In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
intransitive verbgoes, went, gone
1.1(to move, to travel)irthere she goes — allá va
- are you going my way? — ¿vas hacia el mismo sitio que yo?
- we can discuss it as we go — podemos hablarlo en el camino
- can't ygou go any faster? — ¿no puedes ir más rápido?
- keep going till you come to … — siga hasta llegar a …
- we were going at 80 mph — íbamos a 80 millas por hora
- the bus goes to the airport — el autobús va al aeropuerto
- the clothes go around and around in the machine — la ropa da vueltas y vueltas en la máquina
- she knows where she's going — sabe lo que quiere
- where do we go from here? — ¿y ahora qué hacemos?
- The two guys weren't there and had apparently gone out somewhere for lunch.
- Clara, still with no idea where she was going, went to ask the boy for directions.
- It was an apartment by the railway track and every time a train went by the whole apartment would shake.
- The others went to get their coats and Douglas went outside.
- We're going round to the hospital with some CDs and stuff.
- Magistrates also barred him from going within two miles of any stadium where Colchester United or the England team are playing.
- A car going in the opposite direction stopped and its occupants got out to see what had happened and to offer their services.
- I got up from the table, and went upstairs to the bathroom.
- We told her we were thinking about going to France to visit my grandfather's grave.
- Some kids went up the stairs, and some waited for the elevator.
- We said hi and then they went on their way, and I got on my bus and went home.
- For the first time that year we went abroad on holiday.
- Footsteps overhead startled her before she realized Daffyd must have gone upstairs by now.
- I decided I was hungry, so I went downstairs in search of the kitchen.
- One of them waved at her and she waved back as she went past.
- I had a two-hour break between classes and went to the pub - I drank three pints and went home and crashed on the couch.
- Pheobe clicked the kitchen TV off and went upstairs to the bathroom to get ready.
- He went back to his car, switched on his phone and almost immediately it rang.
- She never married, but enjoyed life to the full, regularly going abroad for holidays at a time when foreign travel was a rarity.
- I turned the shopping cart around, gathered up the kids, and we went home.
1.2(to start moving, acting)go when the lights turn green — avanza cuando el semáforo se ponga verde
- ready, (get) set, go! — preparados / en sus marcas, listos ¡ya!
- let's go! — ¡vamos!
- hold on tight and away / off we go — agárrate fuerte que allá vamos
- here we go with the first question — aquí va la primera pregunta
- don't go telling everybody — no vayas a contárselo a todo el mundo
2past participle gone been
2.1(to travel to)irto go to France — ir a Francia
- she's gone to France — se ha ido a Francia
- she's been to France — ha estado en Francia
- I have never been abroad — no he estado nunca en el extranjero
- where are you going? — ¿adónde vas?
- where has she gone? — ¿adónde se ha ido?
- to go by car/bus/plane — ir en coche/autobús/avión
- to go on foot/horseback — ir a pie/a caballo
- to go for a walk/drive — ir a dar un paseo/una vuelta en coche
- the phone's ringing — I'll go — está sonando el teléfono — voy yo
- to go to the bank/office/dentist — ir al banco/a la oficina/al dentista
- to go to + inf — ir a + inf
- they've gone to see the exhibition — (se) han ido a ver la exposición
- they've been to see the exhibition — han visitado la exposición
- to go and + inf — ir a + inf
- go and see what she wants — anda / vete a ver qué quiere
- go fetch me the hammer — anda / vete a buscar el martillo
- She asked me if I wanted to go to McDonald's for dinner.
- In Russia it is part of everyday life that one goes regularly to the theatre.
- I took some time off to go down to Cambridge for a friend's wedding, and a good time was had by all.
- My oldest son, Alan, went to a public day school, and my daughter, Margaret, went away to board.
- Soon you will be going off to college and I won't see you for four years.
- Passing exams and going to university will provide our youngsters with tremendous opportunities.
- He goes regularly to the Crunch Gym, a trendy health club for Hollywood's young and beautiful.
- There are those who go to the sales wanting to buy something and there are others, like myself, who are forced into going.
- Rock photographer Jill Furmanovsky has been going regularly to the festival for more than 10 years.
- He will be going off to university soon, and as such, he is doing tons of research on the university he is supposed to be attending.
- He went to the Catherine Rural College for 12 months.
- From next month she is going to the institute to study for a master's degree.
- More often than not, she attends opening ceremonies, goes to parties, meets people and takes part in charity work for the local community.
- We went back to the North African restaurant where I had gone with the cast the night before.
- She regularly goes to the movies and attends film festivals.
- I go to the brasserie underneath all the time, and that's fun, because you can sit on the pavement for lunch and see who's going past.
- John used to go to the greyhound track every night before Denis was attacked, but he hasn't gone since.
- My brother had already gone back to college.
- My ex-husband knew I wanted to go to law school but always told me he'd divorce me if I went.
- This isn't surprising, though, since attending church is like going to the theatre.
2.2(to attend)irto go to sth — ir a algo
- to go to a lecture/concert/play — ir a una conferencia/a un concierto/al teatro
- to go to work/school/church — ir a trabajar/a la escuela/a la iglesia
- to go on a training course — hacer un curso de capacitación
- to go on a diet — ponerse a régimen
- to go -ing — ir a + inf
- to go swimming/hunting — ir a nadar/cazar
2.3euphemistic (to visit the toilet)ir al baño euphemisticir al lavabo euphemistic
- You may notice that you need to pass water more often; have very little warning before you need to go, and sometimes do not reach the lavatory in time.
- She has also developed a device for older children that reminds them to wash their hands after going to the loo.
- ‘Why can't you control yourself?’ ‘How can you, when you want to go? I'm sorry.’
3(to attempt, to make as if to)to go to + inf — ir a + inf
- I went to open the door and … — fui a abrir la puerta y …
4(to leave, to depart)(visitor) irse(visitor) marcharse Spain(bus/train) salirI thought he'd never go — creí que no se iba a ir nunca
- well, I must be going — bueno, me tengo que ir ya
- the boss will be sorry to see you go — el jefe va a lamentar que te vayas
- what time does the bus go? — ¿a qué hora sale el autobús?
- There's a lone car in the courtyard - everyone else must have already gone.
- They asked him a few questions, he went out of the room prepare some tea and when he returned, they were gone.
- She had only been gone about fifteen minutes when the first raindrops began.
- ‘Oh do you have to go so soon?’ said Diane, looking at her watch.
- She carried on walking and went up the stairs to her bedroom, they obviously hadn't even noticed she'd gone.
- The last bus goes at 7pm, which leaves youngsters stranded in the village and older residents with little chance to enjoy the city nightlife.
- The next day Phil phoned me asking what had happened as he'd blanked out in the pub and when he came round everyone had gone.
- They would send out a squad car to check things out and by then the kid would be gone.
- The lady went to her own room to make a cup of tea and when she returned found Smith had gone, along with £12 from her handbag.
- As soon as they had gone, the woman went out into the street and frantically flagged down a motorist before alerting police to the robbery.
- I have no time for this! I've got to go!
- I went out for a enjoyable evening and returned to find that Holmes had gone.
- I think it would have been much better for him and the Trust if he had gone at the same time as the chairman.
- You're not going yet, are you? I was just about to tell you my plan.
- Unfortunately, when we turned round to go back to our horse and carriage, we discovered he had already gone.
- I don't think he stuck around to smoke it cause I went out about 10 minutes later and he was gone.
- Dr. Farley left, saying that he must be going and quickly shut the door behind him.
- And then the other housemates must choose who goes.
- I really must be going, but before I do there are some things you need to know.
- After some time, he came over to me and said that we must be going now - we had to meet someone.
5.1(to elapse)(moment/days/time) pasarthe years of plenty have well and truly gone — no cabe duda de que se ha acabado el tiempo de las vacas gordas
- it's just gone nine o'clock — son las nueve pasadas
- Gradually, as the years went by, Abercrombie and Gibson slipped into virtual oblivion.
- But as the weeks went by, and no phone call came, Amy's mum Tracy admits she had lost hope.
- The weeks leading up the Christmas break went slowly, filled to the brim with last minute assignments and tests.
- The sun didn't last all that long, and it got quite cold as time went by.
- The daily press conferences became increasingly sombre as the days went past.
- Ten days went by and it looked as if this would become another Australian mystery.
- Physically I had a sort of knot in my stomach, and as each hour went by that she was missing, it got worse and worse.
- But another six weeks went by and there was still no sign of your direct debit being increased.
- The court ordered they pay us by a certain date, and whaddya know, the day came and went without payment.
- As the days went by, the sense of national outrage and shock grew and grew.
- The morning went by pretty busily until about lunchtime when I got a call from the people publishing my book.
- Anyway, this week went by fairly smoothly.
- The promised decision date of August 31 came and went without any announcement.
- Several months went by and she had done her best to forget that unsettling question.
- As the months went by the two men would meet briefly at secret locations.
- Will was alarming me more and more with every second that went past.
- The days that followed went by so slowly that it seemed mid-Summer instead of May.
- Another eight months went by, and response times did improve - by a mere five per cent.
- Another three years went by before her name appeared on the score sheet.
- With just over four minutes gone it was again level at 24 apiece.
5.2(to wear off, to disappear)(headache/fear) (+ me/te/le etc) pasarse(fear/headache) (+ me/te/le etc) irse(confidence/energy/determination) desaparecerhas the pain gone? — ¿se te (or le etc.) ha pasado / ido el dolor?
- where has respect for one's elders gone? — ¿dónde está el respeto a los mayores?
- my briefcase has gone! — ¡me ha desaparecido el maletín!
- The challenge of studying extinctions is that it can be hard to know when a species is finally gone for good.
- Many older people remember the days when people left their front door open - sadly those days are gone and we all need to be more careful.
- Thousands of jobs went at aerospace company Rolls Royce as airlines cancelled orders for new planes.
- Her bruise wasn't completely gone, but with the help of make-up, she was able to conceal it.
- Once the stone is gone it's very difficult to replace and we have to hope the thieves are found and brought to justice.
- When she woke 40 minutes later the pain had gone.
- Those golden days, if they ever existed, are long gone in most professional sports.
- The glory days for this product are long, long gone, and no amount of wishing will bring them back.
- The summer weather that the weekend gave us has gone, and been replaced by thick grey clouds, heavy with rain.
- Campaigns to introduce daylight saving have come and gone regularly over the years and there is another on the go.
- The previous weariness was now completely gone from her features and instead was replaced by obvious excitement.
- The days of a manager commanding respect from his players simply because of who he is are long gone if they ever existed at all.
- Instead of getting rid of the effect of lack of sleep I ended up with an eye infection, which still hasn't gone completely.
- It must have existed at some point, but now it's vanished, gone, disappeared, forever.
- Goalkeeper Neil Alexander, however, managed to parry his forceful drive wide and the chance of stealing a point was gone.
- In a statement yesterday they announced that 14,000 jobs are due to due to go next year.
- If the ferry goes, I think I would just close down.
- The a la carte menu's gone and she now serves traditional, home-cooked grub.
- We have been told the trees will camouflage the mast but when the leaves have gone it will be clearly visible.
- The bruising is almost completely gone and she's putting more weight on it every day.
5.3(to be used up) acabarse(money/food) (to be spent) irsewhat do you spend it all on? — I don't know, it just goes — ¿en qué te lo gastas? — no sé, se (me) va como el agua
- the money/cream has all gone — se ha acabado el dinero/la crema
- to go on sth
- half his salary goes on drink — la mitad del sueldo se le va en bebida
- $150 a week goes on food — 150 dólares semanales se van en comida
- all gone! — ¡ya está!
- Most of the money goes in salaries and allowances for teachers, or educators as they are now officially known.
- Cleopatra, directed by J Gordon Edwards, cost $500,000 to make, with $50,000 going on soft furnishings alone.
- The money had gone in excessive compensation and unapproved bonuses, fees and loans.
- Far too many British buyers make no effort to find out how much of their cash is going on commissions.
- It's easy to spend money and it went quickly on drinking and festivals.
- Wouldn't it be better to work out where your money is going and cut your expenses to fit your income?
- A budget checks frivolous spending, helps you see where your money goes and frees up cash for retirement savings.
- All we have had is £60 to live on this month and that is supposed to be going on my daughter.
- Fixed payments allow you to plan where your money goes, preventing unpleasant surprises from interest rate rise - and probably help you to sleep better at night.
- When I go to the cash machine I generally get out about £100, but it goes quickly when you have seven children.
- But what if you don't have a say about where your tax money goes?
- Seven other areas of the UK will share more than £7m to tackle congestion, with much of the money going on schemes looking at road charging.
- A third of the investment will go on the country's rail system, with another third going on improvements to the road network.
- The way he lives, you can understand where £100m goes, but I have no idea where the other £400m goes.
- Most people say they don't mind paying a reasonable rate of tax provided they can see where their money is going.
- The Department for Transport said £73m was being spent on the railways a week, while a huge amount was going on new trains and upgrading stations on the region's TransPennine Express network.
- Perhaps that is the reason why no one knows where the billion dollars in aid money went.
6.1(to be disposed of)that sofa will have to go — nos vamos (or se van etc.) a tener que deshacer de ese sofá
- presumably this partition will go — supongo que esta mampara va a desaparecer
- either the cats go or I go — o se van los gatos o me voy yo
- if she goes I go — si la echan a ella, yo también me voy
- Smith must go! — ¡fuera Smith!
6.2(to be sold)vendersethe bread has all gone — el pan se ha vendido todo
- the painting went for £1,000 — el cuadro se vendió en 1.000 libras
- sorry, but the room has gone — lo siento pero la habitación ya está alquilada
7.1(to cease to function, to wear out)(bulb/fuse) fundirse(exhaust/thermostat/fan) estropearseher memory/eyesight is going — le está fallando / está perdiendo la memoria/la vista
- the brakes went as we … — los frenos fallaron cuando …
- the brakes have gone — los frenos no funcionan
- my knee has gone again — ando mal de la rodilla otra vez
- my legs went (from under me) — me fallaron las piernas
- suddenly, the picture went — de repente desapareció la imagen
- these jeans are going at the knees — estos vaqueros tienen las rodillas gastadas
- I was riding my scooter down a steep hill, with a pillion passenger on the back, when the brake cable went.
- The electricity is gone, and food and water are running out.
- The house did not suffer any structural damage but when the lightning hit the house there was an enormous bang, the fuses blew and the power went.
7.2informal (to die)pasar a mejor vidawe've all got to go sometime — a todos nos llega la hora
- We have kept hoping for as long as we could, but we have to accept Margaret has probably gone and at last her suffering has ended.
- After a healthy life, this vigorous, energetic, dynamic man was gone at age 59.
- He lived life to the full and even though he has gone at a young age he fitted a lifetime of achievements into his life. No matter what, he always had a smile on his face.
- I think possibly his death might have been a little easier to handle because I was young and I didn't quite understand but when my grandfather went it hit me like a ton of bricks just because I was that bit older and I know he wasn't coming back.
- Long after I'm gone, some kid can walk into a place and see an image of me and read what I did in the NFL.
- Jack Daniels lovers will be happy to know that their favourite drink goes for R10 a shot and an extra R5,50 with a dash of soda water.
- But when I'm gone it will be taken from my estate.
8to go(remaining)only two weeks to go till he comes — solo faltan dos semanas para que llegue
- I still have 50 pages to go — todavía me faltan / me quedan 50 páginas
9(to turn out, to proceed, to progress)irif everything goes well — si todo va / marcha / sale bien
- how are things going? — ¿cómo van / andan las cosas?
- how did the interview go? — ¿cómo te (or le etc.) fue en la entrevista?
- how goes it? — ¿qué tal?
- so it goes — así son las cosas
- But not much goes right for the Greenock club these days.
- The excellent weather meant the event went without a hitch and the streets were lined with supporters waving on the colourful procession of floats.
- But everything went off without a hitch and it was quite a festive occasion.
- All proceeds will go to the Trust, with ticket sales said to be going extremely well.
- Anyway, I have to go back tomorrow so we'll see how that goes!
- Carlo's dinner a deux goes horribly wrong.
- We have been going out for two and a half years and, if all goes well, we plan to go to Cyprus in two years' time to get married.
- We were disappointed the way things went at the end of last season, but this makes up for it.
- We went out for a quick drive a couple of days after my last lesson and that went all right.
- Then I went off to do my gig in Bristol, which went pretty well.
- Things are going smoothly at the moment.
- It depends how Monday's disciplinary hearing goes.
- After months of careful planning and training the programme of events went without a hitch.
- All was going well until we went to the Crescent Hotel where I was refused entry for wearing a sports shirt, even after pointing out what day it was.
- His meeting must have gone well because he looked a whole lot happier now then when he left.
- ‘Because of the way farming is going it is more important than ever to have something to fall back on if things go wrong,’ he said.
- I've been here since half eight this morning and, the way things are going it looks like I could be here another half hour.
- He clearly wasn't best thrilled with his job last week and it went from bad to worse for him today.
- This is a big year for the Queen and like all professionals, she wants it to go well.
- However, It's a commonly known fact that as soon as one area of your life improves, another goes terribly wrong.
(to have a turn)irjugaryou go first — tú vas / juegas primero
11.1(to lead)(tracks/paths) ir(paths/tracks) llevar
- At the moment it only goes three-quarters of the way around the city.
- There are beautiful deserted beaches that go for miles upon unending miles.
- She had long strawberry blonde hair that went past her shoulders and sparkling blue eyes.
- It's a device that goes around the hose and attaches securely to the connection end.
- Selina swallowed hard as a slight shiver went down her spine.
- We opened the bridge that goes across the river so people can go back and forth.
- Sometimes, a strap is attached to the splint and goes around the neck to help hold the arm.
- At last the path goes over a rise and you get your first, quite wonderful view of Sandwood Bay.
- I also noticed another scar that goes around the side of his belly.
- Her black hair went down to her shoulders and looked as though she had her own person stylist come in and do it every morning.
- She wore a black dress and black boots that went past her knees.
- The 58 zigzags across the arid Southern California desert, between mountains, with every few miles a turn. The 5 goes in one straight line for mile after mile.
- The mirror went all the way up to the ceiling and was just as wide as it was tall.
- Are you saying that your understanding was that the driveway went down to the gatepost?
- We embraced, and his lips found mine, a little jolt went down my spine sending a little shiver down it.
- There was a small track going off to the left, directly opposite the College sign directing me further down Spetchley Road.
- He had a black cloak on his shoulders that went down to his ankles.
- His body was found near the causeway going towards Railway Station.
- Over his shirt he wore a long blue vest that went past his knees, covered in golden embroidery.
- The beach is huge and goes on and on for miles.
11.2(to extend)(roads/railroad lines) irit only goes as far as Croydon — solo va / llega hasta Croydon
- to go from … to … — ir de … a … / desde … hasta …
- the first volume goes from A to K — el primer tomo va / abarca de la A a la K
- the belt won't go around my waist — el cinturón no me da para la cintura
12.1(to contribute to)to go to + inf
- everything that goes to make a good school — todo lo que contribuye a que una escuela sea buena
- Much of Murray's efforts have gone towards trying to raise money from the private sector.
- Proceeds of that activity went towards the Kiwanis' schoolbooks project.
- All proceeds from the venture are going towards the new Community Centre in Loughglynn.
- T & G north west spokesman Dave McCall said: ‘The money could have gone towards paying people better wages and giving them better terms and conditions.’
- It is no accident that they are quality staff, because huge investment has gone into training.
- This money went towards various projects in the village and also in the community centre.
- With this debt write off, significant resources which could otherwise have gone towards servicing the obligations to Japan can now be freed and channelled towards other needy areas.
- The proceeds go towards the upkeep of the Homework Club.
- Medical spending costs are increasing while the total effort going into government-funded medical research is decreasing.
- The effort that has gone into the research and compilation of this publication is remarkable.
- The money went towards paying for her husband's care and legal bills.
- An exceptional amount of time and effort went into this year's parade.
- The ingredients that go into ice cream are simple and easy to obtain.
- It had raised a lot of cash that went towards improving the Christmas lights display.
- The money went towards school fees, uniform, books and travel.
- One million dollars went towards the construction and funding of equipment for the labs.
- The income goes towards maintaining the buildings and the estate.
- Royalties for A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius have gone towards the establishment of 826, Valencia, an academy in San Francisco that encourages and teaches creative writing for those between the ages of eight and 18.
- The proceeds go towards the completion of phase two of the indoor equestrian centre.
- They knew I was only working in a factory and all my money went towards a flight ticket to the Philippines.
12.2(to be used)to go toward sth/to + inf
- all their savings are going toward the trip — van a gastar todos sus ahorros en el viaje
- the money will go to pay the workmen — el dinero se usará para pagar a los obreros
13.1(to function, to work)(engine/heater/clock) funcionarthe radio was going full blast — la radio estaba puesta a todo volumen
- he had something going with one of his students — tenía algo con una de sus alumnas
- we've got a good thing going here — esto marcha muy bien
- There was another guy in my cell and none of us realised the tape machine was still going.
- If you plan to keep the car until it won't go anymore, it doesn't matter if you get a 2003 or a 2004. Just buy something you like enough to drive for 10 years or more.
- It was muggy in the car so I took my keys and turned on the engine so that I could get the air conditioning going.
- But for the past week I have struggled to get this clock to go.
- Ok Bobby, keep the engine going and I'll be back in a few minutes.
- I needed two things: to put the tent up and to get the cooker going to provide heat for my hand and body.
13.2to get goingthe car's OK once it gets going — el coche marcha bien una vez que arranca
- I find it hard to get going in the mornings — me cuesta mucho entrar en acción por la mañana
- once he gets going on politics, there's no stopping him — cuando se pone a hablar de política, no hay quien lo pare
- it's late, we'd better get going — es tarde, más vale que nos vayamos
- we tried to get a fire going — tratamos de hacer fuego
- we need some music to get the party going — hace falta un poco de música para animar la fiesta
13.3(to continue to function)to keep going — (to continue without stopping) seguir
- if we can keep going until December, sales may pick up again — si podemos aguantar hasta diciembre, puede ser que las ventas repunten
- keep going, we're nearly there — sigue, que ya falta poco
- to keep a project going — mantener a flote un proyecto
- I tried desperately to keep the conversation going — intenté por todos los medios que no decayera la conversación
- it's only your love that keeps me going — es tu amor lo que me da fuerzas para seguir (adelante)
14(to continue, to last out)seguirthe noise was still going after four hours — a las cuatro horas, todavía seguía el ruido
- the club's been going for 12 years now — el club lleva 12 años funcionando
- this strike's already been going for too long — esta huelga ha durado ya demasiado
- how long can you go before you need a break? — ¿cuánto aguantas sin descansar?
- we can go for weeks never seeing a soul — podemos estar / pasar semanas enteras sin ver un alma
- camels can go for weeks without water — los camellos pueden pasar / resistir semanas sin agua
15(to be worded)(prayer/poem/theorem) decir… as the old saying goes — … como dice / reza el refrán
- … or so the story goes — … o eso dicen
- their argument goes as follows … — ellos argumentan lo siguiente …
- how does the song go? — ¿cómo es la (letra/música de la) canción?
- There's an old Jefferson Airplane song that goes something like ‘Don't you want somebody to love’.
- As the saying goes, time flies when you're having fun.
- Eat, drink and be merry is the way the saying goes.
- As the saying goes, truth is stranger than fiction.
- It's a slowish record, but the only thing I know is the chorus which goes ‘Oh, look what you've done, you've made a fool of everyone’.
- If Flynn's personal magnetism was enough to bring the company to Glasgow, the argument goes, another leader could take the company elsewhere.
- As the joke goes: ‘How many psychiatrists does it take to change a light bulb?’
- On top of this, so the theory goes, our modern society has successfully eliminated physical activity from our daily lives.
- As the old saying goes, as one door closes, so another one opens.
- ‘Ever heard that song?’ ‘No, how does it go?’ she asked.
- As the saying goes, politics makes strange bed-fellows.
- Education, so the argument goes, is about empowerment - about increasing students' confidence by making them feel good about themselves.
- When the Dutch handed control over Aceh to Indonesia in 1949, so this version of history goes, this was yet another illegal act.
- As the traditional sales maxim goes, if you have a good experience of a company you'll tell two or three others, but if you have a bad experience you'll tell 10.
- Where there's muck, there's brass, the saying goes.
- He could hardly make a living with his print designs and the story goes that he had to repair and sell straw mats to survive.
- Like the old saying goes, if it ain't broke, don't fix it.
- As the saying goes, a fool and his £10 are soon parted.
- As the saying goes: there's no smoke without fire.
- Stop the funding, the theory goes, and the projects won't happen.
16.1(to sound)(siren/bell) sonar
- This is due to an unfortunate event affecting our home computer - basically, it went bang.
- The elevator went ping and the doors opened.
- They used a flash grenade, it went bang and the whole place lit up.
16.2(to make a sound, a movement)hacerducks go quack — los patos hacen 'cuac, cuac'
17.1(to become)to go blind/deaf — quedarse ciego/sordo
- to go crazy — volverse loco
- to go mouldy — enmohecerse
- to go pale — palidecer
- her face went red — se puso colorada
- the bread's gone hard — el pan está duro
- my sister has gone vegetarian/punk — mi hermana se ha hecho vegetariana/punk
- everything suddenly went quiet — de repente se hizo un silencio total
- the phone suddenly went dead — de repente se cortó la comunicación
- the city has gone Democratic — la ciudad se ha volcado a los demócratas
17.2(to be, to remain)to go barefoot/naked/armed — ir / andar descalzo/desnudo/armado
- they went hungry — pasaron hambre
- it'll go unnoticed — va a pasar desapercibido
18.1(to have a place) ir(to fit) caberwhere does this chair go? — ¿dónde va esta silla?
- the piano won't go through the door — el piano no va a pasar / caber por la puerta
- Call me a fusspot, but I don't see why the fire-fighting equipment couldn't have gone in the dressing table.
- ‘It's like a key to a door,’ he says. ‘You're sure you've got the right key. But it just won't go in the damned lock.’
- We've sent them E-mails explaining what goes where.
- I was sure that socks went in the top drawer down and pants in the second drawer.
- My cases go in the cupboard under the stairs.
- Slowly pour the liquid until the reservoir is close to full (basically to the point where no more liquid goes in).
- Glasses go right side up in the cupboard.
- On the corner Agnes, Will, and Casper were waiting by a large mailbox and Agnes was trying to fit her head through the tiny slot where the mail goes.
18.2(to be divisible)5 into 11 won't / doesn't go — 11 no es divisible por 5
- 8 into 32 goes 4 (times) — 32 entre 8 cabe a 4
19.1(to be available)I'll take any job that's going — estoy dispuesto a aceptar el trabajo que sea / cualquier trabajo que me ofrezcan
- is there any coffee going? — ¿hay café?
- what will you have? — whatever's going — ¿qué quieres tomar? — lo que haya / lo que me ofrezcas
- at the time it was the best treatment going — en ese momento era el mejor tratamiento que había
19.2(to be in general)it's not expensive as dishwashers go — no es caro, para lo que cuestan los lavavajillas
20.1(to be permitted)anything goes — todo vale
20.2(to be obeyed, believed)what the boss says goes — lo que dice el jefe, va a misa
20.3(to match, to suit)pegarirthat shirt and that tie don't really go — esa camisa no pega / no va / no queda bien con esa corbata
- Pink grapefruit, being acidic, goes perfectly with crab which tends to be quite rich.
- Its aroma is very full-bodied and complex, and it went deliciously well in this soup.
- It is also shifting plenty of feminine, lacy lingerie, in the kind of bright colours that go well with a sun tan.
- Winter favorites are white and all shades of blue. And, of course, black is still a classic which goes with any outfit.
- The sauce would go well with pork tenderloin too, but so far I've tried it with sirloin.
- For adults the back to school date signals an end to summer and all that goes with it - normality has returned.
- Salmon and pasta really go well together - once again, it's a texture thing.
- The red also goes perfectly with her white cotton jacket and loose pants.
- I know that cabbage traditionally goes with pork, but I've never been able to stomach the stuff.
- Drum, who holds a journalism degree from California State University, admits to ‘some doubt about whether blogging and professional journalism can go together’.
- I also returned the bathmats that I had bought, since purple doesn't really go with my peach/brown/red bathroom colour scheme.
- ‘Mum,’ I tell her, ‘your top doesn't go with your skirt.’
- There was a bracelet that went with it too but adding it would have made the outfit too overdone.
- Who says that art and commerce don't go together?
- This is just the sort of comfort food that goes well with low self-esteem, a weepy video like Beaches and being single.
- They want the family, to spend lots of time with their babies, but they also want the money and excitement that goes with a career.
- This is very summery, and goes perfectly with a tall glass of lemonade.
- Though she is not crazy about diamonds, she feels they go well with platinum.
- The girls could not resist spending money. They each got skirts in different colours to go with their bathing suits.
- Acidic foods and acidic wines often go well together; like a salad and Beaujolais.
- This would go well with a light chicken salad or maybe some simple pork chops.
- The stir fry didn't go well with the powerful redcurrant and juniper sauce.
- She will gain a child, a pram, responsibility for another human being and all that goes with motherhood.
transitive verbgoes, went, gone
1.1(in cards)ir conI'll go two hearts — voy con dos corazones
2informal(to say)decirthat's enough of that, he goes — —ya está bueno —dice
- I was still sat there when this cop comes up and goes, ‘You best be clearing off and getting home son.’
- John didn't really want to be that involved. I mean, I had a drink with him at Russo and Franks, and he goes, ‘It's your movie now!’
- So I kind of went ‘yeah, good to meet you’, and he turned around and I never said another word to him; he couldn't have cared less!
- Then this punk is like talking to his teacher, and the teacher goes, ‘You've got no grip on reality do you boy?’
- So now I look back at a lot of that stuff and I go, ‘What was I thinking?’
3informal(to work hard)to go it — darle duro informal
auxiliary verbgoes, went, gone
1(expressing intention)(+ infinitive) ir aI'm going to buy a new shirt — me voy a comprar una camisa nueva
- I was just going to make some coffee — iba a / estaba por hacer café
- don't deny it! — I wasn't going to — ¡no lo niegues! — no pensaba hacerlo
- we've been going to buy a new car for years — llevamos años diciendo que nos vamos a comprar un coche nuevo
2(to express the near future)(+ infinitive) ir aI'm going to be sick — voy a devolver
- this peace is not going to last — esta paz no va a durar
- there's going to be trouble when he finds out — cuando se entere, se va a armar lío
1.1(attempt)she succeeded in lifting it at the third go — consiguió levantarlo al tercer intento
- the engine started (at the) first go — el motor arrancó a la primera
- go at sth/-ing
- it's my first go at writing for radio — es la primera vez que escribo para la radio
- have a go — prueba a ver
- I want to have a go at learning Arabic — quiero intentar aprender árabe
- here, let me have a go — trae, déjame que pruebe yo
- I had several goes at persuading her to stay — intenté varias veces convencerla de que se quedara
- I've had a good go at the kitchen — le he dado una buena pasada / un buen repaso a la cocina
- to give sth a go — intentar algo
- Coming from a swimming background and with a keen interest in running, she decided to take the advice of friends late last year and give triathlon a go.
- It would be devastation for me if we were relegated because it's taken us umpteen goes to get in in the Premiership.
- The machine is supposed to take up to eight attempts to hit the spot, so I'll give it another couple of goes before writing it off.
- We hope to see all our regulars and maybe some people who have always wanted to have a go at playing snooker but never tried.
- It is something I have always wanted to have a go at and the noise it makes is fantastic.
- I will be having a go at doing one of the flower arrangements myself.
- I worked for a while as a deputy manager of a leisure centre, but then I decided to have a go at what I always wanted to do, becoming a police officer.
- I was reluctant at first as the staff were nearly all youngsters in their teens and early twenties, but I decided to give it a go.
- Unfortunately, it's the only theorem I remember from school. That may be why it took me two goes to get my maths O level.
- What with it being a double roll-over on Saturday I had had a couple of goes and when I checked my numbers on Sunday I realised my lucky dip line had won me ten pounds.
1.2(turn)whose go is it? — ¿a quién le toca?
- it's my go — me toca a mí
- you have to miss two goes — tienes que estar dos vueltas / turnos sin jugar
- I listened… for a while… then kinda got tired so I zoned out a bit until it was my go.
- You can have a go on the swings in the village.
- If the next person cannot play then the person whose go it is must pick up.
- He played around with my stereo and I even let him have a go on my computer.
- Do you want to have a go on my guitar?
1.3(chance to use)can I have a go on your typewriter? — ¿me dejas probar tu máquina de escribir?
2(energy, drive)empuje masculinedinamismo masculine
- Over the 30 years I have been at Altrincham, I've done nearly every job and at 47 there's still plenty of go left in me yet.
- Physically, he is a wonderful man…very wiry, and full of energy and go.
- The Yaris is a young driver's car and one that will please both the boy-racers and the ladies who expect their city car to have a bit of go and a bit of show.
- With 280 bhp and 363 Nm torque, the Nissan has lots of go under any circumstances.
- I'm looking for people with a bit of go about them, who enjoy an adventure, are fit and motivated to work and who are prepared to use their initiative.
- My wife has a lot of go in her. She's definitely going to be one of the last ones at a party like that.
1all systems go — todo listo / luz verde para despegar
- Eat less than 1,200 calories a day - the minimum amount most women need to keep all systems go - and you will likely burn lean muscle mass instead of fat.
- It is all systems go here in Dublin. We have moved into new premises and are commencing our advertising and marketing campaign.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.