In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1fuego masculineto be on fire — estar en llamas
- to set sth on fire or to set fire to sth — prenderle fuego a algo
- to catch fire — prender fuego
- Build small, hot fires for maximum burning of volatile gases and for fewer air quality and other safety problems.
- A fire door will prevent smoke and fire from spreading to other parts of the building.
- They are also warning of the danger of fire associated with cigarette smoking.
- You are more likely to die from smoke inhalation than fire.
- In minutes, a small but bright fire sent a thick stream of black smoke skywards.
- A large fire is usually burning, and many tall diving stories are told.
- When the kill had been made, Jimmy would light a small heather fire to make a smoke signal.
- He said sprinklers were effective on all fires and reduced the amount of damage caused by fire, smoke and water.
- During a total Fire Ban, no fire of any kind may be lit in the open.
- Away in the distance were fires where people were burning coal, and there would be a light from a forest fire.
- Even at one in the morning, they did not flinch when a roaring explosion of fire and smoke lit the sky behind them.
- The drapes had been closed and the room was dark except for the flickering light of the dying fire.
- The important thing to remember, Mr Ridgway said, is that keeping a building protected from the perils of fire is an ongoing process.
- There was no fire, and no trace that any fire had ever been lit there.
- Suddenly a bright light, fire in fact, flared in front of her face, and a torch was lit.
- The different types of nozzles used to deal with different kinds of fire and smoke were also shown.
- It was already very late and the light from the fire was not bright enough to show all the features of Faith's face.
- As I tried to make my escape downhill, a cloud of smoke from another fire enveloped me.
1.2(outdoors)hoguera femininefogata femininewood/charcoal fire — fuego de leña/carbón masculine
- Women are also responsible for collection of fuel for cooking fires.
- Under five sawn-off oil barrels fierce wood fires are burning: on top of them are the woks of giants, each as wide as I can stretch my arms.
- One evening the air grew cold, and so the men went about collecting wood to build a fire.
- Coal and wood fires smell wonderful but are messy and time-consuming.
- It shines on both of us, she thought, turning back to the room and her warmly lit fire.
- Conditions were primitive and patients arrived suffering from malaria, crocodile or snake bites, or burns from open cooking fires.
- Much cooking is done in huge pots over a wood fire, stirring ingredients with a long stick.
- The fire is lit well ahead of time to allow the wood to burn down to non-flaming coals.
- Taking another swig of his beer, his eyes came to rest on a stumbling figure walking away from the warmth of the large fire.
- A little ahead of the bed he was on, was a small fireplace with a dim lit fire.
- Yasuko warmly welcomed her inside and offered her a bowl of soup and the warmth of his fire.
- Columns of smoke from cooking fires and controlled burns seemed to dangle groundward from the sky.
- Shivering, through the cold of his body, he dropped to the warmth of the dying fire.
- The only need the people had for wood was for fires, and that was provided more than amply enough by the smaller trees scattered along the edge of the forest.
- Of course the fire was lit and tea was made on a regular basis.
- I see myself reclining by a roaring peat fire, glass of whisky in one hand, fat piece of shortbread in the other.
1.3(in hearth)fuego masculinelumbre feminine literarya coal/log fire — un fuego de carbón/leña
- to lay/light the fire — preparar/encender el fuego
2(accident)incendio masculinethere was a fire at the factory — hubo un incendio en la fábrica
- the fire was quickly brought under control — lograron controlar las llamas rápidamente
- as exclamation fire! — ¡fuego!
- this is a fire hazard — (danger in a fire) esto sería un peligro en caso de un incendio
- fire prevention — prevención de incendios
- fire protection — protección contra incendios
- fire regulations — normativa contra incendios
- This was achieved after improved park management contained the destructive annual fires and reduced livestock grazing and poaching.
- Experts believe more destructive fires are in our future.
- Orange flames lit the sky as fire destroyed a building on Duke Street during the wee hours of yesterday morning.
- The Fire Service admitted that it was one of the most destructive fires they had witnessed in a number of years.
- The fire had caused serious smoke and heat damage to the property, he said.
- With the fires still burning deep within the mangled wreckage, it may be months before the area is cleared by health and safety authorities.
- Every summer it seems America is reawakened to the destructive forces of forest fires.
- The area below her was littered with twisted metal and burning fires.
- They spent three hours there and the whole house was badly damaged by fire and smoke.
- At times the reserve staff will start a ‘cold’ fire that is less destructive than latter fires when the grass becomes dry.
- The Siberian northern boreal forests, called Taiga, where the fires were burning are mainly spruce and fir trees.
- During the riots many small fires, including burning cars, were left to burn for long periods.
- Many destructive fires start during such times since potential fire hazards can go unnoticed in the relative darkness.
- One of the biggest and most destructive of those fires is bearing down on another resort town, Lake Arrowhead in San Bernardino County.
- They sat around the fires of the burning town until the sun rose in the East.
- Those of you who have had fires know how destructive they can be.
3British(heater)estufa femininecalentador masculine
- The rules apply to all gas appliances, including central heating boilers, water heaters, fires and cookers.
- He has been undertaking a variety of projects including fitting central heating and fires.
- Over the past three years, there have been 59 deaths and 4,500 injuries from domestic fires in Greater Manchester.
- Similarly, people may gain heat radiating from hot walls, concrete, or sand in a hot environment, as well as from fires or central heating radiators in the cold.
- Features include gas-fired central heating, gas coal-effect fires in both reception rooms and tiled fireplaces in two of the three bedrooms.
- His fear bubbled to the surface, quelling the fire of his enthusiasm as he saw how irregular her breathing was.
- Tony's fire and enthusiasm has always been a delight, but desire gets you nowhere by itself.
- It was played with passion and fire, by a massive orchestra.
- There are moments when he shows a glimpse of his old flair and fire but they are just that, moments.
- The prophets of the Temple period opposed paganism with all of their ethical fire and passion.
- So, in anticipation of the great event, we might as well get into the spirit and put some fire into our bellies too.
- The dancing at Arios is great but what is missing here is fire and passion among the dancers.
- Check it out and remind yourself how real music should be played with fire and skill, heart and soul, love and affection.
- It was a great team effort with the lads playing with fire, passion, determination and a tremendous will to win.
- It's weak, saggy and missing even a spark of fire or passion.
- He does what he does best, puts fire into men's hearts, plants the seeds of war.
- Maybe I would have less passion, less fire, less anger driving me to make the world a better place.
- Naomh Eoin played a fantastic match, full of fire and passion, so much so they were in front for all but 17 minutes.
- She was tiny too, I guessed barely five feet, and yet she seemed to have fire and passion in her eyes.
5(of guns)fuego masculinea burst of fire — una ráfaga de disparos
- to exchange fire — tirotearse
- The attackers sprayed a truck full of policemen with machine-gun fire.
- He lasted just 24 days at Gallipoli before he was killed by machine-gun fire.
- The enemy met descending paratroopers with heavy small arms and machinegun fire.
- Batteries and small groups of infantry were attacked with machine-gun fire.
- The crackle of heavy machine-gun fire echoed across the capital and allied aircraft were heard overhead.
- However, in the hail of bullets and recoilless rifle fire, over fifty hostages had been killed.
- Four men were cut down by machine-gun fire in a gangland-style shooting.
- A rocket had hit the trunk and it was caught in a hail of machinegun fire but it kept going until it was out of site.
- On his second tour of duty in Korea, he was cut down by enemy machine-gun fire.
- Almost immediately there was a sustained burst of machine-gun fire just up the road from us here.
- We expected mortars to be added to the rifle and machinegun fire, but the Germans did not use them.
- Suddenly it came under a concentrated barrage of German artillery and machinegun fire.
- The spread of radio sets made tactical separation easier and improved the control of artillery and mortar fire.
- A burst of machine-gun fire from one of the tanks slammed into a wall a few metres away.
- Three hours later a second Chinook sent to rescue him was hit by machine-gun fire and another rocket-propelled grenade.
- Skirting the village, the group crossed a little canal and came under intense mortar fire.
- The tube belched fire and the projectile covered the short distance to the tank in an instant.
- A burst of machinegun fire hit the ground in front of them so that they were sprayed by a shower of broken bullets and stones.
- Our giggling stopped with a burst followed by an answering burst of machine-gun fire coming from the river about fifty yards away.
- Automatic weapon fire dissolved the first car in a snowstorm of broken glass.
1.1(shot/gun/missile) disparar(rocket) lanzarto fire a gun at sb — dispararle a algn
- to fire a shot at sb — dispararle un tiro a algn
- Police fired rubber bullets and tear gas to disperse the crowd.
- The soldiers firing the projectiles were his heroes.
- More than 125 people were arrested and scores more injured by police, who, in addition to tear gas and rubber bullets, fired live ammunition at the workers.
- They fired a rubber bullet which bounced off the wall and I went to get it.
- Warfare is the next step with the powers of hot gas being harnessed to fire projectiles from cannons or small arms.
- Six of the crude projectiles were fired, damaging two houses but causing no injuries.
- When this projectile is fired into trash piles, trucks, or boxes, it sticks to the target and sends back data.
- If the projectile is fired parallel to the ground, this effect causes the typical downward curved trajectory.
- The Vulcan works by firing a projectile at high speed into a landmine, ripping it apart without detonating the explosives.
- Six workers were injured after troops fired plastic bullets and teargas and then baton-charged the crowd.
- In suppressing the Quebec City protests, Canadian police for the first time used the impact weapon Arwen 37 which fires rubber bullets.
- Police said rubber bullets were fired, while the union claimed that birdshot had been used.
- By 1916 he had devised a method to calculate the position from which the projectile was fired very accurately allowing enemy gun locations to be targeted.
- For the highest pressures, brute force is applied in the form of the shock-wave apparatus, in which a projectile is fired at the sample.
- The moment came, and with the twelfth shot fired off, the bullets ceased and Johner drew back behind the barricade to reload his gun.
- Firing pin marks on cartridge cases and ejector marks on shells also can be used to provide clues to the type or make of the weapon that fired the bullet.
- Ammunition stocks disappeared as artillery fired projectiles far in excess of prewar projections.
- A British ballistic missile submarine has fired torpedoes at an American destroyer - all for the sake of research.
1.2(direct)to fire questions at sb — hacerle / lanzarle preguntas a algn
2informal(dismiss)echardespedirshe was fired — la echaron
- you're fired! — ¡queda usted despedido!
- We don't fire professors in the United States for their views when we are in our right minds.
- This story apparently came to light when an assistant district attorney was fired for settling the case and not informing his superior.
- The problem is that the paper has fired this trainee journalist presumably due to public pressure and not, one assumes, some facts of his resume.
- He has fired his attorneys, accusing them of conspiring against him.
- As it happens, a few readers have written in to say that firing a couple aides at random might marginally improve the situation as well.
- We should examine why it is virtually impossible to fire a policeman.
- He says that in a few instances, solely on account of their bad report cards, he has fired salespeople who were writing up heaps of orders.
- He fired his deputy president for having ties to a businessman who was recently convicted of corruption.
- A couple of years ago, a Bell Labs professor was fired over fake data.
- From the start of this year, the president has had the right to effectively hire and fire governors.
- A disciplinary hearing was held and the messenger was fired.
- During his trial, he fired his attorney and insisted on representing himself.
- The constitution gives the powers of hiring or firing magistrates to the Judicial Service Commission, which Gicheru chairs.
- There is a reluctance on the part of broadcast executives to fire presenters who stir up public outrage - because it sells.
- In May 2003, he fired his deputy and two other lawmakers and appointed Mumba to the deputy position.
- He also fired the country's prosecutor general as demanded by the opposition.
- As a teenager, to help his parents, he'd work double shifts firing engines in rail yards.
- Because Watt's engine was fired by coal and not water, spinning factories could be located virtually anywhere.
- It is a vision that engages and fires his imagination.
- It's no wonder the Romans can fire our imaginations, but what values did they hold, to help them to such success?
- He had been busy accumulating knowledge, and stories told to him by his grandfather and other old-timers had fired his imagination.
- They don't fire the imagination or arouse the passions like the aristocratic love of honor.
- Anything is relevant to the pupil that fires the imagination or extends the mind.
- Writing and producing in a cross-cultural environment has fired his imagination and he has exploited the situation to the hilt.
- Meera's blind love for Krishna has fired the imagination of many poets.
- In the Dominican Republic, it fired the imagination of a vibrant people.
- However, his imagination was fired by classic Westerns he had seen as a child.
- We were constructing wooden housing and using charcoal to fire blast furnaces.
- Allende's vow to carry out a peaceful Socialist revolution fired the imagination of millions.
- Granada is also resonant with romance, having fired the imagination of Romantic poets and painters two centuries ago.
3.2(stimulate)(imagination/enthusiasm) avivar(passion) enardecer(passion) inflamarto fire sb with enthusiasm — llenar de entusiasmo a algn
3.3literary (set fire to)prenderle fuego a
- The first porcelain was fired at this manufactory in July 1766.
- The fire that was built over the pots excluded most of the oxygen which fired the pottery black or charcoal-grey.
- He can do chores for you, such as firing your pottery.
- All methods require that the mould be fired in the kiln; the mould can then be used again for numerous replicas.
- The factory uses combined electricity and coal-fired kilns for firing the bricks.
- Pottery in Texas was fired in a groundhog kiln, so named because part of the kiln is buried in the earth.
- These are then fired in kilns and collected or posted out the following day.
- The temperature needed for firing pottery is between 700-1,000 centigrade.
- Brick can also be fired to contain numerous color variations within a range of tones appearing in a single brick.
- After making the pottery shelters, the children watched as their efforts were fired in a kiln.
- Clay can also be decorated with paint once it is dry or has been fired in a kiln.
- Its lava streams and agricultural fields are made from tiles fired at the museum and from bricks fired by local brickyards.
- The houses and kivas of this period were heated with coal, which was also used for firing pottery.
- Now here's a chance to try your hand at making, glazing and firing your own Raku pieces.
- Molding something out of clay, decorating it and glazing it, then firing it in the kiln is a fantastic experience for young artists.
- People using acrylic paints can take away the finished article, but those who prefer water-based paints must wait a few days while they are glazed and fired in a kiln.
- The large size of the animals required both internal and external supports to prevent them from collapsing in the kiln during firing.
- The inked tissue was then laid on the once-fired pottery item, and the pottery was glazed and fired again.
- The technique of making majolica begins with firing a piece of earthenware.
- When fired in a kiln at 1,250 degrees, the oxides and glass pieces melt to form a beautiful layer.
1(shoot)dispararhacer fuegoto fire at sb/sth — disparar contra algn/algo
- to fire on sb — disparar sobre algn
- the police fired on the demonstrators — la policía disparó sobre los manifestantes
- ready, aim / (British) take aim, fire! — apunten ¡fuego!
- Airmen, needless to say, showed themselves eager, hurling grenades and firing their weapons at targets on the ground from the earliest days of the war.
- Others have suggested that he held on to the pistol while firing the shotgun one-handed.
- A teacher who was jailed for firing an air pistol while confronting a gang of youths outside her home was freed on appeal yesterday.
- They ran through a block of single story residences, throwing grenades and firing their weapons.
- They spoke of incidents of violence, which included a disabled woman twice narrowly escaping injury from a youth firing an air rifle and a pensioner's pet dog being shot dead.
- Only a few weeks ago, there was a small gang of very young children firing an air rifle in the children's area of the park.
- He studied the simple pistol grip that fired the main gun.
- Even the fun of watching the frigate fire her guns did not help my airsickness.
- It was hard to see the extent of the damage because the windscreen was dirty after firing the gun.
- A woman on disability benefits narrowly missed being hurt by a youth firing an air rifle - twice in 24 hours.
- Suddenly he heard the distinct noise of a Gatling gun being fired.
- They began beating them with clubs, and then fired water cannons at them.
- He fired a machine gun and a few small missiles at it.
- Back in March youngsters fired an air gun rifle at a female youth worker and hit her in the leg.
- But there were clashes as demonstrators tried to break through and police drove them back, firing water cannons and tear gas.
- The gang fired the gun at the glass security screen of the Post Office in Halifax Road, Cullingworth, at 10 am on Monday but fled empty handed.
- Someone fired an air rifle at the rear of the school site and three pupils were slightly injured.
- You'll notice in my data that I never reached the factory-specified velocities, firing either carbines or rifles.
- Vandals have fired an air rifle at the windows of a pre-school.
- When they fired back, he and his crew fired both guns directly into them.
- Over the next few months, the ion engine fires to raise the highest point of its orbit to match the orbit of the Moon.
- Mars Express orbiter's main engine is firing for Mars Orbit Insertion.
- I could see now the Cyclops taking off, it's engines and jets fired into life and slowly lifted off the ground.
- Fortunately, the engine fired, the tires went round and round, and the pan didn't leak.
- Getting behind the car, he pushed with gusto until the engine fired.
- The engine only fired for a few seconds before shutting off again, and the missile fell.
- Tension in Mission Control were high, as the engine had to fire while the craft was on the far side of the Moon, and out of radio contact.
- Once the trailing satellite has nearly caught up, it fires its engines away from the leading satellite to achieve the same orbit again.
- As they passed outside the larger ship's dock, there was a much larger engine firing.
- Lind was able to get to the damned engines before they fired.
- As the Spitfire flypast disappeared into the horizon, engines fired into life and the TGP aces flew out of the pit lane to form up the grid.
- The only practical way to do this is to add some sort of large rocket engine that fires right before impact.
- Tension ran high among the engineers when the Vinci engine fired, and the hydrogen and oxygen valves opened in sequence for the first time.
- Geordie who was talking to Cameron Shelton brought his conversation to a halt reluctantly, with several false stops like a car that kept on firing after the ignition had been switched on.
- Its ion-propulsion engine will fire continuously for the next four days to help it stabilise.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.