In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1literary(bitterness)hiel feminine literarythe bitter gall of defeat — la amarga hiel de la derrota literary
- she writes with a pen dipped in gall — lo que escribe destila hiel
- It's always a bit crushing when you lose something that was yours but there is a special bitter gall when that thing is logging your progress in a 10,000 a day stepathon.
- Learning that his quarry had given him a slip a glowering devil seemed to rage within the king's heart, raising dark and savage gall.
- How quickly I fall back to my evil ways when I force You to drink the bitter gall of mankind's sin - instead of refreshing water that will temporarily soothe Your thirsty and battered body.
2archaicPhysiologyhiel femininebilis feminine
- The result of Raychel's beating is directly carried over to the Roman soldier forcing Jesus to drink gall.
- In central Ontario, eight species of parasitoids and a Periclistus inquiline are associated with this gall.
- Dried and sold as an aphrodisiac and cure-all in Asia, Russia, and North America, bear gall has long been treasure for poachers.
- It is said to be the fish with whose gall Tobit recovered his sight, although it seems improbable that a fish of this species should have leapt out of the River Tigris.
- There they offered Jesus wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, he refused to drink it.
- Raphael helped him to catch a fish, the heart, liver and gall of which were used by Tobias to drive away a demon and cure his father's blindness.
- And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull, They gave Him Vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when He had tasted thereof, He would not drink.
- They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
- Whoever killed Russell's bears was not out poaching gall, Pavel believed.
- They gave Him sour wine mingled with gall to drink.
1(effrontery)descaro masculinedesfachatez feminineto have the gall to + inf — tener el descaro / la desfachatez de + inf informal
- You almost have to admire the sheer gall of it all.
- Never once did she remind him that she was his prized assassin, the only female with enough gall to commit repetitive and senseless acts of violence.
- What a hat full of horsefeathers; what a hoary hunk of chutzpah; what a grotesque, galloping glob of gall this guy is!
- I mustered up enough gall to snatch the rose from his spinning fingers, toss it away, and interlace my fingers with his own.
- ‘You always have such gall,’ she stated trying to avoid looking at his face.
- But, if his responses to past adversity are an accurate guide, long-term suffering will be felt only by those with gall enough to challenge the depth of his current supremacy.
- I looked furiously from her to the one who'd had enough gall to do this.
- You really have a lot of gall, Mackenzie, to come right up and say all these things.
- I think we should have an awed silence in honour of the sheer unbelievable gall of that one.
- The defendant then has the unmitigated gall to blame his recent bankruptcy on these court proceedings.
- I can't believe we have such ungrateful whiners in this place that have the hide and gall to call themselves Aussies.
- To legislate for artistic imagination is an intellectual conceit that for sheer gall takes the breath away.
- I have been in politics a while - not long enough, obviously - but I have been in politics a while and I have seen some examples of impertinence, cheek, and gall, but that last speech beats them all.
- The piece is written with an almost amused incredulity at the sheer gall of the scheme.
- I wasn't there fault that they did realize that things had changed not that it didn't keep her from dusting them for sheer gall of trying to attack her.
- In hockey terms, spine is guts, grit, gumption and gall.
- And then, somebody had the unmitigated gall to shop those tapes around to media outlets in order to sell them to the highest bidder.
- What the French lack in reason they make up for in sheer gall.
- This boy obviously had a lot of gall, threatening and challenging him like this.
- ‘If nothing else you have gall,’ he nodded and she gave a Cheshire smile to the offhanded compliment as he lit his cigar, the smell of it immediately coming to her attention.
1irritardarle rabia awhat galls me is the way he never arrives on time — lo que me irrita / me da rabia es que nunca llega a la hora
- Among the garden plants with interesting diseases seen recently were clematis affected by a microscopic rust fungus which caused huge galls on the stem, and a disfiguring pathogenic algae on Hardenburgia, an ornamental climber.
- In the spring I saw some old blackened pods and thought they were insect galls.
- The female gall fly lays her eggs in young buds, causing the plant to form galls.
- When the larvae hatch, they feed inside the shoots, causing the plant to produce galls about the size of a large marble.
- Foliar galls probably caused by mites also have been recognized on one gymnosperm species in the formation.
- The midge is an ephemeral 2-3 mm insect whose larva induces a gall on young unfurled S. viminalis leaves.
- None of the Fort Severn galls issued inhabitants; however, the presence of galls confirms that the species can survive here.
- Herbivorous attack was estimated by the number of attacked leaves and percentage of leaf area damaged, while gall-forming insect attacks were estimated from the number of leaves with galls and number of galls per individual plant.
- The flies' larvae build galls within the flower buds and steal some of the plant's energy, leading to a reduction in the number of seeds that develop.
- This orange gelatinous material, which contains thousands of spores, oozes out of chocolate-colored galls present on affected branches.
- Leaves, flowers, roots, fruits, twigs, and insect galls can also be employed as medicine.
- Damage to leaves caused by insects appears widespread and includes traces of feeding, leaf mines and galls.
- She held out her gnarled hands, as twisted and brown as the galls of a walnut tree.
- About twenty species in the deserts of Australia occupy galls, plant tissues that have been modified by feeding insects to form a hollow cavity.
- Insect galls are likely to be resource sinks, drawing nutrients from other tissues of the host plant in addition to its own leaf.
- In early spring, these aphids form pouch-shaped galls on the hybrids' leaves; living and breeding within the galls, the insects feed on the trees' nutritious sap stream.
- At one time it was believed that the bacterium lived in the soil like its relative that causes galls on other plants.
- The damage includes feeding traces, predominantly continuous marginal feeding traces, leaf mines including linear and possible blotch varieties and probable leaf galls.
- They will also eat small fruits, berries, and plant galls.
- But for aphids living inside plant galls, the risk of getting stuck or even drowning in their own sticky waste is quite real.
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