In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(to possess)tenerwe have / (esp British) we've got 30 hectares — tenemos 30 hectáreas
- I didn't have / (esp British) hadn't got any money — no tenía dinero
- do you have a car? — no, I don't or (esp British) have you got a car? — no, I haven't — ¿tienes coche? — no (, no tengo)
- have you a car/any children? — no, I haven't — ¿tienes coche/hijos? — no (, no tengo)
- April has 30 days — abril tiene 30 días
- I've a cousin in Boston — tengo un primo en Boston
- But if you don't keep an eye on the way things are going, then pretty soon you may not have a job to go to.
- A friend of mine has a young dog that bit into a cable running to the passenger seatbelt.
- Somehow this usually results in us having more possessions than we started out with.
- Lucas was adamant about having a nice, reliable car for us to drive the baby around in.
- If you have enough clothes, a fine piece of art makes a beautiful Christmas gift.
- I know people who work in television but boast about not having a set at home.
- He has the most money, but the people behind him do not understand how to use this power.
- Almost every household today has a computer.
- No point having the dirtiest car in Lincolnshire if you go doing daft things like cleaning it.
- He was advised to get an agent to help promote the salon, but he had little money.
- McLaren have the best package at the moment, but in Formula 1, it is not just about having the fastest car.
- We have a one bedroom flat and on our current budget will not be able to move for another 2 years.
- If I was offered the chance to have this as my company car I would be very happy indeed.
- I was about seventeen and a half now and I had my own flat, which was ok, but it was just a place to sleep for me.
- My uncle works in a children's bookshop in London, and has a fantastic flat full of books of all types.
- Football, even at youth level, should be about rewarding best practice and not just who has the most money.
- In addition we must ensure that we retain our advantages of having a highly skilled and adaptable workforce.
- Perhaps it could be the place where I finally realise my dream of having an island of my own.
- They gave me a job for two years where I held the unique and enviable position of having the desk closest to the nearest pub.
- Sometimes it's as simple as earning more money, or having a better job.
1.2(patience/strength/courage/right) tenerhe had the sense to refuse — tuvo el sentido común de negarse
- you've no idea what I've been through! — ¡no tienes (ni) idea de / no te puedes imaginar las que he pasado!
- The volunteer might not have the patience or training for the task.
- He's a complete player, but he doesn't have the supreme quality of the very greatest.
- Aesthetically it is a dump and, but for the area around the harbour, has no redeeming features.
- Winning on clay is a mind game and he has the anticipation and knowledge when he plays the ball.
- Naive art has a quality of its own that is easy to recognize but hard to define.
- This is a car that has much more to offer than its diminutive looking size belies.
- Beyond that, having breadth and depth in the management team is the key to success.
- I thought he had a bit more sense, but no.
- It also boasts of having the world's highest rate of beautiful people per square inch!
- A record collection can be displayed, and the display itself has an aesthetic quality.
- In addition, he has both the star quality we were looking for and is an inspired lyricist.
- The atmosphere is made up of a mechanical mixture of gases, which all have mass.
- I have known him as a player for a long time and have always rated him and believed he had leadership quality.
- We have showed we have the quality in the past and I'm sure we will get it right.
- He explained to me that every good villain has some outstanding feature that stood out about them.
- Yet credit is due to Kilmarnock for remaining resolute throughout and having the capacity to respond.
- The music has a cinematic quality which conjures up images of film noir classics.
- Maradona described him as having unparalleled speed and a keen sense of how to defend.
- He's got black hair and is tall with a lean body.
- To be honest, I had no confidence in the techniques I applied.
- "She has what it takes to pull it off, " he says.
- How they managed to walk up and down the street in shoes that had six inch soles was beyond us.
- Which of the candidates has got the capacity to convince people that life is precious?
- It's just a question of whether he's got the nerve to win.
- A new version of the model having such features is near completion and will be presented shortly.
- The new house had a back garden, 100 foot long and desperately overgrown.
1.3(to feel, to show)tenerhave some respect! — ¡ten más respeto!
- he hasn't (got) any consideration for others — no tiene ninguna consideración con los demás
- she has a lot of pain — tiene / siente mucho dolor
- I'm beginning to have doubts — me están entrando dudas
- Although we had seen nothing from where we were, I had a feeling of complete and utter terror.
- When they beat Portugal in the opening match I had a feeling that they would do something.
- Madonna has given me so much good advice through the years: she has such strong opinions.
- Did you have this concept in mind from the start, or did it take shape as you wrote the album?
- I had a strong idea of the opening and the closure, with no real angle or drive to the middle.
- I remember going for a run and cutting the grass and having nasty thoughts about the selectors.
- He certainly had no thoughts of continuing his long and winding career path north of the Border.
- I think that every case should be dealt with individually rather that having a strong opinion about it.
- I think the council is being very mean about this and I do hope it has second thoughts.
- Lewis was ringside in Las Vegas and admitted he was having real thoughts of ending his reign on a high.
- I have a feeling this site is going to get a boost in popularity thanks to Mr. Crowe.
- She, it seems, has thoughts and ideas about what she wants to do in the weeks and months after the baby is born.
- Like an awful lot of people, I really don't have any strong feelings one way or the other.
- I look at the woman next to me, and she is clearly having similar thoughts.
- We walked down the corridor in silence, each having our own thoughts.
- I've been calling the editor a lot, explaining that I'm having second thoughts.
- Obviously the gentleman who first coined the phrase was having similar thoughts.
- Do you have any uneasy feelings about what you can or cannot do or of your past failures?
- He had a strong suspicion about who was behind most of these killings, he said.
- I said I would do anything they asked me to, though I already had a bad feeling about it.
2(to hold, to have at one's disposal)tenerlook out, he's got a gun! — ¡cuidado! ¡tiene una pistola / está armado!
- how much money do you have / (esp British) have you got on you? — ¿cuánto dinero tienes / llevas encima?
- I had him by the arm — lo tenía agarrado del brazo
- may I have a sheet of paper? — ¿me das una hoja de papel?
- that one doesn't work: have this one — ese no funciona, toma este
- may I have your name? — ¿me dice su nombre?
- do you have / (esp British) have you got her address? — ¿tienes su dirección?
- have you got a light? — ¿tienes fuego?
- you've had long enough — has tenido tiempo suficiente
- I've got a surprise for you — tengo una sorpresa para ti
- could I have your Sales Department, please? — (on phone) ¿me comunica con el departamento de ventas, por favor?
- I have it! — ¡ya lo tengo!
- I've got it! — ¡ya lo tengo!
- to have sth to + inf — tener algo que + inf
- I've (got) a lot to do — tengo mucho que hacer
- you've (got) a lot to learn — tienes mucho que aprender
- I had nothing to wear that was suitable — no tenía nada que ponerme que fuese apropiado
- I have or I've got this photo to remind me — tengo esta foto de recuerdo
3.1(to receive)tenerwe had a letter from him last week — tuvimos / recibimos carta de él la semana pasada
- have you had any news? — ¿has tenido noticias?
- he has all-party support — cuenta con / tiene el apoyo de todos los partidos
- could we have some silence, please? — (hagan) silencio, por favor
- could we have the next witness? — que pase el siguiente testigo
- I had it from someone who knows the people involved — lo supe / me enteré por alguien que conoce a las personas implicadas
- If you haven't had a bill for six months, ask for six months to pay off your arrears.
- Next, we sent an e-mail inquiry and within a day or so we had a reply.
- I have received a number of e-mails from persons asking me why I am doing this.
- Armstead is one of many players who plan to have surgery or already have had it to repair nagging injuries.
- He had lessons in theory and composition from Rimsky-Korsakov.
- Carl admitted to having a few pampering treatments before the wedding day.
3.2(to obtain, to gain)conseguira room can be had for $30 — se puede conseguir una habitación por 30 dólares
- they were the best/only seats to be had — eran los mejores/únicos asientos que había
- red or green, which will you have? — rojo o verde ¿cuál quieres?
- I'll have a kilo of tomatoes, please — ¿me da un kilo de tomates, por favor?
4(to consume)(steak/spaghetti) comer(spaghetti/steak) tomar Spain(beer/champagne) tomarto have breakfast — desayunar
- to have dinner — comer
- to have lunch — comer
- to have a cigarette — fumarse un cigarrillo
- have some more sauce — sírvete más salsa
- what are we having for dinner? — ¿qué hay de cena?
- I've had nothing to eat all day — no he comido nada en todo el día
- we had too much to drink — bebimos demasiado
- how do you have your coffee? — ¿cómo tomas el café?
- what will you have? — (in restaurant) ¿qué van a tomar?
- I think I'll have the sole — creo que voy a pedir el lenguado
- They have been in a few nights this week, having a few pints and a few fags.
- Do you recommend that I can still take my daily vitamins whilst having a high performance drink?
- We lose our temper and, as soon as we've had a cup of tea and a biscuit, we feel better.
- It's 9:15 am here, and I have already had my hearty breakfast.
- To add to the meal that night we had a freshly baked apple pie and cinnamon buns.
5.1(to experience)(accident/meeting) tenerwe had a week in Rome — estuvimos / pasamos una semana en Roma
- they had a party to celebrate — hicieron una fiesta para celebrarlo
- the project has had a setback — el proyecto ha sufrido un revés
- did you have good weather? — ¿te (or les etc.) hizo buen tiempo?
- have a nice day! — ¡adiós! ¡que le (or te etc.) vaya bien!
- we had a very pleasant evening — pasamos una noche muy agradable
- he's having Spanish lessons — está dando clases de español
- I had an injection — me pusieron / me dieron una inyección
- he had a heart transplant/an X ray — le hicieron un trasplante de corazón/una radiografía
- she had a heart attack — le dio un ataque al corazón / un infarto
- I've had the opportunity to play guys who are having a more difficult time living in society than others.
- Zabel has had a less successful season than usual by his own exalted standards.
- We shall have a public banquet in your honor!
- They're having a big opening party in Hamilton.
- I very quickly discovered through that experience the value of having an annual audit.
- We lost her but she didn't suffer, she had a happy life and a family who adored her.
- He had a disappointing World Cup by his own high standards but has done well in Super League.
- I don't know why they are all having such a difficult time getting good grades.
- We experienced problems with cars using our car park and also had problems with litter.
- Paul, the publicist tells me, is having a far more difficult and epic journey.
- Tom O'Sullivan is having a very good season and his club mate Aidan O'Mahony had a very good final.
- We've all had problems and experienced a lot of terrible things, and our choice is to be happy.
- One night, we got back to our rooms after a couple of drinks at Manor Bar and decided to have a Chicago party.
- It's hard to imagine the Hull forwards having a harder time in the season ahead.
- This will lead to loss of trade to the shopkeepers who are all having a hard enough time to make ends meet as it is.
- This was no exception and we had a brilliant follow up party on Saturday night.
- I told her a friend of mine was having an open house at the artist co-op where she lived.
- When I was very young, I had an accident and was in bed for many months.
- He's not been having such a good season but he always talks the talk so you never know what he's actually feeling.
- Despite the fall he has been having one of the best seasons of his career.
- Every team has a bad patch during a season and hopefully we had ours at the start.
- If it wasn't for them having such an unbelievable season, I think we'd be in first place.
- I had a short and successfully anonymous encounter with a podgy woman in spectacles.
- We were having a very difficult time hearing you earlier, so you can redo that report.
- Are the people who experience ecstatic religious states just having a really good trip?
- We head for town in little groups, and end up having our own little post-party parties.
- I also had many other difficulties which I do not wish to discuss at present.
5.2(to suffer from)(diabetes/cancer/flu) tenerhe's got a headache/sore throat — le duele la cabeza/la garganta
- you've got a cold — estás resfriado
- Many young people cope well with the emotional aspects of having a chronic illness.
- Many people are unaware they have had the illness so do not know if they are immune.
- He had a great sense of life and, although he had a disability of his own, he did not let that affect him.
- I had to give up work early, because of having an illness, so I was unable to save towards a private pension.
- Rob has also been forced to adapt to a life in which he now has a disability.
- The bug is capable of killing if it infects someone who has recently had flu.
- It increases the likelihood of a person having asthma, eczema or hay fever.
- It affects people differently, with many having the illness without knowing it.
- Dad has had a terrible cold this week, and I have a feeling that it's starting to hit me.
- If you have an ongoing chronic illness you might be at higher risk of complications.
- The student insisted that a patient who had a terminal illness should on no account be told.
- We have in our extended family more than one member who has a psychotic illness.
- The good thing about having this illness is that it allows me to be a little bit crazy.
- I went to a car boot sale in the morning with my dogs and had a small epileptic fit.
- Lisa and her husband have three children, each of whom has a disability of some kind.
- She suffered from cancer and also has Crohn's disease which is affected by stress.
- She described having a breakdown soon after she killed her first daughter and showed intense grief.
- This season he's had one or two injuries and not played as many games as he, or we, would have liked.
- It may be necessary to track down a donor if it is determined that he or she has an infectious disease.
- I'd love to finish it but I've had a cold these past few days and haven't been feeling up to it.
6(to look after)tenerthey have visitors/guests — tienen visita/huéspedes
- we had a friend staying with us — teníamos a un amigo en casa
- my mother offered to have the children — mi madre se ofreció a cuidar a los niños
- There is another arrival ceremony with short speeches thanking the hotel for having us.
- Quick note to say it was fabulous having you, you're a great houseguest, come again any time.
- We always seemed to have visitors and rushed to shut the windows to keep out the smell.
- We are always thrilled to have him and it gives people who come up this way and visit a chance to call in.
- How about I have you up for the weekend after choir gets out for Winter Break?
- I was going to have Peter and Chris over to plan our trip to Aspen the next day.
7we'll have it clean in no time — enseguida lo limpiamos / lo dejamos limpio
- he had them all laughing/in tears — los hizo reír/llorar a todos
- you had me worried — me tenías preocupado
- we'll soon have you out of here — pronto te sacaremos de aquí
- to have sb + inf
- she had me retype it — me lo hizo volver a pasar a máquina
- I'll have her call you back as soon as she arrives — le diré / pediré que lo llame en cuanto llegue
- what else would you have them do? — ¿qué más quieres que hagan?
- to have sth + past p
- he had a new palace built — se hizo construir un nuevo palacio
- you could have it repaired — podrías hacerlo arreglar
- you've had your hair cut! — ¡te has cortado el pelo!
- have him seen by the doctor — hazlo ver por el médico
8.1(to allow, to permit)tolerarconsentirI won't have it! — ¡no lo consentiré / toleraré!
- she refuses to have her private life discussed in public — se niega a que discutan su vida privada en público
- I won't have him interfering — no pienso tolerar que se inmiscuya
- we can't have her getting her hands dirty now, can we? — ¡cómo vamos a permitir que la señora se ensucie las manos!
- I'm not having you talk to Emma like that in front of us.
- Said Retailer is having none of this and tries to carry on his tirade.
- I don't like drama in my house. I won't have it.
- We will take 12,000 refugees a year, but we will not have people arriving here illegally and we will act to deter that occurring.
- We can't have you being late for something like this, now, can we?
8.2(to accept, to believe)aceptarcreerwe told her we'd seen him, but she just wouldn't have it — le dijimos que lo habíamos visto pero no lo quiso aceptar / creer
9(indicating what happens)I have people coming for dinner tonight — esta noche tengo gente a cenar
- to have sth + inf/+ past p
- I've had three lambs die this week — se me han muerto tres corderos esta semana
- he had his bicycle stolen — le robaron la bicicleta
- The man staying next to me at the hotel had his travel bag stolen from the room yesterday.
- Three years ago a friend of ours had his mini stolen, and this is the email he sent me.
- We have had previous experience of having cars damaged and stolen.
- They suffered the indignity of having their pictures splashed all over the papers.
10(indicating state, position)tenershe had her eyes closed — tenía los ojos cerrados
- I had the radio on — tenía la radio puesta
- you have / (British) you've got your belt twisted — tienes el cinturón torcido
- what color shall we have the flowers? — ¿de qué color ponemos (or compramos etc.) las flores?
- let's have the sofa over here — pongamos el sofá aquí
- We cannot chastise her for what she does, because, ultimately, he had us fooled as well.
- We'll have a room ready as soon as possible.
- At one point, they even thought about removing her or having her removed from the jury.
- We see little wildlife during the dive, but the experience has my adrenalin pumping.
- It's a treat and guaranteed to have you curling up in laughter at some of the yarns and stories from times past.
- The fire brigade soon had the blaze under control and were able to extinguish it swiftly.
- Now her article has me thinking.
- His unashamedly feel-good tunes look set to have us smiling for a few more years to come.
- I haven't even had the radio on, so the current news just passed me by.
11(to give birth to)(baby/twins) tener
- My mother knows a couple, newly married and who have just gone through the happy experience of having a set of twins.
- She was sterilised at Virginia Colony for Epileptics and Feebleminded in 1957 after having twin boys out of wedlock.
- In fact, most of them are perhaps of marrying age now and they are themselves having kids.
- Both ladies are 31, so the pressures on them to start having children will soon mount.
- It was her own experiences of having her two sons and two daughters that led her to wanting to become a midwife.
- By having a baby a teenager won't be able to do these things, due to not being able to afford a babysitter.
- I wondered why she decided to bring up her son by herself, as in l967 it was considered something of a scandal having a child out of wedlock and coming from a middle-class Army family?
- The prospect of having children was always at the back of her mind but she did not let it trouble her too much.
12.1informal (to catch, to get the better of)they almost had him, but he managed to escape — casi lo agarran / atrapan, pero logró escaparse
- I'll have them for that — ya me las pagarán
- the name of the actor? you have me there — ¿el nombre del actor? ¡ahí sí que me mataste!
12.2informaltimarengañaryou've been had! — ¡te han timado / engañado!
- I had you there: you thought I was serious! — te engañé, te creíste que lo decía en serio
- Then he realized he'd been had - and a big grin spread over his face.
- I was had, the advertisers did their bit and got me, they well and truly got me!
13(to establish)rumor has it that … — corre el rumor de que …
- she was not in fact, as popular belief has it, an orphan — no era en realidad huérfana, como se suele creer
- as fate would have it, she … — quiso la suerte que ella …
14(in the sexual sense)poseer literaryacostarse con
1(used to form the perfect tenses)haberI have/had seen her — la he/había visto
- I have/had just seen her — la acabo/acababa de ver
- have you been waiting long? — ¿llevas mucho rato esperando?
- you have been busy — ¡cómo has trabajado!
- she'd already gone when we arrived — ya se había ido cuando llegamos
- had I known that / if I'd known that … — si hubiera sabido que …
- when he had finished, she … — cuando hubo terminado, ella …
2(in question tags)you've been told, haven't you? — te lo han dicho ¿no? / ¿no es cierto? / ¿no es verdad?
- they have signed, haven't they? — han firmado ¿no?
- you haven't lost the key, have you? — ¡no habrás perdido la llave …!
3(in elliptical use)you may have forgiven him, but I haven't — puede que tú lo hayas perdonado, pero yo no
- the clock has stopped — so it has! — el reloj se ha parado — ¡es verdad! / ¡es cierto!
- you've forgotten something — have I? — te has olvidado de algo — ¿sí?
- I've told her — you haven't! — se lo he dicho — ¡no! ¿en serio?
4.1(expressing obligation)have (got) to + inf — tener que + inf
- do you have to go? — ¿tienes que ir?
- have you got to go? — ¿tienes que ir?
- you don't have to come if you don't want to — no tienes que / no tienes por qué venir si no quieres
- I have or I've got to admit that … — tengo que reconocer que …
- you don't have to be an expert to realize that — no hay que / no se necesita ser un experto para darse cuenta de eso
- don't go out unless you have to — no salgas a menos que tengas que hacerlo
- she always has to interfere — siempre tiene que inmiscuirse
4.2(expressing certainty)have (got) to + inf — tener que + inf
- someone has to / someone's got to lose — alguien tiene que perder
- it had to happen — tenía que ocurrir
- you've got to be kidding! — ¡lo dices en broma / en chiste!
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.