In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1fuego masculineto be on fire — estar en llamas
- to set sth on fire or to set fire to sth — prenderle fuego a algo
- to catch fire — prender fuego
- You are more likely to die from smoke inhalation than fire.
- Build small, hot fires for maximum burning of volatile gases and for fewer air quality and other safety problems.
- It was already very late and the light from the fire was not bright enough to show all the features of Faith's face.
- He said sprinklers were effective on all fires and reduced the amount of damage caused by fire, smoke and water.
- A fire door will prevent smoke and fire from spreading to other parts of the building.
- When the kill had been made, Jimmy would light a small heather fire to make a smoke signal.
- The important thing to remember, Mr Ridgway said, is that keeping a building protected from the perils of fire is an ongoing process.
- During a total Fire Ban, no fire of any kind may be lit in the open.
- They are also warning of the danger of fire associated with cigarette smoking.
- Away in the distance were fires where people were burning coal, and there would be a light from a forest fire.
- As I tried to make my escape downhill, a cloud of smoke from another fire enveloped me.
- The different types of nozzles used to deal with different kinds of fire and smoke were also shown.
- A large fire is usually burning, and many tall diving stories are told.
- The drapes had been closed and the room was dark except for the flickering light of the dying fire.
- Suddenly a bright light, fire in fact, flared in front of her face, and a torch was lit.
- There was no fire, and no trace that any fire had ever been lit there.
- In minutes, a small but bright fire sent a thick stream of black smoke skywards.
- Even at one in the morning, they did not flinch when a roaring explosion of fire and smoke lit the sky behind them.
1.2(outdoors)hoguera femininefogata femininewood/charcoal fire — fuego de leña/carbón masculine
- Under five sawn-off oil barrels fierce wood fires are burning: on top of them are the woks of giants, each as wide as I can stretch my arms.
- Columns of smoke from cooking fires and controlled burns seemed to dangle groundward from the sky.
- Taking another swig of his beer, his eyes came to rest on a stumbling figure walking away from the warmth of the large fire.
- Women are also responsible for collection of fuel for cooking fires.
- Yasuko warmly welcomed her inside and offered her a bowl of soup and the warmth of his fire.
- Of course the fire was lit and tea was made on a regular basis.
- The fire is lit well ahead of time to allow the wood to burn down to non-flaming coals.
- Much cooking is done in huge pots over a wood fire, stirring ingredients with a long stick.
- The only need the people had for wood was for fires, and that was provided more than amply enough by the smaller trees scattered along the edge of the forest.
- It shines on both of us, she thought, turning back to the room and her warmly lit fire.
- One evening the air grew cold, and so the men went about collecting wood to build a fire.
- Conditions were primitive and patients arrived suffering from malaria, crocodile or snake bites, or burns from open cooking fires.
- Shivering, through the cold of his body, he dropped to the warmth of the dying fire.
- A little ahead of the bed he was on, was a small fireplace with a dim lit fire.
- Coal and wood fires smell wonderful but are messy and time-consuming.
- I see myself reclining by a roaring peat fire, glass of whisky in one hand, fat piece of shortbread in the other.
1.3(in hearth)fuego masculinelumbre feminine literarya coal/log fire — un fuego de carbón/leña
- to lay/light the fire — preparar/encender el fuego
2(accident)incendio masculinethere was a fire at the factory — hubo un incendio en la fábrica
- the fire was quickly brought under control — lograron controlar las llamas rápidamente
- as exclamation fire! — ¡fuego!
- this is a fire hazard — (cause of fire) esto podría causar un incendio
- fire prevention — prevención de incendios
- fire protection — protección contra incendios
- fire regulations — normativa contra incendios
- At times the reserve staff will start a ‘cold’ fire that is less destructive than latter fires when the grass becomes dry.
- With the fires still burning deep within the mangled wreckage, it may be months before the area is cleared by health and safety authorities.
- The Siberian northern boreal forests, called Taiga, where the fires were burning are mainly spruce and fir trees.
- One of the biggest and most destructive of those fires is bearing down on another resort town, Lake Arrowhead in San Bernardino County.
- Every summer it seems America is reawakened to the destructive forces of forest fires.
- The Fire Service admitted that it was one of the most destructive fires they had witnessed in a number of years.
- Those of you who have had fires know how destructive they can be.
- Experts believe more destructive fires are in our future.
- They spent three hours there and the whole house was badly damaged by fire and smoke.
- This was achieved after improved park management contained the destructive annual fires and reduced livestock grazing and poaching.
- Orange flames lit the sky as fire destroyed a building on Duke Street during the wee hours of yesterday morning.
- During the riots many small fires, including burning cars, were left to burn for long periods.
- The fire had caused serious smoke and heat damage to the property, he said.
- Many destructive fires start during such times since potential fire hazards can go unnoticed in the relative darkness.
- They sat around the fires of the burning town until the sun rose in the East.
- The area below her was littered with twisted metal and burning fires.
3British(heater)estufa femininecalentador masculine
- Similarly, people may gain heat radiating from hot walls, concrete, or sand in a hot environment, as well as from fires or central heating radiators in the cold.
- Over the past three years, there have been 59 deaths and 4,500 injuries from domestic fires in Greater Manchester.
- Features include gas-fired central heating, gas coal-effect fires in both reception rooms and tiled fireplaces in two of the three bedrooms.
- He has been undertaking a variety of projects including fitting central heating and fires.
- The rules apply to all gas appliances, including central heating boilers, water heaters, fires and cookers.
- Check it out and remind yourself how real music should be played with fire and skill, heart and soul, love and affection.
- His fear bubbled to the surface, quelling the fire of his enthusiasm as he saw how irregular her breathing was.
- Naomh Eoin played a fantastic match, full of fire and passion, so much so they were in front for all but 17 minutes.
- The dancing at Arios is great but what is missing here is fire and passion among the dancers.
- There are moments when he shows a glimpse of his old flair and fire but they are just that, moments.
- Tony's fire and enthusiasm has always been a delight, but desire gets you nowhere by itself.
- It was a great team effort with the lads playing with fire, passion, determination and a tremendous will to win.
- It's weak, saggy and missing even a spark of fire or passion.
- It was played with passion and fire, by a massive orchestra.
- She was tiny too, I guessed barely five feet, and yet she seemed to have fire and passion in her eyes.
- The prophets of the Temple period opposed paganism with all of their ethical fire and passion.
- So, in anticipation of the great event, we might as well get into the spirit and put some fire into our bellies too.
- He does what he does best, puts fire into men's hearts, plants the seeds of war.
- Maybe I would have less passion, less fire, less anger driving me to make the world a better place.
5(of guns)fuego masculinea burst of fire — una ráfaga de disparos
- to exchange fire — tirotearse
- Almost immediately there was a sustained burst of machine-gun fire just up the road from us here.
- The attackers sprayed a truck full of policemen with machine-gun fire.
- He lasted just 24 days at Gallipoli before he was killed by machine-gun fire.
- We expected mortars to be added to the rifle and machinegun fire, but the Germans did not use them.
- Batteries and small groups of infantry were attacked with machine-gun fire.
- However, in the hail of bullets and recoilless rifle fire, over fifty hostages had been killed.
- Automatic weapon fire dissolved the first car in a snowstorm of broken glass.
- The crackle of heavy machine-gun fire echoed across the capital and allied aircraft were heard overhead.
- A burst of machine-gun fire from one of the tanks slammed into a wall a few metres away.
- Suddenly it came under a concentrated barrage of German artillery and machinegun fire.
- A burst of machinegun fire hit the ground in front of them so that they were sprayed by a shower of broken bullets and stones.
- On his second tour of duty in Korea, he was cut down by enemy machine-gun fire.
- Skirting the village, the group crossed a little canal and came under intense mortar fire.
- The tube belched fire and the projectile covered the short distance to the tank in an instant.
- Three hours later a second Chinook sent to rescue him was hit by machine-gun fire and another rocket-propelled grenade.
- Our giggling stopped with a burst followed by an answering burst of machine-gun fire coming from the river about fifty yards away.
- A rocket had hit the trunk and it was caught in a hail of machinegun fire but it kept going until it was out of site.
- The spread of radio sets made tactical separation easier and improved the control of artillery and mortar fire.
- The enemy met descending paratroopers with heavy small arms and machinegun fire.
- Four men were cut down by machine-gun fire in a gangland-style shooting.
1.1(missile/gun/shot) disparar(rocket) lanzarto fire a gun at sb — dispararle a algn
- to fire a shot at sb — dispararle un tiro a algn
- Police fired rubber bullets and tear gas to disperse the crowd.
- The Vulcan works by firing a projectile at high speed into a landmine, ripping it apart without detonating the explosives.
- Six of the crude projectiles were fired, damaging two houses but causing no injuries.
- When this projectile is fired into trash piles, trucks, or boxes, it sticks to the target and sends back data.
- Ammunition stocks disappeared as artillery fired projectiles far in excess of prewar projections.
- More than 125 people were arrested and scores more injured by police, who, in addition to tear gas and rubber bullets, fired live ammunition at the workers.
- If the projectile is fired parallel to the ground, this effect causes the typical downward curved trajectory.
- They fired a rubber bullet which bounced off the wall and I went to get it.
- By 1916 he had devised a method to calculate the position from which the projectile was fired very accurately allowing enemy gun locations to be targeted.
- A British ballistic missile submarine has fired torpedoes at an American destroyer - all for the sake of research.
- Police said rubber bullets were fired, while the union claimed that birdshot had been used.
- Six workers were injured after troops fired plastic bullets and teargas and then baton-charged the crowd.
- Warfare is the next step with the powers of hot gas being harnessed to fire projectiles from cannons or small arms.
- In suppressing the Quebec City protests, Canadian police for the first time used the impact weapon Arwen 37 which fires rubber bullets.
- The moment came, and with the twelfth shot fired off, the bullets ceased and Johner drew back behind the barricade to reload his gun.
- For the highest pressures, brute force is applied in the form of the shock-wave apparatus, in which a projectile is fired at the sample.
- Firing pin marks on cartridge cases and ejector marks on shells also can be used to provide clues to the type or make of the weapon that fired the bullet.
- The soldiers firing the projectiles were his heroes.
1.2(direct)to fire questions at sb — hacerle / lanzarle preguntas a algn
2informal(dismiss)echardespedirshe was fired — la echaron
- you're fired! — ¡queda usted despedido!
- This story apparently came to light when an assistant district attorney was fired for settling the case and not informing his superior.
- As it happens, a few readers have written in to say that firing a couple aides at random might marginally improve the situation as well.
- We don't fire professors in the United States for their views when we are in our right minds.
- There is a reluctance on the part of broadcast executives to fire presenters who stir up public outrage - because it sells.
- The problem is that the paper has fired this trainee journalist presumably due to public pressure and not, one assumes, some facts of his resume.
- He has fired his attorneys, accusing them of conspiring against him.
- He also fired the country's prosecutor general as demanded by the opposition.
- He fired his deputy president for having ties to a businessman who was recently convicted of corruption.
- The constitution gives the powers of hiring or firing magistrates to the Judicial Service Commission, which Gicheru chairs.
- He says that in a few instances, solely on account of their bad report cards, he has fired salespeople who were writing up heaps of orders.
- During his trial, he fired his attorney and insisted on representing himself.
- We should examine why it is virtually impossible to fire a policeman.
- In May 2003, he fired his deputy and two other lawmakers and appointed Mumba to the deputy position.
- From the start of this year, the president has had the right to effectively hire and fire governors.
- A disciplinary hearing was held and the messenger was fired.
- A couple of years ago, a Bell Labs professor was fired over fake data.
- It's no wonder the Romans can fire our imaginations, but what values did they hold, to help them to such success?
- Because Watt's engine was fired by coal and not water, spinning factories could be located virtually anywhere.
- It is a vision that engages and fires his imagination.
- Writing and producing in a cross-cultural environment has fired his imagination and he has exploited the situation to the hilt.
- They don't fire the imagination or arouse the passions like the aristocratic love of honor.
- Allende's vow to carry out a peaceful Socialist revolution fired the imagination of millions.
- He had been busy accumulating knowledge, and stories told to him by his grandfather and other old-timers had fired his imagination.
- Meera's blind love for Krishna has fired the imagination of many poets.
- As a teenager, to help his parents, he'd work double shifts firing engines in rail yards.
- Anything is relevant to the pupil that fires the imagination or extends the mind.
- Granada is also resonant with romance, having fired the imagination of Romantic poets and painters two centuries ago.
- However, his imagination was fired by classic Westerns he had seen as a child.
- We were constructing wooden housing and using charcoal to fire blast furnaces.
- In the Dominican Republic, it fired the imagination of a vibrant people.
3.2(stimulate)(enthusiasm/imagination) avivar(passion) enardecer(passion) inflamarto fire sb with enthusiasm — llenar de entusiasmo a algn
3.3literary (set fire to)prenderle fuego a
- Pottery in Texas was fired in a groundhog kiln, so named because part of the kiln is buried in the earth.
- The large size of the animals required both internal and external supports to prevent them from collapsing in the kiln during firing.
- The inked tissue was then laid on the once-fired pottery item, and the pottery was glazed and fired again.
- When fired in a kiln at 1,250 degrees, the oxides and glass pieces melt to form a beautiful layer.
- The fire that was built over the pots excluded most of the oxygen which fired the pottery black or charcoal-grey.
- Molding something out of clay, decorating it and glazing it, then firing it in the kiln is a fantastic experience for young artists.
- People using acrylic paints can take away the finished article, but those who prefer water-based paints must wait a few days while they are glazed and fired in a kiln.
- Brick can also be fired to contain numerous color variations within a range of tones appearing in a single brick.
- All methods require that the mould be fired in the kiln; the mould can then be used again for numerous replicas.
- The technique of making majolica begins with firing a piece of earthenware.
- The factory uses combined electricity and coal-fired kilns for firing the bricks.
- The temperature needed for firing pottery is between 700-1,000 centigrade.
- After making the pottery shelters, the children watched as their efforts were fired in a kiln.
- He can do chores for you, such as firing your pottery.
- Now here's a chance to try your hand at making, glazing and firing your own Raku pieces.
- These are then fired in kilns and collected or posted out the following day.
- Clay can also be decorated with paint once it is dry or has been fired in a kiln.
- The houses and kivas of this period were heated with coal, which was also used for firing pottery.
- The first porcelain was fired at this manufactory in July 1766.
- Its lava streams and agricultural fields are made from tiles fired at the museum and from bricks fired by local brickyards.
1(shoot)dispararhacer fuegoto fire at sb/sth — dispararle a algn/algo
- to fire on sb — disparar sobre algn
- the police fired on the demonstrators — la policía disparó sobre los manifestantes
- ready, aim / (British) take aim, fire! — apunten ¡fuego!
- You'll notice in my data that I never reached the factory-specified velocities, firing either carbines or rifles.
- The gang fired the gun at the glass security screen of the Post Office in Halifax Road, Cullingworth, at 10 am on Monday but fled empty handed.
- They began beating them with clubs, and then fired water cannons at them.
- They ran through a block of single story residences, throwing grenades and firing their weapons.
- Someone fired an air rifle at the rear of the school site and three pupils were slightly injured.
- Others have suggested that he held on to the pistol while firing the shotgun one-handed.
- Airmen, needless to say, showed themselves eager, hurling grenades and firing their weapons at targets on the ground from the earliest days of the war.
- A teacher who was jailed for firing an air pistol while confronting a gang of youths outside her home was freed on appeal yesterday.
- A woman on disability benefits narrowly missed being hurt by a youth firing an air rifle - twice in 24 hours.
- When they fired back, he and his crew fired both guns directly into them.
- He studied the simple pistol grip that fired the main gun.
- Even the fun of watching the frigate fire her guns did not help my airsickness.
- But there were clashes as demonstrators tried to break through and police drove them back, firing water cannons and tear gas.
- Only a few weeks ago, there was a small gang of very young children firing an air rifle in the children's area of the park.
- Vandals have fired an air rifle at the windows of a pre-school.
- Suddenly he heard the distinct noise of a Gatling gun being fired.
- It was hard to see the extent of the damage because the windscreen was dirty after firing the gun.
- Back in March youngsters fired an air gun rifle at a female youth worker and hit her in the leg.
- They spoke of incidents of violence, which included a disabled woman twice narrowly escaping injury from a youth firing an air rifle and a pensioner's pet dog being shot dead.
- He fired a machine gun and a few small missiles at it.
- As they passed outside the larger ship's dock, there was a much larger engine firing.
- Once the trailing satellite has nearly caught up, it fires its engines away from the leading satellite to achieve the same orbit again.
- Getting behind the car, he pushed with gusto until the engine fired.
- As the Spitfire flypast disappeared into the horizon, engines fired into life and the TGP aces flew out of the pit lane to form up the grid.
- Geordie who was talking to Cameron Shelton brought his conversation to a halt reluctantly, with several false stops like a car that kept on firing after the ignition had been switched on.
- The only practical way to do this is to add some sort of large rocket engine that fires right before impact.
- Mars Express orbiter's main engine is firing for Mars Orbit Insertion.
- Lind was able to get to the damned engines before they fired.
- Its ion-propulsion engine will fire continuously for the next four days to help it stabilise.
- Tension ran high among the engineers when the Vinci engine fired, and the hydrogen and oxygen valves opened in sequence for the first time.
- The engine only fired for a few seconds before shutting off again, and the missile fell.
- Over the next few months, the ion engine fires to raise the highest point of its orbit to match the orbit of the Moon.
- Fortunately, the engine fired, the tires went round and round, and the pan didn't leak.
- Tension in Mission Control were high, as the engine had to fire while the craft was on the far side of the Moon, and out of radio contact.
- I could see now the Cyclops taking off, it's engines and jets fired into life and slowly lifted off the ground.
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