In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(acquire, achieve)(control/independence) conseguir(independence/control) obtener(experience/self-confidence) adquirir(recognition) obtener(recognition) ganarse(friends) hacerse(degree/qualifications) obtener Britishhe gradually gained her confidence/respect — poco a poco (se) fue ganando su confianza/respeto
- I succeeded in gaining their attention — logré atraer / captar su atención
- to gain access to a building — lograr entrar a / obtener acceso a un edificio
- we're not losing a daughter; we're gaining a son — no perdemos una hija, ganamos un hijo
- the ship gained port — el barco llegó / arribó a puerto
- Smith had gained five yards over Jones — Smith le había sacado cinco yardas de ventaja a Jones
- they gained the finals/the third round — pasaron a la final/a la tercera ronda
- the offensive gained two miles — la ofensiva avanzó dos millas
- there's a lot to be gained from this — esto ofrece muchas ventajas
- the Democrats have gained 15 house seats from the Republicans — los Demócratas han obtenido 15 escaños que antes ocupaban los Republicanos
- Of course, downpours can come at any time, but there are some advantages to be gained by changing the date - particularly that it would also enable schools to become involved.
- What is gained by insulting half of your audience?
- But the price of what we have gained by that process is eternal vigilance.
- Surely his brand-new team would want to derive the confidence to be gained by a few hard-won results before launching themselves?
- Competitive advantage is gained by receiving and leveraging relevant information in real-time.
- Networking is an integral part of advancing your career and gaining valuable knowledge and experience.
- Therefore, valuable knowledge on vertebrate evolution would be gained by obtaining a complete coelacanth genome sequence.
- The experience gained by the officials should lead the Authority to prompt action in the future to avoid repetition of a similar situation so that there could be an orderly development of the City.
- The ground of liberty is to be gained by inches, and we must be contented to secure what we can get from time to time and eternally press forward for what is yet to get.
- It might sound divisive but blacks have tried to make it work for a long time; it is the whites who simply cannot let go of white supremacy and privilege and what has been gained by those ideals.
- The investigators say that if clinicians are confident of findings obtained bimanually, little is likely to be gained by speculum examination.
- Awards are displayed within the depot of achievements gained by individuals.
- Entry was gained by the back door of the premises.
- The experience gained by the six at the higher level will surely stand them in good stead throughout the league campaign and will hopefully brush off on their Mayo team-mates.
- Entry was gained by forcing the window at the rear of the premises.
- Combining information gained by officers with intelligence from the hotline, a series of busts were carried out in July, which resulted in 16 arrests.
- The seven-fish haul gained by my accomplished boat partner would suggest that sinking lines are the order of the day, certainly when conditions are cool with a scoorie wind.
- As for swings gained by Labor, a statistically significant correlation was evident for men earning up to $39 a week.
- He admits that he seriously thought of quitting the ring, and went from being a stoppage specialist to a fighter whose wins were gained by displaying superior boxing skills over the distance.
- Evidence of this kind cannot be elicited through surveys based on self-reports; it can, however, be gained by other methods.
2(increase)(strength/speed) ganar(speed/strength) cobrarto gain weight — aumentar de peso
- the shares gained 5 points — las acciones subieron 5 enteros
- A BMI of under 18 also means you are at increased risk of heart disease and need to gain some weight.
- Boys and girls did not significantly differ in the perception that their mothers encouraged them to gain weight and increase muscle tone.
- You might also see an increase in chest size if you gain weight.
- People who stop smoking can gain weight simply because smoking suppresses the appetite and increases the metabolism.
- It gained speed and momentum quickly due to its gross weight and a slight decline in the paved surface.
- Disturbingly, it also contains creatine, a compound taken by athletes to help them to gain weight and build muscle.
- He used to eat, like, 30 pieces of fruit a day, and he said, I don't know why I'm gaining weight.
- If he gains weight, decrease the amount you feed.
- See your GP, midwife or health visitor for advice if you are worried that you aren't gaining weight at the correct rate.
- Bureaucratic inertia propelling toxic waste disposal in Nevada is monumental and increasingly unwavering, gaining speed since 1982.
- With the democratic steamroller gaining speed, even United Nations officials in Baghdad are increasingly optimistic.
- So the area that has had the fat suctioned out of it is less likely to gain weight or increase in fat because there are fewer fat cells in the area.
- An airplane in a spin does not gain airspeed and its rate of descent is relatively slow.
- Long legs are also vital for endurance running, because speed is gained by increasing the length, not rate, of strides.
- Those who gained weight or remained the same had an increased mortality rate of only 2 percent.
- When the economy gains speed and interest rates rise, as they have, it's only natural that homeowners cut back on turning their housing wealth into cash.
- Results also showed that women who gained weight after age 18 were at a significantly increased risk of developing asthma.
- The bowler was reportedly putting more weight on his leg to gain speed and not using his arms.
- Circulating within the cluster, some of these pairs might gain enough speed to escape the cluster altogether.
- It is normal and healthy to gain weight gradually over the course of a pregnancy.
3(time) ganarmy watch is gaining ten minutes a day — mi reloj (se) adelanta diez minutos por día
- The new clocks would not gain or lose one second in a thousand years.
- It also depends on the constancy of its rate; meaning, that a watch gains or loses the exact same amount of time each day.
1.1(improve)to gain in sth
- the shares have gained in value — las acciones han subido / aumentado de valor
- she has gained enormously in prestige — su prestigio ha aumentado enormemente
- he's gaining in fitness — su estado físico es cada vez mejor
- she's gradually gaining in confidence — poco a poco va adquiriendo confianza en sí misma
- The performances are improving and gaining in confidence.
- Here's proof: there are vernacular Valentine cards to be had, and they seem to be gaining in popularity with each V-Day.
- The location has been gaining in popularity - so much so that parks officials want to stop renting it out unless the event holds some prestige value for the city.
- This holiday season, LEDs are gaining in popularity as bulbs for Christmas lights.
- The verdict was that camp drafting is a sport gaining in popularity.
- Cookery courses abroad are also gaining in popularity.
- The children's yoga course is now in its second term and is gaining in popularity, and it is immediately obvious that the studio is child-friendly.
- Like a snowball rolling downhill, the software-as-a-service platform is gaining in size and depth as vendors continue to add on more and more components to the core hosted application.
- The last one in particular is great stuff; I guess now that he's dead his time has come and he's gaining in popularity.
- These metals are gaining in popularity for use in jewelry and are also important in manufacturing auto converters that reduce pollution.
- This utter tripe that is reality TV seems to be gaining in popularity.
- More and more support has been given to the West on Track campaign that is gaining in popularity at present.
- Rosé champagnes are serious wines which are gaining in popularity.
- We are gaining in power, we deserve respect - and complimentary drinks.
- What I gained in readership or ad revenue was not worth the respect I lost for myself.
- Bottom lifts, however, are gaining in popularity here.
- Western reporters talking mainly to the urban middle class also got a false sense that his list might be gaining in popularity.
- Another general point about the focus group method is that, while it is gaining in popularity at the moment, it is by no means a new technique.
- The island is currently gaining in popularity.
- This facility, Mary tells us is gaining in popularity.
1.2(benefit, profit)beneficiarsesacar provecho
- Tickets are £75 and charities to gain from the evening are Macmillan Cancer Relief and Friends of Mitchell House.
- The original capital remains in the estate, but the beneficiaries gain from the growth on the investment as it is free from inheritance tax.
- The share price gained to $4.90 on the Nasdaq late last week.
- Steel shares gained sharply on the bourses, partly on hopes that Arcelor's move would spur consolidation in the fragmented Indian industry.
- Who is likely to gain from the ensuing panic - except for law firms, currently lining up to bring DVT cases against airlines?
- A fine line that should be trod wisely in order to create a future where everyone can gain from the benefits of using this technology.
- One farmer who stands to gain from the lifting of the ban is Robin Spence, who produces around 1,200 cattle for the beef market every year from his land near Lockerbie.
- Over the course of the week, shares gained 4p to close at 69.6p. Shares have more than doubled since January.
- Further, those who will gain from the agreement are completely different from those who benefited from the old strategy.
- At yesterday's 560p closing share price, Value Investor readers had gained 14%.
- Patients on wards for the elderly will be the first to gain from the changes which will eventually see all Nightingale wards modernised and an end to mixed sex accommodation.
- Japan's benchmark Nikkei 225 stock index has gained 30% in the same period.
- On the other hand voluntary euthanasia can be open to abuse, perhaps someone may gain from the patients demise and they intend to get rid of this patient at any cost.
- Restaurant receipts gained 3.5 per cent in value in the first quarter after dropping 9.7 per cent last year.
- The soccer club stood to gain from the rent O2 would be paying but the parents of young tennis club members were concerned about possible health risks from the transmitter.
- Patients in this group stand to gain from the benefit of lower early thrombosis rates with myelosuppressive medications.
- Some may be better off taking retirement benefits before A-Day, while others would gain from waiting until the new regime comes in.
- Tesco gained again, increasing its share to 29.8 per cent from 29.5 per cent in March.
- The overall share market gained 0.9 of one per cent today, ignoring a weak lead from Wall Street.
- And yet EMI's share price has gained over 40 per cent since 2004 started.
- Aegis shares gained 10% to 125.25p in Friday's trade as traders reckoned other bidders could be flushed out by the move.
- Economic development has played a key role in improving the environment for many millions of people, although many more could gain from its benefits in the future.
- First Commercial shares have gained 7.4 percent in the same period.
- In Wales, the tourism industry feels it could gain from the war rather than from the influence of holidaying Hollywood couples.
- Shares in Smart Telecom gained 1.3% on the London market yesterday, valuing the company at €50m.
- Within the index, 190 stocks gained, 319 stocks fell while 48 were unchanged.
- Farmers will gain from the extension of the growing season but soil moisture and reduced rainfall in summer could also prove harmful.
- The Irish Technology Share Index gained just 0.8 per cent to 5207.02.
- By noon, its shares had gained 11 pence to 141.5p.
- Greencore's share price has gained only fractionally since Desmond began his stake building in 1999.
- Regrettably, the US government has the fervent support of our government, apparently in the belief that we have a duty to stand by the US and will gain from doing so.
- Intel's share price has been gaining steadily and from a US economic perspective it will be seen as a bellwether as far as indicting the state of the high technology sector.
- For a start, all the various contenders thrashing about in the struggle to take over the Conservative party would surely gain from having experts in expediency to consult.
- The LuSE all share index gained from 1,190.47 points in the previous week to 1,230.10, translating in a rise of 3.32 percentage points.
- The share price gained early in the week, but fell again on Thursday and Friday to close at around $19.55 on the Nasdaq.
- Up to 450 patients now receiving treatment at the trust's hospitals could gain from the new system, due to start within the next two months.
- Blue chips and technology shares gained heavily Monday, pushing the index up sharply, Hong Kong analysts said.
- The Liberals will hope to do as well as at the general election and the Scottish Nationalists to gain from mid-term Government unpopularity at Westminster.
- Even customers who don't borrow might gain from switching.
- Only the star presenters stand to gain from all this.
2.1(go fast)(clock/watch) adelantar(se)
2.2(move nearer)to gain on / upon sb/sth — acortar las distancias con respecto a algn/algo
(profit)ganancia femininebeneficio masculine
- You are not allowed to use confidential information you have for your own personal gain.
- I viewed them willingly, helped out, gave my experienced expert opinion on what I saw freely and without personal gain.
- A trained barrister, he made sure that laws were passed to prevent the misuse of mineral resources for private gain.
- He sold the shares for a trifling personal gain of around $300.
- The company said circulation revenues continue to show solid advances on 2002, reflecting the impact of both cover price increases and market share gains.
- It all boils down to the integrity of the individual and the willingness of the individual to sink perceived personal gain for the common good when necessary.
- Education needs hearts and minds dedicated to altruistic development rather than short term and personal gain and material enrichment.
- I'm angry that a company is out there selling my personal information for monetary gain.
- He did not fight for personal gain, as is manifest from the fact that he was a very poor man who gave away all he had constantly, to help others in charity.
- I mean, we're talking about an individual who did this for his own personal gain without any feelings toward any human being.
- Technically, water remains a public resource, but water license holders can now sell the rights to a public resource for personal gain.
- He said the transaction had not led to any personal gain and added he had not sold any of the shares since they were acquired.
- Greed is the desire for material wealth or gain, ignoring the realm of the spiritual.
- This will only be achieved by proper administrators whose collective priority should be a passion for the game and not concentrated on personal gain or glory.
- Additionally, with this new focus on sacrificing sustainable living for financial gain, natural resources were in greater demand than ever.
- Favourtism is defined by personal financial gain.
- I have to ask, if what is said above is true, why then would you keep it a secret and release the information only for personal gain?
- Philadelphia politicians and their appointees sometimes use their offices for personal gain.
- Ruthless pursuit of personal gain is venerated.
- More observed an England in which wealth and personal gain had come to mean more than Christian devotion or charity.
2.1(increase)aumento masculinea gain of 40% — un aumento del 40%
2.2(improvement)the gain in efficiency — el aumento de eficiencia
- the gain in time — la economía de tiempo
- their loss is our gain — nosotros nos beneficiamos / salimos ganando con su pérdida
3Politicstriunfo masculinevictoria feminine
- Their findings suggest that a more responsible approach to arms exports is not a question of economic loss versus moral gain.
- We lack a vocabulary to discuss other ways of investing in health gain.
- But that gain has been achieved at a considerable price, as we shall see.
- These interventions achieve the largest health gains by an individual intervention, and the question is whether these should be scaled up further or if there are more cost effective choices.
- The second is that he is in touch with reality, but chooses to distort it in his public pronouncements for political gain or mere gratification.
- Instead they are trying to saw off the limb onto which the president has climbed in order to achieve short-term political gain.
- This doesn't mean that we should do nothing to improve our diets, but just to suggest that potential health gains aren't worth the anxiety that could be created by another public health campaign.
- The good news is that the fans' loss is the public's gain.
- It is unclear whether screening for diabetes would, in itself, achieve an appreciable health gain.
- But do our political gains need to be achieved at such economic cost?
- OK, I think we can do that well and keep our losses proportional to the gains we achieve.
- The potential gain to the wider public from the results of individual studies must be considered.
- In order for a supplier to achieve a large cooperative gain, the partnership must favour the creation and coordination of joint resources.
- This would be the question on the minds of innocent general public, thus reversing all the gains of the public health campaigns for HIV-AIDS prevention.
- Policies motivated by political gain will inflict public pain.
- Prospect theory suggests that people are more inclined to take risks to avoid losses than they are to take risks to achieve gains.
- Recent amendments to the Act should lead to significant improvements, and my government will ensure that the potential gains are achieved.
- These crustaceans adaptations for water balance loss, gain and retention are a physiological priority.
- It's this crucial combination of good health and good taste that presents a significant potential gain for the industry.
- In reality what happens is the blatant misuse of public office for pecuniary gain.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.