In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(mountain/building/wall) altohow high is it? — ¿qué altura tiene?
- the tower is 40 m high — la torre tiene 40 m de alto / de altura
- a 12 ft high wall — un muro de 12 pies de alto / de altura
- I've known him since he was this high — lo conozco desde que era así (de pequeño)
- Veteran climbers bemoan the increasing commercialisation of high peaks such as Everest and K2.
- The open area is secured by high boarding and is used for car parking.
- He said policing the gardens was difficult as they were secluded and surrounded by a high hedge and fence.
- The conditions in the high mountains were hard and four of our group turned back.
- Climatic effects are accentuated on the high elevations of these mountain ranges.
- To the south there are high mountains, covered in thick spring snow.
- Old rocks predominate and high hills and mountains are more common.
- Climbing and trekking are obvious income sources for countries endowed with high mountain ranges.
- Crystal clear streams flow down from the high mountains into the Datong River.
- Sherpas, well known as mountain guides and porters, live in the high mountains of E. Nepal.
- In the high mountains, where there are large falls of snow, there can also be avalanches.
- It was a place untouched by man, for the mountain was far too high, and far too treacherous.
- Alice Springs is surrounded by high black mountains, similar to the mountains of Mecca.
- It is a country dominated by high peaks and wide flat stretches of lava field, powerful waterfalls and creaking glaciers.
- Watch the skies if you happen to be walking near any high buildings.
- Although the new policy is a little late for the downtown area, which is already over-crowded with high buildings, there is still a lot the city can do to improve the situation.
- It's the one thing that will keep you going when that mountain seems just too high to climb.
- They are planning to install high fences and replace the smashed windows, which have been boarded up.
- The terraced waterfalls are picturesque against the backdrop of high, green mountains.
- In the centre of the 10 km deep crater is a mountain almost as high as Mount Everest.
1.2(balcony/window/ledge) alto(plateau) elevadoat a high altitude — a gran altitud
- to take a high dive — zambullirse / tirarse desde lo alto
- the river is very high — el río está muy alto / crecido
- this is the highest the river has been since last spring — es la máxima altura que ha alcanzado el río desde la primavera pasada
- a high forehead — una frente amplia
- high cheekbones — pómulos salientes
- This area has a wonderfully high ceiling and gets plenty of natural light through a large window and patio doors.
- Filming at high altitude in the Peruvian Andes wasn't always much fun.
- Alpine plants are those that are naturally found in high altitudes.
- It's another gorgeous day. There were some high cirrus clouds earlier and it looks like they're coming back, but, for the most part, it's just been beautiful.
- Few people have ever survived such a serious injury at such high altitude.
- Inland, a high central plateau drops eastward towards the vegetated dunes of the Kalahari Desert.
- Ben knew Joe had a fear of heights, and the ledge was high off the ground.
- I didn't get a hint of back-ache from the driving seat, or from pulling gear in and out of the high luggage area.
- Most sports utility vehicles are so high off the ground that your dog has to be virtually airborne or a St Bernard to be able to climb in.
- Rare species of bird inhabit the higher branches of the trees.
- The plant is easy to propagate, and tolerates poor soil, high altitudes, and harsh climates.
- At high altitudes, the thin air makes it hard to breathe unless the cabin is pressurized.
- It's more likely to occur if you're exercising in hot weather or at a high altitude.
- In common with the living room, the dining area has a high ceiling and a fireplace.
- The window was much too high up for her to reach, but unlike the one in the bathroom, it was large enough for her to squeeze through.
- To the left of the reception hall is the drawing room with an attractive period fireplace, original wooden floors, high ceilings and large windows.
- Because of its high altitude, it is typically one of the first Scottish roads to be closed during bad winter weather.
- Remember that the overland trip will help you acclimatize to the high altitude.
- The speakers will be installed throughout the station in inaccessible or high areas to stop them being vandalised.
- You enter a long narrow main room with a shimmering disco ball hanging from a high ceiling.
1.3(in status)(officials/rank/office) altoI have it on the highest authority — lo sé de muy buena fuente / tinta
- she moves in high/the highest circles — se mueve en las altas esferas/los círculos más elevados
- Respect for the preservation of the environment was high on his sense of priorities.
- Getting water is high on everyone's list of priorities and takes up a good part of a resident's time.
- We have many women in high positions in the Church especially working in parishes.
- Robert Altman has definitely made better films, but this one must rank high on the list.
- Lydon has much to offer, but Woodward elevated him to high office incredibly early in his coaching career.
- None of his are thought through, a dangerous fault for someone so high in Government.
- The escalating problem of unruly, yobbish behaviour is now high on the agenda for politicians of all persuasions.
- For someone in such a high position to dismiss and discount this argument is really worrying.
- Arthur Balfour unexpectedly rewarded him by appointing him Chancellor of the Exchequer, a higher office than he had ever received under the Liberals or the Lloyd George coalition.
- Politics is much more of a closed shop in Britain and Australia than it is in the US. You have to have go through a certain lengthy career path in the party and parliament before standing for any high office.
- He stressed that other high positions in the organisation are filled by those committed to conservation.
- Press conferences are usually reserved for those higher in the chain of command.
- What is it like for a woman in Taiwan to rise to such a high position, and what challenges have you faced?
- Finding a permanent home for the campus is high on the university's agenda.
- In addition to housing and employment, education and tackling crime are also high on their agenda.
- Road traffic accident reduction is a high priority for North Yorkshire firefighters and our partners.
- At that point in time, the impending smoking ban and the effect it would have on drink sales were high on the agenda.
- He said this situation had put the issue of imports very high on the agenda.
- He also achieved a high position in the Academy at Geneva, becoming its rector.
- Frank just happened to have a family member who had a high position in Microsoft.
1.4(morally, ethically)(ideals/principles/aims) elevado
- One final relevant feature of postmodernity is its mixture of popular and high culture.
- Once realized, this consciousness leads to an awareness of something higher than physical needs, emotional desires, and survival demands dictated by hormones or organs.
- This was a right old mish-mash of high art and low culture, sport and theatre.
- Literature was no exception, and Shakespeare was eagerly received as the epitome of high culture.
- The auteur's true genius lies in his ability to combine high art with popular culture.
- Ernest's father, a man of high ideals, was very strict and censored the books he allowed his children to read.
- Chapter 7 looks at the part that the Bible has played in high and popular culture.
- Lisa and I are off for an afternoon of high culture at the theatre.
- What his parents lacked in high culture, they made up for in political principles.
- During this period the gap between most forms of high culture and popular culture remained wide.
- The classics had a profound presence not only in the high culture, but in the inner lives of educated persons.
- The Czechs are nothing if not talented musicians with a deep love of fine culture and high art.
- Her films and writings establish an exchange between high and popular culture, art and commerce.
- While he argues that the opposition of high and low art is wrong, he does so only because he doesn't know what high art is in the first place.
- The new Millennium wing at the National Gallery represents the marriage of high ideals and fine art.
- An occasional snobbery still persists - theatre is the high art, film its lesser cousin.
- It may not have been high art, but for sheer singalong spectacle and professionalism it was unbeatable.
- It would have been the kiss of death for his career - but if he really was motivated by high principles then at least he would know he had done the right thing.
- Popular taste is a good guide to the temper of the times, much more so than highbrow high culture.
- Persian was the court language and the language of literature and of high culture.
1.5(in pitch)(voice) agudo(note) altothe speech ended on a high note — el discurso terminó con una nota de optimismo
- All of a sudden, the stillness of the air was torn by the loud, shrill sound of a klaxon wailing at high pitch.
- Her voice could reach such a high pitch, that it could actually cause a dog to lose its sanity.
- As they cross into his yard, their voices fade to a dull murmur punctuated by high laughter.
- Did you know that as human ears age, they lose the ability to pick up high pitches?
- A high whining sound came from the other end, and he held the phone away from his ear, rolling his eyes and grimacing.
- ‘You're hurt,’ she said in her high childish voice.
- The intro was played softly and her voice was high and sweet, singing the melody.
- The best singers started their song at a low pitch to suit the range with which their voices are able to cope, and did not try songs which required them to reach high notes.
- The sound of the drill is high and shrill and shatters the silence in my room.
- A high sing-song voice rang from the kitchen and a woman appeared.
- She has this really high shrill voice that makes me cringe every time she speaks.
- Her voice was high and almost childish as she gave the man a playful swat on the arm.
2.1(considerable, greater than usual)(number/score/interest rate/salary) alto(voltage/current/pressure) alto(velocity/speed) alto(wind) fuerte(temperature/fever) altohe has a very high color — tiene un color muy subido
- think of a number higher than five — piensa en un número mayor que cinco
- the high latitudes — las altas latitudes
- the temperature was in the high eighties — la temperatura rondaba los noventa grados
- the death toll could rise as high as 20 — el número de muertos podría elevarse a 20
- unemployment is very high — hay mucho desempleo
- the high cost of giving in to terrorism — el alto precio que se paga por ceder al terrorismo
- to pay a high price for sth — pagar algo muy caro
- they've paid a high price for failure — han pagado muy caro el fracaso
- to play for high stakes — apostar fuerte
- my hopes were high as I set out — tenía grandes esperanzas al partir
- Byzantine art finds its highest expression in … — el arte bizantino tiene su expresión más depurada en …
- to be high in sth — ser rico en algo
- high in protein — rico en proteínas
- Waves on Puget Sound were so high that day that only four crew members could row.
- The firm says demand for industrial property from purchasers in the West Yorkshire area is high.
- Staff are also expressing concerns over job security, high workloads and excessive hours.
- He added that staff would be asked to work extra hours to cope with the high volume of business during the festive period.
- My personal opinion on the speed limits of this country is that they are too high for residential areas.
- Meanwhile, melt the remaining butter and the oil in a frying pan, add the mushrooms and fry over a high heat until golden brown.
- It was one of the most daring missions of the Second World War - and the stakes had never been higher.
- Many of us eat to excess and eat too many foods with a high sugar content.
- Cashews are high in protein and carbohydrate as well as being rich in vitamin A.
- The only difference is the stakes are significantly higher.
- As a result, many people may find they are actually over-insured and paying unnecessarily high premiums.
- Although he was earning a relatively high salary, he found the job extremely stressful.
- Chickpeas are exceptionally high in protein and very low in fat, making them an ideal food.
- Educational standards in the area are high, particularly among younger people.
- This often means they pay workers low wages and charge customers high prices.
- This three-bedroom period house has been extended and renovated to a very high standard.
- He said the area had a high percentage of children under four, and many parents were without family support.
- It seems to me that many in the U.S. don't quite appreciate how high the stakes are.
- The first deal is decided between two opponents who each cut the cards - whoever cuts the higher card has the slight advantage of dealing first.
- The chilly weather and high wind affected his performance, according to Zhang.
- The normal purpose of any cartel is to keep prices high by controlling supply and demand.
- You are 65, but you played for high stakes over several years, and eventually you lost.
- This area has high unemployment, and mortality is above the national average.
- Ten of those caught face a court appearance, mostly because they were clocked doing excessively high speeds.
- But one of the factors that made cancer treatment expensive was the high cost of the drugs.
- But poker is most interesting when the stakes are high and small fortunes rest on the draw of a card.
2.2(good, favorable)to hold sb in high esteem — tener a algn en gran / en mucha estima
- he has a high regard for you — tiene muy buen concepto de ti
3.1a moment of high drama/comedy — un momento muy dramático/comiquísimo
- a tale of high adventure — una historia de grandes aventuras
3.2(climactic)culminantethe high point of the novel — el punto culminante de la novela
4.1(happy, excited)she was in high spirits — estaba muy animada
4.2informal (intoxicated)drogadocolocado Spain informalto be/get high on sth — estar colocado/colocarse con algo Spain informal
- During some of these incidents he admitted to being high on heroin and cocaine.
- They were pursuing a mirage of infinite wealth in private aeroplanes, high on champagne and designer drugs.
- This witness also admitted to being high on crack cocaine, marijuana and beer the night of the killing.
- During the three-week trial the jury heard Giles, 19, was high on drink and drugs at the time of the attack.
- He admitted that he had no idea what he was doing on the day of the murders because he was so high on drugs.
- He is fat, lazy, moody, gluttonous, horny and pretty much constantly drunk or high on hashish.
- It was 2001 when Joe was physically attacked by a passenger he believes was high on drugs.
- The defence lawyer noted that he was high on crack cocaine at the time of the stabbing.
- Maybe I am still high from all the joints I smoked earlier this evening.
- He used to come home high on marijuana and my little sisters were seeing him like that, so I have seen what drugs can lead to.
- In fact, as the hours wore on, I found I was feeling charged and a little high with all the chocolate.
- This wasn't the boy who seemed to be high on opium every time I met him.
- It was also alleged he rang Miss A in the early hours telling her he was high on cocaine and that he wanted to perform a sex act with her.
- I could tell that she had slept hardly at all during the day, she was probably still high from the night before.
- Once again a boorish minority, high on drugs or drink, is to blame.
5(of time, period)in high summer — en pleno verano
- high Gothic — el gótico tardío
6(game) que huele fuerte(meat) pasado
- The meat was quite high with complex strong flavours, which is just the way I like it.
- Mine are hung for no more than 2 or 3 days especially over the last few years what with the milder winters. Its a question of taste and how high you like your bird.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.