Translation of infect in Spanish:

infect

infectar, v.

Pronunciation /ɪnˈfɛkt//ɪnˈfɛkt/

transitive verb

  • 1

    • 1.1Medicine
      (cause disease in)

      (wound/cut) infectar
      (person/animal) contagiar
      your cold is infecting everybody in the office estás contagiándole el resfriado a toda la oficina
      • don't get too close, you might infect the baby no te acerques, que puedes contagiar al bebé
      • the wound was/became infected la herida estaba infectada/se infectó
      • to infect sb with sth contagiarle algo a algn
      • she infected her sisters with chickenpox les contagió la varicela a sus hermanas
      • he was infected with hepatitis contrajo hepatitis
      • they infected rats with the virus inocularon el virus a algunas ratas
      • All it would take would be for that bird influenza virus and an influenza virus from humans to infect an animal or human at the same time.
      • Since then, West Nile virus has spread rapidly westward, infecting birds, humans and horses.
      • However, not all diseases have good animal models, and some pathogens will infect no other species but humans.
      • Invariably, new suckers carry the pests and diseases that have infected the parent plant.
      • Write down which plants were infected with diseases and where the weeds grew most.
      • This tick borne spirochaete normally infects birds, small rodents, and red deer.
      • Children can get ringworm from touching infected animals such as dogs and cats.
      • Mosquitoes that bite infected animals then bite humans typically transmit the disease.
      • The 28 deaths so far have been linked to close contact between infected birds and humans.
      • The success of a pathogen in infecting a host plant depends on how rapidly the plant recognizes the pathogen and activates appropriate defence reactions.
      • A gene from a human pathogen is inserted into a bacterium that infects plants.
      • The researchers also showed cats can become infected with bird flu if they eat infected birds.
      • Often, there is a mixing of genes from viruses that infect different species and this creates drastically different viruses.
      • The infection occurs as the result of a bite from an infected flea or handling infected animals.
      • In temperate regions, adult mosquitoes arise in the spring from developmental aquatic stages and infect birds; this cycle continues into early fall.
      • If this is the only disease infecting the plant, leaves may not yellow and drop.
      • A bacteriophage is a virus that only infects bacteria, they don't infect any human tissue.
      • Humans catch the disease though close contact with live infected birds.
      • Crowding also reduces air circulation, allowing moisture to remain on plants long enough to allow fungal and bacterial pathogens to infect plants.
      • A third example is foot-and-mouth disease, a highly infectious disease that infects cloven-hoofed animals.

    • 1.2Medicine
      (contaminate)

      contaminar
      • Without it I wouldn't know if the area became damaged or infected, leading to possible nasty complications.
      • It is contracted by inhaling tiny droplets from water infected with the legionella pneumonia bug.
      • Somewhat reassured, the group try to settle down to enjoy the rest of their vacation, unaware that the diseased man's body is face down in the reservoir, infecting their water supply…
      • Soil from your garden contains bacteria, noxious seeds, and possibly other harmful organisms that may infect your newly potted plants.
      • There's a good chance that the meat we use in the kitchen is infected with harmful bacteria such as campylobacter.
      • Using what little water he had in his traveling water, he cleaned out the wound before it was infected.
      • Even infected farms may be able to carry out some crop operations, however, with the permission of the divisional veterinary manager.
      • In either case, they'll die before they can infect food or water supplies.
      • Or does it become tainted by the violence that seeps through the cracks of the skeletal buildings and infects the air?
      • Once it enters a body of water, it spreads infecting the entire body of water.
      • Oh, and the guy who they burnt handily made it to the local reservoir, thereby infecting the local water supply.
      • Bilharzia is transmitted by bathing in water infected with bilharzia larvae.
      • His straw follicles are infected, besides, like he's been standing in water.
      • These will have been totally ineffective because international research shows canola pollen can travel up to 6 km to infect other canola crops.
      • The crops never grew, the water became infected with disease, the creatures came out after dusk - it was dark times.
      • Are you ever tempted to cheat, to damage the landscape further, to poison it, infect it, before you take a photograph?
      • It is transmitted through contaminated food, water and infected human faeces.
      • But what are the poisons tainting our growth and infecting our sight?
      • These produce a less pungent smell than do the diverse organisms which infect many surface-ripened cheeses.
      • Almost every area of life is a potential terrorist target - with scare stories about the threat of a smallpox outbreak, and bioterrorists infecting food supplies and water reservoirs.

  • 2

    (spread emotion)
    his cheerfulness infected everyone around him les contagiaba su alegría a todos los que lo rodeaban
    • everyone was infected with / by the carnival mood todos se habían contagiado de la alegría del carnaval