In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
intransitive verbfroze, frozen
1.1(turn to ice)helarsecongelarseto freeze solid / hard — congelarse / helarse (por completo / completamente)
- The water may even freeze, producing frost on the inside surface of the window.
- Moments later I reached the frozen pond and a mother doe and her fawn stand on the other side of it.
- It had been raining, and with the cold that night the rain had frozen into sleet on the road.
- As we drove back to Minsk the rain was freezing to the window as soon as it hit.
- The water vapour would rise to the uppermost atmosphere where it freezes into tiny ice crystals.
- It's also why, when a pond freezes, the ice floats and the pond's inhabitants can endure the winter in liquid safety.
- Light rain froze almost immediately, coating parts of the city with black ice.
- In severe winters the pub can be cut off by drifting snow for days at a time and the beer has been known to freeze in the pipes!
- Every drop of water has frozen & the wind is a terribly cold one.
- The streets were vacant, everyone preferred fireside warmth to temperatures so low that it only took a minute for a bucket of water to freeze solid.
- Between July and mid-November, polar bears lounge on the shores of Hudson Bay, living off their own fat while they wait for the sea to freeze up.
- Water freezes at a high temperature compared to other liquids.
- When the vapor condenses into rain or freezes to make snow, the precipitation is acid, which can fall into lakes.
- Europe continued to get colder; at the low point, in the 17th century, the Thames often froze so hard in winter that fairs were held on the ice.
- Other than the odd times during the winter when the rivers or lakes froze, the sea and rivers were an abundant source of regular fresh food.
- Ice that falls during the winter is almost always sleet - raindrops that freeze on the way down.
- Since water expands as it freezes, ice forming inside pipes can break them.
- Many bedrooms were completely unheated; water froze in the basins at night and frost formed on the sheets.
- He is reminiscing about the winter, when there is snow on the hills and the air is brittle with the cold and the frost freezes the water in his men's water bottles.
- The main job of the pool is to slake birds' thirst, not only on hot summer days but also in winter when natural sources of water may freeze solid.
1.2(ice up)(ground/lock/pipe) helarse(pipe/lock/ground) congelarsethe windshield had frozen — el parabrisas estaba cubierto de hielo
- If your pipes do freeze, shut off the main water valve that supplies your house before the pipes thaw.
- Trees can be planted any time before the ground freezes.
- The biggest problem people run into when the weather gets cold is frozen pipes.
- Along the way she saw a lovely patch of wild violets that had not yet been frozen by the frost.
- It was very cold. A lot of the time the ground was frozen solid, and we couldn't do a thing.
- Planting can take place anytime the soil can be worked, as long as the plants' root structures have time to develop before the ground freezes.
- You have to put cardboard up in the grates of your car to keep the engine block from freezing.
- Try to spot any trouble with your pipes before it's too late, keeping your eye out for signs that may signify pipes that are beginning to freeze.
- ‘We have had temperatures of minus three overnight and the track is frozen at the moment,’ he said today.
- Top up oil and water levels and make sure you put in enough anti-freeze to stop the engine freezing over.
1.3(person) helarse(person) congelarseto freeze to death — morir congelado
- I'm freezing! — ¡me estoy muriendo de frío!
- I take a cardigan and a pashmina, because on many planes you can freeze to death from the air conditioning.
- The real possibility that we were all going to freeze to death before anyone found us, was now uppermost in my mind.
- Outside, without clothing and in my condition, I would freeze to death before I could get a mile.
- You're going to freeze in those wet clothes.
- I shivered, ‘It's getting cold out here, we better head in before we freeze to death.’
- After standing around at a bus stop in New Oxford Street freezing to death for twenty minutes waiting for a 25, I couldn't be bothered to wait any longer.
- We were frozen, so we dived into an Italian restaurant in the city to watch some football match and got ourselves warmed up.
- It's minus 10 degrees outside, if he falls over he'll freeze to death!
- By the time I arrived I was frozen, and I barely cared that there were no trains indicated on the boards - at least I was somewhere warm.
- I sat there, frozen, letting the chill seep over my body.
- There's snow coming and we can't have the horses freeze to death.
- He didn't want her to freeze to death in that little red dress of hers.
- ‘You two should come in, before you freeze to death,’ Andrew interrupted gently from the doorway.
- We live in a northern climate and would freeze to death if we didn't clothe ourselves adequately.
- It wasn't all that long ago that being poor meant you went hungry on a regular basis and froze all winter.
- I was almost frozen before I found a taxi and escaped into the warm cab.
- My husband, daughter and I have sat through films and nearly frozen in Bromley cinema.
- Let's get you inside before you freeze to death.
- Doctors continued to marvel at the speedy recovery of a toddler who nearly froze to death last month.
- She was right, he could very well freeze to death without a blanket tonight.
2.1(stand still)quedarse inmóvilparalizarse¡freeze! — ¡alto / quieto ahí!
- I can be getting on really well with a girl but as soon as I get an inkling that there might be a chance of anything happening, I just freeze up.
- Suddenly she asked whether there was someone else in the room and I froze in terror.
- We really haven't had professional pictures of our kids taken because they generally freeze up in front of the camera.
- For a moment, there was silence in the centre of Potters Bar as everyone nearby froze at the shock of the noise and juddering force of the impact.
- I was frozen to the spot, sweat dripping down my cold skin.
- Tyler was about to tell her about their mother, but froze as he looked at his little sister.
- It was a little nerve wracking, but at least I didn't freeze up, which is what I was worried about.
- While the two other women ran, Zhao testified that she froze, fearing she would be shot.
- Her smile suddenly froze on her face, and all of the warmth and teasing drained from her.
- Eva completely froze for a moment and a look of panic crossed her face.
- He'd begun to lower himself into one of the chairs facing her desk when he stopped, frozen in his tracks.
- A schoolgirl told how she froze with fear as she was allegedly molested by a drunken man in an early hours attack.
- Everything inside of her just freezes up with fear.
- I froze like a deer in headlights at the top of the stairs.
- I was frozen against that wall, staring at her, wide-eyed and overwhelmed.
- Everyone in the room freezes, and looks over at me as I stand slowly.
- I froze momentarily, startled by the sight.
- The clerk freezes, dropping the cup she's holding.
- Many stumbled aimlessly through the main square, their faces frozen in blank shock as if unable to believe what they were seeing.
- She reached the stairs and turned to Chris, who was frozen with shock and fear.
2.2the smile froze on her face — se le heló la sonrisa en los labios
- the remark/words froze on his lips — se quedó con el comentario/la palabra en la boca
3Cookingsome fruits don't freeze well — algunas frutas no se prestan para ser congeladas
- Either cook or freeze raw meat, fish and poultry within two days of purchasing it.
- One of the best methods for preserving herbs is to freeze them.
- The most significant discovery was the minimal difference in Vitamin C content between fresh and frozen peas.
- This is a beautifully coloured, quick and tasty soup, which freezes well.
- If time is at a premium, try cooking a huge pot of soup on the weekend and storing it in the refrigerator for a few days or freezing it for longer storage.
- Some herbs freeze beautifully. These include chives, thyme and basil.
- You can also cook chicken breasts in advance and refrigerate or freeze them for later use.
- Stew recipes are flexible and can be doubled and tripled and the leftovers frozen to be enjoyed later as a cost and time effective meal.
- It's easy to bake, being essentially a cake more than a steamed pudding, it comes with a spectacularly simple sauce, it freezes well and it reheats like a dream for seconds and thirds.
- Tarragon also keeps its flavor well when frozen or can be preserved in vinegar.
- I have found that mint does not freeze well, so I always dry it instead (chives freezes well but doesn't dry well, basil freezes and dries well).
- Check your garlic, too: Soft cloves can be minced, mixed with olive oil and frozen for future use.
- If you do buy convenience foods, such as frozen pizzas, lunch meats or soups, choose those with reduced fat and sodium.
- If you want to freeze it, allow the soup to cool before pouring it into a sealable tub and putting it into the freezer.
- The research project follows last year's arrival of the first baby in Britain to be born from a mature egg harvested from its mother, frozen, then fertilised at a later date.
- Allow all frozen foods such as poultry and large joints of meat to thaw out completely in a refrigerator.
- Simon said while some customers bought a few items, others took up to 16 loaves to fill their freezer, as the bread would freeze very well.
- All these fruits freeze well except strawberries, which should be saved for the summer months.
- All tissue was frozen immediately in liquid nitrogen and stored at - 75°C.
- Once cool, the pie will freeze happily; defrost and reheat until hot all the way through.
- Cooked wild rice freezes well, so you can conveniently keep it on hand for gourmet dishes.
- Plastic freezer bags and rigid freezer containers are convenient for freezing vegetables.
- The tissue was immediately frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen until DNA extraction.
- Pesto freezes well, and will keep for several months.
- The cells were frozen and stored for weeks to months.
- Most food is frozen or pre-cooked to preserve it - a great shame.
- The family freezes some soft fruit to allow preserves to be produced all year long, while the jams are handmade in small batches, creating variation between each batch.
- All specimens must be securely packaged and kept refrigerated but not frozen during transport.
- Ideally, though, you should go for high-quality fresh or frozen foods which do not have preservatives, rather than their chill-cabinet counterparts.
- My computer freezes again, before announcing that it's going to do a cache clean-up.
- Every time I link to the website my computer freezes.
- The computer freezes and I've lost the paragraph.
- If you fill up the hard drive, the system freezes up, and there's no way a user can undo it.
- PC screens froze and, with little other choice left, the event was cancelled.
- If your computer freezes after you have bought, but before you have sold, you may lose millions in the transaction.
- The system was always freezing and changing homepages in Internet Explorer.
- But then my screen freezes and the display is unreadable.
- I have a system that freezes during the reboot process.
- With the small amount of RAM that they had, if there were too many programs running at the same time the computer would freeze, and shut down.
- The format went well, but the system froze during the file installation.
- I wrote half of this chapter and then my computer froze before I got to save it.
- If the screen freezes or you experience system lockups it might be due to the video card.
- This means I can actually work on writing for long periods of time without my computer freezing or crashing on me.
- Screens froze, buttons took three presses to function and, most distressingly, half my address book made itself invisible.
- But my computer froze up in the middle of the post, and I lost everything I'd written.
- Every time you click on a window to shut it down five more windows are opened, ultimately making your computer freeze or even crash.
- This document contains recommendations on what to do if the computer frequently freezes or completely halts.
- Keep in mind that your DVR will act like the computer it really is, and as such, may reboot occasionally or the screen may momentarily freeze.
- It takes 15 minutes for computers to download an image - if the screen doesn't freeze up first.
transitive verbfroze, frozen
1.1(turn to ice)(stream/water) helar(water/stream) congelarshe froze him with an icy stare — lo fulminó con una mirada glacial
1.2(ice up)(pipe/mechanism) helar
- His mouth was frozen numb from eating so much ice cream.
- It's amazing how numb your mouth can be when they freeze it.
- He goes to another hospital next Wednesday where they will give him an epidural to try and freeze the affected area which should give him pain relief for a month at a time.
- The mouth and throat are numbed up or frozen with a local anesthetic until all cough and gag reflexes are gone.
- The firm will likely be placed under court receivership, which would install trustees and freeze all company assets.
- The government can freeze assets or proscribe groups if a UN Security Council freezing order has been issued.
- The FTC has requested a temporary restraining order to freeze the defendants' assets and possibly reimburse consumers.
- Mr Davidson's lawyers will also apply to vary the order freezing his assets.
- European governments responded by freezing their assets.
- A fear that many international investors have is that their assets may be frozen or seized by a government.
- To back up its powers of scrutiny it can compel witnesses to provide information, freeze assets, suspend trustees and, in the final resort, dissolve a charity.
- The prosecution told the court that by the time action had been taken to freeze the Swiss bank account, HK $2.3 million had been withdrawn.
- Company bank accounts and assets have been frozen by Russian courts to prevent Yukos from selling businesses to fund the bill.
- It would freeze assets and impose a travel ban on anyone identified as a suspect by the commission.
- These permit a Garda chief superintendent to make a case to the High Court for an order to freeze, and where appropriate dispose of, the proceeds of crime.
- They agreed to freeze the assets of suspected terrorist groups " without delay".
- The EU visa ban imposes travel restrictions on top government and ruling party officials, as well as freezing their assets.
- He has had his assets frozen by a previous court, which limited his spending to £1,000 a week.
- The US government has frozen assets worth three-quarters of a million dollars.
- Government instructions, bankers say, were to freeze assets now and ask questions later.
- In February, the SEC persuaded a federal judge in Florida to freeze their assets and filed civil fraud charges against them and six other defendants.
- In this particular case, the business folded because the assets were frozen.
- The company's bank accounts were frozen by a court order some months ago, leaving it with no option but to sell some of its businesses in order to raise cash.
- The railroad won an injunction to freeze Dringer's assets, halting his lucrative business.
- Sligo Chamber of Commerce and Industry has called on the local authorities to freeze commercial rates at their current level.
- The chancellor said the first step could be to freeze up to £1 billion of debts later this week owed by those countries hardest hit by the Boxing Day disaster.
- Commercial rates should be frozen at their current level for the forthcoming year
- In the meantime, careful planning may make it possible to freeze the capital tax base at its existing level.
- It also virtually freezes funding for domestic discretionary programs other than homeland security.
- The trade unions have now agreed that wages are to be frozen at current levels for the next two years.
- For example, they would freeze benefits from Social Security at their current levels and fund them with a federal retail sales tax.
- Irish salmon fishermen are calling on the Minister to at least freeze quotas at the 2002 level whilst the current stock position is evaluated.
- The Government recognised the need for a period of stability, which is why we froze tariffs for 5 years, until 2005.
- Measures taken so far have included axing 450 posts, freezing recruitment and limiting the number of pre-operation overnight stays for patients.
- The employer contribution is frozen at the level of 6.5 percent.
- Stanford University in California has recently opted to freeze all salaries in order to help finances.
- Some companies have pledged to freeze their rates in 2005, but most are likely to implement further hikes if wholesale gas prices continue to rise as expected.
- In addition, to help with the council's budget position, members have agreed that all allowances will be frozen at their present level and there will be no increases next year.
- So long as the prices of consumer goods were frozen below free-market levels, producers had little incentive to bring their goods to market.
- The Bush administration would freeze funding at its current level, $34 million.
- The cost of new cars is currently frozen at the same level as June 2003, making the New Year the perfect time to bag a good deal.
- He even had no objection in principle to Luxembourg's compromise proposal to freeze Britain's rebate at slightly below its present level for the lifetime of the budget.
- Funding for Children's Aid Societies was frozen, and staff salaries were kept at 1997 levels.
- The party would also restore free dental checks, and prescription charges would be frozen pending a review of the level of charges and categories of exemptions.
- The image of those two was frozen on the screen.
- If you freeze the image near the start of Shadows, you'll see that it's really an abstract film.
- The image of that mine, frozen on the screen, haunted his thoughts.
- The last image, a frozen frame, is of his sad, sweet face alongside the flowers.
- She hit the pause button, and I saw my own foolish-looking face, past her shoulder, frozen on the screen.
- The perceptual realm that we sense beyond the sphere of focused vision is as important as the focused image that can be frozen by the camera.
4Television Cinema(shot/frame) congelar
impersonal verbfroze, frozen
1(limitation, stoppage)congelación femininea wage/price freeze — una congelación salarial/de precios
- they proposed a total freeze on nuclear research — propusieron una suspensión total de las investigaciones nucleares
- But the company has had a freeze on all raises for nearly two years now.
- Magalios said news of the tuition freeze was a surprise, considering the tone of the meeting she had with Hedderson March 11.
- The meeting also approved a massive rise in council tax of more than 18.5 per cent - as well as a freeze on grants for arts and voluntary groups in the city.
- The Chancellor announced a freeze on stamp duty rates and inheritance tax rates, but an increase on the inheritance threshold to £263,000.
- On August 15, 1971, more or less out of the blue, President Nixon declared a freeze on wages and prices.
- While the Government has a freeze on public sector recruitment, it says it is willing to recruit frontline health staff depending on the resources available.
- During this same period, the Giuliani administration had imposed a two-year wage freeze on all city workers.
- The government has imposed a two and a half year pay freeze on teachers.
- The task force called for a freeze on all measures which would see alcohol becoming more available on the grounds that further availability would increase alcohol problems.
- But it confirmed that the planned cuts will mean a reduction in existing staff rather than a freeze on planned growth.
- No personnel lay - offs are planned but a recruitment freeze has been implemented.
- Parallel to the wage freeze, the government has implemented a programme of public spending cuts unprecedented in the history of the Netherlands.
- However, none of the changes have been implemented because of the freeze on public sector recruitment announced in the Budget.
- The board implemented a hiring freeze and deferred cost-of-living raises for its staff.
- In the 2002 pay round, the company proposed a freeze on wages and cuts to conditions such as shift allowances and overtime rates.
- The company also plans to impose a pay freeze for its remaining 1,400 employees.
- Motorists were winners in yesterday's Budget with a six-month freeze on fuel prices and the Chancellor signalling support for road-building.
- Last Friday, the IMF ended a three-year freeze on foreign aid by granting Kenya a $252.8 million loan.
- The admission of a recruitment freeze is surprising because Cisco has almost tripled its workforce in the past two years, increasing its head count by 30,000 workers.
- Tuition fees in B.C. have skyrocketed ever since the Liberal government lifted a six-year tuition freeze in 2002.
2(cold spell)helada feminine
- The big freeze showed no sign of ending yesterday with savage frosts overnight and forecasters predicting temperatures as low as minus 20C.
- While we escaped the big freeze, France was hardest hit by blizzards that swept Europe.
- Aquatic life that would otherwise be killed by a freeze survives.
- Damaging winter freezes are virtually unheard of.
- Apply the coverings in the evening when freezes are forecast and remove them the following morning after the sun warms the air.
- The fall garden session starts the last Saturday of August and continues through the first freeze, usually in November.
- Many problems related to the May 28 frost in 1992 were related to the cool, damp weather that followed the freeze.
- Then, on the 22nd of the month, the mercury plummeted, heralding the beginning of a big freeze which would last for weeks.
- The chance of a freeze is low now, which is good news for those who planted early.
- The big freeze came as workers were leaving offices and the roads became treacherous within minutes.
- Hundreds of gritters were heading out on the roads last night as Britain began gearing up for the big freeze, which will begin to sweep across the country today - a day later than expected.
- The significance of winter's lowest temperatures decreases as we shift from places where winter freezes may kill many plants to areas where freezes merely mean frost on lawns and windshields.
- The big freeze had already begun to affect airline passengers yesterday with hundreds left stranded after snow and strong winds grounded flights to Europe and north America.
- It will highlight the fact that we are still living in the great ice age, which has included periods of both hot and cold weather, and will examine the two most recent big freezes in 1947 and 1963.
- In the early 1900s, much of Florida's citrus industry moved south to areas of the state that seemed the least prone to ruinous freezes.
- A freeze set in on the 20th and 21st, and this made the higher ground particularly slippery and dangerous.
- The big freeze is finally on its way out, but last night's temperatures - the lowest yet - brought chaos to road and rail.
- The big freeze continued to cause misery for motorists, school children and holidaymakers today.
- Our climate, with its extremes of summer heat and drought, early freezes in the fall and late cold snaps in the spring, combined with severe weather, all conspire to damage and stress trees.
- Motorists are being advised to take extra care on the roads this week as the big freeze drifts south.
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