Translation of infect in Spanish:

infect

infectar, v.

Pronunciation: /ɪnˈfɛkt//ɪnˈfɛkt/

transitive verb

  • 1

    • 1.1(cause disease in)

      (cut/wound) infectar
      (person/animal) contagiar
      your cold is infecting everybody in the office estás contagiándole el resfriado a toda la oficina
      • don't get too close, you might infect the baby no te acerques, que puedes contagiar al bebé
      • the wound was/became infected la herida estaba infectada/se infectó
      • to infect sb with sth contagiarle algo a algn
      • she infected her sisters with chickenpox les contagió la varicela a sus hermanas
      • he was infected with hepatitis contrajo hepatitis
      • they infected rats with the virus inocularon el virus a algunas ratas
      • In temperate regions, adult mosquitoes arise in the spring from developmental aquatic stages and infect birds; this cycle continues into early fall.
      • If this is the only disease infecting the plant, leaves may not yellow and drop.
      • A third example is foot-and-mouth disease, a highly infectious disease that infects cloven-hoofed animals.
      • The success of a pathogen in infecting a host plant depends on how rapidly the plant recognizes the pathogen and activates appropriate defence reactions.
      • The infection occurs as the result of a bite from an infected flea or handling infected animals.
      • Since then, West Nile virus has spread rapidly westward, infecting birds, humans and horses.
      • However, not all diseases have good animal models, and some pathogens will infect no other species but humans.
      • Crowding also reduces air circulation, allowing moisture to remain on plants long enough to allow fungal and bacterial pathogens to infect plants.
      • Mosquitoes that bite infected animals then bite humans typically transmit the disease.
      • Invariably, new suckers carry the pests and diseases that have infected the parent plant.
      • A gene from a human pathogen is inserted into a bacterium that infects plants.
      • A bacteriophage is a virus that only infects bacteria, they don't infect any human tissue.
      • Write down which plants were infected with diseases and where the weeds grew most.
      • This tick borne spirochaete normally infects birds, small rodents, and red deer.
      • Often, there is a mixing of genes from viruses that infect different species and this creates drastically different viruses.
      • The researchers also showed cats can become infected with bird flu if they eat infected birds.
      • Children can get ringworm from touching infected animals such as dogs and cats.
      • Humans catch the disease though close contact with live infected birds.
      • All it would take would be for that bird influenza virus and an influenza virus from humans to infect an animal or human at the same time.
      • The 28 deaths so far have been linked to close contact between infected birds and humans.

    • 1.2(contaminate)

      contaminar
      • Almost every area of life is a potential terrorist target - with scare stories about the threat of a smallpox outbreak, and bioterrorists infecting food supplies and water reservoirs.
      • These produce a less pungent smell than do the diverse organisms which infect many surface-ripened cheeses.
      • There's a good chance that the meat we use in the kitchen is infected with harmful bacteria such as campylobacter.
      • Somewhat reassured, the group try to settle down to enjoy the rest of their vacation, unaware that the diseased man's body is face down in the reservoir, infecting their water supply…
      • It is contracted by inhaling tiny droplets from water infected with the legionella pneumonia bug.
      • These will have been totally ineffective because international research shows canola pollen can travel up to 6 km to infect other canola crops.
      • But what are the poisons tainting our growth and infecting our sight?
      • Once it enters a body of water, it spreads infecting the entire body of water.
      • Oh, and the guy who they burnt handily made it to the local reservoir, thereby infecting the local water supply.
      • Are you ever tempted to cheat, to damage the landscape further, to poison it, infect it, before you take a photograph?
      • Using what little water he had in his traveling water, he cleaned out the wound before it was infected.
      • His straw follicles are infected, besides, like he's been standing in water.
      • Soil from your garden contains bacteria, noxious seeds, and possibly other harmful organisms that may infect your newly potted plants.
      • In either case, they'll die before they can infect food or water supplies.
      • The crops never grew, the water became infected with disease, the creatures came out after dusk - it was dark times.
      • Even infected farms may be able to carry out some crop operations, however, with the permission of the divisional veterinary manager.
      • Without it I wouldn't know if the area became damaged or infected, leading to possible nasty complications.
      • It is transmitted through contaminated food, water and infected human faeces.
      • Or does it become tainted by the violence that seeps through the cracks of the skeletal buildings and infects the air?
      • Bilharzia is transmitted by bathing in water infected with bilharzia larvae.

  • 2

    (spread emotion)
    his cheerfulness infected everyone around him les contagiaba su alegría a todos los que lo rodeaban
    • everyone was infected with / by the carnival mood a todos se les había contagiado la alegría del carnaval