In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(to hand)dargive her/me/them a glass of water — dale/dame/dales un vaso de agua
- he gave her/me/them a glass of water — le/me/les dio un vaso de agua
- give her something to eat — dale algo de comer
- give the tickets to Jane — dale las entradas a Jane
- give Jane the tickets — dale las entradas a Jane
- I've already given them to her — ya se las he dado
- No spare cash was given to Brown to finance his trip back to Glasgow.
- All the money from sales is given to charity, the artist will accept no remuneration for his work.
- The awards are given to children who achieved something against the odds.
- He said the mens' weekly wages were given to them by the side of a roadway or in the woods where they may be working.
- The property was given to the church to be used, not to be sold on.
- She seemed unable to say ‘no’ to her son and is believed to have given him large amounts of money.
- It was given to me by his mom, Arlene, as a proud memorial to her son.
- These awards were given to them for their kindness and generosity to their neighbours.
- This cash is given to farmers across the EU to help prop up their businesses through massive subsidies.
- The proceeds of the raffle were given to charity.
- The 505-acre site was given to the trust by a mystery donor who bought it early in 2002.
- The tokens are given to customers after they pay for their goods at checkout.
- If his first encounter of the day was with a sweeper, superstition dictated that he stop to give her five rupees.
- Most people who come to the tills are perfectly happy to give the suggested donation and many give more than is suggested.
- Prizes are given to the best dancing couple and the couple who stays at the floor for the longest time.
- He has since been on bail and always denied any impropriety, maintaining the items were given to him by his employer.
- The Maypole was traditionally given to the community by the local gentry.
- Offerings are given to the Gods as an act of giving something that one loves to the loved ones, he says.
- Trey goes to the cupboard and comes back with two bags of chips, giving one to Bailey and keeping one for himself.
- Your doctor tells you about the benefits of quitting and gives you some leaflets with useful advice and helpline phone numbers in them
1.2(to make a gift of)regalarobsequiar formalto give sb a present — hacerle un regalo a algn
- it was given to me for my birthday — me lo regalaron para mi cumpleaños
- I wouldn't want it if she gave it to me — no lo quiero ni regalado
1.3(to donate)(tip/money/alms) dar(blood/organ) dar(blood/organ) donarthey have given $100,000 for/toward a new music room — han dado / donado $100.000/han contribuido con $100.000 para una nueva sala de música
1.4(to devote)(love/affection) dar(attention) prestarshe gave her life to the service of God — consagró su vida al servicio del Señor
- I'll give it some thought — lo pensaré
- please give serious consideration to our offer — por favor considere seriamente nuestra oferta
- I gave you the best years of my life — te di / entregué los mejores años de mi vida
- to give it all one's got — dar lo mejor de sí
- You must have given a great deal of thought to this.
- Throughout the emotional ordeal the doctors and nurses were on hand to give her support and advice.
- He needs just the same love and support that any parent would give at a time like this.
- You are generous and giving to friends, loved ones and family but impatient of opposition.
- Maybe they have given them emotional support during a difficult period in their life.
- I have been giving some thought as to how the annoying buzzing sound of model aircraft can be, to other listeners, a mere gentle drone?
- Since his death, family, friends and neighbours have given their support to Tracey.
- His energy is used only for composing and for music - as well as the ludicrously generous amount of time he gives to his students.
- But just as much as he loved giving affection, he also liked being on the receiving end of it.
- Mom gave her unconditional love and devotion to each and every one of her children.
- She has enjoyed being able to give love and support to the elderly and motivate her staff to do the same.
- We try to give them emotional support and an idea of what is right and wrong.
- I want to thank the many people who gave generously of their time on the legal support team.
- I have been giving my support and providing inspiration to all of these new bodies, because I see that they add to the total momentum of what we are able to do.
- Mr Peters said he wanted to thank the Bolton public for the support he had been given.
- Call a friend or family member who can help you and give you emotional support.
- Well, for starters, they should receive a decent income for giving their time to public service.
- And the support Sure Start gives to parents is helping families not just to cope, but to prosper.
- The women's network has given them emotional support to try to talk to their parents.
- All of us in the house try to give as much love and guidance and support as we possibly can.
- This did not prevent him from giving considerable time to public activities.
- I pretty much give my time to whoever needs it, and for me that's maybe how it should be.
- If you're like many college students, you've probably given some thought to attending graduate or professional school.
- Many people have already given freely of their time and efforts to help so many unfortunate people.
- The staff gave all their love, care and support, thus enabling me to overcome my fears.
- A great many people gave very generously of their time, money and energy to make it a reality.
- All the medical staff have given me the highest level of dedication, care and support they could have given.
- We are prepared to give as much support or advice as is needed to help.
- The club are happy to see more parents attending games and giving their support to the players.
- We would like to hear from people who feel able to give emotional support to the bereaved.
1.5(to sacrifice)(life) dar(life) entregar
1.6(to administer, to serve)daradministrar formalwhat did they give you for dinner? — ¿qué te sirvieron de cena?
- This new experience had given her a sense of peace which she was loathe to let go of.
- The experience gave her a huge lift, as she has suffered from several personal tragedies in recent years.
- As a relationship develops, each shared experience gives us the chance to check out if we're compatible.
- Children and families come to the centre for support, and are given opportunities they might not get at home.
- Composed, but upbeat and twinkly, Fran says the experience has given her a balanced perspective on life.
- You do these things because you hope that they will give you pleasure.
- Her experiences gave her a sense of empathy and responsibility, she says.
- Charity work can be very satisfying, as well as giving you work experience.
- He said the experience gave him a new appreciation for small business owners.
- Lorraine was not given the opportunity to speak during the service, something she regrets.
- Cassidy read the note over a few more times before the telephone rang and gave her a start.
- Various resources in the community would contribute to giving the family a new start.
- Every single politician we spoke to gave us their wholehearted support.
- Playing last year in the USA was a great experience and it has given me a real taste for travel.
- The experience gives him a newfound confidence that might be mistaken for sentimentality.
- She advised Zoe to apply for work experience to give her a taste of the job.
- I think all the experience had given me a feeling for what individual audiences want.
- All federal members of parliament will be given the right to speak and move motions.
- On the second day there I was given the opportunity to speak to children in the afternoon at the local junior school.
- That gave us experience of booking a hall, doing the publicity and selling tickets.
1.7(to offer)(arm/hand) dar
2.1(to grant)(protection/shelter) dar(help/hospitality) dar(hospitality/help) brindar(idea) dargive her something to do — dale algo que / para hacer
- that should give him something to think about — eso debería darle en qué pensar
- give me strength! — ¡Dios me dé paciencia!
- give me Florida /Tolstoy any time! — yo me quedo con Florida/Tolstoy mil veces
2.2(to allow, to concede)darconceder formalwe can easily do the job, given time — podemos hacer el trabajo fácilmente, si nos dan tiempo
- given the choice, I'd … — si me dieran a elegir, yo …
- he's a good worker, I'll give him that, but … — es muy trabajador, hay que reconocerlo, pero …
- I'd give their marriage a year at the most — le doy un año a su matrimonio, como mucho
- the doctors only give him three months — los médicos le dan solo tres meses
- it would take us 15 months, give or take a week or two — nos llevaría unos 15 meses, semana más, semana menos
- Give it your all, but most of all look like you know what you are doing and give the fans the respect they deserve.
- Again, McNamara must be given credit for the forward run and the timing of Sutton's lay off was perfect.
- We've had some good derbies against them in recent seasons but will be giving them the respect they deserve.
- He must be given credit for coming forward to the police.
- So, if the visuals are not given the proper attention they deserve, the film will duly suffer.
- Her photographs deserve far more than this, and the compiler gives them their due.
- It was because when they treated us like that they are not giving women the respect we deserve.
- The new administration should be given passing marks for its swift reaction to the quake.
- Socks are a vital part of your walking kit yet they are rarely given the attention that they deserve.
- She's pretty, you have to give her that much.
- Thank you for taking the time to read this and giving it the serious consideration that it deserves.
- To give him his due, the counter clerk refused to be intimidated.
- Overwhelmed with material today, I shall have to postpone giving her arguments the attention they deserve.
- We will be fully focussed and we will give them the respect they deserve but not too much.
- Please give these mums the respect they deserve, they're not out to ruin your day, honest!
3(to pay, to exchange)darwhat will you give me for it? — ¿cuánto me das por él?
- I'd give anything for a cigarette — no sé qué daría por un cigarrillo
- I'd give a lot to see them happy — ¡qué no daría por verlos felices!
4.1(to cause)(pleasure/shock/joy) dar(pain/cough) dardon't give us your germs/cold! — ¡no nos pegues tus microbios/tu resfriado! informal
- The bear reappeared briefly, gave a few more roars, then disappeared into the woods.
- "No, " he said, making her give an exasperated grunt.
- He just leaned forward himself and gave a tiny, bubbly laugh.
- She started, giving a little gasp herself and turned back to look at him.
- I heard the girl give a very animal-like growl and jump from the ferry in pursuit.
- The principle gave a very unladylike snort and tried to cover it up with a cough.
- The audience gives a great collective gasp, their snacks forgotten.
- He puts his hand over hers and she squeezes it, he gives this sad little sound.
- It gave a low, thrilling sound; and Toki began to sing, and his voice had in song a sweetness it never had in speech.
- At the middle, he froze too as the pillar gave a huge groaning noise and crumbled.
- It quickly backed away giving a noise that sounded a bit like a whimper.
- Nat gave a louder gasp that drew some more shuffles from the other side of the room.
- After giving a somewhat amused snort at my audacity, he asked me what it was I wanted to know.
- I heard her give an audible sigh before giving me a weak smile.
- Her companion widened her eyes in amazement and gave a little indulgent gasp.
- They seemed to enjoy themselves as I heard her give an annoyingly sweet laugh.
- The others quickly ran up the stairs, each one giving a loud squeaking noise.
- His wrist gave an ugly grinding sound and searing pain tore through him like knives.
4.2(to yield)(results) dar(warmth/light) dar(fruit/milk) dar
- Microwave irradiation can also allow the use of less or no solvent and can produce fewer byproducts, giving a purer product.
- The finest recipes omit the semolina, giving an extra spongy result.
- He believes that bead blasting with aluminum oxide gives a finer finished product than glass bead.
- Russ always wanted to have a Saxophone in the band as it gives a ‘party’ feeling to the music.
- The lights look wonderful giving a very festive air to the village and are a credit to those responsible for putting them up.
- The colour combination gives an exotic appearance, setting this daffodil apart from others.
- I've used leaf gelatine, which is well worth tracking down as it gives a much finer result.
- A single pesticidal product rarely gives the most effective and economical control.
- The first gives a neater result, while the second, which I think the more interesting, is not for the fainthearted.
- The main dining area is circular, with high windows giving a very light and airy feel to the place.
- However, the kind of technology that we have developed gives a very high yield indeed.
- By the way, I do not recommend using hedge trimmers as it gives a too sheared appearance.
- Treating the material when it is flat gives much better results.
5.1(when introducing somebody)presentarladies and gentleman, I give you tonight's guest … — señoras y señores, les presento a nuestro invitado de esta noche …
5.2(when making a toast)I give you the Bride and Bridegroom — propongo un brindis por los novios
6.1(to award)(degree/title) dar(title/degree) otorgar formal(degree/title) conferir formal(right/authority) dar(authority/right) otorgar formal(authority/right) conceder formal(contract) dar(contract) adjudicar(mark) dar(mark) ponerthe referee has given a corner — el árbitro ha señalado córner
- the judge gave her five years — el juez le dio cinco años / la condenó a cinco años
6.2(to adjudge)the ball was given out by the linesman — el juez de línea dijo que la pelota estaba fuera
- Dame Elizabeth, giving her ruling in London, told the court that in her judgment Greater Manchester Newspapers Ltd was in breach of an injunction she granted in January 8 this year to protect the pair after their release.
- The judge saw the film for himself and gave his verdict in a matter of a few days.
- The hearing ended on Thursday and Mr Justice Sullivan will give his judgement this week.
- She fell silent for a few minutes, before giving her verdict.
- Mr Justice Munby was giving his ruling in an adoption case where a woman was paid just 1,000 US dollars to hand over her newborn daughter to an adoption agency.
- It is understood a mass verdict will be given when the hearings have finally ended.
- On Thursday the tribunal was adjourned to allow the panel to consider legal issues in the case before giving their judgement.
6.3(to entrust)(task/responsibility) dar(responsibility/task) confiar(responsibility/task) encomendarhe was given charge of 30 children — pusieron a 30 niños a su cargo
- she's given me her car to fix — me ha dejado el coche para que se lo arregle
- Any investment property can be given into the care of a property management company.
- Each group is then given into the care of a group leader who will then stay with that group for the whole of their stay.
- Maybe she was afraid of committing and giving herself and her heart to someone.
- The child was given into the custody of the mother.
7(to make a sound, a movement)(beating/cry/jump) dar(cry/jump/beating) pegar(laugh) soltar(kiss) darhe gave a sigh of relief — suspiró aliviado
- to give sb a push/kick — darle un empujón/una patada a algn
- to give sb a wink — hacerle un guiño / una guiñada a algn
- go on, give us a smile — a ver, una sonrisita
- he gave my hand a squeeze — me apretó la mano
- give your hands a good wash — lávate bien las manos
- I'll give it a quick look — le echaré una miradita
- why not give it a try? — ¿por qué no pruebas / no lo intentas?
- to give it to sb
- she'll really give it to you when she finds out — ¡la que te va a caer encima cuando se entere!
- give it to me straight — dime la verdad
- you silly old fool! — I'll give you silly old fool! — ¡viejo idiota! — ¡te voy a dar yo viejo idiota!
8.1(to convey)(thanks/message/news/apologies) darplease give my regards to your mother — dale cariños a tu madre Latin America
- she gave me to understand that … — me dio a entender que …
- The most important message we have to give is that his death was not a random act.
- Fed-up rail commuters have been given a message of hope from fellow travellers on Merseyside.
- A leaflet has been compiled giving drivers the strong message that speed kills.
- Should we be giving young people the message that drugs are the answer?
- And by and large the message that they gave very clearly was that they are interested in politics.
- That seems to typify the message the Government gives to New Zealanders.
- I wonder whether the senior Government whip is giving that message to his Ministers and to his caucus.
- Canon John Young gives his Christmas message, seeking hope and happiness at the end of a long and sometimes troubling year.
- Get big or get out was the message our government policies gave to the farmers.
- This approach gives a very mixed message, as was all too clear from the press coverage of the latest report published in January.
- She wanted to give a very clear message that bullying was not acceptable in schools.
- It just really gives a very important message to parents to watch out for their kids.
- I had a go at the commercial manager for not having given me a telephone message.
- It gives a clear social message and has a clear social benefit.
- I have a very simple message to give those who are listening to the debate in the House today.
- In his own way, the bishop was repeating the message that Jesus gave the rich young man.
- My concern is that the message given by our Government is that alcohol is OK.
- The message would have to be given in a subtle not a patronising way.
- In effect, by doing nothing the Minister is giving a Government message that we do not care if people abuse trusts.
- He looked almost bored with repeating the message he had given on countless other occasions.
8.2(to state)(information/name/address/details/answer/explanation) dar(order/advice/opinion) darto give evidence — prestar declaración
- she gave a detailed description of the place — describió el lugar detalladamente
- the answers are given on page 23 — las soluciones están / vienen en la página 23
- the judge has given his verdict — el juez ha dictado sentencia
- they gave me no warning — no me hicieron ninguna advertencia
- she gave me her word — me dio su palabra
- don't give me all that stuff about … — no me vengas con el cuento / la historia de que …
- Can you give some more information about where you are working or what the project is?
- The solicitors now gave rather more details of Mr Lumley's past history.
- The initial argument, given by those who had read from the books, put Wuthering Heights firmly in the lead.
- One logical reason I often give for this is that I can move faster and keep warmer in trousers.
- John gave a general synopsis and managed the slides and Jo gave a more detailed explanation.
- This may seem contrived, but essentially the same argument can be given in a more natural form.
- Given that this is the only basis you give for objecting to certain facts, I put it to you that it is rather weak.
- A reason politicians often give for not legalising cannabis is that it leads to harder drugs.
- To be fair, Kevin Drum also didn't like it, but gives rather better reasons which he went on to justify.
- In contrast, the daily life exhibit gives little or no information on the daily life of the ancient Egyptians.
- The union may require the information to be given in writing but not that any particular documents be produced.
- He spoke only to give his name and personal details during the five-minute hearing.
9.1(to hold)darofrecer formal
- The General and Lady Spears came out and stayed quite a long time during the dry season, giving a very grand party to which nearly everyone was invited.
- But basically people give dinner parties at home because they want to be liked.
- The subject was raised at a dinner party he gave for staff attending the literary festival.
- A great reception was given to the winners when they were presented with their prizes.
- He gives the dullest parties in town and is stingy with the drinks.
- Hell, if I replaced the kitchen, I'd have to justify it by giving regular dinner parties.
- She gives lavish dinner parties when entertaining her husband's business friends.
- The only time I met him was at a dinner party given by one of his sons, who was an Oxford friend of mine.
- The gorgeous house where you could give those dinner parties is the same kind of house Lynette wishes she could escape.
- This way you won't keep the neighbors up at night just because you are giving a back yard party.
- You just shouldn't spend that much money on giving your thirteen-year-old a party.
- There will always be time to go to work, clean the house, give a dinner party and fix the waste disposal unit.
- We were guests of honour and given a slap up feast, then my friends went on stage to play their set.
- Recently I gave a very elegant dinner party and invited everyone I want to impress at my new job.
9.2(to stage, to perform)(lecture/recital/concert) dar(speech) decir(speech) pronunciar formalgive us a song! — ¡cántanos una canción!
10(to show, to indicate)(temperature/speed) señalar(speed/temperature) marcarto give the time — dar la hora
- my watch gives the time as 7:37 — según mi reloj son las 7:37
11informal(to care)not to give a damn
- I don't give a damn — me importa un bledo / un comino / un pepino
2(to yield under pressure)(plastic/leather) ceder(leather/plastic) dar de sísooner or later something had to give — tarde o temprano algo tenía que estallar
- they won't give an inch — no cederán un ápice
3(to break, to give way)the planks simply gave under the weight — las tablas se rompieron bajo el peso
- my legs gave under me — me fallaron / se me doblaron las piernas
4(to be going on)what gives? — ¿qué hay? informal
5informal(to surrender)darse por vencidorendirseI give, what is the capital of Albania? — me doy por vencida / me rindo ¿cuál es la capital de Albania?
6dated, slang(to divulge information)cantar slang
7(to make a gift)darit is better to give than to receive — es mejor dar que recibir
- to give to charity — dar dinero a organizaciones de caridad
- please give generously — contribuyan generosamente por favor
1elasticidad femininethis fabric doesn't have much give in it — esta tela no da mucho de sí
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