In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(excellent, superior)(worker/example/opportunity/speech/house) magnífico(house/example/worker/opportunity/speech) excelente(china/crystal) fino(wine/ingredients) de primera calidad(ingredients/wine) selectogoods of the finest quality — artículos de la mejor calidad
- the country's finest minds — los cerebros más brillantes del país
- fine words, but will they do it? — todo eso suena muy bien pero ¿lo harán?
- a fine-looking man — un hombre bien parecido
- it's a fine thing you're doing — es algo admirable lo que estás haciendo
- It had a selection of top-notch artisan products and fine wines, in addition to its bigger industries.
- The winning hybrids yielded breads with a fine crumb structure and a high overall number of cells.
- Of exceptionally fine quality, it is pyramid-shaped and inset with beaded gold wiring in the shape of a serpent.
- This is probably the best place in the world to buy fine silk as quality is high and prices are surprisingly reasonable.
- Beneath it lay more men's clothes, including linen tunics of fine weave and workmanship.
- He drinks in her delicate features, the fine curve of her jaw, the long lashes veiling her stark blue eyes.
- Dye is a fine hitter when healthy, but he hasn't made it through any of the past three seasons unscathed.
- The wedding guests at Cana celebrated with wine that had aged, and rejoiced in its fine quality.
- I unscrew the tiny joints that holds the cover onto me with fine tools made for delicate jobs.
- I am more likely to be carrying Ranjith Chandrasiri's wine column guide to selecting fine wines!
- Plentiful olive trees yield oil considered so fine and healthy Cypriots guard the output for themselves.
- It looks like it is made up of an intricate fine lace expertly spun in glass fibers no thicker than human hair.
- Color a few fine pieces for subtle highlights, or create chunkier pieces for a more dramatic look.
- This pottery is distinctive because of its high quality, fine decoration, and beautifully curved shapes.
- Tipping is discouraged and all alcoholic drinks are part of the deal, including a fine selection of wines for lunch and dinner.
- The restaurant serves gourmet meals three times daily and we are promised they can choose from a fine selection of wines.
- She fingered fine muslins and intricate laces, heavy crimson silks and tulle.
- She was a very popular lady who possessed many fine qualities and was held in high esteem by all who had the pleasure of her acquaintance.
- Gunner Palace is a fine piece of filmmaking and a fine piece of journalism, and I highly recommend it.
- Those of a higher class have theirs hand made by a tailor with intricate needlework and fine fabric.
- He was a man of very fine qualities and his great love of horses was no secret.
- A fine quality shirt should have solid yet discreet stitching around the seams and buttons.
- It represents the vampire genre well and delivers a quality story with fine performances.
- In all his life, Peter had never seen any fabric so fine or so intricately woven.
- Moksh have a fine selection of wine and trained staff guide guests to appropriate selection of the right wine for the right food.
- So we make these really fine structures that mechanically have hinges that allow them to move and bend.
1.2ironicwe had a fine time (of it) — lo pasamos de bien … ironic
- a fine friend you are! — ¡menudo / valiente amigo eres tú!
- you've picked a fine time to tell me! — ¡en buen momento me lo dices!
1.3(fair)(weather/day) buenoI hope it stays / keeps fine — espero que siga haciendo buen tiempo
- they say it'll be fine tomorrow — dicen que mañana hará buen tiempo
- However, more is fine if you tolerate the higher carbohydrate amount and feel good consuming it.
- The DVD quality is fine, with enough extra content to add even more impetus for purchase.
- These are, nevertheless, still reasonably fine fabrics and much finer than some of the cloth some of the public expect us to be wearing.
- One of his mentors wanted to reschedule to another day, it was fine so Kenny accepted.
- The weather was fairly fine and we managed to get in a game or two on most days.
- In fact, just pressing my nose against the window and giving him a double thumbs up satisfies me fine.
- I recently bought a T68i phone in the Dubai Airport Duty Free shop and it appeared to work fine.
- Four days out of five it's fine, but on average, one day out of five, I can't get to it.
- If you edit entries by hand, it is fine to use filenames suitable for humans such as the name of the item.
- In this day and age, I think any and all of these are fine reasons to practice aikido.
- If you haven't yet reached a place where you feel worthy of peace, health and happiness, fine.
- Excluding women seems to be unacceptable, but excluding men appears to be fine.
- Mr Clarke said he walks to work when the weather is fine but in the winter he appreciates being able to call on a lift.
- The fine weather added to the enjoyment of the trip and well done to the organisers who ensured that everyone had a great time.
- The river is still coloured but this is expected to clear over the coming week, if the fine weather forecasted arrives.
- I just know that one beer bash was fine, two was tolerable, and the third was just a way to eat up time on Memorial Day.
- Luckily, the weather was fine and some sunshine managed to peek through.
- He goes all right, fine, I endorse him, get the hell out of here.
- Brand quality is fine, but sales are poor and the owner is disillusioned with the plant at Tröllhattan.
- The fine weather has brought some plants into bloom unexpectedly early, including some stunning magnolias.
- It may be fine to say average rates have been lowered with the various rebates.
- However, in all this fine weather, something else has come out - insects.
1.4(elegant)(lady/gentleman/manners) fino(lady/manners/gentleman) refinadoshe gives herself such fine airs — ¡se da unos aires de grandeza!
- Mezzo Janet Campbell doesn't have a large voice, but she is one fine singer and musician.
- The miners had done all that digging to get this new cavern open in a matter of days, and here was Akuma ignoring their fine workmanship.
- One of the men stripped off her filthy clothes, and the men about her grunted in admiration of her fine figure.
- The two lads are extremely fine musicians and go down really well at various pub and cabaret venues around the city and county.
- One of them went to high school with my oldest son, and the other fine young man was a coach to one of my sons in track.
- You enter the property via a fine hallway with an imposing stained glass window and original spindled staircase sweeping to the first floor.
- Martin is a fine musician and a main figure in the organisation of the most adventurous jazz gigs in Melbourne.
- Wherever he was, with his family, in a fine mansion, or in a dingy prison cell, he made the very best of his circumstances.
- He was a fine figure of a man, she thought and some woman must be missing him.
- A fine singer and musician, he also writes very good songs and is a record producer of considerable note.
- Now here is a fine young athlete that already has dipped into a little bit of professional competition.
- A fine noble gentleman, honest and upright, he gained the respect of everybody.
- The Minister complimented the Health Committee on its fine, very thorough work on the bill.
- It is also set among some fine church towers and mill chimneys.
- Hence it helps if the actor is a fine figure of a man, of noble countenance and with a beautiful speaking voice.
- Holy Cross abbey, near the English bridge, has a fine early Norman nave.
- He was a fine musician, playing the lyre, and he used music as a means to help those who were ill.
- A fine figure of a man, he radiates masculine self-assurance, a quality that interested her greatly.
- He was a delight, a fine gentleman who made us all a little richer for his being here.
- A retired bachelor farmer, he was a very fine gentleman who gained the popularity and respect of everybody.
- A fine musician, Eddie had been unable to hit the right notes with his golf until Sunday, when his dedication to the game paid off.
- If the city can't do this, perhaps your newspaper could find a way to honour this fine gentleman.
- She is pretty, and a fine actress, but as a femme-fatale figure, she seems too sweet, and the film's themes are too thin.
2.1informal (in good health)muy bienhow are you? — (I'm) fine, thanks — ¿qué tal estás? — muy bien, gracias
- Her husband, who had been in fine health, came home one day from the office feeling ill.
- I presume he's fine, in good health and that, but it's very unlike him to pop off.
- Similar tests were done in 1997 and at that time the Char stock was fine and healthy.
- Upon awaking four days later Hughes contrarily declared himself to be in fine health.
- There is no update, he says, other than adding that his health is fine.
- She had been fine one day and silent and brooding the next.
- Nathaniel appeared fine for the most part, besides his shaky hands and increasingly white face.
- Frances is on virtually no medication and in fine health.
- The six individuals, who looked fine, healthy and happy in real life were cruelly presented in muted monochromatic colors.
- Sion knew that this was supposed to be good news; everyone in Dawe City was in fine health.
- After a couple of hours the med team announced to the commander that they were all in fine health.
- The babe, clearly in fine health, scrunched its pink face and began to cry heartily.
- Assuring her that she was in fine health, the doctor sent Shelley on her way.
- He appears to be fine though because I didn't find anything that had triggered the headache of his.
2.2informalbienperfectohow was your day? — fine — ¿qué tal el día? — bien
- this size is fine for six — este tamaño es perfecto para seis
- more wine? — no thanks; I'm fine — ¿más vino? — no, gracias, tengo suficiente
- that's fine by me — por mí no hay problema
- he tried to make out everything was fine and dandy — trató de dar la impresión de que todo marchaba a las mil maravillas
- So he has an opinion and he's willing to express it which is fine by me - it's certainly not a freedom of speech issue.
- Frankly, if there are people on the left or the right that are not sure how he's going to rule on a case, that's fine by me.
- Whatever it takes to be at peace with saying goodbye is fine by me.
- Any outcome from here on in is fine by me, and I mean that honestly.
- If you don't get HBO, you're missing a large part of that greatness, which is fine by me.
3.1(thin)(hair/thread/fabric) fino(fabric/hair/thread) delgado
- Acupuncture points lie on meridians and are stimulated by the insertion of thin, fine needles at various points.
- The obvious answer to counter this infiltration was a fine wire which lit a signal lamp when broken.
- Nick's Cajun chicken pasta consisted of a bed of fine ribbons of fresh pasta tossed in a light tomato sauce with pieces of spiced Cajun chicken on top.
3.2(sharp)(point/blade/nib) finosharpen the pencil to a fine point — afila bien el lápiz
- On the outer edges of the sword was shining steel, sharpened to a fine point.
- By the time I finished grade school, my sense of dark, black humor had been honed to a fine point.
3.3(not coarse)(dust/particles/rain) fino
- Enamel is essentially just coloured glass ground up into a fine powder.
- In deserts, and on Mars, fine sand and silt are funnelled down valleys by wind and may even carve new systems of ridges and depressions in solid rock.
- A puff of fine silt draws my attention to a squat lobster darting back into a crack in the rocks.
- This groundbait with its very fine particles was designed to catch the tiny little canal roach.
- There was no damage to the property but a lot of fine silt mud was left.
- The grey paintwork and windows were already covered in a fine layer of silt.
- Conway said there is good evidence that fine particulate matter from Asia is landing in British Columbia.
- At the back is a bank of fine silt that is invariably stirred up by the first few divers who venture inside, so try to be first there if you can!
- I descend through the green globs of the algal bloom, then into bottom visibility clouded by fine silt lifted by the tide.
- Just above the fine silt on the base of the ditch were four partial cattle skulls and a cranial fragment, probably also cattle.
- I later applied a paint for cement floors, but it came off in fine particles.
- The material can range from fine particles to large lumps.
- He could not resist the urge to look up, and when he did, his eyes became full of very fine, golden particles.
- The sample was dried in an oven and ground into fine powder.
- Sometimes they are split open, the pips removed, and the rest ground up into a fine powder to be sprinkled into stews and soups.
- Dust and fine sand particles tend to cling to the surface of the skin, especially in the folds and in between the toes and fingers.
3.4(detailed, accurate)(embroidery/engraving/workmanship) fino(workmanship/embroidery/engraving) delicado(adjustment) preciso
4.1(subtle)(distinction/nuance) sutil(judgment) certero(balance) delicado
- It's a fine distinction to be drawn, clearly - but we know that governments have more information than the general public.
- Maybe the fine distinctions between ethics and morality should be simplified.
- If we couldn't make fine distinctions in the natural world, we'd be done for.
- It's a fine distinction, but I can think of no other way of making it than by testing the evidence in open court.
- The difference between prices and costs is not just a fine distinction made by economists.
- Other hypotheses he puts forward also invoke this very fine, subtle matter.
- When the opportunity came I would be fine, I'd be okay because I like to think that I take care of the fine detail in football.
- There's a fine distinction between a burial ground and a graveyard, the former needing a few years to grow into the other.
4.2(discriminating, refined)only the finest of palates will appreciate … — solo los paladares más refinados / delicados apreciarán …
- she has a fine eye for detail — es muy observadora y detallista
5Mining(gold/silver) purothis gold is 98% fine — este oro tiene una pureza del 98%
- They have one of their fine Gold Dots of the same weight and also a 325 gr.
1bienmuy bienit works fine — funciona bien/muy bien
- things are going fine — las cosas van bien/muy bien
- He was well liked and fine mannered young man who later secured work in the Bacon Factory where he spent some years.
- He had had trouble with TelePrompter in the past, he did just fine last night.
1multa feminineshe was given a fine of $100 / a $100 fine — le pusieron una multa de 100 dólares
- Are we to assume that the money raised from parking fines is being put into an account that the owners, should they ever materialise, can have access to?
- Failure to comply constitutes a criminal offence and the penalty is a fine.
- The question becomes, ‘Are they penalties or fines imposed by a court’?
- The Supreme Court held these fines could, consistent with the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, be imposed only if preceded by a criminal trial.
- There were no sanctions, no fines and no penalties.
- The District Court can impose fines of up to €1,900 for any single offence in this area.
- A speedy team of York council wardens will zip through the streets, slapping £60 penalty fines on cars parked illegally during the racing festival.
- A person found guilty in the District court faces fines of up to 1,900, up to three months in prison, or both.
- Currently, fines of the High Court can be collected only by officers of the High Court.
- Litter louts would get a set period of time - between 14 to 28 days - to pay the fines before running the risk of prosecution and larger fines in court.
- Motorists parking illegally near the scene of a fatal accident face fines and penalty points as police in Accrington get tough on drivers.
- The court can enforce fines, ranging from $25 to $10,000, by garnishing wages and bank accounts.
- A tough new regime across West Yorkshire will clamp down this month on non-payers of court penalties and on-the-spot fines, including speeding tickets.
- The Court should have regard to any other fines or penalties suffered by the defendant for the misconduct in question.
- Students caught without a licence risk a visit to the magistrates court and a fine of up to £1,000.
- Drivers can opt to take part in the scheme instead of paying fines and incurring penalty points on their licences.
- The 54 retailers who have been summonsed to the Rotorua District Court face fines of up to $1000.
- The restraining order is the first step toward possible contempt-of-court findings and heavy fines if the court finds the mechanics staged illegal job actions.
- More than £354m of fines imposed by magistrates courts across England and Wales is outstanding, with more than £16m owed in Yorkshire.
- They could end up facing an employment tribunal, or be hauled before a judge in a county court, with fines running into thousands of pounds.
1multarponerle una multa aaplicarle una multa ashe was fined for speeding — la multaron / le pusieron / le aplicaron una multa por exceso de velocidad
- In this instance a football club was appealing to the Football Association after a commission had fined the directors and severely censured the club for misconduct.
- He was fined $500 and ordered to pay $1, 000 compensation to the complainant.
- Judge Mary Martin convicted the defendant and fined him £100.
- The code also provides for fining drivers and legal persons whose cars do not have this type of insurance.
- He was fined £300 for each offence, and ordered to pay the respondent's costs in the sum of £675.
- I am going to fine you a modest sum for your failure to deal with the matter as you should have dealt with it yesterday.
- For these offences he was variously fined, sent to a Detention Centre, and given a suspended prison term.
- The recent move to fine inconsiderate drivers from illegal parking is late in forthcoming.
- It follows a series of cases at Bradford magistrates' court last month when several people were fined for not having licences.
- He was fined $300 and ordered to pay costs and witness expenses amounting to $190.
- We did prosecute in that particular case and the person was fined $1,000 for attempting that importation.
- The magistrate convicted the applicant and fined him $400 with costs.
- The court can also fine these people and can also ask for a forfeiture order.
- He is fined and sentenced to three years' probation.
- After a unanimous verdict of guilty at the impeachment, he was fined £30,000.
- Four Italian football fans were fined by magistrates after a violent disturbance at Stansted Airport.
- In related news, the Taiwan High Court yesterday fined a man for illegally hiring a Chinese woman to work in his home.
- The Tribunal made identical findings against myself and another Respondent but imposed wildly disparate penalties: I was struck off the roll whilst he was fined.
- He was fined at Elgin Sheriff Court, in Scotland, in May - but he is not the only gamekeeper whose sights are trained on this protected bird.
- The judge explained to him at an early stage that he was being asked to fine him or commit him to prison.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.