In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1desdedefrom the beginning — desde el principio
- a call from New York — una llamada de Nueva York
- the arrival of the flight from Madrid — la llegada del vuelo procedente de Madrid
- I'm from Texas — soy de Texas
- the bus leaves from the marketplace — el autobús sale del mercado
- from here you can see the river — desde aquí se puede ver el río
- T-shirts from $15 — camisetas desde / a partir de $l5
- It's a five hour journey from Chichester, with train changes at Reading and Crewe.
- My Saturday evening journey from Kings Cross to York took no less than six hours!
- The Russian Soyuz is now the only ship capable of carrying crew to and from the space outpost.
- Amazingly, it took only five months for the Altea to make the journey from prototype to showroom.
- It took the Councillor two hours to make the journey from Bury to Ramsbottom.
- The local rivals make the short journey across the border from Lancashire today.
- The problems all occurred on the last leg of the journey from London Paddington back to Didcot.
- We used to stop there at least four times a year in my childhood on the journeys to and from each grandmother.
- It was also said that one leg of a planned flight involved a journey from Manchester.
- It would not be possible for the Met not to be changed by the journey from Lawrence.
- My observation is that only a small number of cars move from their spaces during the working day.
- The final treat of the day was when our driver rose from the table and motioned for me to join him.
- Bear in mind there's a lengthy one hour plus taxi journey from the airport into town.
- Car journeys to and from the site would also be increased if the expansion was given the go-ahead.
- She got a bad feeling in her stomach as she slowly got up from her bed and walked back to the stairs.
- Not that you're bothered, but my journey to and from work is a two bus affair.
- Regular buses from Saranda make the journey, or you can haggle a price with a taxi driver.
- Journeys to and from one of the hospitals will have to be made on the second and third journey of the ticket.
- The main journey I make is from Woodthorpe to Rawcliffe, where my girlfriend lives.
- It's only one of many benefits to sharing the driving on your regular journey to and from work.
1.2(indicating distance)2cm from the edge — a 2cm del borde
- 15km from the coast — a 15km de la costa
- we're still three hours from Tulsa — todavía faltan tres horas para llegar a Tulsa
- Who measured the distance from Earth to Mars and did they have to make sure the tape measure was rigid?
- We often go to Hohai lake, which is walking distance from here and part of the old imperial grounds.
- Other sanctuaries of Demeter in Greece were located at some distance from town centres.
- He said they were now staying a short distance from their home in a flat on the Down's Road.
- It is five miles from St Andrews and a similar distance from a variety of beaches and scenic towns.
- Scores shall be determined according to the distance of the arrows from the flag stick.
- The length measured, using a ruler, was the distance from the base to the first flower on the stem.
- This leaves her with a loss of feeling in her limbs and means she has to use the car to travel any distance from her home.
- The car was seen by police a couple of hours later only a short distance from Mr Graiezevsky's road.
- It is a tool which can be used to design the network with the check on distances from three points.
- A site on Infirmary Road was rejected because of its distance from the city centre.
- More than ever it's a question we must face, standing at a distance from the photocopier.
- I then measured an equal distance from both sides and marked the area to be cut out.
- The car would need to travel only a short distance from the car park to pick up a fare.
- The word sin was originally an archery term, being a unit of distance from the bull's eye.
2.1(after)from today — desde hoy
- from the moment we met/the age of 12 — desde el momento en que nos conocimos/los 12 años
- 50 years/an hour from now — dentro de 50 años/una hora
- With prices ranging from a few rupees to a few hundred, the lamps make for a memorable buy.
- Injuries range from serious lacerations to major fractures and head and spinal injuries.
- If we have a scale from one to ten, what are we going to do if we meet someone who is a twelve?
- The timescales allowed to complete the recommendations ranges from two to five years.
- Reviews were mixed, ranging from two stars in the Guardian to four in the film magazine Empire.
- Up to ten children at a time would be housed overnight, with ages ranging from six weeks to five years.
- Anyone with a few hours to spare can join, and the current volunteers range in age from 18 up.
- The types of incidents the team deal with ranges from high to low level cases.
2.2(before)we are only minutes from takeoff! — ¡estamos a pocos minutos del despegue!
- we're still years from a cure — van a pasar años antes de que se encuentre una cura
3(indicating source)dea letter from my lawyer — una carta de mi abogado
- a friend from school — un amigo del colegio
- she drank straight from the bottle — bebió directamente de la botella
- I was surprised to hear that from her — me sorprendió escuchar eso de boca de ella
- that's enough from you! — ¡basta!
- you can tell him that from me! — ¡puedes decírselo de mi parte!
- have you heard from her? — ¿has tenido noticias suyas?
- we heard from Sam that … — nos enteramos por Sam de que …
- a quotation from the Bible — una cita (tomada) de la Biblia
- a drawing from life — un dibujo del natural
- the movie is adapted from the novel by Horace Greenbaum — la película es una adaptación de la novela de Horace Greenbaum
- Let's observe our rights to support both teams whatever part of this fine island you are from.
- You can go here and see images from his motion work and also some clips, but not many.
- I only hope the logs used were from a renewable source, because man, there were a lot of 'em.
- I am not in a position to indicate what roads will be funded from that source in the year.
- If they showed pictures of meetings, people would get ideas from other sources.
- Money from any fundraising events in the pipeline will go towards extra items and running costs.
- Therefore it is better to drink from a known and trusted source, rather than from a suspect bottle.
- The rest of the cash is being met by funds raised through the parish itself and grant money from other sources.
- Analysts often use prices from various markets as indicators of potential events.
- In the event of objections from members of the public, the consent would be subject to a public inquiry.
- Top performers from all over the area have been brought together for the show.
- Their identities have not been released but police sources say they are from Rayleigh.
- I must agree with Mr Derbyshire that clean energy from renewable sources is the way forward.
- He added that another appeal of the furniture was that it was sourced from sustainable forests.
- Now his rescue bids have earned him a top life-saving award from the Royal Humane Society.
- The event is run under the watchful eye of troops from the Royal Artillery Display Troop.
- They have to get funding from somewhere, these sources for funds have to be big, and so have to be noticed.
- It is also called the Cork Tree, as an inferior cork is processed from its corky bark.
- This translation from a medieval Anglo-Norman source gives a less cynical view on it.
- The event is organised by volunteers from the library to raise money to spend on community facility.
4from … to …
4.1(in place)they flew from New York to Lima — volaron de Nueva York a Lima
- they stretch from Derbyshire to the borders of Scotland — se extienden desde el condado de Derbyshire hasta el sur de Escocia
- from house to house — de casa en casa
- from door to door — de puerta en puerta
4.2(in time)we work from nine to five — trabajamos de nueve a cinco
- I'll be in Europe from June 20 to 29 — voy a estar en Europa desde el 20 hasta el 29 de junio
4.3(indicating source)with love, from Sue to Jane — para Jane. Cariñosamente, Sue
- from generation to generation — de generación en generación
4.4(indicating range)from $50 to $100 — entre 50 y 100 dólares
- the shades range from deep blue to very pale yellow — los colores van desde un azul oscuro hasta un amarillo muy claro
- They range from banker masons skilled in the hand carving of stone to experts in materials testing.
- Each band had a mere ten minutes to show off their talent and music ranged from rock to punk and nu-metal.
- The ideas range from the highly plausible to the vaguely intriguing to the obviously crackpot.
- It contains a range of 120 ideas from chicken and noodle bake to a simple tuna sandwich.
- Activities at the youth group include everything from sporting events to weekends away.
- Attacks ranged from verbal abuse and being spat on to being pelted with stones and shot at with airguns.
- All the tracks are original compositions and the music ranges from folk to acoustic jazz.
- Its severity can range from a minor inconvenience to a fatal rhythm disturbance.
- It is among the largest in the country, ranging from farms to gold mines, gravel pits to forests.
- If found guilty, they face sanctions ranging from a small fine to being stripped of their posts.
- AgriPower has developed a ‘virtual landfill’ system that can produce electricity and heat by burning anything from nuts to old tires.
- It has developed into a full flute choir incorporating the entire flute range from piccolo to bass.
- The exhibition features all things foodie from specialist ranges to top booze.
- Is there a scale running from Not Believable to This Character is Now a Real Person?
- Five bands wowed the crowds with musical styles ranging from country and western to rock and jazz.
- These range from stained glass and masonry through to steam engines and historic aircraft.
- Mourners ranged from the very young to pensioners who had lived their entire lives in the village.
- This ranges from casual remarks to serious agitation by the xenophobic right.
5.1(as a result of)dehis eyes were red from crying — tenía los ojos rojos de tanto llorar
- he suffers from insomnia — sufre de insomnio
- this comes from being careless with money — esto es lo que pasa cuando no se tiene cuidado con el dinero
- A Bill will be introduced to enable more young people to benefit from higher education.
- The residents may indeed benefit from being under the wing of Croydon Council.
- All we ask is that the owner provides us with some photographs to show that the tree came down from natural causes.
- Changes in view throughout the film come more from chance events than any deeper process.
- The high number of deaths from cholera this year has exacerbated the emergency.
- Some annuals are slow to germinate and grow and benefit from an early sowing.
- They believe that these children would benefit from being in mainstream education.
- Meanwhile, the mayor's own tsunami fund is set to benefit from a couple of large donations.
- How are you supposed to tell if a neurotic dog feels it has benefited from its treatment?
- This means 185 of the schools in the county are now benefiting from this technology.
- They could even resolve the problems caused by emissions from their processes.
- My vegetables will benefit enormously from this very kind and generous action.
- Drug addicts would benefit from the tests once they decided to kick the habit.
- Those who benefit from positive discrimination gain access, but not those who don't.
- Many small businesses believe they are the last in line to benefit from competition in telecoms.
- I want you to know that you may benefit from the love that an animal is capable of giving.
- During the late period of slavery attempts were made to prevent infant deaths from tetanus.
- It was nominated by people who have benefited from its work and seen the positive effect on the community.
- Surgery is an option for the minority of women who get little benefit from medical treatment.
- He has also benefited from being given a more expansive role under the Swede.
5.2(on the basis of)from experience/observation I would say that … — según mi experiencia/por lo que he visto, diría que …
- We read that what's on and where can be obtained from the tourist information centre.
- Data on birth characteristics were obtained from the Danish medical birth registry.
- This information seems to have been obtained from file notes which were not made available to us.
- As far as I could gather from the local paper, all he does is take down, put up and modify speed humps.
- Take the knowledge from the history of a thing and apply it to The NOW, to Yourself.
- Up to now much of your farming knowledge was gleaned from your parents and teachers.
- He said he needed more information from carnival organisers before he could quote the cost.
- I can say from first hand knowledge that there was not a player in his side that did not hate him.
- Their injuries were so bad that police had to identify them from their fingerprints.
- You realise what you have got from it and can identify others at earlier or differing stages in the process.
- The data obtained from the analysis of polar structure is illustrated in Table XIV.
- Can you actually speak from medical experience to use this as a basis of comparison?
- She was allowed to obtain information from the patient and her medical notes.
- Should they be more discerning about the sources they draw their information from?
- In one case, a young woman was convicted of neglect on the basis of evidence from a radiographer.
6.1(out of, off)defrom the cupboard/shelf — del armario/estante
6.25 from 10 is 5 — 10 menos 5 es 5
- if you take 5 from 10 — si le restas 5 a 10
7(with preps & advs)from above/below — desde arriba/abajo
- blessings from above — bendiciones del cielo
- the lady from across the street — la señora de enfrente
- he crawled out from under the table — salió gateando de debajo de la mesa
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.