In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1informal(difficult situation)aprieto masculineto be in a jam — estar en un aprieto / en apuros
- to get into a jam — meterse en un lío
- I still care about them and would have no problem helping them out if they were in a jam, but I no longer wish to spend any time with them.
- Whenever a TV character, say, Lucy Ricardo for example, is in a jam and thinks of a clever way out, she'll try it once.
- If there is one message from what's happened, it is that when this Government is in a jam, it volunteers little except under duress.
- In a jam like this, it's certainly OK to help your girl save face.
- Are you as helpful as you can be when your pal is in a jam?
2.1(stationary traffic)atasco masculineembotellamiento masculine
2.2(crowd)a great jam of people — un gentío
- Faults can include paper jams or coins getting stuck, or a machine running out of paper.
- And let's be honest, I haven't had much to write about either - office politics, photocopier jams and the mailman's unfathomable attitude towards me being the highlight of my day.
- Election officials complain of paper jams, maintenance problems at the polling places, and high costs of printing and ballot management.
- There's a paper jam, and she's got some scissors that you can actually see there on the counter, and she's trying to fix the paper jam.
- I'd prefer to further my skills and career - not occupy myself hunched over a photocopier, when the biggest excitement of my working day is a paper jam.
1.1(cram)to jam sth into sth — meter algo en algo
- I jammed my things into the suitcase — metí / embutí todas mis cosas en la maleta
- the four of them jammed themselves into the back of the car — los cuatro se metieron apretujándose en el asiento de atrás
- The stairs were jammed with college students and we were pushed into the living room.
- After practically every clothing item I own is jammed into my large suitcase, I lug it down the stairs.
- Zack thought to himself as he jammed all of his books into his bag.
- His name was Petar, and within five minutes I was jammed into his tent along with three of his companions.
- One cannot blame the citizens who try to jam one more piece of garbage into them.
- It turned out to be a large roost of house sparrows all trying to jam themselves into two small trees making a racket.
- One of the guys was incredibly tall, and had to jam himself into the kart.
- Sometimes as many as 500 students jam themselves into an auditorium for a California Scholarship Federation meeting.
1.2(congest, block)(road/room) atestarjammed with people — atestado de gente
- the switchboard was jammed with calls — la centralita estaba saturada de llamadas
- I put on my flak jacket and helmet and walked up the road, which was jammed with tanks and armored fighting vehicles waiting to cross the bridge.
- AMERICAN POETRY is at something of a crossroads, and the roads leading there are jammed with traffic.
- During past Eid celebrations hundreds of drivers have jammed Wilmslow Road to the cheers of onlookers and the event has sometimes fallen into disorder.
- It's no better on the roads, jammed by 7.30 am, with huge seas of traffic for most of the day, sometimes until 9 o'clock at night.
- The East Lancashire Road was jammed with commuters trying to avoid the motorway.
2.1(make stick, wedge firmly)he jammed his foot in the door — metió el pie entre la puerta y el marco
- the car was jammed in between two trucks — el coche estaba atascado entre dos camiones
- he jammed his hat on tighter — se encasquetó bien el sombrero
2.2(crush)she jammed her thumb in the door — se apretó el dedo en la puerta
2.3(push hard, suddenly)he jammed his foot down on the brake — dio un frenazo en seco
- The basic idea is that you carry a personalized device that jams the signals from all the RFID tags on your person until you authorize otherwise.
- No radio or TV and the news sites seem to be jammed.
- The ship, meanwhile, will be doing what it can to jam enemy transmissions, but we can only assume some will get through, so we need to be fast.
- He helped trigger the October demos with radio broadcasts on a channel that has since been jammed.
- People don't want their cell phone signals jammed, I am certain.
- It is important that the driver does not rest his finger on this switch or he will then have effectively jammed all radio transmissions to his pit.
- The FCC argues that jamming mobile phone signals is theft of airwaves - but, more importantly, the dangers of someone missing an important call outweigh any benefit of silence.
1(cram)to jam into sth — meterse en algo
- we all jammed into the car — nos apretujamos todos en el coche
2(become stuck)(brakes) bloquearse(machine) trancarse(switch/lock) trabarse(lock/switch) trancarse(drawer) atascarse(gun) encasquillarse
- The swing bridge over the River Ouse at Selby was operating fully this morning after it jammed open at 9pm yesterday.
- The outer doors are missing, the inner doors jammed, and the whole apparatus knocked out of alignment.
- The door had jammed, and I had been unable to get out of the car.
- When the building sprang back and forth like a car antenna, door frames twisted and jammed shut, trapping a number of them in a conference room.
- I do have a grainy memory of things like getting my finger jammed in a door, dropping a plate and cutting my foot etc.
- The wheels needed to be discs - spoked wheels just got jammed with sticks and branches.
- The door seemed to be jammed and it moved very slowly as I pushed with all my might.
- With a hoe-blade unrolled from her canvas, jammed onto the walking stick, she cleared a patch of low white stumps.
- The four forward crewmen made it, but the exit door jammed shut.
- The exit doors of Al-Amariyah jammed shut as temperatures rose to 900 degrees Fahrenheit.
- An explanation that I favour for the sinking is that the snort mast float valve jammed open, flooding the boat.
- We reached the second elevator without confrontation of demons and we found an elevator with the doors jammed shut.
- Veena Shankar was trapped in her fourth floor apartment with her two children when the doors jammed after the earthquake.
- On one beach, hemmed in by cliffs on either side and palm trees at the back, some Grenadians are playing cricket, three sticks jammed into the sand for stumps.
- For a long time that door would always jam shut when ever you slammed it.
- Toilet doors and interior doors jammed in the train, making it difficult for passengers to escape from the coaches.
- The cubicle in the van was too small for him; he suffers from claustrophobia; once, the door jammed and they couldn't get him out; he had a panic attack in the van.
- She rang the police and they arrived around 7pm and succeeded in opening doors that had been jammed.
- But as it moved south, a battery powering the train's automatic interconnecting doors went flat and the doors jammed shut.
- I reached the foot of the doors as the tide grew and I grasped each plate with my fingers and it inched open but suddenly jammed.
1mermelada femininedulce masculine River Plateraspberry jam — dulce de frambuesas River Plate
- Steam puddings with dried fruit or jam for flavouring were boiled in basins with cloths tied over the top.
- If you overcook your jam, the sugar will caramelize and it won't taste good and there's nothing you can do.
- In the Cafe you can try a selection of their bread by ordering a basket of it with butter and a sharp but sweet strawberry jam.
- Fresh thick slices of loaf bread, generously spread with strawberry jam, washed down with strong sweet tea just have to be eaten outdoors to be really enjoyed.
- Alighting from the boats we went into one of the huge ‘refs’ and had some lovely tea and buttered scones, topped with jam!
- For the sandwiches, spread some plum jam on six bread slices and cover with the remaining slices.
- If you have enough berries, you can also make little pots of sweet jam.
- The sandwich was well up to expectations and this was followed by a warm and very fresh fruit scone which crumbled as we spread it with strawberry jam and cream.
- Cane and beet sugar are the usual sources of sugar for jelly or jam.
- There is nothing wrong with a good old Victoria sponge, thickly spread with butter icing and home-made jam, and dusted with icing sugar.
- You can then sprinkle the petit suisse with sugar or strawberry jam.
- Loryn picked up a slice of toast and slowly spread jam over it.
- She took a small bowlful of cherries in defiance of the usual selection the women made of crackers spread thinly with jam.
- Currently available are apricot jam, sweet Seville, grapefruit, and three fruits marmelades and tomato and cranberry chutneys.
- She was munching through a croissant, heartily spread with black raspberry jam, when she realized that she had other things to think about.
- When cake is quite cold, brush top with slightly warmed apricot jam.
- Spread raspberry jam over slices and drizzle with orange juice or liqueur.
- There is butter for the waffles, and powdered sugar, and strawberry jam.
- A selection of delicate pastries, banana slices, glazed fudge, lemon tarts, scones with clotted cream and jam, and boiled Welsh fruit cake were also on offer.
- Every morning her husband brings her breakfast of croissants with strawberry jam and a bowl of fresh fruit to bed.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.