In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(land, terrain)terreno masculinemarshy ground — terreno pantanoso
- high ground — terreno elevado
- a patch of ground — un área de terreno
- to be on dangerous / slippery ground — pisar terreno peligroso
- to be on one's own ground — estar en lo suyo
- to be on safe / firm / solid ground — pisar terreno firme
- once he began talking about architecture, he was obviously on firmer ground — se notó que estaba más seguro de lo que decía cuando empezó a hablar de arquitectura
- to be sure of one's ground — saber qué terreno se pisa
- to change / shift one's ground — cambiar de postura
- to fall on stony ground — caer en saco roto
- to gain/lose ground — ganar/perder terreno
- the Republicans have managed to regain ground lost in previous elections — los republicanos han logrado recuperar el terreno perdido en elecciones anteriores
- the treatment is gaining ground in the medical world — el tratamiento está ganando adeptos entre los médicos
- to give ground — (in battle) replegarse
- to make ground — acortar distancias
- to stand/hold one's ground — (in argument, in battle) no ceder terreno
2masculine terrenojardinesmasculine parque
3masculine suelofeminine tierra(conditions) del terreno(personnel/support) de tierra(attack) por tierrawe sat on the ground — nos sentamos en el suelo
- the ground was too hard to dig — la tierra estaba demasiado dura para cavar
- the eagle was soaring high above the ground — el águila volaba a gran altura
- the rail link runs below ground — el enlace ferroviario es subterráneo
- as soon as we got above ground — en cuanto salimos a la superficie
- the ball ran along the ground — la pelota rodó por el suelo
- to fall/drop to the ground — caer al suelo
- to crash to the ground — estrellarse contra el suelo
- the house burned to the ground — la casa quedó reducida a cenizas
- the village was razed to the ground — el pueblo fue arrasado totalmente
- the pilot was waiting for intructions from the ground — el piloto estaba a la espera de instrucciones de tierra
- I wished the ground would open up and swallow me — pensé 'tierra, trágame'
- from the ground up — radicalmente
- on the ground — en el suelo
- thick/thin on the ground
- celebrities were thick on the ground at the première — había muchos famosos en el estreno
- orders have been very thin on the ground recently — últimamente han escaseado mucho los pedidos / ha habido muy pocos pedidos
- to break new / fresh ground — abrir nuevos caminos
- to cut the ground from under sb/sb's feet
- his evidence cut the ground from under the prosecuting lawyer's feet — sus declaraciones echaron por tierra el argumento del fiscal
- his sudden change of mind cut the ground from under me — su inesperado cambio de opinión echó por tierra todos mis planes
- to get off the ground — llegar a concretarse
- it was a long time before the talks got off the ground — pasó mucho tiempo antes de que las conversaciones empezaran a encaminarse
- to go to ground — esconderse
- to prepare the ground for sth — preparar el terreno para algo
- to run sb/sth to ground — dar con algo/algn
- to run / work oneself into the ground
- you're working yourself into the ground — te estás dejando el pellejo en el trabajo
- to suit sb down to the ground
- she said she wasn't going, which suited me down to the ground — dijo que no iba, lo cual me vino de perillas / de perlas
- that hat suits you down to the ground — ese sombrero te queda que ni pintado
- to worship the ground sb walks on — besar la tierra que pisa algn
- their ground game is suspect — sus pases bajos son bastante flojos
4(matter, subject)it is impossible to cover all the ground in two lectures — es imposible desarrollar todos los aspectos del tema en dos conferencias
- we covered a lot of ground in our discussions — tratamos muchos puntos en nuestras conversaciones
- we're going over the same ground again — estamos volviendo sobre lo mismo
5(outdoor site)football ground — campo de fútbol masculine
- United has not been beaten on its own ground this season — United no ha perdido en casa esta temporada
- camping ground — zona de acampada
- testing / proving ground — terreno de pruebas
6USElectricitytierra feminine(terminal/wire) de tierraa connection to ground — una conexión a tierra
7(background)fondo masculineon a yellow ground — sobre fondo amarillo
8(justification)motivo masculinegrounds for concern — motivos de preocupación
- grounds for divorce — causal de divorcio
- on legal/financial grounds — por motivos legales/económicos
- on grounds of ill health — por motivos de salud
- there are grounds for thinking / believing he's dead — existen razones para pensar / creer que ha muerto
- they refused to do it, on the grounds that … — se negaron a hacerlo, alegando / aduciendo que …
9(dregs)coffee grounds — poso del café masculine
1(base)(argument/theory) fundar(theory/argument) cimentarthe events showed our fears to be well grounded — los acontecimientos revelaron que nuestros temores eran fundados / justificados
2(instruct)to ground sb in sth — dar a algn buenos conocimientos / una buena base de algo
- he is well grounded in German — tiene una sólida base en alemán
3(plane) retirar del servicioall flights are grounded on account of fog — debido a la niebla no despegará ningún vuelo
- the captain will be grounded until after the investigation — el capitán permanecerá apartado de su cargo hasta una vez finalizada la investigación
4USinformalI can't go out tonight; I'm grounded — no puedo salir esta noche, estoy castigado / no me dejan
5Nautical(ship) hacer encallar
6Sport(ball) poner en tierra(ball) hacer rodarhe grounded the ball to short (stop) — bateó un rolling al short stop Venezuela
7USElectricityconectar a tierra
1(pepper/coffee) molidoground rice — sémola de arroz feminine
- Suppose the ball lands not on level ground, but deep in the stands or off a facade.
- That this road was atop a ridge equally suggests its origin at a time when lower ground, to the east, was marshy and impassable.
- Just before a cottage, go right at a green marker-post and follow a path across marshy ground to a gate in the fence to your right.
- She landed in the moist ground, sobbing, and wishing that the car would turn around.
- These birds take refuge in hedges and wooded areas and at dusk fly out to feed in marshy ground.
- Your lawn is only a small piece of land, but all the lawns across the country cover a lot of ground.
- One landed with a smash into the rocky ground, lodging his feet deep underneath the surface.
- While in the air, he watched as a tractor pulling a plow cut a dark line of earth across an expanse of ground.
- We are buried in holy ground, he says, because we come from earth and return there.
- He stood by the small patch of ground that was usually their garden for the year and watched the sun come up.
- The new school will be built on 26 acres of ground specially set aside for the purpose in Garcia Street.
- Houses included piled structures with stone hearths set in marshy ground.
- The ceremony had to be held on bare ground: the earth connection was essential.
- On the way it swept through 1,500 acres of ground, including 600 acres of regenerating forest.
- It means the amount of water needed to cover an acre of ground to the depth of one foot.
- He grabbed her and they fell together on the soft ground surrounding the fountain in the center of the court yard.
- That gave their heavy stone foundations time to settle into the porous clay ground.
- Grass surpluses have developed on grazing ground on many farms at present following recent good growth.
- Cross marshy ground to a cairn, and after 300 yards you will reach the trig point on top of Auchineden Hill.
- The dirt and concrete ground was slick from a recent rain and was littered with garbage.
- On sloping ground, soil can slip downwards at an imperceptibly slow rate by a process known as lateral creep.
- Sandy soils have higher albedos than clays; dry ground has a higher albedo than damp.
- In 1757, he leased a back house and some ground adjoining his premises on Cork Hill.
- I did a lot of individual work with her, which in many ways was like trying to break in a piece of clay ground for farming.
- The property has spacious grounds and is surrounded by mature trees.
- Plans to build 35 houses in the grounds of a former school in a conservation area are likely to go ahead despite objections from residents.
- People are barred from transporting directly into the building or the grounds surrounding - it is a security hazard.
- Set in 3,500 acres of woodland grounds, it has lots of beautiful walks as well as a nine-hole golf course, an all-weather tennis court and a croquet lawn.
- Diana had to smile at the notion that the vast grounds surrounding the house could be considered a ‘yard’.
- Controversial plans for a five-bedroom house in the grounds of a listed Broadway building have been approved - despite opposition from neighbours.
- The grounds which surround this house have been immaculately kept and are not overlooked in any way.
- This turned out to be a very corporate looking boardroom crammed full with swivel chairs - a far cry from the acres and acres of the lush green grounds surrounding the manor.
- A large public park will be included in the 500-acre grounds of Abbotstown House.
- Specifically, the community wants a major expansion to the airport terminal building and surrounding grounds, including a small parking lot.
- A big selling point will be the extensive grounds that surround the house.
- Set in nearly six acres of grounds, the nine-bedroom house boasts a leisure annexe, with indoor swimming pool and games room, a vaulted wine cellar, and billiard room.
- A patrol gathered before a grand old manor house on the grounds.
- By 11: 00 P.M. the entire house and the grounds surrounding it were packed with people.
- Before that it operated from a mobile building in the school grounds but that land had to be sold off and the pre-school moved inside the school.
- The building, the grounds and surrounding area are untidy.
- In contrast to the grounds surrounding the house, this area had been neatly trimmed and landscaped.
- During their weeding and cleaning the pupils also learned much about the horticulture of the grounds surrounding the church buildings.
- The building stands in six acres of grounds, offering play areas for children as well as conference facilities.
- When the club moved to its present grounds in the 1930s, large trees were cleared by the local cricket team from the centre of what was at the time the private grounds of Manor House.
- He froze and lay close to the ground, his entire body choked up with uncontrollable fear.
- In spring you kill the vetch by simply cutting it close to the ground, and then lay it in place on the beds.
- The crocuses are above ground in the garden and the birds are singing with all their beautiful hearts.
- Both humans dropped to the ground, and lay stunned for a space of time barely measurable.
- They also burrow and lay their eggs in the ground, helping to maintain healthy soil structure.
- On one hand, helicopters are more maneuverable over a target and can get closer to the ground.
- On the ground nearby lay a picture, a knight in shining armor drawn carefully in crayon.
- Light rails are too buslike to impress most commuters, too squished and close to the ground.
- The grave had clearly not been touched since the day she was laid in the ground - probably some time in the late 800s.
- You know, most accidents occur in and around airports when you're close to the ground.
- I crumpled to the ground where I lay muttering to myself about all the things I did wrong in my life.
- She slumped down to the ground, laying on her side, and tried not to move too much.
- Because the train was so small, and we were so close to the ground, and we were straddling the train, it felt like we were going fast.
- The new law keeps finds together as they were originally laid in the ground.
- Together, they soared over the fence, and landed with a muddy squelch onto the ground.
- Her fast footwork was accentuated by her bent knees, which kept her body close to the ground.
- The coum has a very short flower, with leaves that sit on the surface of the ground.
- Eventually my head started to slowly gravitate toward the ground as my eyes closed.
- He lay down in the exact center of the circle, keeping close to the ground in order to escape the heat.
- This group continues to make assertions without grounds or substantive proof.
- It has been resisted on two substantial grounds.
- One of Nietzsche's prime targets in this respect is Kant who, like a good modernist, attempted to give, as far as is possible, rational grounds for our ordinary beliefs and for morality.
- There is no need for the officer to show reasonable grounds for his belief that the powers are needed.
- To me this seems highly implausible on both notational and musical grounds.
- Some independent observers see grounds to question the sell-offs.
- That may give them grounds for a constitutional challenge on the grounds of equality and of guarantees not to endow any religion.
- Fostering hatred or advocating violence to further a set of beliefs will become grounds for deportation.
- But in a case such as the present where the bad faith of the plaintiff is not alleged, I can see no basis for the implication of a representation of reasonable grounds for belief.
- Zero tolerance is commonly justified on the grounds of children's safety.
- Is such a policy justified on the grounds of protecting choice when these schools exclude most children because of the size of the fees they charge?
- I see no grounds for reducing the basis of the award of costs in favour of the claimants.
- On our side we have very, very solid legal grounds.
- Their objective isn't to change people's beliefs, but to provide good grounds for belief.
- The evidential burden for restraining property is even lower - all the government needs is ‘reasonable grounds for belief’.
- The police did not have an honest belief in the grounds for his arrest.
- This case is the one encountered herein, and therefore the method used to code the outgroup stands on solid theoretical grounds.
- I wonder if there are some solid legal grounds on which I could sue them?
- But amid the huge attention given to the poor performance of the main opposition parties, there are factors that give grounds for real concern.
- However, interest-based financing systems can neither be justified on the grounds of efficiency nor on the basis of economic justice.
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Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.