In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(watch over)(prisoner/vehicle/building) vigilar(vehicle/prisoner/building) custodiar(reputation/person) proteger(secret) guardarthe door is heavily guarded — tienen la entrada muy vigilada
- I asked him to guard the suitcases — le pedí que vigilase las maletas
- to guard sth/sb against sth/sb or from sth — proteger algo/a algn de/contra algn/algo
- He said their work was consistent with the Geneva Convention and the responsibility for guarding the prisoners remained with the US.
- Then he was moved to more common military police duties including convoy security and guarding the prisoners at Camp Bucca.
- American marines guarding the prisoners said they had complained that their own officers had shot at them during the battle.
- Another witness had seen three container trucks during the same period, with armed soldiers guarding the trucks.
- While he was guarding the prisoners, some of the other platoon members poured boiled water over them.
- Their mouths dropped open when they noticed one of the tall soldiers guarding them, hair hidden beneath a helmet, was a square-jawed woman.
- US soldiers guarding the gate usually stand about 20 yards from the road behind coils of barbed wire and concrete barriers.
- Soldiers guarding the settlement fired back, killing two attackers and wounding a third man who fled back into the sea.
- Since I was one of the few women, and the only unarmed prisoner, I was guarded in a more lax manner than the others.
- A grenade was thrown from a car toward soldiers guarding a checkpoint.
- Didn't they realise that if they all went to check it out there would be no one to guard the prisoners and anyone could just randomly come in and help them escape?
- Soldiers guarding the entrances to the base thus need to ensure only that military personnel or civilians coming in carry one of the many passes accepted within the base.
- The songs of that age had themes of social responsibility, singing the praises of navy soldiers who guarded the country's shores, or the beauty of the motherland.
- We do have people contracted to guard prisoners.
- The fear was coming back, she knew that Mac was coming for her, and that whatever she did, however many people were guarding her, whatever level of security they set up, he was going to get through to her.
- A few weeks ago the 47-year old olive farmer suffered a heart attack during a scuffle with the soldiers guarding the wall.
- Seventy percent of those who guard women prisoners are men.
- Any period of industrial action would see the army called in to guard prisoners.
- Violence spread to other fuel outlets and crowds threw stones at soldiers guarding the main British headquarters.
- The front gate had two soldiers wielding automatic firearms guarding the outside.
- Following the disturbances in Belize City, soldiers could be seen guarding some buildings, while residents appeared to be getting on with their lives.
- On the pretext that the statue was about to be attacked, the army erected a barbed wire fence around the area on May 25 and posted soldiers to guard the edifice.
- Inge believes the prospect of being posted to guard political prisoners, and the cruel conditions her son was expecting to have to enforce there, pushed him to attempt to escape.
- They have their own budgets and their own suppliers, and jealously guard the areas they control.
- The secret was revealed during an investigation this month into the deaths of two soldiers who were guarding an entrance to the complex when both were found fatally shot.
- Heavily armed soldiers guarded the few churches which held Sunday services, witnesses said.
- He was not surprised when he saw soldiers guarding the gates.
- Third, the excessive number of soldiers to guard the borders is becoming a burden on the local population.
- The wretched soldiers were still guarding the cannon.
- Even when this crisis is over, there are police officers who will work at guarding prisoners.
- Just think how much fun it will be for the American soldiers to guard that part of town during the Occupation.
- It's believed the soldiers will guard the control tower, the large fuel tanks and parts of the runway at certain times.
- The person guarding him has his own reasons for not wanting to live and so exchanges jacket and papers with the condemned man and goes before the firing squad in his place.
- The alleged victim claimed she was raped in prison toilets while guarding a prisoner at Warrington General Hospital.
1.2(in chess, cards)(position/piece) cubrir(piece/position) defender(card) reservarse
- His stance is not quite as low as it would be guarding the ball handler, but he is still down and ready to move.
- This illustration shows offensive player 3 with the ball and being guarded by zone player 4.
- The closer to the basket your player is, the closer you should guard them.
- I pride myself on scoring more points than the guy I'm guarding.
- Sometimes you'll have your back slightly turned to guard the ball.
2(control)(tongue/temper) cuidar(tongue/temper) controlar
1.1(sentry, soldier)guardia femininethe Guards — regimiento de la Guardia Real masculine
- bank/security guard — guarda jurado/de seguridad
- prison guard — carcelero
- Their caper involves a nightlong journey of picking up cash all over town in a purloined bank van with Wayne and Henry posing as bank guards assigned to collect all this money.
- The men are to be watched, the guards reinforced.
- Government is in the last resort the employment of armed men, of policemen, gendarmes, soldiers, prison guards, and hangmen.
- There are more and more prisoners, but the guards can't control 100 more prisoners every month.
- From his position on the ground, he watched as five guards paraded into his house, claiming it as their own.
- The men are assigned guard duty in an abandoned village.
- They witnessed the cruelty of German guards and watched as Allied bombers leveled German cities.
- On the way Ben watched where the guards patrolled trying to figure the best way to distract them for long enough to get a message out.
- The guard was reprimanded and assigned to duty where he had no contact with detainees for the remainder of his assignment at the detention center.
- Andrew waited until none of the guards were watching and quickly dove into the the Humvee.
- He hid there for a moment until he was sure that no guards were watching, then ran across a shaft of light to another blotch of darkness behind a pair of stalagmites.
- I am protected by guards, have access to cars, the entire secure compound, you name it.
- He, however, believes that the biggest threat to the rhinos is that they could be poached, although the state has employed several guards to watch over them.
- Wily lookouts kept watch for German guards, calling out codewords as a warning.
- There were two guards watching the vault where the prisoners were.
- The guard assigned to the U.S. ambassador shot at the assailants, and after a brief gun battle, the assassins were overcome.
- She watched the two guards slowly walk towards each other.
- Also, we will assign two guards to watch your every move on this establishment.
- The guards watched him pace like this, back and forth between the door and the middle of the hall, listening every now and then for any sound of movement.
- I set up a guard duty to watch for trouble and set to work deciphering the messages that would explain the runes.
1.2(squad)guardia femininethe changing of the guard — el cambio / el relevo de la guardia
- Back in 1969 I was lucky enough to be part of the guard when Prince Charles was invested as Prince of Wales at Caernafon Castle.
- ARF is the reserves, and among other things it's where members of the guard are sent for disciplinary reasons.
- Some members of the families wept as a military honour guard carried the coffins of the five into a specially erected marquee.
- A third line of defence was the bourgeois militia or citizen guard.
- She'd only been a member of the guard for six days, but already had bested some higher ranking guards in practices.
- The much-awaited change of guard in the military would follow the latest TNI reshuffle which affected 118 officers.
- His great-grandfather was a member of the guard to the Austrian-Hungarian royal family.
- The three friends moved behind the wall with the King of Acarin and a few of members of his royal guard.
- A military honor guard was fired for saying ‘God bless you’ as he handed the flag over at funerals.
- There is a change of guard at the top of the main reconstruction body.
- The inspection was followed by a reception at St James's Palace and a dinner with the Queen last night, with Capt Duffy one of the seven members of the guard to be introduced to her.
- They thundered down the streets, pursued by the mob and several members of the city guard who were also on horseback.
1.3Sportfeminine defensafeminine escolta
- He was quick enough to disrupt opposing guards anywhere on the floor while also using his size and strength to stop them.
- It involves a high post player and both guards, or a medium post man and a guard and forward, on the ball side of the floor.
- College basketball is a guard's game, and teams that win championships have great backcourts.
- In front of him the team consists of two banks of three players - three guards in defence and two wingers and a centre forward in attack.
- A guard, tight end or running back can help Jones, giving him an advantage in passing situations.
- There are times it will be necessary for the two guards to switch these responsibilities.
- He's probably the best player to come out of the city or the best guard, certainly.
- If this play is well-executed, the linebackers get caught pursuing the flow of the guards and running back to the right.
- Replacing a legend at center isn't easy, especially when your previous experience in the NFL is as a guard.
- He'll be looking at cornerbacks, defensive tackles, outside linebackers, guards and receivers.
1.4Irish (police officer)policía feminine
- The Guards were called to the scene, but when they arrived, they did precious little to assist these young folks.
- It would certainly help when we only have four guards on patrol in Naas.
- She is talking about reporting me to the guards [police].
- It has to be stressed that Flynn's fellow directors have only been been helping the Guards with their inquiries.
- While being interviewed by the Guards he punched two detectives & was charged for that too.
- When he did finally make it to court he swore he'd seen nothing, even denying he ever told Guards he'd seen anything.
- All I could see when I went out into my garden were Garda cars and around 10 guards and detectives around the field.
- We will have extra Guards on duty that night and young people who are misbehaving can be charged with public order offences.
- I sat in the police car and the guard put the seat belt on me.
- Mr Green got up and called the Guards in Ballina, and was advised that a patrol car was on its way.
- Members of the gang have threatened guards and prison officers.
- A crowd had gathered then the guards handcuffed him and took him away.
2(surveillance)guardia feminineshe ordered that an all-night guard be mounted outside the embassy — ordenó que se montara guardia durante toda la noche frente a la embajada
- before noun guard duty — guardia
- Naturally, because his quiz is a very serious thing indeed, he managed to keep his guard up despite the neat vodka he was drinking.
- ‘I fell in love with her, a woman who thinks she needs to keep her guard up so she can succeed as a career woman,’ says Mendes.
- Defenders of civil rights need to mount a vigilant guard.
- I think it is useful that, on a periodic basis, we keep our guard up.
- The killers, if they are still alive, must be brought to justice and we have no alternative but to keep our guard up against the likelihood that there are others plotting to repeat the assaults.
- As a newspaper reader, you especially need to keep your guard up.
- The irrational fanatics might not heed to reason, but humanitarians must not become fatalistic and drop the guard of eternal vigilance.
- Pensioners in Colchester were today told to keep their guard up after bogus callers struck twice.
3(in boxing, fencing)guardia feminineto take left/right guard — cubrirse con la izquierda/derecha
- on guard! — ¡en guardia!
- his guard was up/down — estaba/no estaba en guardia
- When your arms are so tired that you can't lift your guard fight one more round.
- Many fighters now just practise triangle chokes, armbars and sweeps, all from the guard.
- When Chi did open up, his work was either missing or hitting gloves and Brodie maintained good movement and a tight guard for the opening minute or so.
- From butterfly guard, of course, you also have the option of returning to the half guard.
- One year is the year of the half guard; another is the year of the ankle lock.
- Taking turns with your partner drilling the swinging armbar from the guard is an example of this sort of drill.
- If you succeed in sweeping your opponent then go back to the butterfly guard and try again.
- He used good defensive skills and a nice guard on the ropes to set up short hooks with both hands when Telesco got in close.
- The butterfly guard is one of the most powerful ways to sweep your opponent.
- Here Shaolin demonstrates how he likes to jump to the half guard and then sweep his opponent.
- Most often it is applied from the guard, but can be used in many other positions as well.
- You start with your opponent in the closed guard and a grip on his sleeve and lapel.
4.2(on machinery)cubierta de seguridad femininedispositivo de seguridad masculine
- Encouraging your child to use a mouth guard during sports can also prevent serious dental injuries.
- Lock windows or use guards to prevent them from opening too far.
- Also, make sure the bike has spoke guards to prevent the child's feet from getting caught in the spokes.
- Heffernan, who turns 21 this month, is campaigning to highlight the dangers of not wearing helmets and face guards during hurling games.
- Considering the helmet weight and possibility of neck strain, it is desirable to wear helmets with chin guards made of unbreakable plastic.
- To prevent tooth injuries, children should wear facemasks and mouth guards while playing sports.
- He wore high black boots, with silver soles and worn knee guards.
- The patient grimaces, clamping down on a mouth guard designed to prevent tongue-biting and broken teeth.
- All the trees would be surrounded by guards to prevent damage from sheep and other animals.
- Wrist guards help prevent fractured wrists, one of the most common injuries among in-line skaters.
- Mesh gutter guards will help prevent clogs in the future.
- Mr Jeffs also urged residents to buy letterbox guards that prevent items being posted through.
- I had to wear a mouth guard constantly for about the first nine months, because my muscles were so tight that my teeth would grind.
- The guard also prevents damage if the car bottoms-out over ruts or dips in the road.
- Soft plastic mouth guards, or occlusal splints, may be needed to prevent damage from trauma, as in sports injuries, or bruxism.
- Minerva did not know that the mouth guards worn by boxers, rugby players, and other competitors were meant to protect the wearer from concussion.
- After placing the cable, cover the notches with nail guards to prevent accidental nailing into the wire.
- The appropriate use of mouth guards and face shields should be advocated.
- In the orchard, remove mouse guards and check for damage.
- Except the world-renowned rugby player had swapped his mouth guard for a corsage and his number two jersey for a tuxedo.
4.3feminine guarniciónmasculine guardamanomasculine seguro
5(precaution)a guard against error/theft/infection — una protección contra los errores/el robo/las infecciones
- as a guard against mistakes — para prevenir errores
6BritishRailwaysjefe de tren masculinejefa de tren feminine
- We should have told them you will not have any guards on trains until you settle with us.
- ‘The pressure on guards and train crew is increasing all the time,’ said a guard on Silverlink.
- Running staff, drivers of passenger and good trains, guards and locomotive inspectors are involved in the dispute.
- Instead of a guard on every train we have ‘station assistants’ on platforms.
- Plug sockets for laptops and mobiles, decent seats, quiet trains, no guards to check the tickets - it's all an improvement.
- South West Trains tried to remove guards from its trains or downgrade their role, hitting safety.
- The guard of the train was a tried servant of the company - a man who had worked for twenty-two years without a blemish or complaint.
- Bus conductors improve safety, as do guards on tubes and trains, which have nearly all been abolished now, and as do staff in stations.
- These were the employees who operated the railway: the station staff, the signalmen, the shunters and the guards on the trains.
- Thousands of rail guards at train companies across the country are to be balloted on strikes in a long-running row over their safety role.
- She asked me when the train left, and I suggested that she asked the guard to hold the train whilst she went and found it, but in the end she was back on board before the train moved off.
- We need adequate staff on every station all the time they are open and a guard on every train, including on the Tube.
- It was his 54th birthday, and he was looking forward to starting another working day as the guard on the train.
- I asked the guard what time the train got back to Salford.
- Of course, that didn't stop the guard on my train advising us to change for the Central and Victoria Lines as we rolled into Stratford.
- It's a step towards bringing back guards on the trains, which is what the RMT is calling for.
- He was initially helped by nearby passengers and a train guard gave him first aid and tried to resuscitate him.
- He took a team from his company there recently and was amazed when the train guard came into their compartment and told them to stop talking.
- The infamous robber was sentenced to 30 years for his part in the 1963 robbery of a Glasgow to London mail train in which a guard was injured.
- It's all about the number of guards on each train.
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