In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
- If the resource cost of labour is its price in employment before the removal of income tax, then it is traditionally valued before indirect taxation is added.
- While pointing out that the Budget contained minimal increases in indirect taxation and excise duties, he accepted price and cost levels remain high.
- Increases in indirect taxation, which hit the poor hardest, have also been announced.
- And if you tax consumption with indirect taxation, taxes often pyramid, with resultant price increases of a regressive nature.
- The survey also reveals how the burden of increased indirect taxation rests upon the shoulders of the poorest sections of the population.
- He has repeatedly said he wants to see a switch from indirect taxation to taxation on income.
- The main reason for the increase was the higher amounts collected through indirect taxation.
- The working population that earn under twenty grand pay the bulk of indirect taxation through vice and vehicle.
- Thus the adoption of true free trade involves the abolition of all indirect taxation of whatever kind, and the resort to direct taxation for all public revenues.
- Of course the licence fee should be seen for what it now is, a crude form of indirect taxation that taxes all households irrespective of their ability to pay.
- Should tax increases be required, they should be raised through indirect taxation.
- Does indirect taxation on ‘sin’ products, such as fuel and tobacco, actually reduce consumption?
- It is that even after this fall, the government is taking away more than ever in higher council taxes, fuel bills and indirect taxation, as if nothing had changed.
- This is an indirect taxation on lower earners, which can mean that for a £100 increase in earnings the actual net benefit can be as low as £20.
- He also shifted the tax burden from direct income tax to indirect taxation through the introduction of a goods and service tax.
- Second, policy has sought to reduce the range of price interventions that can serve as a form of indirect taxation on emerging capitalist farmers.
- It will be more of the same - indirect taxation on cigarettes and drink.
- The authors focus on the increasing cost of war as an explanation of the Portuguese shift from domain revenues to direct and indirect taxation.
- The paradigm of direct taxation is income tax, the paradigm of indirect taxation is a tax on sales.
- While the UK has one of the lowest corporate tax rates in Europe, the level of indirect taxation is amongst the highest.
1.1(circuitous, roundabout)(route/method) indirecto
- Analysts can easily and clearly display obstacles, indirect routes or connections, and suspected connections.
- And they took a most indirect route to the cemetery, heading out across the Bow flyover.
- Then I meandered back home, taking an indirect route, because the weather was just so lovely.
- The Jubilee line follows a single path with no branches or junctions, although it's a very wiggly and indirect route.
- A few finally made it home by flying in a hugely indirect route.
- Since we had to pass that way on the long, indirect route back to Jerusalem (intending to go to Gaza), we opted to stop by, getting out in Manger Square.
- My observation is that the indirect route was common for many of these people.
- As soon as we sat down, the bus began to lumber forward once more on its slow, indirect route to school.
- All in all, indirect cargo flights are not a bad idea.
- On 5 January the helicopter came in and flew us back to Scott Base, using a rather indirect route in order to complete a couple of other missions in the region.
- To have any hope of success, the effort to reduce the country's dependence on subsidies will have to follow indirect routes.
- Mapping services, for instance, often provide driving directions that get you there via a slow, indirect route.
- I have to keep Jamie safe, so I decided to take a more indirect route.
- To avoid the problems of trying to tie the facility to productivity, some companies take an indirect route, using occupant satisfaction as a marker for productivity.
- In other cases, the hounds, followed at a distance by the mounted field, who may have to take an indirect route, will pursue the fox or, rather, its scent.
- The only drawback is that the cheapest deals are using charter flights or indirect routings which are less comfortable as a rule.
- Last month, the government proposed allowing indirect charter cargo flights between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait.
- Some businesses said they had experienced a drop in takings when it came to the closure because many customers were not willing to take an indirect route.
- After following Matt's very indirect and confusing directions, I reach his friends house.
- I travelled home via an indirect, long-winded route simply because it was sunny and I had time to spare.
1.2(veiled)(criticism/threat) indirecto(criticism/threat) velado
- This indirect sort of accusation on his part represents the worst sort of managerial cowardice.
- No direct or indirect references may be made to the author should the information contained within this email need to be disclosed in any kind of meeting.
- Five years ago, you lodged your employment law case for direct and indirect discrimination plus victimisation.
- Despite the separation of church and state in America, religion and politics in this country have long influenced one another in ways direct and indirect.
- In direct and indirect ways, Kip emphasized to his students that we should not waste time on problems that weren't well posed.
- Yet, for all the attention, you never get any look into the robbers aside from frustratingly indirect exposition and a jarring dash of darkly pessimistic politics at the very end.
- I would be surprised if I went through all the prayers and there was no mention, direct or indirect, of the Ten Commandments or a couple of them.
- People did not try to talk me out of writing about any subject, or apply direct or indirect pressure on me.
- His skyward-looking subject matter suggests an indirect tribute to painters who used the form to enfold the sublime.
- Being excitable is not helpful in dealing with a direct or indirect attack and discredits all the good work.
- Bullying can be direct, through verbal or physical attacks, or indirect, through exclusion or rejection.
- Of the Tories, there was only one direct mention and one indirect reference as the Prime Minister seemed to have bigger things on his mind.
- There are concerns that indirect comparisons may be subject to greater bias than direct comparisons and may overestimate the efficacy of interventions.
- Anyone who works under direct or indirect instruction and/or is supplied with materials by a company or individual on behalf of a third party is classed as a worker.
- The remaining 25 percent covers indirect costs, such as facilities and administration.
- These interaction terms represent the indirect effect drug use has on wages.
- Divine grace was unknowable directly, and could only be seen by its indirect effects.
- Considerably more research is needed on this question before the global results on the indirect effects of conflict on mortality can be assessed.
- Aside from wanting to uphold the principles of the university, students might question the effects of indirect tobacco advertisements on non-smokers.
- Third, there is the indirect cost of reinforcing the need of patients to seek medical care for any productive cough.
- The grants may not be used for salary or to pay indirect costs.
- There will also be indirect costs to consumers because these companies will be unable to fully absorb another rise to their overheads.
- Thus, when the indirect cost of hospital days are considered along with the direct costs of the drugs, health care costs of treating schizophrenia are reduced.
- This article discusses the indirect costs businesses can pay when executives financially endorse a candidate.
- As the century began, a major division in the historically dominant Protestant churches had the indirect effect of distancing cultural elites from religion.
- A lot of research to date has focused on possible indirect effects of mobile phones.
- Now, however, I am able to actually observe them in everyday life, based on indirect effects, behaviors, and other results.
- However, our results suggest that nutrient excretion by fish may have important indirect effects on zooplankton.
- This emphasizes that there is a general effect of inbreeding that is an indirect result of the change in genotype frequencies.
- This does not include indirect costs such as earnings foregone.
- They include direct costs such as health care and law enforcement, and indirect costs of lost productivity.
- Thus, considered from an intergroup perspective, the new legislation is likely to have indirect effects on older students' attitudes and behaviours toward alcohol.
- Also included were indirect costs of loss of production owing to absenteeism from work or days of inactivity for patients with or without a paid job.
- All these factors, which have no independent effect under my theory, still come in with their indirect effects, since they affect what rights get violated in the end.
- You will also have other costs, indirect costs or overheads, these are costs you will still have to pay whether you work for that client or not.
- Also, we included no indirect costs - for example, due to social care or employment.
- The indirect costs often exceed the direct costs of absenteeism.
- But this number could be as high as $1 billion, the Center determined, because of indirect costs from resource damage and subsidies.
- They suggested the inclusion of indirect expenses in manufacturing costs by means of the addition of a percentage at the end of each account in the prime cost ledger.
- And this indirect effect has been regional as well as national.
- In the current study, two potential avenues for indirect crossover effects of stress on spouses' individual and marital well-being were examined.
- Second, indirect costs are allocated to products according to different criteria.
- In this first mechanism, the gene is not strictly required in the embryo sac; the effect is an indirect result of the specialization of the endosperm.
- The award will not include overhead or indirect costs.
- It may not be a pretty tale, but there are indirect positive effects from smokers.
- Had the indirect costs been calculated, the savings would have been greater.
- It not only includes the direct costs of treatment but also the indirect costs including lost productivity, both while at work and days absent from work.
- Even when behavioural self-handicapping does directly impede an athlete, there may still be positive indirect effects of this behaviour on performance.
- What if the heritabilities observed for IQ are a result of indirect effects that can be changed by changing social practice?
- The indirect cost will come to 50 per cent of the freight charges.
- Furthermore, as in Example 1, there can be a substantial difference between direct effect and total effect including indirect effect.
- Direct impacts initiate subsequent rounds of income creation, spending and re-spending and result in indirect and induced effects.
- Ironically, this is an indirect result of the success of the Government in achieving stability and relative economic prosperity.
- Will this new organization repay all direct costs as well as indirect costs and allocated overhead?
2Linguistics(statement/question) indirectoindirect discourse / speech — estilo indirecto
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