to do so.
- In 1457, after years of broken promises to return the cloth to the canons of Lirey and later to compensate them for its loss, Margaret was excommunicated.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.