In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(strength, violence)fuerza femininewinds of hurricane force — vientos de fuerza huracanada
- a force eight gale — vientos de fuerza ocho
- he took the full force of the blow — recibió toda la fuerza / el impacto del golpe
- It dominated Indonesia by force and had an extensive network of factories throughout Asia.
- A negative pressure or suction force is then applied across the wound via a drainage tube embedded in the foam.
- Magnetic levitation occurs when the magnetic force is strong enough to overcome gravity and balance a body's weight.
- Subjectivity and conscious agency, then, are as potent as any physical force.
- Our whole trade is one of sufferance and compulsion, and by force alone can be maintained…
- His body took the full force of the blast; he didn't stand a chance.
- A final blow, White now threatens checkmate in one move and Black is lost by force.
- At times, hunting parties encountered other camps of women, and they took them by force under threat of death.
- He does not impose Himself by force, nor does He claim people under duress.
- The driving force for water movement can change with environmental conditions and with location in the plant.
- He grabbed my wrists so strongly that his force obligated my body to stand up.
- Finally the tears fall, fast and hard as the sobs wrack her slim body with their force.
- The only way to beat the dust out of a dirty carpet is to get the total force of the body, hands and arms behind the hit.
- Draped over the bench like this the body takes the full force of recoil, with no flexibility to absorb the jolt.
- The Pump Engine adjoining the tread wheels was put in motion by human force.
- None the less, muscles on the whole can be controlled to produce a wide range of force and delicate motions.
- Thus, freedom of speech is converted from a human right into a tool of oppression that must be blunted by force.
- Secondly, China continues to threaten to resolve the Taiwan issue by force.
- And if you go back far enough, just about all of it was originally taken by force.
- They stopped the tribal wars, first by agreements and then by force.
- You can't get somebody to do something by force, by duress, by overcoming their will.
- As Ibrahim counsels, it is a mistake to believe that force can eliminate Islamist movements.
- This seemed to add weight to the idea that bodies in motion had their own force.
- If the guilty won't hold up their hands and confess, he and the Generals will ferret them out by force.
- Who acts on the principle that violence, force and the threat of bloodshed are worthy tools of diplomacy?
- The power to hoist such weight is not all brute strength - though physical force is crucial.
- Another road is to wait until someone else has produced wealth, and then to seize it by force and violence.
- Either by force or by coercion, any sprouting counter-power will be neutralized.
- From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has suffered violence, and the violent take it by force.
- For example, a skeleton pirouettes and does a handstand to show how the body distributes force.
- The Earth has very large mass and is unlikely to encounter sufficient force to slow its motion.
- In Christ we learn that God is in control, but not as a ruthless tyrant ruling by force and intimidation.
- There is a sponginess underfoot; a greater upward force to your movements.
- Originally, this force was attributed to an actomyosin system similar to muscle.
- One horse is biddable and can learn to obey commands, but the other is both deaf and violent, and so can be controlled only by force.
- It was like a small explosion of force, launching Joren backward several feet.
- Vertical impact force is the stress placed on the body as a result of contacting the ground during movement.
- Sovereignty could be transferred by force or by treaty, but it had to be transferred.
- The bombs on the inside edge exploded first, and their force sent my body hurling faster.
1.2(coercion)fuerza feminineto take sth by force — apoderarse de algo por la fuerza
- to use/resort to force — hacer uso de/recurrir a la fuerza
2.1Physicsfuerza femininethe force of gravity — la fuerza de (la) gravedad
- In many ways, however, the weak force resembles the electromagnetic force.
- It is worth emphasising that there is a major step to be made from an inverse square law of force to explain planetary motion and a universal law of gravitation.
- Because of the increased mass, more force is needed to accelerate the object.
- If the spin and field are left antiparallel, the attractive force will slow the vibration.
- This is analogous to the way in which electrons experience the weak force while photons do not.
2.2(influential thing, person)fuerza femininesocial/political forces — fuerzas sociales/políticas
- the forces of conservatism/liberalism/evil — las fuerzas del conservadurismo/liberalismo/mal
- he is a major force in the Church — es una figura de mucho peso en la Iglesia
- The Catholic church may well be a force for intolerance and reaction.
- Whether the expansion of such influences is a force for good or evil depends on the character of any given nation.
- Since the end of the Second World War, Canada has prided itself on being a force for international justice.
- It may not be fashionable to say it but America has long been a force for good in international relations.
- That is why it is important to throw up pioneering ideas so the government will be able to see this as a force for change and a chance to seize a lead for Britain.
- So too the wider process (of which the telephone is part) can be a force for good or ill.
- Murdoch is well aware of the massive global power he wields as a force for liberty and the empowerment of the individual.
- Much discussion in our modern world revolves around the concept of globalization and whether it is a force for good or evil.
- The Internet can be a force for much good, for the dissemination of information, for the education of the masses.
- If you are a force for change in the universe, what do you seek to change and how?
- They see the global power of capitalism as a force for good in the world.
- Let me be a force for you in my life, my Church, my Community, my City, and my Country!
- This is a paean to the power and value of globalisation as a force for good.
- The brand evangelists will tell you that brands are a force for good.
- He truly believes in the United States as a force for Good in the world, and who am I to criticize him for that?
- I believe in fair play and have always endeavoured to be a force for good in politics.
- Nara too pointed out that only if Japan, India and China could form an alliance, Asia could prove to be a force for peace.
- As such, it became a force for exclusion rather than inclusion.
- Our democratic government becomes a force for good because it reflects those values.
- He's a force for evil now, whether or not he ever was anything but.
3(of argument, personality)fuerza feminine
- Addiction, which comes from the Latin to enslave, has a powerful rhetorical force in our culture.
- An art form that is both abstract and spiritual is a very powerful force - and in a sense transcends mere politics.
- The catalogue can never represent the immensity, force, and power of any given artwork.
- Are we aware of evil's reality yet blind to its force and effects, unable to name and describe it?
- When we act with conviction and genuine concern, our words have that much more force and power.
4(group of people)fuerza femininethe (armed) forces — las fuerzas armadas
- the (police) force — la policía
- our sales force — nuestro personal de ventas
- Young players and weathered campaigners pulled together as a force that was more than a team.
- She says that by backing al-Sadr, we would help secular and more progressive religious forces to organise.
- It prevented student organization by enlisting a force of students to report on political activity.
- In reality, it brought together some of the world's most socially conservative religious forces.
- Elan acquired five US businesses and spent time on bringing those companies and their separate sales forces under the one brand.
- Now Ann Summers has a sales force of 7,500 party organisers and 120 shops in the UK.
- The sales forces of medtech companies are hungry for additional products.
- In both cases, pro-US political forces brought down governments that were aligned with Moscow.
5(validity)fuerza feminineit has the force of law — tiene fuerza de ley
- to come into force — entrar en vigor / vigencia
- to be in force — estar en vigor / vigencia
1(compel)to force sb to + inf — obligar / forzar a algn a + inf
- I had to force myself to eat — tuve que obligarme a comer
- to force sb into-ing
- he forced her into accepting his terms — la obligó / forzó a aceptar sus condiciones
- they were forced to sell/into selling — se vieron obligados / forzados a vender
- I am forced to admit that … — me veo obligado a admitir que …
- Two women were recovering yesterday after being kidnapped on their way to work at a high street bank where they were forced to open a safe.
- He was forced into a U-turn after a furious reaction to his plans not to travel to Normandy.
- But this gradual shift downwards may put pressure on inflation as the cost of imports rise, forcing the Bank of England to consider upping interest rates.
- Brown's dangerous game is one which, to a large extent, he was forced into playing by the vagaries of the global market.
- With irresistible strength he forced her to break her grip, holding her by her shoulders.
- I was again forced into doing commercials by a photographer friend of mine.
- The competition generated would be expected to force the most expensive banks to reduce their costs.
- But just as the Queen was about to arrive in her carriage a thunderstorm broke, forcing everyone to run for cover.
- The rest of us are forced into what's little more than a massive pyramid scheme.
- When he is forced into battle, he hides inside a cannon, and is catapulted into the tent of the enemy's general staff.
- Experts say one mistaken belief is that the state will look after you if you are forced into taking a long spell off work.
- Of course you'll be forced to break these rules on occasion.
- My son, who worked there, and the others were always offered breaks and were never forced to work extra hours.
- Bank creditors forced the company to break up its conglomerate structure after it breached its loan covenants in 2001.
- He did not want a fight, but if he was forced into one, he would put up York City candidates at next May's council elections.
- You would be forced to break up with someone who was emotional, moody, and difficult to please.
- So he is forced into a feebly slow, piecemeal approach to an issue where boldness above all is required.
- How would mothers feel being forced to break up their families so that they can keep their children?
- Most of all, I enjoyed the cappuccino and large piece of cake I was forced into having to warm up afterwards!
- Ever troublesome to Napoleon, he was forced into temporary retirement in 1812 at Napoleon's request.
2.1(bring about, obtain)(change/action) provocarto force a vote on sth — hacer que algo se someta a votación
- After a slow start, they forced their way back into the game.
- Stained glass windows at the church were damaged after burglars forced their way in through them in three previous burglaries.
- They forced their way in, demanded money and snatched a cordless phone from the man's hand before ransacking the house.
- Police yesterday said she was subjected to another serious sexual assault by a stranger who forced his way into her home last April.
- A man, who had forced his way in through the bungalow's kitchen window, then walked into Christopher's bedroom.
- An 81-year-old woman told yesterday how two men forced their way into her home and attacked her with a hammer.
- I forced my way through to her and someone took off her oxygen mask.
- He had captained the England Under-19 team and forced his way into the frame with some big hitting for Lancashire.
- The men forced their way into the couple's south Essex home, attacked the husband and wife and used a stun-gun on them to keep them subdued.
- Carlisle forced their way back into the game and managed to draw level by half time and, try as they might, Ambleside could not score again.
- At 11.15 pm, officers behind shields forced their way into the flat and overpowered the man.
- The teenager was stabbed when a gang of four or five men wielding knives and baseball bats forced their way into the home he shares with his mother.
- The most serious incident was on November 3 1992 when the attacker forced his way into a couple's car.
- Realizing what he had done, he forced his way through the front of the bus and ran off, with a sly, toothless grin on his face.
- He forced his way into the dispensary and grabbed the pharmacist's 60-year-old assistant.
- Four laps in and Webster forced a way through at Paddock Hill bend, grabbed the lead and started inexorably to pull away.
- Both sides then added penalties before Newbridge forced their way over for a try following a tapped penalty.
- The protestors forced their way through the crowd and began heckling Ryan.
- The gang forced their way into the victim's home in Broadoak Road at about 9.30 pm on Monday.
- They forced their way deep into the Keighley half and giant prop Frank Watene forced his way under the posts from acting half just a metre out.
2.2(extort)to force sth out of / from sb
- they had to force the secret out of him / from him — le tuvieron que arrancar el secreto a la fuerza
3(impose)to force sth on sb
- the decision was forced on us by events — los acontecimientos nos obligaron a tomar esa decisión
- I didn't want to take the money, but she forced it on me — yo no quería el dinero pero me obligó a aceptarlo
- it's been forced on us by management — la dirección nos lo ha impuesto
- I don't want to force myself on you if you're busy — no lo quiero molestar si está ocupado
4.1(exert pressure, push, drive)(knob/handle) forzarif it won't go in, don't try to force it — si no entra, no lo fuerces
- to force a door open — forzar una puerta
- she could force back her tears no longer — ya no podía contener el llanto
- she was forced out of the race by engine trouble — se vio obligada a retirarse de la carrera por problemas de motor
- he forced the lid off — le sacó la tapa a la fuerza
- to force a bill through Congress — hacer que se apruebe un proyecto de ley
- they forced their way in — entraron por la fuerza
- Burglars broke into the house by forcing open a conservatory window and a door leading into the kitchen.
- It took every speck of willpower and strength she had to force them back to an even position.
- The starfish alone has both the strength and tenacity to force an oyster open.
- And Franny must feel the same way I do, because I have to struggle with her each day I drive her in, forcing her from my arms and into the little play group.
- That score seemed to put Stradbally on the wrong foot and forced the Reds back into defensive mode.
- At the same time another three men broke through the wall behind the building, forced open a door and planted the bombs.
- She watched Chris run into the kitchen and slam into the back door, forcing it open.
- They have ducked the issue this time but Outrage is pushing hard to force Scotland Yard off the fence.
- Sam pushed against the raw strength forcing her down; it did little good.
- She said the burglar had to scale a secure six-feet high fence at the rear of the property to get in and tried to force open the back door and window before breaking it.
- When he realised they were intruders he tried to shut the door but they forced it open and attacked him with a crowbar.
- And no-one, or very few, will be forced out of positions funded by us poor suckers, the taxpayers.
- The referee should also whistle immediately if any player in the scrummage is lifted off his feet or is forced upwards out of the scrummage.
- He has forced himself into the position by gripping the bat right at the bottom of the handle.
- His hands then slid into the cracks of the door, forcing them open.
- He pulled his door open, forcing the crowd back, and slid into his seat.
- He could barely breath and his body was in pain from the unnatural position he'd forced himself into.
- She went downstairs and noticed a window at the rear of the house had been forced.
- Locks had to be refitted to drugs cupboards which had been forced and emptied.
- The defender, recognizing his perilous position, then forces the space open.
- Then everyone started to plunder the town and to search the houses, forcing open the doors with axes and iron bars.
- All three houses either had their windows forced open or broken between 12 noon and 5pm.
4.2(break open)(door/lock) forzarto force an entry — entrar por la fuerza
5(produce with difficulty)he forced out a shaky laugh — soltó una risita forzada
- he has to force the high notes — tiene que forzar las notas altas
- it's forcing it to call him a genius — calificarlo de genio es decir demasiado
6(speed up)(plant) acelerar el crecimiento de
- Bulbs that are used for forcing indoors cannot be forced two years in succession.
- Paperwhites are best forced in a shallow pot or bowl with no drainage holes in the bottom.
- For example, bulbs like crocuses and daffodils, which are good at naturalizing, generally do well planted out after forcing.
- The nice thing about forcing Amaryllis bulbs into flower inside the home is that it is so simple to do.
- Most bulbs need to be chilled for many weeks before they can be forced.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.