In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(ascend)(person) subir(plane/balloon) subir(plane/balloon) ascender formalTheatre (curtain) levantarsewe went up onto the roof — subimos al tejado
- (in elevator) going up! — ¡sube!
- a cloud of dust went up — se levantó una nube de polvo
1.2(approach)acercarseto go up to sb/sth — acercarse a algn/algo
1.3(toward the north)ir
1.4British (to another place)irI'm going up to London/town — voy a Londres/a la ciudad
1.5British (to university)ir a la universidadempezar la carrera
2.1(increase)(cost/price/temperature) subir(cost/price/temperature) aumentar(unemployment/population) aumentareggs are going up again — vuelven a subir los huevos
- to go up in price — subir / aumentar de precio
- to go up in value — revalorizarse
- to go up to sth — subir a algo
- I went up to 140 lbs — engordé hasta llegar a pesar 140 libras
2.2(improve)(standard) mejorarshe's gone up in my estimation — ha ganado en mi estima
3(extend)to go up to sth — subir a algo
- the socks go up to my knees — los calcetines me llegan a las rodillas
- the road only goes up as far as Brigville — la carretera va / llega solo hasta Brigville
4.1(be built, erected)a church has gone up on that site — se ha levantado una iglesia en aquel terreno
4.2(be put up)a notice has gone up in the hall — han puesto un anuncio en el hall
6.1(be switched on)(lights) encenderse(lights) prenderse Latin America
6.2(be uttered)(shout/chant) alzarse formal
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.