In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(indicating place, location)enin the drawer/kitchen — en el cajón/en la cocina
- in Detroit/Japan — en Detroit/en (el) Japón
- our friends in Detroit — nuestros amigos de Detroit
- he's in a meeting — está en una reunión
- I've got something in my eye — tengo algo en el ojo
- who's that in the photo? — ¿quién es ese de la foto?
- in here/there — aquí/allí adentro
- in life/business — en la vida/los negocios
- to go out/lie in the sun — salir/tumbarse al sol
- in the rain — bajo la lluvia
- you can't go out in this weather — no puedes salir con este tiempo
- he was sitting in the dark/shade — estaba sentado en la oscuridad / en lo oscuro/a / en la sombra
- in the moonlight — a la luz de la luna
1.2dethe highest mountain in Italy — la montaña más alta de Italia
- the best restaurant in town — el mejor restaurante de la ciudad
2(indicating movement)he went in the shop — entró en la tienda
- they jumped in the pool — se tiraron a la piscina
- come in here — ven aquí dentro
- go in there — entra ahí
3.1(during)come in the afternoon/morning — ven a la tarde / de tarde/a la mañana / de mañana River Plate
- at four o'clock in the morning/afternoon — a las cuatro de la mañana/tarde
- in spring/January/1924 — en primavera/enero/1924
- never in my life — nunca en mi vida
- I haven't seen her in years — hace años que no la veo
- in old age — en la vejez
- in her old age she became more tolerant — de vieja se volvió más tolerante
- he's in his forties — tiene cuarenta y tantos
3.2(at the end of)dentro dein two months / two months' time — dentro de dos meses
- I'll be back in a minute — vuelvo dentro de un minuto / en un minuto
- she's going in two weeks — se va dentro de dos semanas
3.3(in the space of)enshe did it in three hours — lo hizo en tres horas
4.1(indicating manner)enin a low voice — en voz baja
- in dollars — en dólares
- in French — en francés
- they sat in a circle — se sentaron en un círculo
- in rows/groups — en filas/grupos
- in twos — de a dos
- cut it in half — córtalo por la mitad
- they came in their thousands — vinieron miles y miles
- to work in wood — trabajar con madera
- to paint in oils — pintar al óleo
- in bronze/silk — de / en bronce/seda
- write in ink/pencil — escriba con tinta/lápiz
- sonata in A minor — sonata en la menor
4.2(wearing)he turned up in a suit — apareció de traje
- the woman in the yellow hat — la mujer del sombrero amarillo
- she was all in green — iba toda de verde
- I look terrible in this — esto me queda horrible
- are you going in that dress? — ¿vas a ir con ese vestido?
5(indicating circumstances, state)in sickness and in health — en la salud y en la enfermedad
- in danger/a terrible state — en peligro/muy mal estado
- the company is in difficulties/debt — la empresa está pasando dificultades/está endeudada
- to be in a good mood — estar de buen humor
- they gazed in admiration/disbelief — miraban admirados/incrédulos
- he's in pain — está dolorido
- they live in luxury — viven en la opulencia
6(indicating occupation, membership, participation)enhe's in insurance/advertising — trabaja en seguros/publicidad
- I was in the army — estuve en el ejército
- are you in this scene? — ¿actúas / sales en esta escena?
- we're all in this together — estamos todos metidos en esto
7(indicating personal characteristics)it's not in his nature / character to bear a grudge — no es de las personas que guardan rencor
- that's rare in a man of his age — eso es poco común en un hombre de su edad
- it's not in her to be deceitful — es incapaz de engañar a la gente
- I never thought she had it in her to get that far — nunca creí que iba a ser capaz de llegar tan lejos
8(in respect of, as regards)it's 20cm in width — mide / tiene 20cm de ancho
- they are eight in number — son ocho
- low in calories — bajo en calorías
- she's deaf in one ear — es sorda de un oído
- they are very similar in character — tienen un carácter muy parecido
9(indicating ratio)one in four — uno de cada cuatro
- she's a girl in a million — como ella no hay otra
10.1in so doing, they set a precedent — al hacerlo, sentaron precedente
1.1(inside)is the cat in? — ¿el gato está dentro?
- in you go! — ¡entra!
- she's in for theft — está en la cárcel por robo
- Teams are reminded that bonus points are not awarded when the result card is not sent in on time.
- They were finally caught out when one brother got their shifts mixed up and walked in on a romantic meal for two.
- Within the walls of the medina, the buildings close in on you, and you are taken into cool shadow.
- He was in New York for the premiere of Tommy in 1975 and had decided to pop in on his admirer while he was in town.
- I think the child had been feeding the ducks when he fell in.
- If you'd been here an hour ago, you'd have seen the girl come in with her friend.
- I had no idea he was going to be there until he walked in with his girlfriend.
- Apparently, we are going to be able to put plastic in with our cans and bottles.
- The phone line for the office was put in on time and later today I am hoping to set up my internet connection.
- There he burst in on an astonished young American couple and ran past them into a bedroom.
- Two weeks later, I had another appointment in the city and I was supposed to go in with my son again.
- The story goes that he was working in a café one night when a pop star popped in for some grub.
- I was the one who didn't want to get too serious, so I was surprised when he asked me to move in with him.
- The we went in and sat down and lots of other people were there.
- ‘Anna! Are you alright?’ Evan asked, jumping in after me.
- Mr Gilburn, who failed to appear in court, is thought to have moved in with a friend who lives locally.
1.2(at home, work)is Lisa in? — ¿está Lisa?
- there was nobody in — no había nadie
- Mr Strauch isn't in today — hoy no está / no ha venido el señor Strauch
- Jane's never in before nine — Jane nunca llega antes de las nueve
2.1(in position)she had her curlers/teeth in — llevaba / tenía los rulos/dientes puestos
- the clutch has to be fully in — hay que meter el embrague hasta el fondo
- She turned to the government for help and they found her an apartment for her to live in.
- Cases of domestic violence rose as families stayed in on New Year's Eve to avoid the bad weather.
- Kathy gave me a cup of tea with sugar in to help calm me.
- Shut in with his cronies, he sees the world as his enemy and opposition to his will as personal affront.
- Sixth grade was handled by general instructors, and each class was locked in with one instructor all day long.
- Staying in on a day like this is criminal.
- She had previously enjoyed food with nuts in, including breakfast cereals, and she had eaten chicken curries at other restaurants.
- We've had them for a good few years now - they were in with another box of books we bought.
2.2(at destination)the train isn't in yet — el tren no ha llegado todavía
- application forms must be in by October 5 — las solicitudes deben entregarse antes del 5 de octubre
- the harvest is already in — ya se ha recogido la cosecha
- Entries must be in by 5pm.
- Becky's train actually managed to get in on time.
- I'm a bit disappointed that my flight out is Friday afternoon, which allowing for time differences gets in at 8pm.
- Bearing in mind the flight is due in at 11.20 pm, you'll watch its progress on the internet up to 20 minutes before it's due to land.
- Their first pieces of work would be due in on Wednesday or Thursday of first week.
2.3(available, in stock)is the book I ordered in yet? — ¿ha llegado ya el libro que encargué?
2.4(in power)en el poderthey're back in — están nuevamente en el poder
3(involved)we were in on the planning stage — participamos en la planificación
- we're doing the bank job tonight: are you in or not? — esta noche asaltamos el banco ¿te apuntas o no?
- you're in for a big surprise — te vas a llevar una buena sorpresa
- I'm in for the 100m — me he apuntado a los 100 metros
4(in time)más tardethree weeks in — tres semanas más tarde
1.1informal (fashionable)black is in this season — el negro está de moda / es lo que se lleva esta temporada
- jazz was the in thing — el jazz era lo que estaba de moda
- the in place — el lugar de moda
- The very in words are slammin' and rockin'.
- Luigi's was a large and crowded restaurant that was clearly the in place for the in-crowd.
- Way back when beards were in, mawkish mystics brought forth the concept album.
- In addition to statement T-shirts, graphic T-shirts are in this year.
- He even let his membership lapse at Au Bar, the in club.
- This year, monochromatic colors are the in thing.
1.2(exclusive, private)an in joke — un chiste para iniciados
- the in crowd — el grupito
2(in tennis, badminton, etc)the ball was in — la pelota cayó dentro
- Before I even came off the pick, I felt the shot was in.
- As you can see, I held my finish and barely looked up even as the ball went in.
- I don't think I got any first serves in today.
1(people in office)the ins — los que están en el poder
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