In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(indicating place, location)enin the drawer/kitchen — en el cajón/en la cocina
- in Detroit/Japan — en Detroit/en (el) Japón
- our friends in Detroit — nuestros amigos de Detroit
- he's in a meeting — está en una reunión
- I've got something in my eye — tengo algo en el ojo
- who's that in the photo? — ¿quién es ese de la foto?
- in here/there — aquí/allí dentro
- in life/business — en la vida/los negocios
- to go out/lie in the sun — salir/tumbarse al sol
- in the rain — bajo la lluvia
- you can't go out in this weather — no puedes salir con este tiempo
- he was sitting in the dark/shade — estaba sentado en la oscuridad / en lo oscuro/a / en la sombra
- in the moonlight — a la luz de la luna
1.2dethe highest mountain in Italy — la montaña más alta de Italia
- the best restaurant in town — el mejor restaurante de la ciudad
2(indicating movement)he went in the shop — entró en la tienda
- they jumped in the pool — se tiraron a la piscina
- come in here — ven aquí adentro
- go in there — entra ahí
3.1(during)come in the afternoon/morning — ven por la tarde/por la mañana
- at four o'clock in the morning/afternoon — a las cuatro de la mañana/tarde
- in spring/January/1924 — en primavera/enero/1924
- never in my life — nunca en mi vida
- I haven't seen her in years — hace años que no la veo
- in old age — en la vejez
- in her old age she became more tolerant — de vieja se volvió más tolerante
- he's in his forties — tiene cuarenta y tantos
3.2(at the end of)dentro dein two months / two months' time — dentro de dos meses
- I'll be back in a minute — vuelvo dentro de un minuto / en un minuto
- she's going in two weeks — se va dentro de dos semanas
3.3(in the space of)enshe did it in three hours — lo hizo en tres horas
4.1(indicating manner)enin a low voice — en voz baja
- in dollars — en dólares
- in French — en francés
- they sat in a circle — se sentaron en un círculo
- in rows/groups — en filas/grupos
- in twos — de dos en dos
- cut it in half — córtalo por la mitad
- they came in their thousands — vinieron miles y miles
- to work in wood — trabajar con madera
- to paint in oils — pintar al óleo
- in bronze/silk — de / en bronce/seda
- write in ink/pencil — escriba con tinta/lápiz
- sonata in A minor — sonata en la menor
4.2(wearing)he turned up in a suit — apareció de traje
- the woman in the yellow hat — la mujer del sombrero amarillo
- she was all in green — iba toda de verde
- I look terrible in this — esto me queda horrible
- are you going in that dress? — ¿vas a ir con ese vestido?
5(indicating circumstances, state)in sickness and in health — en la salud y en la enfermedad
- in danger/a terrible state — en peligro/muy mal estado
- the company is in difficulties/debt — la empresa está pasando dificultades/está endeudada
- to be in a good mood — estar de buen humor
- they gazed in admiration/disbelief — miraban admirados/incrédulos
- he's in pain — está dolorido
- they live in luxury — viven en la opulencia
6(indicating occupation, membership, participation)enhe's in insurance/advertising — trabaja en seguros/publicidad
- I was in the army — estuve en el ejército
- are you in this scene? — ¿actúas / sales en esta escena?
- we're all in this together — estamos todos metidos en esto
7(indicating personal characteristics)it's not in his nature / character to bear a grudge — no es de las personas que guardan rencor
- that's rare in a man of his age — eso es poco común en un hombre de su edad
- it's not in her to be deceitful — es incapaz de engañar a la gente
- I never thought she had it in her to get that far — nunca creí que iba a ser capaz de llegar tan lejos
8(in respect of, as regards)it's 20cm in width — mide / tiene 20cm de ancho
- they are eight in number — son ocho
- low in calories — bajo en calorías
- she's deaf in one ear — es sorda de un oído
- they are very similar in character — tienen un carácter muy parecido
9(indicating ratio)one in four — uno de cada cuatro
- she's a girl in a million — es única
10.1in so doing, they set a precedent — al hacerlo, sentaron precedente
1.1(inside)is the cat in? — ¿el gato está dentro?
- in you go! — ¡entra!
- she's in for theft — está en la cárcel por robo
- Within the walls of the medina, the buildings close in on you, and you are taken into cool shadow.
- ‘Anna! Are you alright?’ Evan asked, jumping in after me.
- They were finally caught out when one brother got their shifts mixed up and walked in on a romantic meal for two.
- Teams are reminded that bonus points are not awarded when the result card is not sent in on time.
- The phone line for the office was put in on time and later today I am hoping to set up my internet connection.
- If you'd been here an hour ago, you'd have seen the girl come in with her friend.
- Two weeks later, I had another appointment in the city and I was supposed to go in with my son again.
- Apparently, we are going to be able to put plastic in with our cans and bottles.
- The story goes that he was working in a café one night when a pop star popped in for some grub.
- He was in New York for the premiere of Tommy in 1975 and had decided to pop in on his admirer while he was in town.
- I had no idea he was going to be there until he walked in with his girlfriend.
- There he burst in on an astonished young American couple and ran past them into a bedroom.
- Mr Gilburn, who failed to appear in court, is thought to have moved in with a friend who lives locally.
- I think the child had been feeding the ducks when he fell in.
- I was the one who didn't want to get too serious, so I was surprised when he asked me to move in with him.
- The we went in and sat down and lots of other people were there.
1.2(at home, work)is Lisa in? — ¿está Lisa?
- there was nobody in — no había nadie
- Mr Strauch isn't in today — hoy no está / no ha venido el señor Strauch
- Jane's never in before nine — Jane nunca llega antes de las nueve
2.1(in position)she had her curlers/teeth in — llevaba / tenía los rulos/dientes puestos
- the clutch has to be fully in — hay que meter el embrague hasta el fondo
- She had previously enjoyed food with nuts in, including breakfast cereals, and she had eaten chicken curries at other restaurants.
- We've had them for a good few years now - they were in with another box of books we bought.
- She turned to the government for help and they found her an apartment for her to live in.
- Kathy gave me a cup of tea with sugar in to help calm me.
- Cases of domestic violence rose as families stayed in on New Year's Eve to avoid the bad weather.
- Shut in with his cronies, he sees the world as his enemy and opposition to his will as personal affront.
- Staying in on a day like this is criminal.
- Sixth grade was handled by general instructors, and each class was locked in with one instructor all day long.
2.2(at destination)the train isn't in yet — el tren no ha llegado todavía
- application forms must be in by October 5 — las solicitudes deben entregarse antes del 5 de octubre
- the harvest is already in — ya se ha recogido la cosecha
- Becky's train actually managed to get in on time.
- I'm a bit disappointed that my flight out is Friday afternoon, which allowing for time differences gets in at 8pm.
- Bearing in mind the flight is due in at 11.20 pm, you'll watch its progress on the internet up to 20 minutes before it's due to land.
- Their first pieces of work would be due in on Wednesday or Thursday of first week.
- Entries must be in by 5pm.
2.3(available, in stock)is the book I ordered in yet? — ¿ha llegado ya el libro que encargué?
2.4(in power)en el poderthey're back in — están nuevamente en el poder
3(involved)we were in on the planning stage — participamos en la planificación
- we're doing the bank job tonight: are you in or not? — esta noche asaltamos el banco ¿te apuntas o no?
- you're in for a big surprise — te vas a llevar una buena sorpresa
- I'm in for the 100m — me he apuntado a los 100 metros
4(in time)más tardethree weeks in — tres semanas más tarde
1.1informal (fashionable)black is in this season — el negro está de moda / es lo que se lleva esta temporada
- jazz was the in thing — el jazz era lo que estaba de moda
- the in place — el lugar in
- Way back when beards were in, mawkish mystics brought forth the concept album.
- He even let his membership lapse at Au Bar, the in club.
- This year, monochromatic colors are the in thing.
- Luigi's was a large and crowded restaurant that was clearly the in place for the in-crowd.
- The very in words are slammin' and rockin'.
- In addition to statement T-shirts, graphic T-shirts are in this year.
1.2(exclusive, private)an in joke — un chiste para iniciados
- the in crowd — el grupito
2(in tennis, badminton, etc)the ball was in — la pelota cayó dentro
- Before I even came off the pick, I felt the shot was in.
- I don't think I got any first serves in today.
- As you can see, I held my finish and barely looked up even as the ball went in.
1(people in office)the ins — los que están en el poder
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.