In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(country/army) luchar(country/army) combatir(person) pelear(person) luchar(animal) lucharhe fought in the First World War — combatió / luchó en la primera guerra mundial
- to fight against sb — luchar (or combatir etc.) contra algn
- to fight against sth — luchar contra algo
- to fight for sb/sth — luchar por conseguir / lograr algo
- he fights for a living — se gana la vida boxeando
- he had to fight for breath — le costaba muchísimo respirar
- to go down fighting — luchar hasta el final
- A study found that girls as young as 13 are smoking, swearing, fighting, drinking and disrupting lessons in ever higher numbers.
- The police were called by the bus driver after two pupils began fighting as the bus was travelling through town.
- We were always fighting with the other guys.
- The attitude betrays a contempt for the very system people in the party believed in and thought they fought an election for.
- These elections were fought and ultimately decided on local issues, but the national picture is much the same.
- Students were fighting and overturning desks and the teacher was shouting, ‘they're animals.’
- With the news that Australia's leading wicket taker Shane Warne will be fit for the match, the game promises to be an evenly fought contest.
- If the election is fought on domestic issues, the incumbent will probably lose.
- The 1914-18 war was mainly fought on battlefields.
- Many former Nazis fought elections under the banner of the National Democratic Party with limited success.
- For a prime minister who fought the election on improving public services, such increases look like thoughtless and tactless extravagance.
- The rebels fought hard to retake a former stronghold.
- With their customary bravery, most Japanese soldiers fought to the death.
- If your conscience won't allow you to fight for your country you can now apply for permission not to perform military or combatant duties.
- They know that these wars were not fought primarily for their rights.
- Most experts agree that a person attacked by a cougar should fight like hell.
- It will be one of the most tightly fought political contests in North Kerry since the May general election but this time it s not about votes but appetite.
- Never mind the billions of innocent civilians there, or the brave warriors fighting to defend them.
- The pundits tell us that this entire election was fought over a difference of opinion about how to spend 2% of our GDP.
- This is particularly true here, where elections are mostly fought on race, not ideas.
- Usually the insurgents fight to the death, if you will.
- Way back in the last century in rural areas elections were fought and won at the church gates and also in the local towns.
- For 30 years now, guerrillas have been fighting for independence for the people of the islands.
- Her personal bodyguards fought valiantly to keep by her side.
- He came and pushed me against the bar, then he and Joe started fighting again.
- You know the villagers, they'll stay here and fight to the end.
- One or more of them declaring their candidature would really add spice to what is already promising to be a fascinating and very hard fought electoral contest.
- People come and go, epochs change, battles are fought, wars won and lost, but India exists.
- The parties have fought this election by issuing dire warnings, squabbling about details and calling each other names.
- Labour candidates fought the election in Whitworth on that issue.
- He returns to battle and fights, pushing ever closer to the walls of the city.
- A division's ability to fight is based on its ability to sustain and replenish itself.
- This was a keenly fought contest between two evenly matched teams.
- But twelve years ago an election was fought on it.
- The Senator has even disregarded the contributions of those who are fighting for their freedom.
- It is a contest being fought by e-mail, direct mail and telephone, alongside the traditional door knock.
- It was the most keenly fought election in American history and one that went truly global.
- The people of Arnhem yesterday welcomed back the old soldiers who fought so bravely to free them 60 years ago.
- Roy spent five years in German prison camps after he was captured while fighting against the Nazis in Norway.
- The Lords' veto on the budget was overturned, and Asquith fought an election on this very issue, establishing the primacy of the elected Commons over the unelected Lords.
- Needless to say, I struggled and fought like hell the whole damn way.
- A bloody battle fought bravely to the end.
- A close contest was fought with the American Lisa Raymond on Court 18.
- Two team members charged into the stands and fought with fans in the final minute of Friday's game.
- He fought that election against all the odds and was within a half percent of pulling off a spectacular victory.
- He fought in France during World War I and studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago from 1914 to 1923.
- Within five minutes of the sentencing, court spectators jumped the railing, fought with officials and seized the defendant.
2(quarrel)to fight over/about sth — pelearse por algo
- They have been fighting over custody issues for an epic two years.
- Now they are fighting over who should be in charge and who doesn't deserve to be.
- We have been very careful not to shout or fight around the kids but they are still suffering.
- George I and his son shared a deep mutual dislike for each other, were political opposites, and fought constantly.
- Does your child hear you talking about troubles at work or fighting with your spouse about financial matters?
3fighting present participle(units/troops) de combate2,000 fighting men were sent to the front — enviaron 2.000 combatientes / soldados al frente
- He fights his vessel well.
1.1(army/country) luchar contra(country/army) combatir contraif you want it, you'll have to fight me for it — si lo quieres vas a tener que vértelas conmigo
- (in boxing) Frazier fought Ali for the world title — Frazier peleó contra Ali / se enfrentó a Ali por el título mundial
- to fight one's way — abrirse camino / paso a la fuerza
- I had to fight my way into the hall — tuve que abrirme camino / paso a la fuerza para entrar en la sala
1.2(oppose)(disease/fire) combatir(measure/proposal) combatir(measure/proposal) oponerse a(proposal/measure) luchar contraI want to go so don't fight me on this — quiero ir, así que no te me opongas
- we'll fight them all the way — no les vamos a dar cuartel
- They have turned their attention to the UN sanctions, and are fighting attempts to have them lifted.
- Councillor Jones has been in charge for 15 years and is expected to fight any attempt to oust him.
- We will stand shoulder to shoulder with any community to fight the scourge of drugs in our county.
- The organization says that the government have done precious little to fight poverty.
- They fought what they saw as a vicious conspiracy to exploit their father's gift.
- Forty fire trucks and 440 firefighters valiantly fought the blaze for three hours.
- The chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee wants to expand the government's powers to fight terrorism.
- Why do we fight even what we know to be in our own vital interests?
- A number of Chinese herbal medicines have been shown to possess an ability to fight infections and strengthen the body's immunity.
- That often frustrating and occasionally rewarding process taught us the many possible roles for physicists in fighting terrorism.
- The Chamber also commended the police for their swift response, but warned that a greater effort was needed to fight crime.
- Agriculture Minister Joe Walsh said he will fight any attempt to change the current situation.
- His union, the National Union of Journalists, had backed him and promised to fight any attempts to force him out.
- Governments must fight corruption, respect basic human rights, and embrace the rule of law.
2.1(wage, conduct)to fight a duel — batirse en / a duelo
- to fight a battle — librar una batalla
- they fought a long war against the rebels — lucharon contra los rebeldes / combatieron a los rebeldes durante largo tiempo
2.2(contest)(election) presentarse awe intend to fight the case — pensamos llevar el caso a los tribunales (or defendernos etc.)
- to fight a seat — presentarse como candidato para conseguir un escaño
1.1(between persons)pelea feminine(brawl) pelea feminine(brawl) riña feminine(between armies, companies) lucha feminine(between armies, companies) contienda feminineif you want a fight then I'm ready — si quieres pelea / si quieres pelear, aquí estoy
- I'll give him a fight if he wants one — le voy a hacer frente si me provoca
- in a fair fight — en buena lid
- There has been evidence of arguments in pubs, fights inside and outside of the town's main nightclub and drinking sessions continuing on to the early hours of the morning.
- I went to a skatepark and I almost got into a fight because this guy thought he skated way better than me.
- Normally people didn't last this long when they got into a fight with him.
- The argument escalated into a fight which was broken up by the other card players.
- Every combatant there went into the arena in full battle gear for a fight to death or surrender.
- Soldiers continue to bring the fight to our enemy.
- Lauren got into a fight with Mindy and accidentally pushed her off a balcony.
- Coalition forces continue to bring the fight to the enemy and rescue hostages.
- Drunk, he could become stridently argumentative and eager for a fight.
- I got into a fight with a kid, hit him once and then ran into the house and declared I'd won.
- According to historians the fierce fights between hostile clans and war lords were mainly a battle for land.
- At one point she got into a fight with an older woman who was dealing on the corner and refused to move along.
- According to police and prosecutors, the two got into a fight after she told him he should be committed to a mental hospital.
- During soccer matches, fights often break out between rival supporters.
- Somewhere between Colorado and New Mexico he got into a fight with an irate florist.
- The group became involved in a verbal altercation with another group of younger males and a fist fight ensued.
- It says here that you once got into a fight with a construction worker back in college.
- It was the fact that I actually got into a fight over a boy.
- Her right arm is in bandages after she got into a fight at a nightclub with a crazed fan.
- Another time everything was going fine in America until he got into a fight with a Columbian man and once more was deported.
- There were casualties in wars, battles, fights; He knew and understood this.
- He eventually got into a fight with some of the kids because he thought they were not giving him enough money.
- I went to him when I got into a fight and some idiot drove a piece of glass into my ear.
- He knew that if they got into a fight, and Raine was hurt, he would be killed by Mark.
- The two shared their ideas on battles and fights and the results came up with a quite an interesting effect.
- It seems that as a student in elementary school he got into a fight during which he sustained an injury to his throat.
1.2(boxing match)pelea femininecombate masculine
- This took place in between the first and second fights between Frazier and Quarry.
- Occasional boxing fans want to watch high-profile heavyweight fights and he reels them in.
- He had won 18 fights in a row since turning professional after winning Olympic light-heavyweight gold in Rome.
- The only time he was ever shook or stopped were in his fights with Holmes and Tyson.
- This was his last hurrah but even today, he still stays in the boxing games by refereeing fights in Ohio.
- The city of Memphis put on a heavyweight title fight with class and no problems.
- Lewis also criticised the referee who took charge of his fight with Tyson.
- It was testament to his courage and fighting spirit that the champion finished the fight on his feet.
- Finally he is paired with the champion in a heavyweight title fight.
- Although 35 years is not considered old in this division, he knows his battle to secure fights might force him to hang up his gloves.
- This year will also witness the last fights of boxing legend Lennox Lewis.
- He wasn't able to land with much power and his newborn boxing style was a bit dry throughout the fight.
- He signed a deal with Mike Tyson for two fights in the UK.
- His greatness can be judge not just by his skills but by the number of victories in championship fights.
- What is often forgotten is that Gene Tunney easily beat Jack Dempsey in both of their fights.
- If Arthur wins, he will almost certainly get that world title fight.
- If there is a fight WBC featherweight Champion Eric Morales will be on the card.
- They have become champions in big fights and then fell by the wayside afterwards.
- Back then retired champs used to go to and care about the big championship fights.
- He won provincial boxing and Golden Gloves championships and won 102 of 108 fights as a prizefighter.
2.1(struggle)lucha femininethe fight against poverty/for freedom — la lucha contra la pobreza/por la libertad
- the fight to survive — la lucha por la supervivencia / para sobrevivir
- It's the fight for democracy, it's the fight for pluralism and for greater tolerance.
- This is a fight for the heart and soul of the federal judiciary, and, for that matter, the rule of law.
- This week he lost his fight for an early release from jail.
- Yet, in many ways, this fight resembles the struggle against communism in the last century.
- I also know the people of the Vale and surmised they wouldn't be giving up their local boxing club without a fight.
- The fight for the hearts and minds of Canadians will certainly continue.
- He focuses his energies on the fight against corruption - the incubator of evil.
- In today's fight, the ability to apply knowledge is what makes the real difference.
- A mother dying from cancer has lost her fight for life and the chance to see her imprisoned son for the first time in three years.
- Traders have won the first battle in their fight against council plans to introduce charging at a free car park.
- She is portrayed as a single-handed crusader in the fight against drugs.
- But Mr Aldred said he will never give up in his fight for justice.
- The media battle, the political battle and the fight for truth about war have been joined.
- Political leadership is fundamental for the pursuit of a determined and courageous fight against poverty.
- The only way to make them say yes is to collect the people in a movement that is seen as a fight for the basic rights of individuals.
- His speech was a milestone in the fight for the equality of all peoples.
- They see their fight as being a battle to secure a birthright, they are adamant that they will not be denied.
- The Global Fund is the leading foundation funding the fight against HIV and Aids.
- If he is really serious about this fight and wants public support then this is the place to start.
- A single mum whose daughter suffers from a rare genetic disease could take her fight for a disabled parking pass to Europe.
2.2(quarrel)pelea femininepleito masculine Mexico
- It then occurred to her that she was running away just like she used to do whenever she got into a fight with her parents.
- And, you know, like any normal couple, we have our fights and arguments and disagreements.
- I used to hide out there for hours whenever I got into a fight with my parents or my sisters.
- He told her that he probably got into a fight with Lindsey or something and wants to be left alone.
- There were no fights, no arguments, nothing of the sort.
- This was beyond arguments and beyond little fights.
- Well, John had heard about me asking Aimee out, and he thought that she was cheating on him and they got into a fight.
- He and I played all the instruments and we had plenty of fights and arguments.
- I had pilfered a nice, juicy mango and was about to eat it when some guy got into a fight with me about who should own it.
- It has become a very public fight between Sir Ronnie and Mrs O'Loan over who is right and who is wrong.
- I had a lengthy mental fight with myself tonight, over the pull of the sofa versus the necessity of getting out and seeing some adults.
- There was no screaming custody battle, no fights over who owned what.
- We got into a fight at the end of freshman year, and it carried a little into the summer.
- We got into a fight once and she told me that she was originally going to name me Elizabeth.
- A huge verbal fight broke out in front of various press members.
- Whether he, too, was tired of the tedium of fights and arguments between the two of them, or whether his guilt had simply caught up with him, he was trying to end things on good terms.
- In the future, fights and disagreements between husbands and wives will simply result in the immediate end of their marriages.
- The last time we had been at Lava, Beth and I kind of got into a fight with Tina, well more of a verbal fight.
- I love the people I have around me even with all the fights and arguments that we have.
- Everyone crowds around him, forgetting all about their fights and arguments.
3(fighting spirit)espíritu de lucha masculinecombatividad femininehe was still full of fight — aún seguía con ganas de pelear
- there's no fight left in him — no le quedan ánimos para luchar
- By late October, they were being hailed for their spirit and fight.
- The old Kendal was back on Sunday with a bit of fight, confidence and quality in our performance.
- Alex praised us for our spirit and fight and he's got to take a lot of credit for the tactics he used.
- The first three matches took the fight out of Zimbabwe as Pakistan set up targets of 300 plus.
- I would like to see them have that controlled determination, aggression and fight.
- I realised that I had no fight left in me, no strength left to challenge what was being said.
- There doesn't appear to be any fight in this team and there is certainly no shape, no game plan.
- They all start off with a bit of fight in them, you know the old total lack of respect and total disdain for the law.
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