In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1masculine agujeromasculine hoyomasculine agujeromasculine bachemasculine boquetefeminine brechamy socks are in holes — tengo los calcetines llenos de agujeros
- to make a hole in sth — agujerear algo
- that made a hole in their savings — eso se llevó / se comió buena parte de sus ahorros
- in the hole
- we're $10,000 in the hole to the bank — le debemos 10.000 dólares al banco
- I'm just going deeper and deeper in the hole — cada vez estoy más endeudado / más cargado de deudas
- money just burns a hole in his/her pocket — el dinero le quema las manos
- to need sth like a hole in the head
- I need a visit from him like I need a hole in the head — ¡lo único que me faltaba! ¡que él viniera a verme!
- The majority of schools need some form of restoration because of crumbling walls, bullet holes, broken windows and leaking roofs.
- Throw a towel or jacket over the bird, put it in a box or container with air holes and take it to the nearest animal shelter or wildlife rehabilitation center.
- The cheapest and most ecologically sound way to build a swimming pool is simply to hollow a hole in the ground.
- As the letter was carried from the FBI to the Army lab, some powder leaked from a hole in the envelope into the plastic bag containing it.
- For instance there were certain stones to be found in fields or graveyards with a hole or hollow which at times was full of water.
- Take a large sewing needle to puncture evenly spaced holes around the top and bottom of the shade.
- There were large holes in the playing surface on one side of the pitch.
- The roof is leaking, there are holes in the floor, the sewage pipes are broken, the heating doesn't work - there is no money in the kitty.
- He said some of the holes in the road surface were as deep as eight inches.
- I made a hole in a black bin bag and put my head through it like some sort of black, plastic tabard.
- It came to rest just below the surface, leaving a hole 18 inches in diameter and sending up a large white cloud.
- Transplant the seedlings in the normal manner by making a small hole through the surface mulch/manure and plant them into it.
- ‘I saw women and children having to dig deep holes in the ground, often over eight metres, and climb down into them to find water,’ he said.
- The new pictures show that most of the moon is dark, but impacts have blasted holes in the surface to reveal much brighter material underneath, which is probably a mixture of ices.
- Has it ever occurred to you that maybe I want holes in my socks?
- The window pane of the restaurant was broken, leaving a hole 30 centimetres in diameter.
- Jay mounded flour, made a hole in it, and dumped in a pinch of salt and then an egg.
- It took forever but soon they had dug three holes and placed the bodies inside before covering them back up.
- The crash occurred when the truck, driving at a high speed, failed to avoid large holes in the surface of the road.
- The government initially said the submarine had found 14 cracks or holes through which oil was leaking.
- After almost an hour, rescuers took his body from the hole, and paramedics declared him dead at the scene.
- Using a pencil, tease out the young plant from the seed tray and make a hole in the compost deep enough to take the roots of the seedling.
- Returning to the garbage bag, he began to dig a large hole in the ground, into which he dumped the sack.
- We worked along the steel wall passing large circular holes where the heavy brass portholes had once been.
- Gaping holes puncture the walls, leaving glimpses of lifeless interiors through jagged brickwork and shattered windows.
- He dug a small hole in the ground and placed the seed in it.
- Choose a leather strap in pink, blue, white or black and then customize it by punching out the perforated holes to get your message across.
- Mr Stoff said he did not find anything inside the store, but the vandals had made a hole in its window.
- Mr Tincombe has tried various traps and boarded up holes the rats have got through, but says they are attracted by a compost bin next door.
- Each acorn was cleaned, weighed, and examined for insect larvae exit holes, splits in the shell, and protruding radicles.
- Suction occurs when there is a hole or fissure in the dam wall on the upstream side, and it means death for divers.
- Someone had broken a hole in a meshed railing and people came through it and across the railway track to the Quay.
- Cut a cross-shaped hole out of the back of your t-shirt and go get sunburnt.
- Just two weeks ago the bridge was temporarily closed while city officials repaired a gaping hole in its deteriorating surface.
- And, as many cyclists would testify, smooth roads without pitted surfaces and random holes would be a good start.
- I headed out for the backyard where I proceeded to dig about a zillion holes in the ground searching for gold doubloons.
- I also discovered that most of his socks have holes in them.
- They feed by probing, and leave bands of holes along a beach where they have stuck their beaks into the sand probing for food.
- He's been out in the car park for the last couple of weeks, digging a big hole in the ground.
- Shattered glass on the bus seats greeted the first driver to arrive for work, who discovered that vandals had broken in through a hole in the fence.
- At the centre of the dome is an oculus, a circular hole, which is the only source of light.
1.2(in argument, proposal)punto débil masculineto pick holes in sth — encontrarle defectos / faltas a algo
- he picked holes in their plan/theory — le encontró defectos a su plan/teoría
- In recent research, atmospheric scientists have been filling in holes in their basic knowledge about the ways that nature affects the chemistry of the atmosphere.
- It's totally daft and has plot holes you can drive a bus through.
- We need not only to discover what went wrong with the police - and why - but also how the CPS failed to spot the gaping holes in the evidence.
- The hole in Jim's argument is that, before WWI, they said that capitalism wouldn't allow it.
- Now, it doesn't take a genius to spot the glaring hole here.
- Is he afraid we will expose the huge holes in these fatally flawed proposals?
- It's not fact, it's a theory, with holes you can drive a truck through.
- This leaves a hole where its positive agenda should be.
- The agenda is interesting, but with glaring holes where the problems of the world are.
- Did anyone else find the logic holes problematic?
- People in the industry will spot holes in this legislation in all sorts of directions, and I am afraid that they have already spotted some.
- Like too many of this government's initiatives, as soon as you start to examine the details gaping holes emerge.
- That's mainly because I love the experience of going to see a film and think that that makes up for any plot holes you may encounter.
- Good on the surface, but as many have pointed out, all the plot holes and problems show up when you think about it for more than 10 seconds.
- That first budget would expose the holes in their plans: how to cut tax, while maintaining spending levels on public services and levering more money out of the private sector.
- One insider said the reason for the explosion of counterfeiting was the hole still existing in the law.
- It looks like the full report is not out until Monday, but I think I have already spotted the enormous hole in it.
- I don't believe that you can build a conclusive argument either for or against a ban, as there are inevitably going to be serious holes in both arguments.
- Within 24 hr of the announcement, wily business pilots had figured out the plan was full of holes.
- On one hand, the film is a terrible mess of plot holes, ridiculous premises, and overacting.
1.3(of animal)madriguera femininemouse hole — ratonera feminine
- Hounds that have successfully tracked a fox are trained to pull it or dig it out of its hole, and the fox is killed.
- They were slippery with mud, filled with rabbit burrows and gopher holes and rather high up.
- From holes, burrows, and crevices, the creatures of the desert night crawled.
- Other holes have been burrowed to accommodate the reef's larger residents, which give it its popular name, Conger Alley.
- How convenient it was that all the prey species were excavating holes and hollows and leafy chambers.
- While walking this earth he commented that foxes had holes and birds had nests in which to live, but he had ‘nowhere to lay his head’.
- Except when you find the foxhole and the dogs go in, there's not a fox, but a weasel cowering in the corner of the hole.
2.1(in golf)hoyo masculineto play nine/eighteen holes — jugar (un partido) a nueve/dieciocho hoyos
- So when I turned pro, one of my gimmicks was to throw my hat over the hole so the ball wouldn't pop out.
- I tried to focus on the speed and knew my adrenaline would get the ball to the hole.
- And if they hit the green, they hope the ball stays below the hole; anything putted from above will likely run off.
- When your putting goes sour in the middle of a round, here's how to get the ball rolling into the hole.
- I thought if I could hit my lob wedge and stop the ball below the hole, I had a shot at par.
- Your eyes can follow the ball to the hole, but your spine angle stays the same.
- I made eagle on the same hole last year and albatross this year: I'm going to struggle to keep that going next year.
- The big talking point was the speed of the greens and many a golfer paid the price of leaving the ball above the hole with four putts as a reward.
- Although his personal tussle with partner Lyle fizzled out, Jacobson admitted he had been nervous and uncomfortable in the opening holes.
- As a result, they hit it, and the ball breaks across the hole and below it, and it never has a chance to go in.
- Steve Ryser and Mike Franklin sunk a long putt each on holes nine and eighteen respectively.
- This usually occurs on short putts as golfers try to steer the ball toward the hole.
- You may face a longer putt by not being able to work the ball closer to the hole, but you will be safely on the green.
- On the putting surface, the track of the ball to the hole is in their mind's eye as exact as the lines on a graph.
- Instead of trying to just hit the green, you're trying to get the ball close to the hole.
- Unfortunately, the Dingle man managed to get his ball just nine metres from the hole but it was a very credible attempt for someone unused to the tee.
- He'd just pick the ball out of the hole, hand me the putter and beeline for the next tee.
- Base your decision on pace depending on what will happen to the ball after the hole.
- Lytham is a classic seaside links, nine flattish holes out, nine flattish holes in.
- There is an air of anticipation among golfers in the wake of the green light for the extension of the course to eighteen holes.
2.2(in US football)hueco masculine
3.1(unpleasant place)this town is a real hole! — ¡qué pueblo de mala muerte! informal
- his room was a dirty hole — su cuarto era un cuchitril inmundo
- The criticism of the state companies has surfaced at a time when they appear to be climbing out of the financial holes into which they stumbled in the 1990s.
- Her sudden idea to bring Ryan with her, to the hole of a town she originated from, had not been discussed with him.
- He pulled the club out of a big hole, but he is a businessman and he made his money back.
- When you're in a hole, like we are, the challenge of leadership is a lot harder.
- You have no rights, only criminals and important people have rights in this hole of a country.
- The police are incapable of satisfying all these demands, so we're in a hole.
- It took us 20 years to get in this hole and it's going to take us 20 years to get out.
- Students were aggrieved at the possibility of being ‘stuck renting a hole in Cowley’ as Jessop put it.
- Four more fights in this hole before we get the hell out of here.
- The stage was huge - the World Cup - his team was in a hole, and the situation was certainly death or glory.
- But with the electoral countdown ticking away, his government badly needs to pull itself out of a hole.
- This place is a hole, the waiters are rude, the food expensive.
3.2(awkward situation)to be in a hole — estar en un apuro / aprieto
- to get sb out of a hole — sacar a algn de un apuro / aprieto
1(in golf)(ball) embocar(shot/putt) transformarhe holed the 15th in four — hizo el hoyo 15 en cuatro golpes
2(ship) abrir una brecha en
1(in golf)to hole in one — hacer un hoyo en un golpe
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.