In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(leap)saltarhe jumped from the second floor — saltó del / desde el segundo piso
- she jumped across the ditch — cruzó la zanja de un salto
- he managed to jump back just in time — logró echarse atrás de un salto justo a tiempo
- the water is lovely, jump in — el agua está deliciosa, tírate
- the horse jumped over the gate — el caballo saltó la verja
- the children were jumping up and down on the bed — los niños saltaban / brincaban sobre la cama
- did he jump or was he pushed? — ¿renunció o lo renunciaron?
- we don't know which way they're going to jump — no se sabe qué van a decidir
- She purred, rubbing her head on Holly's leg as she passed, and jumped up onto the table.
- Despite jumping about 12 feet to the ground, Lee Hammond, 18, suffered only mild effects of smoke inhalation and declined to be taken to hospital.
- Mrs Walls managed to escape the fire by jumping out of an upper window at the front of the two-storey house.
- Since the other boys are doubtful, Finn takes off his clothes, climbs the tree and gleefully jumps off one of its branches, landing in the river below.
- Yet relative to body size, fleas jump 150 times their height - the equivalent of a human jumping about 1,000 feet.
- The burglar then jumped 30 feet to freedom out of a window.
- Getting off was tricky because the steps they brought did not quite reach the doors so we had to jump about two foot from the plane onto the top step.
- I enjoyed the attitude of their lead singer, who walked on stage with a cigarette in one hand, a beer in the other, then later on proceeded to jump over the sound barrier to join the crowd.
- When I woke up the dog was barking and jumping up and down in front of the window.
- All the kids started jumping up and down and cheering and waving.
- All four crewmen jumped overboard with life preservers.
- The student jumped in to save him and managed to reach the man, dragging him to muddy ground.
- But he soon found himself soaked with icy water, after jumping over a fifteen foot wall to reach the narrow riverbank.
- It was a brave decision because he had to jump about 15 feet down into the river in the dark.
- There was a general melee in which some of the men jumped over barriers in an attempt to escape and eventually the four were arrested.
- Suddenly a young man jumped on to the podium and started playing his guitar and singing.
- In a daring escape, a kidnapped Malaysian man jumped four stories from a building yesterday and then took a taxi to the police station to get help from authorities.
- As soon as we got there we quickly jumped into the pool and immediately started tossing a beach ball back and forth.
- I don't think it was a foul because I just jumped up with him and he fell over.
- She nodded her head as one of their cats jumped into her lap and she started to stroke it.
1.2(move quickly)he jumped up from his seat — se levantó (del asiento) de un salto
- I jumped out of bed — me levanté (de la cama) de un salto
- jump in, I'll give you a lift — súbete que te llevo
- I'll jump off here — me bajo aquí
- to jump at sth
- she jumped at the offer — aceptó la oferta al vuelo
- they'll jump at the chance — no van a dejar pasar la oportunidad
- to jump on sb/sth — abalanzarse sobre algn/algo
- her critics jumped on this remark — sus críticos se cebaron en esta afirmación
- to jump to one's feet — pararse de un salto
- to jump to attention — cuadrarse
2.1(change, skip)saltarpasarto jump from one subject to another — saltar / pasar de un tema al otro
- the action jumps forward — la acción da un salto adelante en el tiempo
- Vivian jumped from subject to subject without pause, as if breathing were merely a happy suggestion.
- The varying heights of the artwork will only serve to add confusion and your gaze will jump from piece to piece.
- But with tears streaming down my face it was easy to jump the dozen places to the front of the taxi queue.
- The letters that are interspersed throughout the book seem to be in order but the rest of the book jumps back and forth seemingly as he thinks of things to write about.
- He jumps from subject to subject with practically no transitions.
- The book jumps frequently across the 20th century, not always coherently; useful details are dropped in odd locations.
- After a quick introduction the film jumps back twenty years to show us how these two ended up in the ring together.
- Owen scowled, annoyed the subject had jumped from cute girls to school in a matter of seconds.
- Now Hooke was never a person who did one thing at a time, indeed he seemed at his best when his mind was jumping from one idea to another.
- The film jumps back and forth between his rise to power and the trial that led to his 25-year sentence.
- Andrew Drury put in a near perfect performance that enabled him to jump a grade by skipping the yellow belt all together and moving up to orange belt.
- While the script jumps forward and backwards in time, Rose leaves more unexplained than he should.
- Movements are quick, speech is fast and thoughts jump from idea to idea.
- He was talking really fast, jumping from one subject to the next, probably hoping that he would not have to listen to what I had to say.
- The scenes cut between the characters and jump backwards and forwards in time.
- He jumped from one subject to another with out explaining himself but he was perfectly clear… eventually.
- Closer takes place over the course of four years but often jumps ahead a few months or a year at a time, concentrating on periods of crisis in the relationships portrayed.
- Chuck was happy that his daughter was smart enough to jump a grade, but at the same time, it disturbed him. She was growing up so fast.
- The storyline jumps forward and backward in time in non-linear fragments.
- The two dropped the subject and quickly jumped to other things.
- From there the scenes jump between the guys in a beach house in Alexandria and their female counterparts back in Cairo.
- The book jumps from story to story, with some anecdotes feeling over-explained and others seemingly incomplete.
- With all my revisions I'm concerned that the scenes jump from person to person far too often.
2.2(increase, advance suddenly)subir de un golpehe/it jumped to the top of the charts — saltó a los primeros lugares de las listas
- In 1996 10,000 houses were built in rural areas, but the figure had jumped to 18,000 by 1999.
- Tyre production in May this year increased by 10 per cent as against the same month last year, with exports jumping by 62 per cent.
- Over the past 18 months, the total number of jobs at the business and technology park jumped from 150 to 400.
- Fuel prices in Perth are also on the rise, with the average unleaded price jumping from 84.7 cents a litre on Monday to 92.4 cents yesterday.
- We'll start in Las Vegas, where housing prices jumped more than 50 percent last year alone.
- On Monday, European oil stocks performed well as the price of oil jumped to its highest level in three months.
- If his predictions are correct, he believes turnover at the centre will jump from £16 million in the first year to £200 million in year five.
- Immediately after the storm, gas prices jumped as much as 50 cents per gallon in some areas.
- The price of oil jumped higher yesterday amid increased tension in the Middle East - giving rise to fears of higher prices at the pumps.
- China's property prices jumped 11 percent in the first five months of the year as the economy expands.
- The earnings of gold-mining companies should jump if the price of gold rises.
- A dozen eggs used to cost Rp 6,200, now the price has jumped to Rp 7,000.
- The index jumped 3.1 percent on Tuesday, one day after the election.
- As a result, inventories will be tight this winter and there is every likelihood that prices will jump as much as 30%.
- In the health authority area of Greenwich, Bexley and Bromley, the same figure jumped from 19 to 27 over the same period.
- China's coal prices have jumped more than 40 per cent over the past year.
- The price of gold jumped $7 an ounce in a single trading session.
- In 2004 that figure has jumped to over 800 a month, yet the scheme is still threatened with closure.
- Net profit jumped by 53 per cent while operating profit is up 25.43 per cent.
- The price of oil jumped again yesterday, but was still trading just off its all-time high of $44.77 reached last Friday.
- She jumped in shock, apparently not knowing that I had come in.
- She glanced up and then jumped, truly surprised to see him.
- There was a moment of awkward silence until a phone ringing made them all jump, then they laughed, embarrassed that they were so easily startled.
- Suddenly there was a knock at the door making us both jump.
- I jumped, startled by the sound of someone banging on the door.
- He gently touches her shoulder, and she jumps in surprise.
- Suddenly, the kitchen door burst open, and all four of us jumped.
- The sudden voice made her jump and she turned round to see who it was.
- A knock at the door made me jump.
- Suddenly, Samantha's cell phone rang, causing her to jump in surprise.
- Lightning cracked and the lights flickered, making both girls jump.
- The man, surprised by this sudden movement jumped, and screamed.
- But her eyes had hardly adapted to the darkness when a new shock made her jump.
- He jumps, surprised, and the loud clatter of silverware resonates from our corner of the reception hall.
- Just then, her intercom beeped, making her jump.
- Harriet Feinglass jumps every time the phone rings.
- We all jumped, surprised that she was even paying attention.
- As I am leaving, he follows me silently down the stairs and jumps slightly when I turn around.
- Instead, we slowly creep along, jumping each time a twig cracks beneath us.
- Whenever something fell or moved, she'd jump in surprise.
3.2(in alarm)sobresaltarseyou made me jump! — ¡qué susto me diste!
4informal(be lively)the party's really jumping — la fiesta está muy movida informal
- I turned around when the big anthemic tunes came on and it was nothing short of an incredible sight to see the whole place jumping.
- Barry's will be jumping this St Patrick's Weekend with the best entertainment around.
- The place was jumping, yes a little bit over crowded, and slightly pretentious, but that just added to the atmosphere.
- I had an email earlier today from my friend Mariella in Auckland, who says that the place is jumping with the extra people come into town for the Big Day Out.
- Old favourites such as Give It Away got the standing area jumping, making getting close to the band a dangerous, though worthwhile, experience.
- On Saturday evening, this place was jumping!
- The annual regatta fortnight is held over the final week of July and first week of August, a time when the place is jumping with visitors and locals alike.
- It's bustling enough by day, but by night the joint is jumping.
- New York was lively and jumping and it was great to not have to go near my car for four days.
- It's nine o'clock on a beautiful Friday evening in Leith, but the joint isn't jumping.
- The town was jumping, as it usually was in the summer, and I wanted so badly to be out in it, living it up.
- The place was jumping and there was a smell of paraffin.
- The place is always jumping and the energy is vibrant.
- But the joint was jumping, a number of people were already there and more were expected.
- Well get down to the Dooney some night this week, because the place is literally jumping with the best music and craic around.
- While the place was jumping and filled with appreciative listeners, the rest of the pub, with its sad Sky TV and pool table, was an echoing canyon.
- In town ‘no vacancy’ signs proliferate and the town is jumping for the Easter weekend.
- Went to Hurricane for a Christmas Party & the place was jumping!
1.1(leap over)(hurdle/stream) saltar(stream/hurdle) brincar MexicoGames (piece/counter) comerseto jump rope — saltar (al) lazo Colombia
- There are hurdles still to be jumped: possible EC and Department of Justice inquiries or rejection of the deal by the shareholders.
- Over $5,000 is on the line in a competition that sees motorcycle riders jumping an 80 ft gap whilst performing tricks in the air.
- It was a smallish expanse of grassland bordered by hedges the horses could easily jump if they were so inclined.
- Visitors are ignoring numerous written and verbal warnings not to exit the building, and are jumping barriers or opening fire exits to get on to the mountain.
- Should the 12-year-old negotiate the track safely, he will break the record for the number of National fences ever jumped by one horse.
- If avian flu manages to jump the species barrier completely then it's going to spread extremely rapidly.
- The horse comfortably jumped the final fence and won by 10 lengths as favourite Ibis Rochelais failed to keep pace.
- Bertha Jones said she saw officers chasing the suspect across the street where he jumped an iron gate and put his hands in the air as if to surrender.
- Napster also still has to jump some serious legal hurdles to guarantee its future.
- There is nothing better than to see four or five horses jumping the last at Cheltenham and coming up that hill.
- When she questioned them one of the men punched her in the face, leaving her with a swollen eye and a gash to the forehead, before the pair jumped the barriers and ran off.
- Initial police reports suggested that he jumped the ticket barrier and ran onto the train.
- Croft galloped across the field and jumped the low hedge into the meadow.
- The six year old gelding took to jumping fences like a duck to water.
- Despite our best efforts, the deer had easily jumped our carefully erected fence.
1.2(cause to leap)hacer saltarhe jumps an Arab horse — salta con un caballo árabe
- Apparently the horse jumped particularly well and his trainer expects him to make a big impression in novice chases.
- Mullins was delighted that the decision to send him to the front early worked, and the horse jumped brilliantly.
- He rode Word Perfect II, who jumped only the third clear round in the event's history.
- Two riders jumped steady clears to finish ahead of Joanne, but she held on to the third ticket after an agonising wait.
- Fantasia jumped lazily the first time, but cantered after the fence - a sure sign your horse jumped well.
- The horse did not jump well and but for the departures of leader Ricardo and second placed Joueur D' Estruval at the third last it could well have been a different story entirely!
- On top of that, I was upset because we'd just gone four miles and the horse had jumped really well.
- Hedgehunter - loves Aintree and jumps effortlessly around the course.
- I don't think I've ever seen a horse jump so well over the Aintree fences as Hallo Dandy
- On an individual note, Marion Hughes and Heritage Fortunas performed well, jumping clear in round one and adding just four in the second.
- ‘He was beaten by a very good horse but he jumped well and battled well,’ he said.
- We have some good riders, they all jumped well today and we expect a good placing tomorrow if not a win.
2.1(spring out of)(tracks/rails) salirse de
- The polygraph needles jumped and the readings scrolled out.
- I see him pointing right at me, the gun jumping in his hands.
- Toby changed gears a little too aggressively and the car jumped slightly.
- The little rental car jumps along jerkily as Dad tries to shift gears without giving himself a cardiac arrest.
- Dad had left it in gear and the prized family wagon jumped forward smashing into yet another parked car.
- I know there may be some movement of the needle because of waves and the rocking action of the boat, but our gauges jump all over.
- All I remembered was the gun jumping in my hand and the feeling of ripping, tearing pain.
- As I squeezed the trigger, the sound was deafening, the gun jumped uncontrollably in my hands.
2.2(disregard)saltarsethey jumped a whole paragraph — se saltearon todo un párrafo River Plate
- During an argument over which settler had the right to jump the land claim of an Indiana lumber company, Coleman shot Dow in the back.
- After Deborah wins Linda's quarter-section from Crook by jumping the claim, she and Eden develop the land and begin extracting manganese from the hill at the center of the property.
3informal(run away)to jump bail — huir estando en libertad bajo fianza
- I just went out to have a good time and a couple of punks jump me and steal my watch and my fanny pack.
- Then, out of nowhere, some idiot jumps me and screams profanities at me.
- Brian grunted as someone jumped him from behind, almost losing his balance and falling over.
- Twenty minutes later, however, the alarm went off again and he heard a stool being moved in the bar, so he went down to investigate - only to be jumped from behind.
- Micky Adams is walking down the ramp when suddenly he is jumped from behind by a little guy dressed all in black.
- Before I had a chance to glance around, someone jumped me from behind.
- Proctor had no sooner entered the cell when the two prisoners jumped him.
- He probably would've jumped him and beaten him to death.
- Minutes after entering a Boston dance club in the early morning hours, he was jumped from behind by three men.
- Just as he brought his hand down to hit her he was jumped from behind.
- Jerry jumped him from behind, and messed him up pretty badly.
- Just as he was about to break the lock off the carriage door, he was suddenly jumped from behind.
- Victim of a seemingly random attack, he was jumped and kicked to a pulp as he made his way home from a 21st birthday celebration.
5.1US informal (catch)(plane/bus) agarrar informal(bus/plane) coger Spain
- Money was tight and we had to keep low, so we jumped a freight train to get back to New York.
- Determined to escape this grim prospect, she jumps a bus to Sydney in the hope of rejoining her estranged father.
- Our hero took his chance and legged it, grabbing his coat and case and jumping train miles from home.
- I wound up jumping freight trains, going to Texas and not going to school, working in the oil fields, bucking hay, and doing all kinds of stuff.
5.2US informal (without paying fare)he jumped the train — se subió al tren sin pagar
1.1(leap)salto masculineit's a big jump from that window — es un buen salto el que hay que dar desde esa ventana
- she gave a little jump for joy — dio un saltito de alegría
- I sat up with a jump — me incorporé sobresaltado
- I've heard that vertical jumps can help strengthen your hip bones, reducing your risk of osteoporosis.
- His superior jazz dance technique enabled him to enthral the audience with his endless turns and jumps.
- She gives many exercises to make the jumps simpler to learn and do.
- The leaps and jumps were high and spectacular to watch, yet the dancers made it appear effortless.
- No movement is gratuitous - every jump, turn, arabesque and gesture conveys information.
- Make sure there is plenty of room before the jump to reach the necessary speed.
- The jump was about eight feet, and I landed softly on cold, wet ground.
- If the next movement is a jump or a pointe step off both feet, the dancer will keep her weight equally on the balls of both feet.
- White won with 13.51 metres, while four of her jumps went beyond the England standard for the Games of 13.10m.
- There's the co-star, intent on doing his own stunts, who ends up the victim of an unfortunate mishap involving a jump from a twenty-foot ledge.
- In fact, similar structures have effectively put a stop to suicide jumps off the Eiffel Tower and the Empire State Building.
- Tournament skiers like David have long exceeded the 100-feet mark for the jump.
- We started with the simplest steps, then went onto turns and jumps and harder combinations.
- A virtuoso soubrette dancer noted for her light, springy jumps, strong feet, and sunny disposition, she was a favourite of Ashton's.
- Both granddad and grandson were taken to hospital suffering from smoke inhalation and David had also injured his foot after the jump from the top of the house, but they had made it.
- Closing her eyes, she took a small, sudden jump and was surprised when her feet landed firmly on the ground.
- James and Daniel have both been skating for two years and have perfected their technique, mastering leaps and jumps.
- My coach told me I had to do the jumps or I could switch to dance.
- Practice repeated, quick, standing jumps off both feet.
- Karen Manger was to make the 175-feet jump to raise money for a cancer research project at Christie's hospital, Manchester.
- One would be level for walkers, people in wheelchairs and parents with buggies, while the other would rise and fall to allow youngsters to practice jumps on their bikes or skateboards.
1.2(fence)valla feminineobstáculo masculine
- Over jumps, FitzGerald trained six Cheltenham Festival winners, including Forgive'N Forget, who won the Gold Cup in 1985.
- Jane moved one of the jumps inside the indoor arena.
- The bay gelding was bred in Pennsylvania and has won six of ten career races over the jumps.
- A £1,000 horse trailer, horse jumps, eight horse rugs and a generator were also destroyed.
- The bulk of the action on Thursday takes place over the jumps, with meetings at Haydock Park and Ludlow.
- Uttoxeter also has a lot of jumps meetings over the summer.
- Aintree hosts one of the most famous jumps meetings in the world but many of the women of Merseyside seem to think of it more as an all-weather event.
- As her horse leaves the ground in front of a jump, for example, the rider's upper body folds forward.
- The ‘Blues’ were to win almost every major race in Europe and America, on the flat as well as over the jumps and in harness racing.
- The final two jumps of the circuit form the only pair negotiated just once - and they could not be more different.
- The inquiry leading to the arrests was launched following positive dope tests on two horses beaten at short odds in jumps races during March 1997.
- And if you just want to watch somebody tackling the jumps, you can relax in the Club Bar overlooking the indoor ring.
- And as another campaign over the jumps closes on Saturday, we know he is one of the best racehorses - ever.
- It was in jump racing that he first made his mark as a trainer, sending out two winners on his first day and breaking prize money records as he won the jumps title in his first season.
- Over the jumps at Newcastle, all eyes will be on Jazz d' Estruval in the Novices' Chase.
- Any horse falling at the trial jump or twice refusing is not allowed to compete.
- Chase and I work on our dressage and then after working on it for about an hour I let Chase rest while I set up some jumps around five feet tall.
- The Metcalf Memorial marked Sur La Tete's fifth victory in 11 starts over the jumps.
- They seemed to be climbing higher and higher and then there was a thump and the horse and rider galloped away from the jump and through the yellow and red flags that marked the end of the course.
- The award is aimed at recognising consistently good performances in the major races of the jumps season.
2.1(sudden transition)salto masculine
- Employers have to rethink the way they treat older workers - a gradual glide into retirement being much better than a sudden jump.
- When the first CD writers made the jump from 1x to 2x, consumers rejoiced with the increased speed.
- There is even talk that his son Brett might follow in his dad's golden footsteps and make the jump to the WHA if the NHL shuts down.
- I think you need to decide if you want to make one large jump or a series of smaller steps that you hope will ultimately change him and your own situation.
- Moreover, the transition between these two regimes is known to be sharp; it is a true discontinuity, a sudden jump rather than a smooth gradation.
- And now Dr. Laura is about to make the jump from the radio to the boob tube, courtesy of a show this fall from Paramount Television.
- Fischer himself had made the jump from revolution to reform, but the same could not be said for everyone in the Greens.
- Of course, I flew from London to Istanbul, so it was a sudden jump from one culture to another, rather than a gradual shift.
- His obvious self-confidence, deadpan delivery, and great reactions serve to make him a much better actor than most musicians who try to make the jump from the studio to the screen.
2.2(increase, advance)aumento masculine
- It lets a data center automatically spring into action when, for example, the software spies a sudden jump in transaction volumes or a surge in email usage.
- Clearly, he is more concerned about short-term price jumps than the long-term costs of not acting to slow global warming.
- He predicted that the biggest jump in prices would come at the lower end of the market.
- We just found out the other day that gross domestic product rose 3.8 percent, a huge jump.
- The figures showed a big jump in the number of people doing two-year job-related " foundation degrees".
- Still, there are some signs that may indicate a problem, such as a sudden jump in portfolio turnover, a measure of trading activity.
- The State has seen a massive jump in cases of the sexually transmitted infection Chlamydia.
- The 68 per cent jump in profits is based on strong revenue growth and the introduction of new routes.
- The economy added 2.23m jobs last year, the largest gain since 1999, contributing to a jump in consumer confidence.
- The study blamed rapidly expanding road networks and a sharp increase in flights for the dramatic jump in air, noise and light pollution in the past decade.
- It is true, of course, that when the nation's industrial capacity is all being used, a sudden jump in military spending will create inflation.
- The rise, which followed a jump of 0.9 per cent in February, puts the average cost of a house at £149,800.
- Inflation in the UK took a sudden upward jump last month, rising to an annual rate of 2.6%.
- The central bank has noted that overall inflation has been higher than expected, due mainly to a jump in gasoline prices.
- The uplift in the figures came from international lending, which saw a 68 per cent jump in profits.
- The increase reflected the biggest jump in consumer spending in a year.
- In the north west currency devaluation has led to a huge jump in the price of imported rice.
- After a sharp jump upward in April 2003, the index stabilized and then strengthened further toward the end of the year.
- Visa says it saw a 26 percent jump in online spending.
- By December, however, U.S. industrial production had posted its biggest jump in four years, and companies were hiring again.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.