In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(on human head)pelo masculinecabello masculine formal literary(lacquer/oil/gel) para el peloto have short/brown hair — tener el pelo corto/castaño
- a girl with long hair — una chica de pelo largo
- a good head of hair — una buena cabellera
- to have / get one's hair cut — cortarse el pelo
- get your hair cut — ve a cortarte / a que te corten el pelo
- to do one's hair — peinarse
- to have one's hair done — peinarse — en la peluquería
- who does your hair? — ¿a qué peluquería vas?
- to lose one's hair — perder el pelo
- he's losing his hair — se le está cayendo el pelo
- his hair is getting very thin — se está quedando calvo
- to have / wear one's hair down/up — llevar el pelo suelto/recogido
- to get in sb's hair — molestar a algn
- to get/keep out of sb's hair
- take the kids and get them out of my hair for a while — llévate a los niños y así me los quitas de encima un rato
- I wish he'd keep out of my hair — ¿por qué no me dejará en paz?
- keep your hair on! — ¡no te sulfures!
- to let one's hair down — (relax) soltarse la melena
- go on, let your hair down, and come out for a drink! — ¡vamos, suéltate la melena y vente a tomar una copa!
- to make sb's hair curl — ponerle los pelos de punta a algn
- to make sb's hair stand on end — ponerle los pelos de punta a algn
- to tear one's hair (out) — subirse por las paredes
- I have a hair appointment — tengo hora en la peluquería
- hair cream — crema para el pelo
- hair curler — tubo
- hair restorer — loción para la calvicie
- hair transplant — implante capilar / de cabello
- He was wearing a light-coloured t-shirt and had short cropped fair to ginger hair.
- He is white, tall, in his 20s, clean-shaven with short, dark hair and no facial hair.
- The second man was white, between 40 to 45 years old, with grey shoulder length hair and a beard.
- When ever you talk about being on the road, and other times, you mention your beard or facial hair.
- The little girl with fair hair and twinkling eyes laughed with sheer joy and said it would be her best Christmas ever.
- Her soft, wispy fair hair had been pulled into a loose bun at the back of her head and tied with a black ribbon.
- They neither shave, nor have a haircut, allowing their beards and hair to grow long.
- She was strikingly good-looking, with long, wavy, fair hair, a cute face and bulbous lips.
- He is thought to be in his mid - to-late 20s, of stocky build with short fair hair.
- Jessica is tanned and has shoulder-length brown hair while Holly is fair and has blonde hair.
- He has a thick brown beard and shoulder length brown hair that curls ever so slightly.
- She was very clean and smart looking, with her fair hair always tied back neatly in a ponytail.
- Those vivid green eyes stood out against his fair complexion and dark hair.
- The woman was described as white, in her early twenties, long fair hair.
- Her shoulder length hair had grown down to her back and gone from straight to curly.
- With a mane of shaggy white hair and beard, he looked like the archetypal wild old man of the woods.
- She has brown eyes, very long dark brown hair, a fair complexion and a brace on her teeth.
- The darker your skin, the more likely you are to see changes; if you're very fair or have red hair you may not notice any at all.
- The bag snatcher was described as white, in his 30s, with fair, sandy hair.
- She was a moderately young woman with long fair hair twining around a gaudy hairpin.
2.1(on human body)vello masculinea cream to remove unwanted hair — una crema para eliminar el vello superfluo
- before noun hair remover — depilatorio
- There skin was darkened and their black hair fell down to the middle of their backs.
- She also couldn't help but notice how handsome he was with his black hair and darker skin tone.
- The entire body and limbs were covered with a thick fine hair or wool curling tightly to the skin.
- They are covered with dense, long, shaggy fur made up of thick hairs with longitudinal grooves.
- Strands of her black hair fell smoothly to the sides when she shook her head in declination.
- The time of year that the animal was killed has a bearing on how well the hair stays in the skin, making trapping in the winter the best time to hunt for pelts.
- The oils are rapidly absorbed through skin although the hair on animal skin makes it difficult to apply them.
- But what most people will see when they look at me is the black hair and pale skin, right?
- A thick white coat of hollow hairs provides good insulation from the arctic climate.
- Nose, ears, and feet are covered with dark sepia hairs and the tail hairs are almost black.
- The gene is known to help determine hair color in many mammals, from humans to mice.
- Bristle-like hairs associated with claws of the hind feet form a sort of comb, probably used in grooming.
- Holly suddenly moved her head, and a few strands of her black hair fell across her face.
- Stripes sometimes occur on the tail, but more often the tail is composed of both black and white hairs intermixed.
- There was a man at the bus stop with a mole this morning - the kind of mole that grows thick black hairs.
- The creature was covered from mouth to tailfin in thick, bristly hairs.
- The animal was approaching quickly down the trail, its hair bristling.
- Her eyes were an intense chocolate and her thick, black hair fell to the bottom of her back.
- Strands of her black hair fell into her face and she brushed them out of the way.
- It was a day when the fine hairs on your skin seem to crinkle up in the sun.
2.2(on animal, plant)pelo masculine
- When infestations are heavy, leaf hairs become matted and flower buds fail to open.
- Stems and leaves have a fringe of fine hairs that are particularly appealing when plants are side- or back-lit by the sun.
- The fine hairs of loquat leaves can irritate the throat so these are brushed off.
- Other plants will produce thick cuticle or reflective hairs to reduce the amount of light and heat they receive.
- The leaf surfaces of almost all plant species possess specialized epidermal cell types that form hairs or trichomes.
- Plastid morphogenesis in trichome hair cells from the stem and petiole of tomato plants.
- Plants have bark and hairs and, above all, toxins.
- They have tiny hairs which contain toxins and if you come into contact with enough of them you can come out in a nasty rash.
- They release tiny hairs which can cause a severe rash if they come into contact with a person's skin.
- All details of her woodcarvings, even the villi, or small hairs on the stem of each plant, are done by hand with a knife.
- The cuticular hairs formed by epidermal cells are not the only examples of cellular projections found in Drosophila.
- The fine hairs on this flower come off and float around in the tea.
3(single strand)pelo masculinehe arrived with not a hair out of place — llegó impecable
- a / the hair of the dog (that bit you)
- feeling hung over? try a hair of the dog — ¿que tienes resaca? pues tómate otra que así se cura
- not to harm a hair of sb's head — no tocarle un pelo a algn
- if you harm a hair of her head, I'll kill you — como le toques un pelo, te mato
- not to turn a hair — quedarse como si nada / como si tal
- to put hairs on sb's chest — dejar a algn como nuevo
- go on, drink it; it'll put hairs on your chest — anda, bébetelo; verás como te sientes como nuevo
- to split hairs — hilar demasiado fino
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