In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
transitive verbgiven, gave
1.1(to hand)dargive her/me/them a glass of water — dale/dame/dales un vaso de agua
- he gave her/me/them a glass of water — le/me/les dio un vaso de agua
- give her something to eat — dale algo de comer
- give the tickets to Jane — dale las entradas a Jane
- give Jane the tickets — dale las entradas a Jane
- I've already given them to her — ya se las he dado
- The Maypole was traditionally given to the community by the local gentry.
- He said the mens' weekly wages were given to them by the side of a roadway or in the woods where they may be working.
- These awards were given to them for their kindness and generosity to their neighbours.
- The 505-acre site was given to the trust by a mystery donor who bought it early in 2002.
- All the money from sales is given to charity, the artist will accept no remuneration for his work.
- It was given to me by his mom, Arlene, as a proud memorial to her son.
- The property was given to the church to be used, not to be sold on.
- The awards are given to children who achieved something against the odds.
- This cash is given to farmers across the EU to help prop up their businesses through massive subsidies.
- He has since been on bail and always denied any impropriety, maintaining the items were given to him by his employer.
- She seemed unable to say ‘no’ to her son and is believed to have given him large amounts of money.
- Offerings are given to the Gods as an act of giving something that one loves to the loved ones, he says.
- No spare cash was given to Brown to finance his trip back to Glasgow.
- The tokens are given to customers after they pay for their goods at checkout.
- Most people who come to the tills are perfectly happy to give the suggested donation and many give more than is suggested.
- The proceeds of the raffle were given to charity.
- Your doctor tells you about the benefits of quitting and gives you some leaflets with useful advice and helpline phone numbers in them
- If his first encounter of the day was with a sweeper, superstition dictated that he stop to give her five rupees.
- Prizes are given to the best dancing couple and the couple who stays at the floor for the longest time.
- Trey goes to the cupboard and comes back with two bags of chips, giving one to Bailey and keeping one for himself.
1.2(to make a gift of)regalarobsequiar formalto give sb a present — hacerle un regalo a algn
- it was given to me for my birthday — me lo regalaron para mi cumpleaños
- I wouldn't want it if she gave it to me — no lo quiero ni regalado
1.3(to donate)(money/tip/alms) dar(organ/blood) dar(blood/organ) donarthey have given $100,000 for/toward a new music room — han dado / donado $100.000/han contribuido con $100.000 para una nueva sala de música
1.4(to devote)(affection/love) dar(attention) prestarshe gave her life to the service of God — consagró su vida al servicio del Señor
- I'll give it some thought — lo pensaré
- please give serious consideration to our offer — por favor considere seriamente nuestra oferta
- I gave you the best years of my life — te di / entregué los mejores años de mi vida
- to give it all one's got — dar lo mejor de sí
- Since his death, family, friends and neighbours have given their support to Tracey.
- We try to give them emotional support and an idea of what is right and wrong.
- Mom gave her unconditional love and devotion to each and every one of her children.
- We are prepared to give as much support or advice as is needed to help.
- Many people have already given freely of their time and efforts to help so many unfortunate people.
- We would like to hear from people who feel able to give emotional support to the bereaved.
- Mr Peters said he wanted to thank the Bolton public for the support he had been given.
- A great many people gave very generously of their time, money and energy to make it a reality.
- I want to thank the many people who gave generously of their time on the legal support team.
- You must have given a great deal of thought to this.
- But just as much as he loved giving affection, he also liked being on the receiving end of it.
- This did not prevent him from giving considerable time to public activities.
- The club are happy to see more parents attending games and giving their support to the players.
- Well, for starters, they should receive a decent income for giving their time to public service.
- Call a friend or family member who can help you and give you emotional support.
- She has enjoyed being able to give love and support to the elderly and motivate her staff to do the same.
- He needs just the same love and support that any parent would give at a time like this.
- All the medical staff have given me the highest level of dedication, care and support they could have given.
- Throughout the emotional ordeal the doctors and nurses were on hand to give her support and advice.
- I have been giving my support and providing inspiration to all of these new bodies, because I see that they add to the total momentum of what we are able to do.
- And the support Sure Start gives to parents is helping families not just to cope, but to prosper.
- You are generous and giving to friends, loved ones and family but impatient of opposition.
- If you're like many college students, you've probably given some thought to attending graduate or professional school.
- I pretty much give my time to whoever needs it, and for me that's maybe how it should be.
- I have been giving some thought as to how the annoying buzzing sound of model aircraft can be, to other listeners, a mere gentle drone?
- The women's network has given them emotional support to try to talk to their parents.
- All of us in the house try to give as much love and guidance and support as we possibly can.
- The staff gave all their love, care and support, thus enabling me to overcome my fears.
- Maybe they have given them emotional support during a difficult period in their life.
- His energy is used only for composing and for music - as well as the ludicrously generous amount of time he gives to his students.
1.5(to sacrifice)(life) dar(life) entregar
1.6(to administer, to serve)(injection/sedative) dar(injection/sedative) administrar formalwhat did they give you for dinner? — ¿qué te dieron de cenar?
- She advised Zoe to apply for work experience to give her a taste of the job.
- This new experience had given her a sense of peace which she was loathe to let go of.
- All federal members of parliament will be given the right to speak and move motions.
- Children and families come to the centre for support, and are given opportunities they might not get at home.
- Charity work can be very satisfying, as well as giving you work experience.
- Her experiences gave her a sense of empathy and responsibility, she says.
- Lorraine was not given the opportunity to speak during the service, something she regrets.
- As a relationship develops, each shared experience gives us the chance to check out if we're compatible.
- That gave us experience of booking a hall, doing the publicity and selling tickets.
- Various resources in the community would contribute to giving the family a new start.
- You do these things because you hope that they will give you pleasure.
- He said the experience gave him a new appreciation for small business owners.
- I think all the experience had given me a feeling for what individual audiences want.
- Composed, but upbeat and twinkly, Fran says the experience has given her a balanced perspective on life.
- Cassidy read the note over a few more times before the telephone rang and gave her a start.
- On the second day there I was given the opportunity to speak to children in the afternoon at the local junior school.
- Every single politician we spoke to gave us their wholehearted support.
- The experience gives him a newfound confidence that might be mistaken for sentimentality.
- Playing last year in the USA was a great experience and it has given me a real taste for travel.
- The experience gave her a huge lift, as she has suffered from several personal tragedies in recent years.
1.7(to offer)(arm/hand) dar
2.1(to grant)(protection/shelter) dar(help/hospitality) dar(hospitality/help) brindar(idea) dargive her something to do — dale algo que / para hacer
- that should give him something to think about — eso debería darle en qué pensar
2.2(to allow, to concede)(opportunity/permission/advantage) dar(opportunity/permission/advantage) conceder formalwe can easily do the job, given time — podemos hacer el trabajo fácilmente, si nos dan tiempo
- given the choice, I'd … — si me dieran a elegir, yo …
- he's a good worker, I'll give him that, but … — es muy trabajador, hay que reconocerlo, pero …
- I'd give their marriage a year at the most — le doy un año a su matrimonio, como mucho
- the doctors only give him three months — los médicos le dan solo tres meses
- it would take us 15 months, give or take a week or two — nos llevaría unos 15 meses, semana más, semana menos
- It was because when they treated us like that they are not giving women the respect we deserve.
- Overwhelmed with material today, I shall have to postpone giving her arguments the attention they deserve.
- She's pretty, you have to give her that much.
- Please give these mums the respect they deserve, they're not out to ruin your day, honest!
- We will be fully focussed and we will give them the respect they deserve but not too much.
- Give it your all, but most of all look like you know what you are doing and give the fans the respect they deserve.
- Again, McNamara must be given credit for the forward run and the timing of Sutton's lay off was perfect.
- Her photographs deserve far more than this, and the compiler gives them their due.
- So, if the visuals are not given the proper attention they deserve, the film will duly suffer.
- He must be given credit for coming forward to the police.
- Socks are a vital part of your walking kit yet they are rarely given the attention that they deserve.
- We've had some good derbies against them in recent seasons but will be giving them the respect they deserve.
- Thank you for taking the time to read this and giving it the serious consideration that it deserves.
- The new administration should be given passing marks for its swift reaction to the quake.
- To give him his due, the counter clerk refused to be intimidated.
3(to pay, to exchange)darwhat will you give me for it? — ¿cuánto me das por él?
- I'd give anything for a cigarette — no sé qué daría por un cigarrillo
- I'd give a lot to see them happy — ¡qué no daría por verlos felices!
- I had an email from a guy who was a dealer asking me to cancel the auction and let him give me £800 cash for the pair of them.
- ‘At last,’ he exclaimed, in an excitable way, ‘a bid of £25,000 from Mr Clarkson. Now. Who'll give me £26,000?’
- In this system, money could be given as a present, but it could not be given as direct payment.
- Now it was down to the bartering. ‘What'll you give for the apricots?’
- ‘What would you give for it?’ he continued. ‘Gee, I don't know. I don't have any Brazilian money anyway.’
4.1(to cause)(pleasure/joy/shock) dar(cough/pain) dardon't give us your germs/cold! — ¡no nos pegues tus microbios/tu resfriado! informal
- The principle gave a very unladylike snort and tried to cover it up with a cough.
- I heard the girl give a very animal-like growl and jump from the ferry in pursuit.
- They seemed to enjoy themselves as I heard her give an annoyingly sweet laugh.
- The bear reappeared briefly, gave a few more roars, then disappeared into the woods.
- She started, giving a little gasp herself and turned back to look at him.
- It gave a low, thrilling sound; and Toki began to sing, and his voice had in song a sweetness it never had in speech.
- It quickly backed away giving a noise that sounded a bit like a whimper.
- Nat gave a louder gasp that drew some more shuffles from the other side of the room.
- After giving a somewhat amused snort at my audacity, he asked me what it was I wanted to know.
- "No, " he said, making her give an exasperated grunt.
- His wrist gave an ugly grinding sound and searing pain tore through him like knives.
- He puts his hand over hers and she squeezes it, he gives this sad little sound.
- He just leaned forward himself and gave a tiny, bubbly laugh.
- The others quickly ran up the stairs, each one giving a loud squeaking noise.
- I heard her give an audible sigh before giving me a weak smile.
- Her companion widened her eyes in amazement and gave a little indulgent gasp.
- The audience gives a great collective gasp, their snacks forgotten.
- At the middle, he froze too as the pillar gave a huge groaning noise and crumbled.
4.2(to yield)(results) dar(warmth/light) dar(milk/fruit) dar
- The lights look wonderful giving a very festive air to the village and are a credit to those responsible for putting them up.
- By the way, I do not recommend using hedge trimmers as it gives a too sheared appearance.
- The colour combination gives an exotic appearance, setting this daffodil apart from others.
- Treating the material when it is flat gives much better results.
- The first gives a neater result, while the second, which I think the more interesting, is not for the fainthearted.
- The finest recipes omit the semolina, giving an extra spongy result.
- The main dining area is circular, with high windows giving a very light and airy feel to the place.
- I've used leaf gelatine, which is well worth tracking down as it gives a much finer result.
- However, the kind of technology that we have developed gives a very high yield indeed.
- He believes that bead blasting with aluminum oxide gives a finer finished product than glass bead.
- A single pesticidal product rarely gives the most effective and economical control.
- Microwave irradiation can also allow the use of less or no solvent and can produce fewer byproducts, giving a purer product.
- Russ always wanted to have a Saxophone in the band as it gives a ‘party’ feeling to the music.
5.1(when introducing somebody)presentarladies and gentleman, I give you tonight's guest … — señoras y señores, les presento a nuestro invitado de esta noche …
5.2(when making a toast)I give you the Bride and Bridegroom — propongo un brindis por los novios
6.1(to award)(degree/title) dar(title/degree) otorgar formal(title/degree) conferir formal(right/authority) dar(authority/right) otorgar formal(authority/right) conceder formal(contract) dar(contract) adjudicar(mark) dar(mark) ponerthe referee has given a corner — el árbitro ha señalado córner
- the judge gave her five years — el juez le dio cinco años / la condenó a cinco años
6.2(to adjudge)the ball was given out by the linesman — el juez de línea dijo que la pelota estaba fuera
- The judge saw the film for himself and gave his verdict in a matter of a few days.
- On Thursday the tribunal was adjourned to allow the panel to consider legal issues in the case before giving their judgement.
- Mr Justice Munby was giving his ruling in an adoption case where a woman was paid just 1,000 US dollars to hand over her newborn daughter to an adoption agency.
- The hearing ended on Thursday and Mr Justice Sullivan will give his judgement this week.
- It is understood a mass verdict will be given when the hearings have finally ended.
- She fell silent for a few minutes, before giving her verdict.
- Dame Elizabeth, giving her ruling in London, told the court that in her judgment Greater Manchester Newspapers Ltd was in breach of an injunction she granted in January 8 this year to protect the pair after their release.
6.3(to entrust)(responsibility/task) dar(responsibility/task) confiar(responsibility/task) encomendarhe was given charge of 30 children — pusieron a 30 niños a su cargo
- she's given me her car to fix — me ha dejado el coche para que se lo arregle
- Each group is then given into the care of a group leader who will then stay with that group for the whole of their stay.
- The child was given into the custody of the mother.
- Maybe she was afraid of committing and giving herself and her heart to someone.
- Any investment property can be given into the care of a property management company.
7(to make a sound, a movement)(beating/cry/jump) dar(cry/jump/beating) pegar(laugh) soltar(kiss) darhe gave a sigh of relief — suspiró aliviado
- to give sb a push/kick — darle un empujón/una patada a algn
- to give sb a wink — hacerle una guiñada / un guiño a algn
- go on, give us a smile — a ver, una sonrisita
- he gave my hand a squeeze — me apretó la mano
- give your hands a good wash — lávate bien las manos
- I'll give it a quick look — le echaré una miradita
- why not give it a try? — ¿por qué no pruebas / no lo intentas?
- She didn't bother answering that, giving him a scathing look instead.
- He tried and failed to sound reassuring, giving his most trustworthy smile.
- The man gave a tight lipped smile, nodding as he downed half the drink and lost his breath.
- Louisa squeals and gives Georgie a big hug and a kiss on the cheek, then does the same to her father.
- He raised one eyebrow, stared steadily at her and then gave a short nod.
- She scanned his face for a full minute, then gave a slow nod.
- If all this sounds familiar, give yourself a pat on the back for paying attention.
- She knew she sounded crazy and the look her sister gave her confirmed it that she sounded crazy.
- She slammed her locker shut and clicked the lock, giving Jacob a funny smile with the eyebrow raised again.
- She gave Bond a ringing slap across the eyes and burst into tears.
- He gives one of his rumbling belly laughs, then replies that he is certainly not Superman.
- Bang on time, she walked past my window, this time giving me a little smile.
- Allie drummed slender fingers on the table's shiny surface, giving her head a shake.
- I looked up at her, to see her give me a gentle smile.
8.1(to convey)(message/news/apologies/thanks) darplease give my regards to your mother — dale recuerdos a tu madre
- A leaflet has been compiled giving drivers the strong message that speed kills.
- That seems to typify the message the Government gives to New Zealanders.
- I have a very simple message to give those who are listening to the debate in the House today.
- He looked almost bored with repeating the message he had given on countless other occasions.
- I wonder whether the senior Government whip is giving that message to his Ministers and to his caucus.
- It gives a clear social message and has a clear social benefit.
- I had a go at the commercial manager for not having given me a telephone message.
- My concern is that the message given by our Government is that alcohol is OK.
- Canon John Young gives his Christmas message, seeking hope and happiness at the end of a long and sometimes troubling year.
- Get big or get out was the message our government policies gave to the farmers.
- The message would have to be given in a subtle not a patronising way.
- This approach gives a very mixed message, as was all too clear from the press coverage of the latest report published in January.
- The most important message we have to give is that his death was not a random act.
- In his own way, the bishop was repeating the message that Jesus gave the rich young man.
- Fed-up rail commuters have been given a message of hope from fellow travellers on Merseyside.
- It just really gives a very important message to parents to watch out for their kids.
- And by and large the message that they gave very clearly was that they are interested in politics.
- In effect, by doing nothing the Minister is giving a Government message that we do not care if people abuse trusts.
- Should we be giving young people the message that drugs are the answer?
- She wanted to give a very clear message that bullying was not acceptable in schools.
8.2(to state)(details/answer/explanation/information/address/name) dar(opinion/order/advice) darto give evidence — declarar
- she gave a detailed description of the place — describió el lugar detalladamente
- the answers are given on page 23 — las soluciones están / vienen en la página 23
- the judge has given his verdict — el juez ha dictado sentencia
- they gave me no warning — no me advirtieron
- she gave me her word — me dio su palabra
- don't give me all that stuff about … — no me vengas con el cuento / la historia de que …
- The union may require the information to be given in writing but not that any particular documents be produced.
- To be fair, Kevin Drum also didn't like it, but gives rather better reasons which he went on to justify.
- In contrast, the daily life exhibit gives little or no information on the daily life of the ancient Egyptians.
- One logical reason I often give for this is that I can move faster and keep warmer in trousers.
- Can you give some more information about where you are working or what the project is?
- This may seem contrived, but essentially the same argument can be given in a more natural form.
- John gave a general synopsis and managed the slides and Jo gave a more detailed explanation.
- He spoke only to give his name and personal details during the five-minute hearing.
- Given that this is the only basis you give for objecting to certain facts, I put it to you that it is rather weak.
- The initial argument, given by those who had read from the books, put Wuthering Heights firmly in the lead.
- A reason politicians often give for not legalising cannabis is that it leads to harder drugs.
- The solicitors now gave rather more details of Mr Lumley's past history.
9.1(to hold)(party/dinner) dar(party/dinner) ofrecer formal
- Recently I gave a very elegant dinner party and invited everyone I want to impress at my new job.
- He gives the dullest parties in town and is stingy with the drinks.
- There will always be time to go to work, clean the house, give a dinner party and fix the waste disposal unit.
- The subject was raised at a dinner party he gave for staff attending the literary festival.
- Hell, if I replaced the kitchen, I'd have to justify it by giving regular dinner parties.
- She gives lavish dinner parties when entertaining her husband's business friends.
- This way you won't keep the neighbors up at night just because you are giving a back yard party.
- A great reception was given to the winners when they were presented with their prizes.
- The only time I met him was at a dinner party given by one of his sons, who was an Oxford friend of mine.
- The gorgeous house where you could give those dinner parties is the same kind of house Lynette wishes she could escape.
- You just shouldn't spend that much money on giving your thirteen-year-old a party.
- The General and Lady Spears came out and stayed quite a long time during the dry season, giving a very grand party to which nearly everyone was invited.
- But basically people give dinner parties at home because they want to be liked.
- We were guests of honour and given a slap up feast, then my friends went on stage to play their set.
9.2(to stage, to perform)(concert/recital/lecture) dar(speech) decir(speech) pronunciar formalgive us a song! — ¡cántanos una canción!
10(to show, to indicate)(temperature/speed) señalar(speed/temperature) marcarto give the time — dar la hora
- my watch gives the time as 7:37 — mi reloj marca las 7:37
intransitive verbgiven, gave
1.1(to yield under pressure)(plastic/leather) ceder(leather/plastic) dar de sísooner or later something had to give — tarde o temprano algo tenía que estallar
- they won't give an inch — no cederán un ápice
- The butter is softened enough when it gives slightly when pressed but still holds its shape.
- To test them, press one with your finger and it should just give under the pressure.
- He had Sam by the wrist and could feel the bone giving under the pressure he was exerting.
- The situation escalates to the point that something has to give.
- The ice gave and broke with the weight.
- Is it because the clubface gives a little, resulting in slightly less deformation of the ball during impact?
- If the flesh gives under light pressure without falling apart, the fish is perfectly done.
- Either way, it's ready when the skin gives easily under pressure and the meat is tender.
- The door finally gave but not without the hinges making a loud protest.
1.2(to break, to give way)the planks simply gave under the weight — las tablas se rompieron bajo el peso
- my legs gave under me — me fallaron / se me doblaron las piernas
2.1US informal (to surrender)darse por vencidorendirseI give, what is the capital of Albania? — me doy por vencida / me rindo ¿cuál es la capital de Albania?
2.2US dated slang (to divulge information)cantar slang
- So come on. Give. What's the bad news?
- Alright. Give. What's up? You still have a secret, don't you?
- So give, what's the reason behind it?
- So give! What's happening with him?
- OK, give: Why the cut?
3(to make a gift)darit is better to give than to receive — es mejor dar que recibir
- to give to charity — dar dinero a organizaciones de caridad
- please give generously — contribuyan generosamente por favor
1elasticidad femininethis fabric doesn't have much give in it — esta tela no da mucho de sí
- When choosing them, look for those with a blotchy yellow or orange skin and with a slight give when pressed.
- Thai fishcakes tend to have a foam-like quality: like padded cushions with a bit of a give.
- He felt the gentle give of the handcuffs beneath his expert hands and reigned in his emotions.
- To perform good dressage, you want the ground to give you something back, a bit of give and bounce.
- We are on this type of surface for the rest of the route and very nice it is too, a bit of give under the boots for comfort, and you do not have to watch your feet.
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