In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1informal(difficult situation)aprieto masculineto be in a jam — estar en un aprieto / en apuros
- to get into a jam — meterse en un lío
- I still care about them and would have no problem helping them out if they were in a jam, but I no longer wish to spend any time with them.
- Are you as helpful as you can be when your pal is in a jam?
- If there is one message from what's happened, it is that when this Government is in a jam, it volunteers little except under duress.
- In a jam like this, it's certainly OK to help your girl save face.
- Whenever a TV character, say, Lucy Ricardo for example, is in a jam and thinks of a clever way out, she'll try it once.
2.1(stationary traffic)atasco masculineembotellamiento masculine
2.2(crowd)a great jam of people — un gentío
- There's a paper jam, and she's got some scissors that you can actually see there on the counter, and she's trying to fix the paper jam.
- And let's be honest, I haven't had much to write about either - office politics, photocopier jams and the mailman's unfathomable attitude towards me being the highlight of my day.
- Faults can include paper jams or coins getting stuck, or a machine running out of paper.
- I'd prefer to further my skills and career - not occupy myself hunched over a photocopier, when the biggest excitement of my working day is a paper jam.
- Election officials complain of paper jams, maintenance problems at the polling places, and high costs of printing and ballot management.
transitive verbjamming, jammed
1.1(cram)to jam sth into sth — meter algo en algo
- I jammed my things into the suitcase — metí / embutí todas mis cosas en la maleta
- the four of them jammed themselves into the back of the car — los cuatro se metieron apretujándose en el asiento de atrás
- Sometimes as many as 500 students jam themselves into an auditorium for a California Scholarship Federation meeting.
- It turned out to be a large roost of house sparrows all trying to jam themselves into two small trees making a racket.
- The stairs were jammed with college students and we were pushed into the living room.
- Zack thought to himself as he jammed all of his books into his bag.
- One of the guys was incredibly tall, and had to jam himself into the kart.
- After practically every clothing item I own is jammed into my large suitcase, I lug it down the stairs.
- One cannot blame the citizens who try to jam one more piece of garbage into them.
- His name was Petar, and within five minutes I was jammed into his tent along with three of his companions.
1.2(congest, block)(room/road) atestarjammed with people — atestado de gente
- the switchboard was jammed with calls — la centralita estaba saturada de llamadas
- During past Eid celebrations hundreds of drivers have jammed Wilmslow Road to the cheers of onlookers and the event has sometimes fallen into disorder.
- AMERICAN POETRY is at something of a crossroads, and the roads leading there are jammed with traffic.
- The East Lancashire Road was jammed with commuters trying to avoid the motorway.
- I put on my flak jacket and helmet and walked up the road, which was jammed with tanks and armored fighting vehicles waiting to cross the bridge.
- It's no better on the roads, jammed by 7.30 am, with huge seas of traffic for most of the day, sometimes until 9 o'clock at night.
2.1(make stick, wedge firmly)he jammed his foot in the door — metió el pie entre la puerta y el marco
- the car was jammed in between two trucks — el coche estaba atascado entre dos camiones
- he jammed his hat on tighter — se encasquetó bien el sombrero
2.2(crush)she jammed her thumb in the door — se apretó el dedo en la puerta
2.3(push hard, suddenly)he jammed his foot down on the brake — dio un frenazo en seco
- People don't want their cell phone signals jammed, I am certain.
- It is important that the driver does not rest his finger on this switch or he will then have effectively jammed all radio transmissions to his pit.
- He helped trigger the October demos with radio broadcasts on a channel that has since been jammed.
- The FCC argues that jamming mobile phone signals is theft of airwaves - but, more importantly, the dangers of someone missing an important call outweigh any benefit of silence.
- No radio or TV and the news sites seem to be jammed.
- The ship, meanwhile, will be doing what it can to jam enemy transmissions, but we can only assume some will get through, so we need to be fast.
- The basic idea is that you carry a personalized device that jams the signals from all the RFID tags on your person until you authorize otherwise.
intransitive verbjamming, jammed
1(cram)to jam into sth — meterse en algo
- we all jammed into the car — nos apretujamos todos en el coche
2(become stuck)(brakes) bloquearse(machine) trancarse(lock/switch) trabarse(switch/lock) trancarse(drawer) atascarse(gun) encasquillarse
- For a long time that door would always jam shut when ever you slammed it.
- I do have a grainy memory of things like getting my finger jammed in a door, dropping a plate and cutting my foot etc.
- The four forward crewmen made it, but the exit door jammed shut.
- The door had jammed, and I had been unable to get out of the car.
- On one beach, hemmed in by cliffs on either side and palm trees at the back, some Grenadians are playing cricket, three sticks jammed into the sand for stumps.
- Veena Shankar was trapped in her fourth floor apartment with her two children when the doors jammed after the earthquake.
- The cubicle in the van was too small for him; he suffers from claustrophobia; once, the door jammed and they couldn't get him out; he had a panic attack in the van.
- I reached the foot of the doors as the tide grew and I grasped each plate with my fingers and it inched open but suddenly jammed.
- With a hoe-blade unrolled from her canvas, jammed onto the walking stick, she cleared a patch of low white stumps.
- The exit doors of Al-Amariyah jammed shut as temperatures rose to 900 degrees Fahrenheit.
- The outer doors are missing, the inner doors jammed, and the whole apparatus knocked out of alignment.
- She rang the police and they arrived around 7pm and succeeded in opening doors that had been jammed.
- The door seemed to be jammed and it moved very slowly as I pushed with all my might.
- The wheels needed to be discs - spoked wheels just got jammed with sticks and branches.
- The swing bridge over the River Ouse at Selby was operating fully this morning after it jammed open at 9pm yesterday.
- An explanation that I favour for the sinking is that the snort mast float valve jammed open, flooding the boat.
- When the building sprang back and forth like a car antenna, door frames twisted and jammed shut, trapping a number of them in a conference room.
- Toilet doors and interior doors jammed in the train, making it difficult for passengers to escape from the coaches.
- But as it moved south, a battery powering the train's automatic interconnecting doors went flat and the doors jammed shut.
- We reached the second elevator without confrontation of demons and we found an elevator with the doors jammed shut.
1mermelada femininedulce masculine River Plateraspberry jam — mermelada de frambuesas
- Steam puddings with dried fruit or jam for flavouring were boiled in basins with cloths tied over the top.
- She was munching through a croissant, heartily spread with black raspberry jam, when she realized that she had other things to think about.
- There is butter for the waffles, and powdered sugar, and strawberry jam.
- When cake is quite cold, brush top with slightly warmed apricot jam.
- Cane and beet sugar are the usual sources of sugar for jelly or jam.
- Currently available are apricot jam, sweet Seville, grapefruit, and three fruits marmelades and tomato and cranberry chutneys.
- Every morning her husband brings her breakfast of croissants with strawberry jam and a bowl of fresh fruit to bed.
- Loryn picked up a slice of toast and slowly spread jam over it.
- Alighting from the boats we went into one of the huge ‘refs’ and had some lovely tea and buttered scones, topped with jam!
- A selection of delicate pastries, banana slices, glazed fudge, lemon tarts, scones with clotted cream and jam, and boiled Welsh fruit cake were also on offer.
- You can then sprinkle the petit suisse with sugar or strawberry jam.
- Fresh thick slices of loaf bread, generously spread with strawberry jam, washed down with strong sweet tea just have to be eaten outdoors to be really enjoyed.
- If you overcook your jam, the sugar will caramelize and it won't taste good and there's nothing you can do.
- If you have enough berries, you can also make little pots of sweet jam.
- For the sandwiches, spread some plum jam on six bread slices and cover with the remaining slices.
- In the Cafe you can try a selection of their bread by ordering a basket of it with butter and a sharp but sweet strawberry jam.
- There is nothing wrong with a good old Victoria sponge, thickly spread with butter icing and home-made jam, and dusted with icing sugar.
- The sandwich was well up to expectations and this was followed by a warm and very fresh fruit scone which crumbled as we spread it with strawberry jam and cream.
- Spread raspberry jam over slices and drizzle with orange juice or liqueur.
- She took a small bowlful of cherries in defiance of the usual selection the women made of crackers spread thinly with jam.
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