In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(complete)(meal/task/building) terminar(meal/building/task) acabarshe finishes high school in two years' time — acabará / terminará el bachillerato dentro de dos años
- we finish school/work at four o'clock today — hoy salimos a las cuatro
- let her finish what she's doing/saying — déjala terminar / acabar lo que está haciendo/de hablar
- to finish -ing — terminar / acabar de + inf
- he hasn't finished painting it yet — todavía no ha terminado / acabado de pintarlo
- After the meat was finished off, both Silhi and I laid on our backs and looked up at the sky.
- The carpenter would respond, and eventually a painter would get to the job site to finish the work.
- Most Airmen know they're important to their mission and they must finish their tasks.
- When she finished this task, she placed the basket securely on the dresser to await the arrival of Johnny's van.
- Reluctantly, she finishes her homework and eats a quiet dinner with her family.
- I came back in and finished my drink and looking back I can't recall that it tasted any different.
- I could have finished the task a couple of weeks ago, but, for some reason, I decided to prolong the agony and leave it hanging.
- At one, there was a load of polystyrene boxes outside with the remains of takeaway meals, dumped by people who couldn't be bothered to finish their food.
- Co-ordination work has started and a task force will finish a feasibility study for the whole project by the end of this year.
- He was sad to read in the newspapers about a retired high school teacher having to hop from table to table in a food outlet to finish the leftovers on the plates.
- Dr. Rothery visibly relaxed and went to finish the task she had started before the interruption, bringing my water over to me.
- He added: ‘I definitely want to be a professional musician once I finish my studies.’
- That sort of interaction gave me fuel to finish my task.
- Mark finished his drink, and spun the glass round and round on the table in front of him.
- You can do the same following our step-by-step painting template, or finish the project as you see fit.
- His proof was so complex that referees spent 6 years checking the results, without completely finishing the task.
- OK, by now you should have finished the colouring task I set earlier.
- We discovered that we all had a horror of wasting food, and would finish a dish rather than throw it in the bin.
- When in a hurry, workers devote mental resources to quickly finishing a task, rather than generating new ideas.
- He waited patiently for Ambrose to finish his drink, then took the canteen from the man's outstretched hand.
- Also, Cleric wants Jim to follow him to Harvard, where he has accepted a job offer, and finish his education there.
- He said that he would quit his post after he finishes his assigned task of reforming party policies, but that he would remain a party member.
- I haven't managed to finish this week's task as it was quite involved so I've decided to carry it over until next week.
- After she had finished the required tasks she got right down to work on getting to know the dogs.
- I did a Masters straight after my BA as I was couldn't decide between finding a job and trying to finish my studies.
- By early evening we will have finished our food, and will have had several drinks.
- After finishing his task, he was invited to work at the Bureau, but he declined.
- He was highly regarded and known as a hard-working, diligent member of the team who could be trusted to finish any task with characteristic good humour.
- The little sister has somehow finished her drink and disposed of the glass.
- He sat with the sick man until late in the evening, and then finished the food himself.
1.2(consume)(drink/loaf/rations) terminar(loaf/drink/rations) acabarwe've finished our stock of coal — se nos ha terminado / acabado el carbón
2.1(create surface texture on)(porcelain/cloth) terminar(wood) pulir
- Only after many hours of finishing the surface, was the leather ready to be used.
- All in all the rifle looked good and was finished in an attractive black satin finish.
- The fuselage appears to be painted in olive green while the flying surface appears to be finished in silver.
- Take the same care in cleaning and preparing a surface to be stained as you would in finishing it.
- Teak takes on a beautifully polished appearance when finished because it contains natural oils.
- Drywall can be difficult for a novice to finish to a smooth surface.
- The homeowner used a sage green stain to finish her garden wall.
2.2(add final touches to)(product/clothes) terminar(product/clothes) acabar
3informal(destroy)(project/career/person) acabar conthe scandal finished him as a politician — el escándalo acabó con su carrera política
- the last few laps finished her — las últimas vueltas acabaron con ella
- He has just about finished things off by destroying trust and honour.
- She didn't resist when Xienna grabbed her by the scruff of the neck and propelled her out of the dormitory at high speed, but part of her screamed at her for not finishing the boy.
- I will finish Naylor if it kills me, or a few innocent bystanders.
- Tarhiel cornered Rhys against the large window wall and prepared to finish Rhys.
1(come to end)(performance/work/course) terminar(performance/work/course) acabarthe reading finished with a poem by Keats — el recital terminó con un poema de Keats
- she finished by summarizing the main points again — concluyó resumiendo de nuevo los puntos principales
2(complete activity)terminaracabarI've finished; may I leave the table? — ya he terminado / acabado ¿me puedo levantar de la mesa?
- if you've quite finished, may I get a word in? — si has acabado ya ¿me dejas meter baza?
3Sportto finish first/second/last — terminar en primer/segundo/último lugar
- to finish well/badly — acabar bien/mal
1(end)fin masculinefinal masculinefrom start to finish — del principio al fin / al final
- to be in at the finish — presenciar el final
- to fight to the finish — luchar hasta el final / el fin
- a fight to the finish — una lucha a muerte
2(of race)llegada feminineit was a very close finish — llegaron a la meta casi a la par
3(ruin)the finish — el fin / el final
5(appearance of quality)acabado masculineterminación femininethe cheaper models lack the finish of the expensive ones — los modelos más económicos no tienen el acabado de los caros
6(surface texture)acabado masculinea matt/gloss finish — un acabado mate/brillante
- with a rough finish — sin pulir
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.