In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(establish)(time/date/price) fijar(details) concretarher arrival has been fixed at 3 pm — su llegada está fijada para las 3 de la tarde
- Suppose, for example, that a scholar tried, as many did, to fix the exact date of Noah's Flood.
- The application was fixed for a hearing on 11 June 1998.
- It is therefore impossible to fix exact proportions, or to establish a list of ingredients which will be appropriate to everyone.
- The Taiwanese owners would start scrapping a total of 53 tuna fishing boats from next year if a compensation figure can be fixed, the agency said.
- For school children it is fixed for October 11 and for the non-governmental organisations it will be October 26.
- The game was fixed for one week after all of the other first round games were played and for the evening before the start of the college examinations on Monday last.
- When the court resumes a date will have to be fixed for a hearing.
- The ceremony was fixed for two o'clock on a Sunday in the middle of the World Cup season.
- There will be many demands on the council's coffers before the budget is fixed for 2005 / 06.
- By order dated July 19, 2001 a trial date was fixed for September 16, 2002.
- I am told it is the largest amount that has ever been fixed as a bail condition in this country.
- Again, I believe that it will be some months before this retrial can be fixed and we would ask for bail to be given on the same conditions.
- The county final is fixed for Sunday, October 5th.
- At a case management conference held in July 1999 a trial was fixed for June 2000.
- The final is fixed for Sunday, December 8 in Fitzgerald Stadium.
- After entitlement and scale of costs, if any, is established, a further timetable will be established for fixing the costs of the action.
- So it was that a departure date was fixed for October and the and the group, in batches of a few hundred a time went to Liverpool where they were to board the ships that had been chartered to transport them.
- Both football semi-finals are fixed for February 24, but Nemo have been approached about playing the following week to avoid a clash with the Sigerson Cup.
- A date was fixed for the work to be carried out but workmen never turned up.
- The other countries which joined the EU did not have any dates fixed in advance.
1.2(organize)arreglarI've fixed it so we'll be in the same hotel — lo he arreglado para que estemos en el mismo hotel
- how are you fixed for next weekend? — ¿qué planes tienes para el fin de semana?
- Unlike earlier when I could walk into the shop any time I pleased, I now had to call a receptionist and fix up an appointment.
- It can be very difficult fixing things up for young offenders in advance of their release.
- The visit is fixed up, and just in time; 24 hours later his laptop packs in.
- The Battalion sailed to Egypt on the Empire Fowey but we were unable to get Minnie a passage on this ship so we fixed for her to follow on HMT Devonshire.
- He fixed for me to have an abortion at a clinic, but my mother came and took me away.
- He fixed us a taxi to the hotel.
- As reported by the Evening Press, Supporters Direct had offered their advice, and a meeting was quickly fixed up.
2.1(secure)sujetarasegurarthe planks were fixed together with two screws — las tablas estaban sujetas con dos tornillos
- we fixed the pole in the ground — clavamos / fijamos el poste en el suelo
- to fix sth to sth — sujetar algo a algo
- fix bayonets! — ¡calar bayonetas!
- Dave had lined the room with hardboard sheets fixed to wooden battens.
- Most of the headstones have now been fixed back into place but others are beyond repair, and still more have been laid flat because of safety concerns.
- There was a shelf fixed to the wall by the light switch.
- By the 1st millennium bc iron tyres were being fixed to the outside of the rim of spoked wheels, proving to be a far more robust yet lightweight structure.
- Perhaps it was their dreamlike quality or the way they could not be fixed in place.
- To identify those properties, firemarks - small plaques made from metal or wood adorned with the name or symbol of the company concerned - were fixed to external walls.
- Above the figure's chest was a small metal panel, which was fixed to the figure's chest.
- Long, bronze relief friezes by Paul Day will be fixed to its walls.
- The reconnaissance officers used head torches fixed to their helmets.
- The upholstery was ‘a chassis’, that is, fixed to its own subframes independent of the main chair frame.
- Fix the shelf to the wall above the curtain track using the brackets.
- His commanding officer rose to repeat the final briefing, grasping any object that was fixed to the hull, desperately trying not to go tumbling around in zero gee.
- Instead, he fixes the photograph to a mat using archival plastic corners.
- To allow movement from thermal and other forces, the roof is not fixed rigidly to its supports.
- At that point in space, the satellite orbits Earth at the same speed as Earth's rotation - making the satellite appear to be fixed in the same location in the sky.
- Ostreids were also able to fix themselves to movable objects such as driftwood or cephalopods, thereby further facilitating their dispersal.
- In both cases, the receiver was fixed inside the boat hull without negatively affecting the athletes.
- Freestanding and wall-mounted compositions, they are made of magnets and metal elements attached to wires that are fixed to the wall or ceiling.
- Use several long wood screws and wood glue to fix the post in a sturdy, upright position.
- The pieces might be fixed in a plate of stone, shaped to receive the parts, or assembled face down and then affixed to a setting bed.
2.2(implant)to fix sth in one's memory — grabar algo en la memoria
- you've just got it fixed in your mind that she's jealous — se te ha metido en la cabeza que es celosa
- the belief had been fixed in him from an early age — le habían inculcado la creencia desde temprana edad
2.3(pin)to fix the blame on sb/sth — echarle / achacarle la culpa a algn/algo
3.1(direct steadily)he fixed his gaze / eyes on her — la miró fijamente
- his eyes were fixed on the road ahead — tenía la mirada fija en la carretera
- everybody's attention was fixed on her — la atención de todos estaba fija / centrada en ella
- all their hopes were fixed on a truce — habían cifrado todas sus esperanzas en una tregua
3.2(look at)he fixed her with a stony gaze — clavó en ella una mirada glacial
4.1US informal (prepare)prepararI'll fix you some food — te preparo algo de comer
- what are you fixing for dinner? — ¿qué estás haciendo / preparando de cena?
- She quietly fixed herself a cup of chamomile tea and sat on the couch, her icy feet curled under her, drinking and thinking.
- At seven, after I fixed myself some rice, the phone rang.
- He walked down the stairs to the wet bar and fixed himself a drink, then proceeded out to the deck that overlooked the calm Pacific.
- Running quietly down the steps, she fixed herself a big breakfast and ate all of it in 5 minutes flat.
- So he went back into the house and fixed himself a big steak, with potatoes, garlic bread and a tall glass of iced tea.
- There was a plate of untouched scrambled eggs and a glass of orange juice on the table, which led her to guess that he'd fixed himself breakfast but had been unable to eat.
- Finally he finished and came out of his bedroom and fixed himself coffee.
- She'd fixed herself a few cups of hot tea, and a piece or two of toast, but had eaten nothing else since breakfast.
- It was past the time she usually fixed herself a little something for lunch, and her knees were beginning to go rubbery.
- This will allow us to destroy the lead company as the second enemy is being fixed by the minefield.
- He fixed himself breakfast and took it into the dining room.
- He fixed himself some coffee and then got into the shower.
- By seven, she was already downstairs in the kitchen, fixing herself a French toast.
- I got in, fixed myself a stiff drink and lay on the floor until the shaking died off.
- This gives priority to the areas where the enemy can be fixed and destroyed, area denial, and information collection.
- By fixing and suppressing the enemy, we allow our own maneuvering element to accomplish its task relatively unmolested.
- Rowena washed the pot and fixed herself a cup of tea.
- In the kitchen Frank fixed himself a cup of coffee and a piece of buttered toast.
- And so, it is a much more difficult enemy to find and fix.
- After taking a short nap, he went downstairs and fixed himself some cereal and turned on the TV.
- We fixed ourselves a snack and went to watch TV in the family room.
- ‘I wish I had never had children,’ she muttered to herself as she fixed herself a drink.
- She fixed herself some breakfast and left for school.
- She went down to the kitchen and fixed herself a sandwich, and just as she was about to sit down, the phone rang.
4.2US (make presentable)to fix one's hair — arreglarse el pelo
- we'll go as soon as I've fixed my face — nos vamos en cuanto me pinte
5informal(repair)(car/household appliance) arreglarI must take this watch in to be fixed — tengo que llevar este reloj a arreglar
- A spokeswoman said the company was working flat out to get repairs fixed which were holding up trains and lengthening journeys.
- There was about a three-month hiatus, of course, while boats were being fixed and repaired.
- Serious problems of disrepair are often lurking unseen below the surface, with a backlog of home repairs it is estimated will cost £37 billion to fix.
- City of York Council said that broken-down fans in the roof had now been fixed, restoring proper ventilation to the baths.
- We're going to get to the truth and then fix what went wrong.
- Ministers want the public to offer ideas about what needs fixing, and where the vision should be for the long-term future of schooling.
- Sending astronauts up to fix the Hubble Space Telescope in Earth orbit was difficult enough.
- As I recall, you also had to get the shower repaired and fix quite a few things, didn't you?
- Some minor problems, such as holes and cracks, can be fixed by filling them with gutter caulk or by using a gutter patching kit.
- IT support staff waste up to 75 days a year on travelling to off-site locations to physically fix PCs.
- The aim is to expand and improve, not to fix or repair what is broken.
- A customer can report a dropped call or poor signal quality from a specific location, and the carrier can analyze data and fix the problem that day.
- ‘We've got to fix it right now!’ she declared resolutely.
- And, if it's a genuine glitch, I fix it right away.
- A leak quickly fixed will save re-painting walls and repairing ceilings.
- On Friday, the company sent out repair technicians, who fixed many of the machines.
- I am at the car repair shop, getting my car fixed.
- From the major problems to the minor ones, all had been completely fixed and solved.
- ‘But…’ he squealed, ‘We can fix it, right?’
- Dad is a DIY expert and he fixes anything that needs repairing in a matter of seconds.
6informal(influence fraudulently)(contest/election) amañar informal(contest/election) arreglar informal(jury) comprar informal
- If, for one minute, fans think that an outcome has been fixed, our industry has nothing to sell the public.
- In the same year, he was one of five jockeys arrested as part of an investigation into alleged race fixing, but was later released without charge.
- In recent times, matches have been fixed, yet no attempt has been made to remove them from the books.
- This would not be the first time in American history that an election had been fixed.
- The fact is something like 14m bets a week are struck, and if any races have been fixed, there are major repercussions.
- Democracy came in the form of elections that were fixed and manipulated.
- They also asked if he expected the elections to be fixed.
- He denied taking a bribe to fix any of the matches in the triangular series, contested by South Africa, England and Zimbabwe.
- The one-hour show, with allegations of race fixing, betting scams and jockeys mixing with criminals, made headlines on the front and back pages.
- All five had been prohibited from attending any racecourse facilities since they were charged with race fixing in March 1999.
- The cricket fan, who has put in so much time and passion supporting the Indian team, has never been apologised to for all those matches that were fixed all those years.
- When the bet was eventually discovered I was convicted for match fixing in 1965.
- He has denied allegations that he fixed football matches.
- But then he tried to fix the London mayoral election.
- Players' movements and activities are so closely monitored that it is hard for anyone to approach or speak to the players, leave alone attempt to fix matches.
- That evening the referee's bank balance swells with thousands of dollars, his reward for fixing the biggest soccer match in the world for a criminal betting syndicate.
- Can we be sure that further individuals or gangs aren't attempting to fix races?
- This might be a result of an agreement between club presidents made in early May that none of them would corrupt referees and attempt to fix matches.
- I notice that the Police are questioning a few individuals in an attempt to uncover evidence of race fixing.
- I assume it goes on in all sports and in racing it doesn't really bother me because I don't bet to make money and I don't believe every single race can be fixed.
7.1slang (deal with)arreglar informalI'll soon fix her! — ¡ya la voy a arreglar yo! informal
- We said we would fix immigration, law and order, and the Treaty of Waitangi industry.
- Well, Republican presidential hopeful John McCain is rolling out his plan to fix the economy.
7.2slang (kill)liquidar informal
8US informal, euphemistic(neuter)caparoperar informal euphemistic
- He said all his cats are fixed males and if I have any problems with them to let him know.
- One is a girl and the other is a boy - both are fixed, as is our own cat.
- The cancers of the reproductive organs are very rare in cats that have been fixed.
- My soon to be fixed 6 month old female Boxer has a tenancy to hump for no apparent reason.
- Does my one year old female Pomeranian need to get fixed for her to get less aggressive?
9.1(make permanent)(film/drawing/colors) fijar
- After two minutes, a second bath of acid stops the development process and a third fixes the image, making the paper impervious to future contacts with light.
- Light is then projected through a negative onto the paper, and after the paper is washed and fixed, a photographic print remains.
- Washing in water fixes the image in a bright ‘Prussian blue’ or cyan tone.
- The next stage of the process is the addition of chemical called a fixer, because it fixes the image permanently in place.
- Ultimately, the fate of photography depended on fixing the image so it would not fade or darken.
- She needs only light, photosensitive paper, an object to block the light and chemicals to fix the image afterward.
- They gradually perfected the process of drying the grass to fix the image with some degree of permanence.
- The bacteria supply the pea plants with nitrogen fixed from the air when the soils are deficient in that nutrient.
- The fruit were covered with aluminium foil to prevent them from fixing carbon dioxide.
- A central aim of this study was to identify the interval during which deciduous plants fixed more carbon than their evergreen counterparts.
- Both cover crops fix a lot of nitrogen and produce high yields of biomass that serve as organic matter to enrich the soil.
- As they grow, green plants and trees fix carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and convert it to tissue.
(determine position of)establecer la posición de
- We have been at the mercy of the storm for days, and the cloud cover still prevents me from fixing our location by the stars.
- Later in the novel, he will use the ‘Earth’ to fix the exact location of his enemies on a flotilla of rafts in the middle of the Pacific ocean.
- The flight leader watched him go down, fixed his position, and saw that he was alive and in his raft.
- When no landmarks or aids to navigation are visible, navigators may use the Sun, the Moon, or other celestial bodies to fix the craft's position.
- The American and Filipino artillerymen tried to fix the enemy's position by the use of sound waves, but this method proved too delicate and complicated.
- An order has just been given to stand in to enable our coast pilot, Cooper, to fix our whereabouts exactly by his knowledge of the land.
1(make plans, intend)we're fixing to go fishing on Sunday — estamos planeando ir de pesca el domingo
- we've fixed to meet them at one — hemos quedado (en encontrarnos) con ellos a la una
1informal(predicament)to be in a fix — estar en un aprieto / apuro
- to get (oneself) into/out of a fix — meterse en/salir de un aprieto / apuro
- Flexible hours would leave us in a right fix.
- The department was in a fix about the problem, as it had to figure out the exact amount spent by the subscribers.
- Those importing brand new vehicles are in a fix because for them, the cost will be astronomical.
- Anyone who finds themselves in a really difficult fix should contact the organisation - it sounds like it could be a life-saver.
- In the past Italian governments got out of this kind of fix by devaluing the lira to stimulate exports and growth, but this option is closed by membership of the euro.
- Helen's sister Delia is in a bit of a fix herself since being arrested for reckless driving, public endangerment and leaving the scene of an accident.
- Do not get yourself into the fix I experienced, that of running out of money before finding a job.
- Our poor town planner is now in a fix, unable to predict the town's population ten years into the future.
2slang(of drug)dosis femininemasculine pinchazomasculine chute Spain slangto give oneself a fix — pincharse informal
- I need my daily fix of chocolate — no puedo pasarme sin mi dosis diaria de chocolate
- He also points to a Dutch pilot project that showed that when addicts know they're going to get their fix, they stop their criminal activity.
- Traders claim that drug addicts collecting their daily fixes at a newly-transferred chemist shop are killing Leigh town centre.
- He goes to the bathroom to get his morning drug fix, and falls asleep on the porch with his son in his lap.
- He needed to have surgery the following morning but Chris couldn't stay in overnight because he needed a fix.
- The road-building programme is like the heroin addict getting his last fix.
- I hope he gets a really bad dose of whatever his fix is and never wakes up again.
- But everyone surfaces wearing the expression of drug addicts who have just acquired a fix.
- Phil Smith, of Swindon's Threshold Housing Link, believes addicts desperate for a fix will start using more subtle methods of getting cash.
- He may well feel better after a fix, but he's just storing up more problems than it will solve.
- The number of daily cocaine fixes ranged from 2 to 30, with a median number of fixes per day being 12.
- His eyes took on the glazed expression of a drug addict contemplating his next fix.
- You won't care who you tread on and hurt en route to your next fix - even your family and closest friends.
- This man was a convicted drug addict who had falsified prescriptions to get his fixes.
- At one time my only worry would have been where I'd get my next fix from; today I worry that I won't have enough time to do all of the things that I want to do.
- In some areas nearly all robbery and burglary is drug related to pay for the next fix.
- Police say most burglaries are carried out by drug addicts to pay for their next fix.
- I wonder if it's how drug addicts feel when they need a fix.
- Consider, then, a person addicted to a drug such as heroin, who is considering whether to obtain some more of the drug for another fix.
- Neither did he remember landing on the road with a bounce, only to be sifted through and robbed of his watch by a man in search of money for a cocaine fix.
- If the real victims of drugs are the people who get their houses burgled by addicts desperate for the money for a fix, maybe we should legalise drugs, she suggests.
3Aviation Nauticalposición feminineto get a fix on sth — establecer la posición de algo
- we're trying to get a fix on the likely consequences — estamos intentando estimar / calibrar las posibles consecuencias
- After another ritual check, Howard determined that he had better not go more than another kilometer before his next position fix.
- To find the maximum distance at which the various devices could be relocated, we secured them to weighted shotlines and recorded their position with a GPS fix.
- GPS receivers use the passive, one-way transmissions of signals from the orbiting satellites to determine a position fix.
- If only three satellites are visible, then one dimension, typically the altitude, must be held constant to provide position fixes.
- Firstly, it will provide researchers with an estimated position of an animal at any time between GPS fixes.
- When a positive fix was not possible, the position was deduced from reckoning (time, speed, and direction).
- GPS position fixes, however, are independent measurements that don't necessarily account for a car's travel along a road network with sharp corners.
- A dead-reckoned position is an approximate one which should be corrected from time to time using an accurate position fix.
- In such environments, too few satellites are visible for a receiver to determine a fix.
- The sampling scheme was intended to gather five independent location fixes per week, but ample movement during dispersal sometimes resulted in lower frequencies of fixes.
- It has navigation, communications, and recording systems and can obtain exact position fixes from beacons set in the sea bottom.
4informal(put-up job)tongo masculine informalarreglo masculine informalfor the fight, the fix was on / in — en la pelea hubo tongo informal
5(solution)arreglo masculinethere are no quick fixes for these problems — estos problemas no se arreglan así como así
- If the network is not well managed, increasing the size of the bandwidth will only give you a temporary fix.
- We have a short-term fix for the communication problem.
- The bad news is that there isn't a simple fix for your problem.
- Professor Hood contends that there are no short-term fixes.
- Our team in London is working on a fix!
- The problem isn't wide spread and I am sure Sharp will issue a fix.
- We must diagnose first if we have any hope of coming up with a good fix for the problem.
- Software is complex and dynamic and that 'simple fix' you put in place last week could have undesired consequences.
- Get your Internet experience in top form this weekend with these simple fixes.
- None of this means that there will be an easy fix to the problems created by Katrina.
- I'll report back if I hear anything about a workaround or fix.
- At best, the bill is a very temporary fix to an ongoing problem.
- I'm afraid that Katherine is seeking an instant fix for her problems and that she might be disappointed if the therapeutic process takes a bit more time.
- Some of those same users later reported that the issue returned, so a reboot may only be a temporary fix.
- The company has issued a fix for the problem.
- Sam was right, he hadn't given me an instant fix to my problems, but he had significantly cheered me up simply by treating me as though I were human.
- Is there a fix for our political, economic and moral problems?
- They knew there was no short-term, easy fix, there could be no band-aid approach.
- The hardware maker is fast at work on a fix for a bug that leaves multiple devices vulnerable to exploits.
- System upgrades are particularly important because many of these updates contain vital security fixes.
- So while expanding opportunities through trade is a good thing for the American economy, it's not going to be a fix for our current problems.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.