In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(turn to ice)helarsecongelarseto freeze solid / hard — congelarse / helarse (por completo / completamente)
- Ice that falls during the winter is almost always sleet - raindrops that freeze on the way down.
- He is reminiscing about the winter, when there is snow on the hills and the air is brittle with the cold and the frost freezes the water in his men's water bottles.
- It's also why, when a pond freezes, the ice floats and the pond's inhabitants can endure the winter in liquid safety.
- Moments later I reached the frozen pond and a mother doe and her fawn stand on the other side of it.
- Every drop of water has frozen & the wind is a terribly cold one.
- The main job of the pool is to slake birds' thirst, not only on hot summer days but also in winter when natural sources of water may freeze solid.
- Light rain froze almost immediately, coating parts of the city with black ice.
- As we drove back to Minsk the rain was freezing to the window as soon as it hit.
- Many bedrooms were completely unheated; water froze in the basins at night and frost formed on the sheets.
- Between July and mid-November, polar bears lounge on the shores of Hudson Bay, living off their own fat while they wait for the sea to freeze up.
- The water may even freeze, producing frost on the inside surface of the window.
- Water freezes at a high temperature compared to other liquids.
- Other than the odd times during the winter when the rivers or lakes froze, the sea and rivers were an abundant source of regular fresh food.
- The streets were vacant, everyone preferred fireside warmth to temperatures so low that it only took a minute for a bucket of water to freeze solid.
- In severe winters the pub can be cut off by drifting snow for days at a time and the beer has been known to freeze in the pipes!
- It had been raining, and with the cold that night the rain had frozen into sleet on the road.
- Since water expands as it freezes, ice forming inside pipes can break them.
- The water vapour would rise to the uppermost atmosphere where it freezes into tiny ice crystals.
- Europe continued to get colder; at the low point, in the 17th century, the Thames often froze so hard in winter that fairs were held on the ice.
- When the vapor condenses into rain or freezes to make snow, the precipitation is acid, which can fall into lakes.
1.2(ice up)(ground/pipe/lock) helarse(pipe/ground/lock) congelarsethe windshield had frozen — el parabrisas estaba cubierto de hielo
- Try to spot any trouble with your pipes before it's too late, keeping your eye out for signs that may signify pipes that are beginning to freeze.
- It was very cold. A lot of the time the ground was frozen solid, and we couldn't do a thing.
- Trees can be planted any time before the ground freezes.
- Along the way she saw a lovely patch of wild violets that had not yet been frozen by the frost.
- The biggest problem people run into when the weather gets cold is frozen pipes.
- Top up oil and water levels and make sure you put in enough anti-freeze to stop the engine freezing over.
- You have to put cardboard up in the grates of your car to keep the engine block from freezing.
- If your pipes do freeze, shut off the main water valve that supplies your house before the pipes thaw.
- Planting can take place anytime the soil can be worked, as long as the plants' root structures have time to develop before the ground freezes.
- ‘We have had temperatures of minus three overnight and the track is frozen at the moment,’ he said today.
1.3(person) helarse(person) congelarseto freeze to death — morir congelado
- I'm freezing! — ¡estoy helado!
- my blood froze — se me heló la sangre en las venas
- There's snow coming and we can't have the horses freeze to death.
- Doctors continued to marvel at the speedy recovery of a toddler who nearly froze to death last month.
- ‘You two should come in, before you freeze to death,’ Andrew interrupted gently from the doorway.
- It's minus 10 degrees outside, if he falls over he'll freeze to death!
- After standing around at a bus stop in New Oxford Street freezing to death for twenty minutes waiting for a 25, I couldn't be bothered to wait any longer.
- By the time I arrived I was frozen, and I barely cared that there were no trains indicated on the boards - at least I was somewhere warm.
- She was right, he could very well freeze to death without a blanket tonight.
- I was almost frozen before I found a taxi and escaped into the warm cab.
- We were frozen, so we dived into an Italian restaurant in the city to watch some football match and got ourselves warmed up.
- You're going to freeze in those wet clothes.
- I shivered, ‘It's getting cold out here, we better head in before we freeze to death.’
- The real possibility that we were all going to freeze to death before anyone found us, was now uppermost in my mind.
- It wasn't all that long ago that being poor meant you went hungry on a regular basis and froze all winter.
- Let's get you inside before you freeze to death.
- My husband, daughter and I have sat through films and nearly frozen in Bromley cinema.
- I sat there, frozen, letting the chill seep over my body.
- I take a cardigan and a pashmina, because on many planes you can freeze to death from the air conditioning.
- We live in a northern climate and would freeze to death if we didn't clothe ourselves adequately.
- Outside, without clothing and in my condition, I would freeze to death before I could get a mile.
- He didn't want her to freeze to death in that little red dress of hers.
2.1(stand still)quedarse inmóvilparalizarse¡freeze! — ¡alto / quieto ahí!
- to freeze in one's tracks — quedarse inmóvil / paralizado
- Eva completely froze for a moment and a look of panic crossed her face.
- A schoolgirl told how she froze with fear as she was allegedly molested by a drunken man in an early hours attack.
- The clerk freezes, dropping the cup she's holding.
- She reached the stairs and turned to Chris, who was frozen with shock and fear.
- I was frozen to the spot, sweat dripping down my cold skin.
- Many stumbled aimlessly through the main square, their faces frozen in blank shock as if unable to believe what they were seeing.
- For a moment, there was silence in the centre of Potters Bar as everyone nearby froze at the shock of the noise and juddering force of the impact.
- Everyone in the room freezes, and looks over at me as I stand slowly.
- Everything inside of her just freezes up with fear.
- It was a little nerve wracking, but at least I didn't freeze up, which is what I was worried about.
- Suddenly she asked whether there was someone else in the room and I froze in terror.
- He'd begun to lower himself into one of the chairs facing her desk when he stopped, frozen in his tracks.
- I can be getting on really well with a girl but as soon as I get an inkling that there might be a chance of anything happening, I just freeze up.
- While the two other women ran, Zhao testified that she froze, fearing she would be shot.
- I was frozen against that wall, staring at her, wide-eyed and overwhelmed.
- Tyler was about to tell her about their mother, but froze as he looked at his little sister.
- I froze like a deer in headlights at the top of the stairs.
- I froze momentarily, startled by the sight.
- We really haven't had professional pictures of our kids taken because they generally freeze up in front of the camera.
- Her smile suddenly froze on her face, and all of the warmth and teasing drained from her.
2.2the smile froze on her face — se le heló la sonrisa en los labios
- the remark/words froze on his lips — se quedó con el comentario/la palabra en la boca
3Cookingsome fruits don't freeze well — algunas frutas no se prestan para ser congeladas
1(turn to ice)(water/stream) helar(water/stream) congelarshe froze him with an icy stare — lo fulminó con una mirada glacial
- his story froze my blood — su relato hizo que se me helara la sangre en las venas
2(ice up)(mechanism/pipe) helar
8Television Cinema(shot/frame) congelar
1(limitation, stoppage)congelación femininea wage/price freeze — una congelación salarial/de precios
- they proposed a total freeze on nuclear research — propusieron una suspensión total de las investigaciones nucleares
2(cold spell)helada feminine
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