In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(deal blow to)(door/table) dar un golpe en(door/table) golpear(person) pegarle ashe hit him with her handbag — le pegó / le dio un golpe con el bolso
- he hit her across the face — le cruzó la cara
- he hit the table with his fist — dio un puñetazo en la mesa
- she hit a marvelous backhand — hizo / dio un maravilloso revés
- to hit a man when he's down — pegarle a algn en el suelo
- to hit sb where it hurts most — darle a algn donde más le duele
- to hit the brakes/accelerator — darle al freno/al acelerador
- (let's) hit it! — (you're kidding, stop joking, expressing surprise, incredulity, encouraging, urging) ¡dale!
- hit it, man! it's nine thirty already! — ¡apura, hombre, ya son las nueve y media!
- to hit sb for money/a loan — tirarle la manga / pechar a algn
- to hit the road / the trail — ponerse en marcha
- hit the road, Jack, and don't you ever come back — carretera y manta, colega, y no vuelvas nunca
- to hit the sack / the hay — irse a la piltra
- He fell quickly and soon hit the metal grating that was only about one foot in width by two foot in width.
- He dove down into the prepped hole and spread his wings before he hit the sand.
- A punch connected with my jaw and sent my head back, another punch hitting my gut and bringing my body forward.
- A forensic pathologist later said the injuries were not consistent with a fall, but from hitting a large, flat surface.
- One woman was left bleeding and suffered head injuries and another suffered a broken finger after being hit several times.
- He doesn't like being hit in the body, and after three rounds he's not the same fighter.
- The feel of his arm around me as he made sure my feet hit the ground brought me back to a time I missed.
- He then hit Zoro over the head causing him serious injury, and took his wallet.
- And if you encounter any Mizaya, remember that the only way you can kill them with your weapons is by hitting them in the eyes.
- They both moved quickly and never made a sound until they hit the ground.
- I blocked it by hitting it quickly back to his side.
- She stepped out of the crowd and was hit by a cyclist, receiving serious head injuries.
- Some common causes of fractures include falls, car accidents, child abuse, running, or something hitting the body.
- They are taught that it is wrong to hit others and that they should not throw objects or break them.
- At the least, get some forewarning before crossing the street at the wrong time and getting hit by a bus, and that sort of thing.
- The sound of a toolbox hitting the ground brought her head back around.
- To his credit he recovered quickly, rolling backwards as soon as he hit the ground.
- He lost control of the car on a sharp bend, veered on to the wrong side and hit a Corsa then Mr Rowland's Mazda.
- That would depend on how forcefully it hits the floor and how much air pressure is in the ball.
- Tyrhenae rolled over on the couch, accidentally hitting Tsuyoi on the head with her foot as she fell off.
- The feeling of someone's foot hitting her chair brought her back to reality.
- The pain in his temple was killing him and his sides hurt from being hit, more than once.
- He had taken only a few steps when he heard the sound of a body hitting the concrete behind him.
- The sound of her backpack hitting the ground brought her faithful puppy running.
- The purpose of the arm is to protect your face or head from contacting or hitting the cement.
- She let her gaze rest on the slipper for a moment, then brought it forward and hit it on her head.
- As the metal weapon hit his injuries, he let out a grunt of pain and released the sword from his grasp.
- It is believed he was hit by a car and fell backwards, suffering serious head injuries which led to his death 10 days later.
- One man suffered serious eye injuries as a result of being hit with a bottle.
- Sure, he had been hit by a drunk driver, but maybe his injuries wouldn't have been so bad.
- She suffered a fractured shoulder, cut hand and facial injuries and may have been hit with a belt by her attacker.
- The feel of his boot hitting my side brought pain.
- It was the sound of Sarah hitting the floor that brought him out of his trance like state.
- Previously, detainees have been hit or tortured during questioning, villagers say.
- Haley held the hammer just above the head of the chisel for a moment before flicking it back and bringing it down, hitting the jewel hard.
- The weapon never hit its mark, bouncing off of a barrier made from blackened shadows.
- Mr Scaife said the women had severe head injuries consistent with being hit by a train.
- The sound of someone hitting the water brought her attention back.
- I'll almost certainly miss the fly and hit some poor unfortunate by-stander instead.
- This was followed soon after by Feder trying to execute a backhand shot, but accidentally hitting Robin in the arm.
- Then there was another group which hit their backs with wound up pieces of rope.
1.2(strike)golpearthe hurricane hit the town yesterday — el huracán se desató sobre la ciudad ayer
- passers-by were hit by flying glass — los transeúntes fueron alcanzados por trozos de cristal
- the truck hit a tree — el camión chocó con / contra un árbol
- the house was hit by a bomb — una bomba cayó sobre la casa
- the bullet hit him in the leg — la bala le dio / lo alcanzó en la pierna
- I've been hit! — ¡me han dado!
- we destroyed their camp before they knew what had hit them — destruimos su campamento antes de que pudieran reaccionar
- that design hits you in the eye as you walk in — ese diseño es lo primero que salta a la vista al entrar
- you feel nothing for a while; then tiredness hits you — al principio no sientes nada, luego te entra el cansancio
- to hit one's head/arm on / against sth — darse con la cabeza/el brazo contra algo
- to hit the ceiling / the roof — (become angry) poner el grito en el cielo
- The clearing they were in was large enough for the Lady to fully spread her great wings without hitting a tree.
- I managed to swerve and avoid hitting them but I grazed the bicycle and we all fell.
- Trinity gasped as she sat up, her side hurt from hitting herself in her sleep.
- Anyway, down the bloke went and hit is head a right wallop on the pavement.
- It was so dark out in the halls that he did not see the door and wound up hitting his head against it.
2.1(strike accurately)(target) dar enher jibes had hit their mark — sus burlas habían dado en el blanco
- you've hit it exactly — has dado justo en el clavo
- he doesn't seem to be hitting the high notes properly — parece que no llega bien a los agudos
- One fan, hit by a missile hurled through a window, was treated for a head wound.
- Every bullet hit its target as she accurately predicted the movements of her enemies.
- Eight people were injured during the trouble, some of them passing motorists hit by missiles.
- He heard the German aircraft overhead and the explosions as the bombs fell, but had no idea the town centre was being hit.
- It had not been hit by a missile either, nor had there been an onboard fire.
- The bullet hit one of his vitals and it was the reason he was in the hospital for so long.
- He was unfortunate enough to be hit in the head by a high-velocity military rifle bullet.
- Mr Sykes, 52, an epileptic, was nearly hit by the missiles and later suffered a minor fit he blames on the attack.
- Separately, another vehicle was hit with gunfire, wounding a marine.
- Huge plasma screens were used to show the assembled media grainy footage of missiles hitting their targets.
- Cohen said at least one bullet hit Diallo while he was lying on the floor.
- The gunman exchanged a volley, two bullets hitting Rift - one in the side and the other in the shoulder.
- Other humanitarian relief agencies have also been hit in air strikes on at least two other occasions.
- Violence returned six centuries later when Mile End was hit by London's first ever flying bomb.
- The missiles hit the target with a force the size of the planet they were orbiting.
- She twirled it once, aimed, and the bullet hit a target a few inches to the left of the bull's eye.
- An explosion rocked the hull as the back end of the helicopter was hit by the missile.
- The Ekupumleni coach and two players sustained hand injuries after being hit by the same bullet.
- Every one of the soldiers inside the Red Death was hit by hundreds of ricocheting bullets.
- Several bullets flew by him quickly one hitting the ground beside him.
2.2(attack)(enemy/opponent) atacarthe critics hit the new play hard — los críticos arremetieron contra la nueva obra
- thieves have hit many stores in the area — ha habido robos en muchas tiendas de la zona
- Computer thieves hit Mesh Computers last night and swiped its office admin PCs.
(score)anotarsemarcarto hit a home run — hacer un jonrón
- Under pressure to hit it quickly, the midfielder boomed his shot high over the crossbar.
- Well, I can count on one hand the amount of cross-court nicks that were hit during this event.
- Did you see that home run he hit the other night against the Cards?
- This is like hitting a hundred home runs in a season: it's not just a record, it's an almost inhuman blowout.
- Both have improved their deficiencies-Gotay in fielding and Murphy in hitting.
- Or (to take a different example) someone familiar with a cricket bat regards it as a piece of wood for hitting balls.
- Pujols worked Harville to a full count before hitting his 23rd home run into the Houston bullpen.
- Four plays later, the Seahawks led 17-after Hasselbeck hit Alexander for a 3-yard TD pass.
- We quickly made the flip and caught Damon Stoudamire hitting Zach Randolph for the game winner.
- Sinead Coakley won possession on the left and sped down the left wing and hit the post.
- As a result, they are able to break up passes and hit receivers quickly before a play can be made.
- She was a tall, heavyset girl, known for her continuous power hitting.
- Enter Steve Nebraska, a goofy guy living in a small Mexican town with knack for hitting and pitching.
- So, if you hit a home run you get one because you have scored.
- Peter Allen hits a home run off of Carol Channing, scoring two runs.
- Anderson is patient enough to wait for his blockers to open a hole, and when they do, he hits it quickly.
- Most nights, Kent would decline to shake hands when returning to the dugout after scoring a run or hitting a home run.
- Last Sunday, he hit Drew Bennett for a 23-yard touchdown pass with 17 seconds left to defeat the Houston Texans 27-24.
- McNair rolls right and hits McCareins for another first down, between three Steelers defenders.
- But Kitna quieted them quickly, hitting his first two passes for 25 yards.
- Ichiro Suzuki of the Mariners rounds the bases after hitting a solo home run during the fourth inning against the Indians at Safeco Field in Seattle, on Saturday.
- When the winning run is on base and a home run is hit, all runs and the batter are allowed to score.
- And then Blake got on another roll, hitting Taylor for 14 yards on third-and - 12 and then Terry Jones for 27 on the next play.
- Morales hit his spectacular home run in the third inning to the right field.
- Mealey has a knack for hitting the hole quickly and bouncing off defenders.
- Breaking on the right, he cut in and hit a low, hard shot which the keeper could only parry into the net.
- After getting some pine tar from the top of his gooey batting helmet, he hit a solo home run with two outs.
- He feels it hinders him from hitting the holes as quickly as he wants.
- Lee also should flourish at the plate hitting at Wrigley Field.
- Equally skilled at hitting, fielding, and base running, he led the Yankees to ten pennants and eight world championships.
3(affect adversely)afectar (a)the strikes have hit production badly — las huelgas han afectado gravemente a la producción
- the low-income groups are hardest hit — los grupos de bajos ingresos son los más afectados
- think how it would hit your family — piensa qué golpe sería eso para tu familia
4.1(meet with, run into)(problem/difficulty) toparse con
- These areas are also being hit by high rates of unemployment that put an added pressure on public facilities.
- Manchester Airport was hit by a small-scale strike by security workers today.
- I know what it's like to be in a side that gets hit by injuries.
- The management committee at the St Michael's Centre is understood to have been hit by a massive rent increase.
- Agents agree that the top end of the market has been hit by the recent downturn.
- Coming back to the form of two years ago, Westmeath have been hit by a chilling catalogue of injuries.
- Services across the north west and Wales will be hit by the strikes while the deadlock continues.
- But the Flaxby Road outfit have been hit by a horrendous injury list that has robbed them of six first team players.
- The unfortunate Washington man had hit hard times and was determined to get his hands on some loot.
- But he also suffered open wounds on his body and was then hit by a pneumonia-type virus.
- Meanwhile, the Nigerian education sector is also being hit by strike action.
- His progress this time around has been hit by a serious injury setback.
- Selby's hopes have been hit by injuries to several key players but they are hopeful the majority will pull through.
- In addition to an overall slowdown, the world economy could be hit by a series of shocks.
- We have got a small squad and when we have been hit with suspensions and injuries it has made it difficult.
- Others report that some of BT's websites have also been hit by the snag.
- The government and the companies have yet to be hit by coordinated strikes.
- However, in recent matches Baltinglass too have been hit by the injury bug.
- A group were handing out leaflets at the weekend in part of Oldham, hit by recent race riots, when police moved in.
- Honduras has been hit by a week-long strike of heavy cargo truck drivers and oil workers.
4.2(reach)llegar aalcanzarthe price of oil hit $40 a barrel — el precio del petróleo llegó a / alcanzó los 40 dólares por barril
- the dollar hit a new high — la cotización del dólar alcanzó un nuevo récord
- we're bound to hit the main road sooner or later — tarde o temprano tenemos que salir a la carretera principal
- to hit town — llegar a la ciudad
- to hit the headlines — salir en primera plana
- his record first hit the charts two weeks ago — su disco entró por primera vez en las listas hace dos semanas
- to hit the big time — llegar a la fama
- this model will hit the market in 2005 — este modelo se lanzará al mercado en 2005
- a new craze has hit the streets — una nueva moda está haciendo furor en las calles
- As the coffee commodities market hits an all-time low this year, shade grown remains the next urgent frontier in the certification game.
- The advent of the free Metro newspapers in the main cities is likely to hit these figures even more.
- Last year the figure reached capacity, with deliveries hitting the maximum so-called safe number of 4,800.
- The Australian dollar may top 70 cents sometime this week after hitting its highest levels for nearly six years.
- Approvals for new house constructions have already hit the lowest level for three years.
- Jewison saw Garland sick, nervous and depressed, yet hit every note and bring the house down.
- He needs to hold the election quickly before the slump which will inevitably hit the country later this year as a result of that crisis.
- I think this throws up an abundance of deeply shallow, poorly constructed art that very quickly hits its sell-by date.
- Share prices have tumbled globally, with Britain's FTSE share index hitting its lowest level for six years.
- At present the Irish labour market remains amazingly resilient despite unemployment hitting its highest level in three years.
- This is Silicon Alley where Lower Broadway hits trendy Greenwich Village.
- Consumer optimism continues to rise, hitting its highest level since November 2001.
- Zimbabwe faces its fourth straight year of falling growth, while inflation is likely to hit triple figures.
- The family of an ill youngster have hit the right notes to find a new way of bringing a smile to his face.
- After hitting a few wrong notes, Jedidah was able to copy the notes Vespera played perfectly.
- The songs emerge with great intros but quickly hit a standstill and that's where it all goes downhill.
- Our love affair with borrowing and spending now seems to be grinding to a halt, with retail sales figures hitting a 10-year low in April.
- In Britain, interest rates this summer hit their lowest level for 50 years.
- On some flights we are hitting that [figure], on some we're not.
5(occur to)suddenly it hit me: why not … ? — de repente se me ocurrió: ¿por qué no … ?
- it suddenly hit me where I'd seen him before — de repente caí en la cuenta / me di cuenta de dónde lo había visto antes
6slang(murder)liquidar informalcepillarse Spain slanglimpiar River Plate slang
1(deal blow)pegargolpearhe hits hard — pega duro / fuerte
- The biggest emergency aid effort in history was under way last night to bring relief to millions hit by the Asian tsunami.
- The virus has resulted in staff shortages at several hospitals but has hit Hope Hospital badly.
- Major problems hit Glossop town centre from 5pm after the River Etherow burst its banks.
- Out came the story of the night's events, the aftershocks hitting Sofia harder and harder with each impact.
- I believe the charging regime is hitting local York businesses hard, and have never seen Micklegate so quiet as it has been in recent weeks.
- However, the 57-year-old admits that he is concerned about the possibility of a recession hitting Scotland.
- At the start of the event, he had to try to clear his mind from the tragic events which had hit Spain.
- Clearly, the downward turn in the business cycle is hitting Germany hard.
- The event in Umag was hit by a string of retirements on Tuesday.
- The service tax and the cess on each banking transaction will hit everyone badly.
- The figures are the latest in a series of problems to have hit The Gathering Place.
- Staveley, near Chesterfield, has been hit hard by the closure of a number of major employers in the last decade.
- With injuries hitting Bradford hard, Pratt's utility back status is proving an enormous boon.
- News that the property was to be demolished and redeveloped came as a relief to businesses which had been hit by the closure.
- Warminster town councillor Les Rose said the closures would hit the elderly hardest.
3(strike target)hacer impacto
(blow, stroke)golpe masculine
2masculine blancomasculine blancofeminine dianamasculine impacto
3informal(success)éxito masculine(song/record/show) de gran éxitothe Beatles' Greatest Hits — los Grandes Éxitos de los Beatles
- the show/song was a big hit — el espectáculo/la canción fue un gran éxito
- to score a hit — marcar un gol
- he's a big hit with the teenyboppers — es muy popular entre los quinceañeros
- you made a big hit with my mother — le caíste muy bien a mi madre
4slang(murder)trabajo masculine informal
5USslang(drugs)pico masculine slang
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