In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(weighty)(weight/load/suitcase) pesado(saucepan) de fondo gruesoit's very heavy — pesa mucho
- the tree was heavy with fruit — el árbol estaba cargado de fruta
- her eyelids were heavy with sleep — se le cerraban los ojos de sueño
- my legs felt heavy — me pesaban las piernas
- heavy goods vehicle — vehículo (de carga) de gran tonelaje
- conditions were heavy underfoot — el terreno estaba enlodado
- heavy work — trabajo pesado
- the steering on this car is rather heavy — este coche tiene la dirección muy dura
- The ladies made it quite clear that the tables and chairs were too heavy for them to lift, and asked the Council for assistance.
- How did they know they would be allowed to get away with the trucks they must have used to move the heavy artifacts which they stole?
- As for the helmet, he hadn't noticed it until he tried to lift his head and found that it was too heavy to move.
- It turned out that they were just locals making a buck or two by lifting the heavy loads.
- Many back injuries occur because we lift or move heavy objects without adequate stabilizing strength.
- Villagers, forbidden to wear shoes, were required to carry heavy loads over difficult terrain.
- She has her groceries packed with a small quantity in each bag as she cannot lift heavy loads.
- Hoists are fitted into tracks in the ceiling, so students can practice lifting and moving heavy patients who are unable to move themselves.
- I smiled, shook my head, and lifted the heavy mechanism with only some difficulty.
- Although they look like bags of flour, they are heavy and difficult to lift.
- She said a stomach operation she had a few years ago made it difficult for her to lift the heavy cardboard which she sold last year.
- Yesterday, cranes lifted heavy chunks of concrete, metal beams and giant buckets of broken building materials.
- I've tried lifting heavy things, drinking gallons of water.
- Am I supposed to scream that my brother has to set the table too and must I lift a heavy load to prove my freedom?
- It certainly proves that Bob can fix an engine or lift heavy loads.
- She was physically weaker and unable to lift or move anything heavy.
- Instead, we helped him feed his cat, get his mail, and move furniture deemed too heavy to lift by his doctor.
- The doll wiggled and struggled to get free but the weight of Adam's foot on its chest was too heavy for it to move off.
- For example, if some of your employees must lift or move heavy objects, make sure they have the proper equipment to do so.
- ‘I motivated myself to lift heavy objects because I wanted to do the garden,’ said Joe.
1.2(thick)(fabric/garment) grueso(garment/fabric) pesadoa heavy gold chain — una cadena gruesa de oro
- a pair of heavy boots — un par de botas fuertes
- I am also wearing very thick, heavy socks, and my feet are STILL cold.
- Aching from head to toe, Clara pulled the thick, heavy robe around her waist and cinched the belt tighter.
- Neither man struggled when their arms were bound with a thick heavy rope.
- The creaking of the heavy canvas above her as the crew began to set sail brought her back to the present with a jump.
- He sauntered along, still wearing his heavy coat and woolen hat which was never, ever removed.
- We were sitting in my room for our third tutoring session, and the clouds outside were heavy and grey.
- But come today, the warm sun had been replaced by a chilly wind and heavy grey clouds and an uninvited rain shower delayed the start of the tennis by an hour.
- A little bit of blue could be seen between the heavy gray clouds, which were indeed on their way south.
- Most of the seated figures wear a distinctive heavy robe with thick, rounded borders.
- The mist around them turned to a thick heavy fog, laden with mystery, and death.
- A late-autumn storm shoved heavy gray clouds across the sky and into the distance.
- The sun was shrouded by heavy clouds that grayed the bright colors of the earth.
- The entire fish is covered with a heavy layer of thick mucus which is thought to provide protection from infection.
- The felt is quite heavy and thicker than normal blinds and the felt I use is very uniform and flat, almost like parchment as it has bits of seeds and wood from the sheep in it.
- They drew aside a thick and heavy curtain that led to another layer of thin curtains.
- It dominated the center of a room littered with thick, heavy black ropes and copper vines.
- Pat screamed as she thrust a bucket of thick, heavy black paint at the wall and it splattered everywhere.
- The thick heavy grey smoke lingered among the branches and prevented the flowers and buds from being burned by frost.
- Before touching the cat, cover her head with a thick blanket or heavy towel to protect yourself from being bitten.
- They could see an immense mountain that stretched up into heavy thick clouds.
- It was thick and heavy and I could only guess it was a blanket or something like it.
- If sliced bread is too heavy, place the meat with a little lettuce and a splash of mustard or dressing in a spinach tortilla wrap.
- The best bit is none of these desserts is too heavy, but they'll round off a meal in style.
- The two men will eat the same heavy soup at the beginning and end of each day.
- I'm drawn instinctively to heavy food and I love red food because it's the colour of my rage.
- All too often, bread pudding is too heavy and solid, but I could have gone for another slice of this stuff.
- The doctor said that I won't be able to eat a lot of heavy foods - something like that.
- A heavy bread made from barley flour was common, but there is evidence that at least some people had wheaten bread available to them.
- The waitress recommended the banana cake, but it sounded a little too heavy after such a filling meal.
- You may wish to avoid heavy foods before sleeping and you may also want to try a simplified diet for a week.
- I cooked more healthfully by omitting heavy sauces and oil, using nonfat cooking spray instead.
- This may have been a rather heavy dish, but it suited me down to the ground.
- I arrived back at my desk feeling slightly sleepy from the lovely sunshine, and overfull from the heavy chocolate torte I'd had for desert.
- Not as many clothes, not as much heavy food, and no problems with snow or ice.
- Melons should not be eaten with heavy foods like cheese, deep-fried foods or the heavier grains.
- They both cook the usual northern dishes, particularly the heavy meat and vegetable stews suited to their cold winters.
- The spicy cucumber salad was very simple, but an excellent foil for the heavy food.
- He said that fruits, vegetables, beans and whole grain give you more energy compared to a heavy dish.
- Nonetheless, research shows that heavy artillery has far from exhausted its unique potential yet.
- At the championship the Bulgarian team will defend its titles in the heavy categories, which are scheduled for the end of the week.
- On paper, Italy have enough heavy artillery to do something similar on Saturday evening.
- Emergency services brought out the heavy artillery yesterday afternoon in an effort to free a man from his crushed vehicle.
- But the heavy artillery proved too much for the overwhelmed natives and the last sad remnants of the tribe fled into the bush.
- One of the terms used in estimating the clearance time of the heavy vehicle is its average acceleration in starting gear.
- There was an engineering professor who came in to find his class talking about heavy boots.
- But from ahead the sounds of heavy artillery fire suggested that sterner opposition was to come.
- The spiritual battle needs the heavy artillery of fasting and prayer.
- The number of horses was scarcely up to the average, the heavy draught horses being not quite so plentiful.
- Yet just when Scotland thought they had done enough to win the game, the English heavy artillery regrouped for one final assault on the Scottish lines.
- Every fourth pair will carry the heavy grade weapons.
- With this kind of heavy artillery, it's surprising these guys didn't win long ago.
- It's time to call in the heavy artillery: the president of the United States.
- It is not a strong action and should not be subjected to loads that are anywhere near the heavy class.
- The tax for heavy vehicles above 12 tonnes will be calculated in a new manner, which will reduce it slightly.
- In fact they put up a spirited fight for much of this contest, but lacked the heavy artillery.
2.1(ponderous)(movement/fall/tread/footstep) pesado(thud/thump) sordo
- Fishing was considered good even though heavy rain fell all through the day.
- As yesterday's heavy fall off a ladder becomes old hat, an even heavier fall will be required to get a laugh in next week's episode.
- With heavy rain now falling, the game became bogged down in a midfield stalemate.
- With number 13 on his back, the horse took a heavy fall after one of the hurdles and went crashing to the ground.
- The actress/director known for heavy works with a concentration on dense language, has had two projects this month marked by a lightness of approach and a delight in humorous details.
- Within 5 minutes of these pictures being shot the sky was black and heavy rain was falling.
- The forecast for today is blustery showers and heavy falls likely with some longer spells of rain expected.
- The sound of a heavy fall on to the floor was followed by silence.
- But they were kept guessing by the weather until the day itself, with heavy rain falling during the days in the run-up to the event.
- And obviously with the fairly heavy rain that had fallen it was very soft underfoot.
- When heavy rain falls, the drainage system is unable to handle the water.
- This book is a heavy work that attempts to carry the weight of the world upon its existential shoulders.
- Even as heavy rain began to fall last night, few accepted offers for a ride from bus and truck drivers.
- It is also predicted to be one of heavy showers and above average tropical storm activity.
- Blow after heavy blow fell upon him, his chest, his back and his wounded shoulder being the main targets.
- The heavy rain that fell last weekend had cleared up by yesterday when crowds gathered to watch hundreds of teens of all shapes and sizes in action.
- At this time, I noticed that the wind had picked up, but I thought it was to be expected considering the heavy rain that was falling.
- The trio stretched their lead to nearly six minutes at the 90 km mark, but they were gradually reeled in as heavy rain began to fall in Brittany.
- The weather here in Wales is awful today, gale force winds and heavy rain.
- With around 15 minutes to go, they were up to third place but the weather took a final twist as heavy rain fell in the last 10 minutes of the race.
- The freezing conditions on Saturday were tough for the two teams as heavy rain fell for spells making the surface very wet and slippy.
- Much of Northern Taiwan breathed a sigh of relief yesterday as heavy rains fell around the country yesterday evening.
- A couple of weeks after the monarch's announcement, heavy rain began to fall, thus ending the drought.
2.2(features) tosco(features) poco delicado(eyelids) caído(sarcasm/irony) poco sutila man of medium height and heavy build — un hombre fornido de estatura mediana
- a heavy hint — una indirecta muy directa
- he has rather a heavy touch — es poco delicado
- The site will be suitable for all ages, and will not feature heavy language.
- His skin was scarred and rough; the heavy brows were turned in a stubborn frown even in sleep.
- The building features window keystones, coloured tiles, and heavy overhanging cornices.
- Never one for preamble, his heavy features were hawklike with concentration.
- As they rushed by, Mark glanced their faces, which were characterized by heavy Mexican features.
- Why are there usually more neutrons than protons in a heavy element?
- This is a region in the periodic table where very heavy atoms are stable, because of the particular arrangement that the nuclear particles may take.
- Finally, you build an atom smasher and physically knock helium nuclei from some heavy atoms.
- Chemical bonds between hydrogen and heavy atoms were constrained to their equilibrium value.
- The nuclei of heavy isotopes are rich in neutrons, which dominate their nuclear surface.
3.1(oppressive)(clouds/sky) pesado(perfume) fuertea heavy silence — un silencio violento / embarazoso
- to be heavy with sth — estar cargado de algo
- an atmosphere heavy with suspicion — una atmósfera cargada de sospecha
- Within the heavy smell of must there was the slightest fragrance of perfume.
- I meant to wait however long it took, even if I had to sit in that unfriendly place and smell the heavy aroma of frying fat from the kitchens forever.
- I stood back again, this time over the heavy scent of alcohol streaming from Jason's mouth.
- I awoke very suddenly to the heavy, heady smell of smoke, and it immediately felt as if my lungs were being stabbed.
- Soon, she was very near to Dave, and he could smell a heavy perfume from her.
- By now I had gotten used to the heavy scent of roses.
- River otters have paired scent glands at the base of their tail which give off a heavy, musky smell.
- I was suddenly aware of how noisy and rowdy the party was, and I noted the heavy smell of alcohol in the air.
- He growled deep in his throat, and finally they turned to leave back into the hall's heavy kitchen smells.
- The heavy smell of liquor hung in the air, assaulting my sensitive nose, and making my eyes water.
- OK, so they didn't really cancel the race, but boy, a lot of people were left wishing they had, and there was a heavy smell of dead fish.
- Her mind was still hazy and the heavy scent of the colorless liquid wasn't helping her head much.
- With specks of gravy on his tie and the heavy smell of garlic, his dinner is a dead giveaway.
- Plus, don't assume that a heavy chemical smell means the pool is clean.
- The city loomed before her, the heavy smells of smog and people and life moving all around her.
- He had matches and there was oil, a heavy, sick smell.
- The heavy smell of perfume and sweat in the locker room hit me as I went through the two doors.
- As we began our walk down the iron bridge road, the scent of honeysuckle was heavy and sweet in the cool morning air.
- My dry cleaner was able to get the heavy smoke smell out… but the discoloration of the fabric remains.
- Crushing it with her fingers, a heavy sweet scent started to surround her.
3.2(loud)(sigh) profundoheavy breather — maníaco telefónico masculine
- We discussed smoking a bit, as both Rebecca and I had quit, but Ray was a heavy smoker.
- Himself a heavy smoker, Peter tries to stick to cigars because ‘you don't inhale so much’.
- The man had drunk up to two bottles of whisky a day and was a heavy smoker for the last 50 years of his life, the audience was told.
- Jimmy, who spent the weekend suffering with a heavy cold, decided to watch it indoors with his father.
- Eyewitness Jan Stone believes the route is dangerous because of the amount of heavy traffic.
- However, that cut, despite the heavy amount of damage dealt to it, ceased to bleed and scabbed over.
- I suppose that priests, who have often been heavy smokers, will now be expected to set an example to their flock.
- Being a heavy smoker, through the years I've gotten my procedure down to a smooth maneuver when driving.
- Very quickly, it became obvious that this was a trap, and they'd been set up for a heavy amount of damage.
- Root River is located on a highway near a state park, which creates heavy summer traffic.
- I dozed fitfully and uncomfortably at first and then fell into a deep, heavy sleep.
- In fact, children of heavy smokers are often fervent anti-smokers.
- It is only a few seconds, though, and we're all of us entitled to a few seconds of grumpiness when emerging from a heavy sleep.
- Very often when this happens I'll come down with a heavy cold or something a few days later but sometimes it just can't be pinned on anything in particular.
- Barker said he had to drive slowly because of the heavy traffic and icy conditions.
- And heavy smokers would be expected to pledge to give up cigarettes.
- Troubled by the heavy cold and a lot of work for the previous several days, I was actually feeling quite low.
- He and his wife Joanne, also a heavy smoker, went for an initial session with Richard at which he assessed how easy they would be to hypnotise.
- But it is risk which can be changed with a lifestyle change and as a former heavy smoker, I know the body can recover over time.
- Most people confuse flu with a heavy cold, but flu is usually more severe.
- There is a higher incidence of oral cancer in people who are heavy smokers and heavy drinkers.
- He also claimed he had been fighting with a heavy cold.
- It looks like the snooze has turned into a heavy sleep in the past couple of seasons.
- Symptoms are similar to those of a heavy cold or flu.
- People who are overweight, smokers and heavy drinkers have a higher risk of developing the condition.
- They say the town already suffers from heavy amounts of traffic and that the additional houses will only add to it.
- At what point do heavy smokers decide that the thing they are doing them is clearly causing them terrible harm and decide it might be time to stop?
- Over the last few weeks, I haven't been sleeping well, and coupled with a heavy dose of cold, it's left me pretty drained.
- The north west has the highest rate of heavy smokers - those smoking more than 20 a day - in England.
- I bumbled through the weekend dopily and fell into a heavy sleep last night - my bed too comfortable, hot water bottle too comforting.
- As a one-time heavy smoker, I know what it will be like for you not being able to smoke when and where you want to.
- The guard wore a heavy amount of armor that made him seem massive in size.
- Those who do moderate to heavy amounts of exercise, have lower rates of cancer.
- I see him riding a tricycle slowly through heavy traffic.
- Long-term heavy smokers remain at significant risk of getting lung cancer.
- A heavy smoker, he had been suffering from lung cancer.
- Higher levels of disposal income during the economic boom has seen an increase in the number of heavy smokers in Ireland.
- Screening is most cost effective when targeted at high risk groups for example, heavy drinkers and smokers.
- He did not normally drink because he suffered from ulcers, but at the time had a heavy cold.
- My two uncles who were both heavy smokers died of a different illness two years after quitting the habit.
- I'm not a heavy smoker, but I think it's an infringement of my civil rights.
- Both systems were very intense; both inflicted heavy damage on significant population centres.
- And the police are there, as I said, in heavy numbers for the amount of protesters here.
3.3(dark)(shading) fuertein heavy type — en negrita
- The Big Country has tremendous scale and scenic power, but every tableau is heavy with purpose both leading up and going away.
- Apparently it's really good, heavy with a caramel taste, and has a heavy body to it!
- She concluded chapter 4, her vision going fuzzy and a heavy ache in her heart; homesickness.
- His voice is heavy with sarcasm, and it strikes me like a punch, hard and fast.
- He stood, suddenly heavy with guilt and a kind of sorrow he could not express.
- The atmosphere was heavy with the aroma of beer and hotdogs.
- Soon enough the flowering trees would be heavy with blossoms, and it would be his favorite time of year.
- A long silence weighs heavy with the major decisions he has made in his life.
- The room was heavy with smoke, for in the center burned a groggy fire.
- Instead, there was sadness and a heavy heart about the decision that lies ahead of him.
- While his voice was hardly dissenting, it was heavy with cautiousness and pragmatism.
- Her clothes were heavy with dirt and her hair straggly and greasy.
- Although the costumes were heavy with ornaments, the performers pulled off the choreographed show with style and grace.
- His voice was heavy with booze, yet even in his inebriated state, he managed to speak clearly.
- Today, more than 25 years later and with his sensational trial underway, it is heavy with irony.
- The fragrance is intense and long stems are heavy with deep-orange pollen that stains if brushed against.
- But now the lineup is heavy with rookies, and the coaches don't like to use young players.
- The proceedings however, are heavy with the hand of the local government.
- Her voice was heavy with sarcasm, and annoyance flashed briefly in her eyes.
- The book was based very largely on his own family history; it was heavy with symbolism; and it was long.
- He laments on this with heavy heart because his brother had died in the mean time and he is yet to meet his granddaughter.
- His pitches are heavy with movement, and his assortment makes deception fairly easy.
- I read with the greatest appreciation those contributions that were not heavy with academic jargon.
3.5(earnest)(book/treatment) pesado(treatment/book) densoit makes very heavy reading — resulta muy pesado de leer
- we got into a really heavy argument about abortion — nos enzarzamos en una discusión muy seria sobre el aborto
- Be light and playful or everyone around you gets heavy, serious and stuck.
- I think his diction determines an approach to things which is serious and heavy and committed.
- Avoid being heavy and serious as a playful attitude allows you to feel unburdened and free.
- I don't think you have to be in these serious, heavy, independent little movies to be an actor.
- It's best to adopt a light attitude especially in serious, heavy matters and remain in touch with your sense of humour.
- There are no deep theories here about world events, or heavy discussion of causes and solutions.
- They do believe in religion, but in practice it becomes too serious and heavy.
- We chatted about routine things, never heavy nor serious and her weight was stable.
4.1(intense)(rain) fuerte(traffic) denso(expenditure) cuantioso(crop) abundanteto be a heavy drinker/smoker — beber/fumar mucho
- he's a heavy sleeper — tiene el sueño pesado
- heavy sea — mar gruesa
- attendance has been very heavy — la asistencia ha sido muy numerosa
- trading was heavy on the stock exchange today — hoy hubo mucho movimiento en la bolsa
- demand for these products is heavy — hay una gran demanda por estos productos
- I've got a heavy cold — tengo un resfriado muy fuerte
- heavy emphasis is placed on the importance of training — se hace gran hincapié en la importancia de la capacitación
4.2(severe)(penalty/sentence) severo(casualties) numeroso(blow) duro(blow) fuerteheavy losses — grandes / cuantiosas pérdidas
- she paid a heavy price for her arrogance — pagó cara su arrogancia
4.3(demanding, onerous)(responsibility/task) pesado(schedule) apretadoI've had a heavy day at work — he tenido un día de mucho trabajo
- to be heavy on sth
- the children are very heavy on their shoes — los niños son muy destrozones de zapatos
- this car is very heavy on oil — este coche gasta mucho aceite
- Chronic fatigue may be the result of heavy physical work, which might be experienced by women in such circumstances.
- Once the heavy work was done, the path went down easily.
- I cannot state that this gentleman is physically capable of doing heavy physical labour.
- Women and men do heavy physical labor; however, domestic work is an exclusively female domain.
- Sometimes summer comes early in August and we find ourselves wishing we'd done more heavy work in June and July.
- I can do the heavy work for you as well - I'm a keen gardener myself and I'll enjoy the work.
- Searching through 38 articles in five volumes is heavy physical work.
- Men perform heavy physical tasks, while women work as clerks and teachers and in health care.
- The work is too heavy for me but I gave moral support, in particular chatting to the invalid while the labour was in progress.
- That means half a kilo per day will keep a man doing heavy physical work.
- Most of them were or had been heavy smokers, had attained a relatively low level of education, and had been employed in heavy physical work.
- He does the heavy work, while Sarah does the interior design.
- Long hours in jobs involving heavy physical labour are less harmful though only to a point.
- In many parts of the New World, harvest can be a time of heavy physical work for moderately low pay under trying conditions.
- Ergonomic improvements have eliminated heavy physical labor from the factory floor.
- At the small grocery on the corner, a stocky man with bristly white hair who looks nearly sixty does the heavy work and drives a van.
- Dempsey said an extra international match would increase the already heavy physical demands placed on players.
- Her husband, Terry, 50, may lend a hand with heavy work but Sharon wears the overalls.
- She had no money for the dowry that convents demanded, but she offered herself as a lay sister - that is, one of the nuns who performs all the heavy work of the house.
- Boiling up shirts and sheets, ironing, polishing floors and furniture, blacking grates and shining silver used to be heavy work.
4.4(difficult)she has a pretty heavy time — las pasa moradas / negras informal
- things got kind of heavy — las cosas se pusieron feas
4.5slang (violent)brutothe heavy mob moved in — entraron los matones
1to lie/hang/weigh heavy on sb/sth — pesar sobre algn/algo literary
- time hung heavy on her hands — las horas se le hacían eternas / muy largas
- lentils lie very heavy on your stomach — las lentejas son muy pesadas / indigestas
1(strong-arm man)matón masculine informalgorila masculine informal
2Theatrevillano masculinemalo masculine informal
3(important person)peso pesado informal
4British(newspaper)periódico serio masculine informal
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