In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(mountain/building/wall) altohow high is it? — ¿qué altura tiene?
- the tower is 40 m high — la torre tiene 40 m de alto / de altura
- a 12 ft high wall — un muro de 12 pies de alto / de altura
- I've known him since he was this high — lo conozco desde que era así (de pequeño)
- The open area is secured by high boarding and is used for car parking.
- Sherpas, well known as mountain guides and porters, live in the high mountains of E. Nepal.
- To the south there are high mountains, covered in thick spring snow.
- Veteran climbers bemoan the increasing commercialisation of high peaks such as Everest and K2.
- Climbing and trekking are obvious income sources for countries endowed with high mountain ranges.
- It was a place untouched by man, for the mountain was far too high, and far too treacherous.
- Crystal clear streams flow down from the high mountains into the Datong River.
- He said policing the gardens was difficult as they were secluded and surrounded by a high hedge and fence.
- In the high mountains, where there are large falls of snow, there can also be avalanches.
- Climatic effects are accentuated on the high elevations of these mountain ranges.
- Watch the skies if you happen to be walking near any high buildings.
- It is a country dominated by high peaks and wide flat stretches of lava field, powerful waterfalls and creaking glaciers.
- In the centre of the 10 km deep crater is a mountain almost as high as Mount Everest.
- It's the one thing that will keep you going when that mountain seems just too high to climb.
- The conditions in the high mountains were hard and four of our group turned back.
- They are planning to install high fences and replace the smashed windows, which have been boarded up.
- Alice Springs is surrounded by high black mountains, similar to the mountains of Mecca.
- Old rocks predominate and high hills and mountains are more common.
- The terraced waterfalls are picturesque against the backdrop of high, green mountains.
- Although the new policy is a little late for the downtown area, which is already over-crowded with high buildings, there is still a lot the city can do to improve the situation.
1.2(balcony/ledge/window) alto(plateau) elevadoat a high altitude — a gran altitud
- to take a high dive — zambullirse / tirarse desde lo alto
- the river is very high — el río está muy alto / crecido
- this is the highest the river has been since last spring — es la máxima altura que ha alcanzado el río desde la primavera pasada
- a high forehead — una frente amplia
- high cheekbones — pómulos salientes
- At high altitudes, the thin air makes it hard to breathe unless the cabin is pressurized.
- Ben knew Joe had a fear of heights, and the ledge was high off the ground.
- Because of its high altitude, it is typically one of the first Scottish roads to be closed during bad winter weather.
- Alpine plants are those that are naturally found in high altitudes.
- Most sports utility vehicles are so high off the ground that your dog has to be virtually airborne or a St Bernard to be able to climb in.
- The window was much too high up for her to reach, but unlike the one in the bathroom, it was large enough for her to squeeze through.
- I didn't get a hint of back-ache from the driving seat, or from pulling gear in and out of the high luggage area.
- It's another gorgeous day. There were some high cirrus clouds earlier and it looks like they're coming back, but, for the most part, it's just been beautiful.
- The plant is easy to propagate, and tolerates poor soil, high altitudes, and harsh climates.
- This area has a wonderfully high ceiling and gets plenty of natural light through a large window and patio doors.
- The speakers will be installed throughout the station in inaccessible or high areas to stop them being vandalised.
- In common with the living room, the dining area has a high ceiling and a fireplace.
- To the left of the reception hall is the drawing room with an attractive period fireplace, original wooden floors, high ceilings and large windows.
- You enter a long narrow main room with a shimmering disco ball hanging from a high ceiling.
- Remember that the overland trip will help you acclimatize to the high altitude.
- Inland, a high central plateau drops eastward towards the vegetated dunes of the Kalahari Desert.
- Rare species of bird inhabit the higher branches of the trees.
- Filming at high altitude in the Peruvian Andes wasn't always much fun.
- Few people have ever survived such a serious injury at such high altitude.
- It's more likely to occur if you're exercising in hot weather or at a high altitude.
1.3(in status)(rank/office/officials) altoI have it on the highest authority — lo sé de muy buena fuente / tinta
- she moves in high/the highest circles — se mueve en las altas esferas/los círculos más elevados
- he has friends in high places — tiene amigos muy bien situados
- the high life — la vida mundana
- Press conferences are usually reserved for those higher in the chain of command.
- Politics is much more of a closed shop in Britain and Australia than it is in the US. You have to have go through a certain lengthy career path in the party and parliament before standing for any high office.
- Arthur Balfour unexpectedly rewarded him by appointing him Chancellor of the Exchequer, a higher office than he had ever received under the Liberals or the Lloyd George coalition.
- The escalating problem of unruly, yobbish behaviour is now high on the agenda for politicians of all persuasions.
- Lydon has much to offer, but Woodward elevated him to high office incredibly early in his coaching career.
- Finding a permanent home for the campus is high on the university's agenda.
- For someone in such a high position to dismiss and discount this argument is really worrying.
- Respect for the preservation of the environment was high on his sense of priorities.
- Frank just happened to have a family member who had a high position in Microsoft.
- In addition to housing and employment, education and tackling crime are also high on their agenda.
- Robert Altman has definitely made better films, but this one must rank high on the list.
- What is it like for a woman in Taiwan to rise to such a high position, and what challenges have you faced?
- Getting water is high on everyone's list of priorities and takes up a good part of a resident's time.
- At that point in time, the impending smoking ban and the effect it would have on drink sales were high on the agenda.
- Road traffic accident reduction is a high priority for North Yorkshire firefighters and our partners.
- He also achieved a high position in the Academy at Geneva, becoming its rector.
- We have many women in high positions in the Church especially working in parishes.
- He said this situation had put the issue of imports very high on the agenda.
- He stressed that other high positions in the organisation are filled by those committed to conservation.
- None of his are thought through, a dangerous fault for someone so high in Government.
1.4(morally, ethically)(principles/ideals/aims) elevado
- Chapter 7 looks at the part that the Bible has played in high and popular culture.
- Once realized, this consciousness leads to an awareness of something higher than physical needs, emotional desires, and survival demands dictated by hormones or organs.
- The new Millennium wing at the National Gallery represents the marriage of high ideals and fine art.
- It would have been the kiss of death for his career - but if he really was motivated by high principles then at least he would know he had done the right thing.
- An occasional snobbery still persists - theatre is the high art, film its lesser cousin.
- While he argues that the opposition of high and low art is wrong, he does so only because he doesn't know what high art is in the first place.
- Her films and writings establish an exchange between high and popular culture, art and commerce.
- What his parents lacked in high culture, they made up for in political principles.
- During this period the gap between most forms of high culture and popular culture remained wide.
- Literature was no exception, and Shakespeare was eagerly received as the epitome of high culture.
- This was a right old mish-mash of high art and low culture, sport and theatre.
- Lisa and I are off for an afternoon of high culture at the theatre.
- It may not have been high art, but for sheer singalong spectacle and professionalism it was unbeatable.
- Persian was the court language and the language of literature and of high culture.
- One final relevant feature of postmodernity is its mixture of popular and high culture.
- Popular taste is a good guide to the temper of the times, much more so than highbrow high culture.
- The auteur's true genius lies in his ability to combine high art with popular culture.
- The Czechs are nothing if not talented musicians with a deep love of fine culture and high art.
- Ernest's father, a man of high ideals, was very strict and censored the books he allowed his children to read.
- The classics had a profound presence not only in the high culture, but in the inner lives of educated persons.
1.5(in pitch)(voice) agudo(note) altothe speech ended on a high note — el discurso terminó con una nota de optimismo
- The best singers started their song at a low pitch to suit the range with which their voices are able to cope, and did not try songs which required them to reach high notes.
- The sound of the drill is high and shrill and shatters the silence in my room.
- She has this really high shrill voice that makes me cringe every time she speaks.
- All of a sudden, the stillness of the air was torn by the loud, shrill sound of a klaxon wailing at high pitch.
- A high sing-song voice rang from the kitchen and a woman appeared.
- Her voice was high and almost childish as she gave the man a playful swat on the arm.
- A high whining sound came from the other end, and he held the phone away from his ear, rolling his eyes and grimacing.
- Did you know that as human ears age, they lose the ability to pick up high pitches?
- ‘You're hurt,’ she said in her high childish voice.
- As they cross into his yard, their voices fade to a dull murmur punctuated by high laughter.
- The intro was played softly and her voice was high and sweet, singing the melody.
- Her voice could reach such a high pitch, that it could actually cause a dog to lose its sanity.
2.1(considerable, greater than usual)(number/salary/interest rate/score) alto(voltage/pressure/current) alto(velocity/speed) alto(wind) fuerte(fever/temperature) altohe has a very high color — tiene un color muy subido
- think of a number higher than five — piensa en un número mayor que cinco
- the high latitudes — las altas latitudes
- the temperature was in the high eighties — la temperatura rondaba los noventa grados
- the death toll could rise as high as 20 — el número de muertos podría elevarse a 20
- unemployment is very high — hay mucho desempleo
- the high cost of giving in to terrorism — el alto precio que se paga por ceder al terrorismo
- to pay a high price for sth — pagar algo muy caro
- they've paid a high price for failure — han pagado muy caro el fracaso
- to play for high stakes — apostar fuerte
- my hopes were high as I set out — tenía grandes esperanzas al partir
- Byzantine art finds its highest expression in … — el arte bizantino tiene su expresión más depurada en …
- to be high in sth — ser rico en algo
- high in protein — rico en proteínas
- The normal purpose of any cartel is to keep prices high by controlling supply and demand.
- Cashews are high in protein and carbohydrate as well as being rich in vitamin A.
- It seems to me that many in the U.S. don't quite appreciate how high the stakes are.
- He added that staff would be asked to work extra hours to cope with the high volume of business during the festive period.
- Waves on Puget Sound were so high that day that only four crew members could row.
- The only difference is the stakes are significantly higher.
- Ten of those caught face a court appearance, mostly because they were clocked doing excessively high speeds.
- The first deal is decided between two opponents who each cut the cards - whoever cuts the higher card has the slight advantage of dealing first.
- Chickpeas are exceptionally high in protein and very low in fat, making them an ideal food.
- Although he was earning a relatively high salary, he found the job extremely stressful.
- As a result, many people may find they are actually over-insured and paying unnecessarily high premiums.
- Meanwhile, melt the remaining butter and the oil in a frying pan, add the mushrooms and fry over a high heat until golden brown.
- He said the area had a high percentage of children under four, and many parents were without family support.
- You are 65, but you played for high stakes over several years, and eventually you lost.
- Many of us eat to excess and eat too many foods with a high sugar content.
- But one of the factors that made cancer treatment expensive was the high cost of the drugs.
- The firm says demand for industrial property from purchasers in the West Yorkshire area is high.
- But poker is most interesting when the stakes are high and small fortunes rest on the draw of a card.
- This three-bedroom period house has been extended and renovated to a very high standard.
- Educational standards in the area are high, particularly among younger people.
- This often means they pay workers low wages and charge customers high prices.
- Staff are also expressing concerns over job security, high workloads and excessive hours.
- The chilly weather and high wind affected his performance, according to Zhang.
- This area has high unemployment, and mortality is above the national average.
- It was one of the most daring missions of the Second World War - and the stakes had never been higher.
- My personal opinion on the speed limits of this country is that they are too high for residential areas.
2.2(good, favorable)to hold sb in high esteem — tener a algn en gran / en mucha estima
- he has a high regard for you — tiene muy buen concepto de ti
3.1a moment of high drama/comedy — un momento muy dramático/comiquísimo
- a tale of high adventure — una historia de grandes aventuras
3.2(climactic)culminantethe high point of the novel — el punto culminante de la novela
4.1(happy, excited)she was in high spirits — estaba muy animada
- we had a high old time — lo pasamos estupendamente
4.2informal (intoxicated)drogadocolocado Spain informalto be/get high on sth — estar colocado/colocarse con algo Spain informal
- The defence lawyer noted that he was high on crack cocaine at the time of the stabbing.
- He is fat, lazy, moody, gluttonous, horny and pretty much constantly drunk or high on hashish.
- During the three-week trial the jury heard Giles, 19, was high on drink and drugs at the time of the attack.
- I could tell that she had slept hardly at all during the day, she was probably still high from the night before.
- Maybe I am still high from all the joints I smoked earlier this evening.
- It was also alleged he rang Miss A in the early hours telling her he was high on cocaine and that he wanted to perform a sex act with her.
- They were pursuing a mirage of infinite wealth in private aeroplanes, high on champagne and designer drugs.
- This witness also admitted to being high on crack cocaine, marijuana and beer the night of the killing.
- During some of these incidents he admitted to being high on heroin and cocaine.
- It was 2001 when Joe was physically attacked by a passenger he believes was high on drugs.
- He admitted that he had no idea what he was doing on the day of the murders because he was so high on drugs.
- He used to come home high on marijuana and my little sisters were seeing him like that, so I have seen what drugs can lead to.
- In fact, as the hours wore on, I found I was feeling charged and a little high with all the chocolate.
- This wasn't the boy who seemed to be high on opium every time I met him.
- Once again a boorish minority, high on drugs or drink, is to blame.
5(of time, period)in high summer — en pleno verano
- high Gothic — el gótico tardío
- it was her best dress, worn only on high days and holidays — era su mejor vestido, el que tenía reservado para las grandes ocasiones
6(game) que huele fuerte(meat) pasado
1(fly) altothe tower loomed high over the town — la torre se erguía / se alzaba por encima de la ciudad
- the mountain towered high above us — la montaña se elevaba dominante sobre nosotros
- they built ever higher — construían cada vez más alto
- high in the sky — en lo alto del cielo
- high overhead — (in heaven) en las alturas
- high up — arriba
- if you go a bit higher up, you'll get a better view — si subes un poco más, tendrás mejor vista
- the Bears are fairly high in the league — los Bears están entre los primeros de la liga
- it's pretty high (up) on the agenda — es uno de los asuntos más importantes
- to run high — estar embravecido
- passions run high in this thrilling new saga — las pasiones se desatan en esta nueva y emocionante saga
- high and dry
- to leave sb high and dry — dejar a algn tirado
- there was the boat, high and dry on a sandbank — allí estaba el bote, varado en un banco de arena
- to search / hunt / look high and low (for sth) — remover cielo y tierra (para encontrar algo)
2(in status)altoto aim high — apuntar alto
- he's risen high in his profession — ha llegado alto en su profesión
- to fly high — (be successful, happy) ir viento en popa
3(in pitch)(sing) alto
4(in amount, degree)how high are you prepared to bid? — ¿hasta cuánto estás dispuesto a pujar / ofrecer?
- she stands high in my esteem / estimation — la estimo mucho
5(in cards)to go high — jugar una carta alta
- to lead high — salir con una carta alta
- to play high — jugar fuerte
2(level)récord masculineinflation reached a new high — la inflación alcanzó un nuevo récord
3on high — en las alturas
- a new directive from on high — una nueva directiva de arriba / de las altas esferas
4(anticyclone)zona de altas presiones feminine
5(high temperature)máxima feminine
6informal(from drugs, euphoria)viaje masculine informalcolocón masculine Spain informalpasón masculine Mexico informalI'm on a real high at the moment — las cosas me están yendo de maravilla
(top gear)directa femininein high — en directa
- to move into high — meter la directa
8informal(high school)cole masculine informal
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