In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(living)sustento masculinemanutención feminineI pay them something toward her keep — contribuyo con algo para su manutención
- At least this way they pay for their crimes and contribute something towards the cost of their keep.
- Occasionally. in those days, some would be paid a wage but mostly they would work for their keep and a little pocket money.
- Many men returned to work on the mills every season for many years as they got a regular wage and their keep.
- They had their pay and their keep and were given a quarter of a sheep to take home to feed their families.
- If they were, then they would have been earning their keep and fending for themselves, like everyone else is supposed to do.
- People like us who did without to own our house as a legacy for our children have our home taken off us if we have to go into care to pay for our keep.
- For 10 shillings a week, plus his keep, Trevor worked on the moor where Mr Middlemiss had moor rights.
- That is why Greatwood is appealing for people to adopt one of the retired racehorses and contribute towards the cost of its keep.
2(in castle, fortress)torre del homenaje feminine
- Even the gateways leading into old keeps and castles don't escape the over-enthusiasm of some amateur restorers.
- She had been stuck in that horrible keep for the last four years of her life.
- This Great Hall was the social centre for the inhabitants of the inner keep.
- Whereas motte and bailey castles were surrounded by a wooden fence, the stone keeps could rely on outer walls made of stone (curtain walls).
- Manors and even small keeps abound in the highlands, not tourist attractions but still noble family estates.
- In stone keep castles, keeps were much higher than any other part of the castle.
- The keep in stone encircled from the full water ditch that we see today was built at this time.
- Kids will love the medieval keep, with its spiral staircases, and dim lighting.
- It is crowned with a stone shell keep of about 1300, which replaced a timber predecessor.
- In a few places great stone keeps were begun, best known of which is the Tower of London.
- The never completed keep is a great round tower divided by a moat from the inner curtain that curves inward to avoid it.
- Its most remarkable feature is that the large keep is itself protected by further curtain walls.
1.1(ticket/receipt) (not throw away) guardar(receipt/ticket) (not throw away) conservar(not give back) quedarse con(not lose) conservaris this old pan worth keeping? — ¿vale la pena guardar este cacharro?
- keep the change — quédese (con) el cambio
- he can't keep a job — es incapaz de mantener / conservar un trabajo
- you can keep the book — puedes quedarte (con) el libro
- keep it, I don't need it — quédate con él / quédatelo, no lo necesito
- he kept his mental faculties to the end — conservó sus facultades mentales hasta el final
- she's kept her looks — se ha conservado bien
- you can keep your lousy job! — ¡se puede guardar su porquería de trabajo!
- can you keep the number in your head? — ¿puedes retener el número?
- And in return the councils can keep a share of the extra revenue raised through business tax to spend in their areas.
- They may agree to match or better the quote in order to keep your business.
- Mr Taylor said Brown had told him it was a new year so he intended to stay out of trouble and to keep his job.
- Are you keeping a reserve of under-worked staff on roll to tap into, in the event of an upswing?
- Do you think it is appropriate to keep skeletons for future scientific work?
- Even so, advisers recommend taking photographs of valuable possessions and keeping receipts for as many things as possible.
- I have a wife and one-year old baby that I have to provide for, and right now that means keeping my third-shift convenience store job.
- Key to overturning Labour's landslides was to remain the party willing to allow people to keep more of their own money.
- Allotment gardeners who won their fight to keep their rented plots may now bid to buy them outright.
- Some messages are important and need to be kept for future reference.
- There will also be a wide range of high quality locally produced crafts, great to keep or to give as gifts!
- He then ordered two cheese burgers and a cola, gave me all his money, and told me to keep the change.
- Good time to drink, he thought, heading to the bar, and leaving Ada to keep a table by the dance floor.
- She must have loved him very much as she kept every diary and letter he wrote from 1906 until he died.
- If she keeps her seat at the local elections, she will be made mayor on May 17, with her husband Mike as Mayor's Consort.
- This powder can be kept for long periods of time and is taken along on a journey.
- The office has also had trouble keeping multicultural admissions officers more than two years.
- I check to see what the best rates are and challenge my lender to keep my business by giving me a better deal.
- Most tax advisers recommend keeping copies of your returns and supporting documents for at least six years.
- The fact that they were twice baked and very dry meant that they could be kept for long periods and were well adapted for use by travellers.
- Ultimately though, Edwards had just too much speed and he kept his composure to win the day and the season.
- I had trouble keeping my balance because I had an open soda pop can in my hands so I had to go slower.
- How do some of these individuals keep their positions of employment I wonder?
- She added that the 150000 that was set aside in the estimates should be kept in reserve for phase two.
- He is having trouble keeping his charges' attention while she bobs and weaves in the background.
- And on the following Friday night, they kept their nerve to win a hugely-physical dogfight.
- It seems people love to hoard them and keep them for the future.
- If I'd kept the house for just 3 more years it would have doubled in price.
- Less data is being deleted and more data is being kept for longer periods of time.
- Then with a patronizing tone they tell me that I can keep the change.
- Regular use of bronchodilators should therefore be avoided and should be kept in reserve for breakthrough wheezing.
- I hope someone is planning to keep this stuff for future historians.
- The records belong to the city and are kept in trust for future generations.
- Three crops a year are harvested to provide enough rice for the population, and the government keeps surpluses stored for times of drought.
- Other ‘surplus money’ was being kept aside for classroom improvements, said Mr Jackson.
1.2(to look after, to reserve)guardarto keep sth (for sb) — guardar(le) algo (a algn)
- could you keep my place for a moment? — ¿me podrías guardar el sitio un momento?
- they kept his job for him — le guardaron el puesto
- They also kept sheep, goats and cattle to add milk, butter, cheese and meat to their diet.
- He had to cycle seven miles each way to the land where the sheep were kept.
- Mr England decided to convert the barn when the pressures on farming forced him to give up keeping pigs at his holding two years ago.
- He said Beale was now keeping chickens and pigs, of which there had been no complaints, as well as growing strawberries.
- He also wants a proper pony track and stables for the local boys to keep their horses.
- Because of the presence of the tsetse fly, large animals such as cattle and goats are not kept.
- I remember a time when every farmer kept a pig or two for their own use.
- Most of his cattle, however, he keeps for milk production.
- The foundation provides homes for retired racehorses and keeps horses at farms in ten states, including Kentucky, Florida, and New York.
- To increase his income, he kept sheep and cows, did spinning and acted as a labourer when other farmers needed help.
- I know several families who keep a couple of horses each so that they can hunt during the season.
- Although it is true to say that keeping pigs as pets has been extremely popular, there are not as many pet pigs around at the moment according to a pig organisation.
- Twenty or so acres can be useful for keeping horses or ponies and does carry a certain prestige.
- The fox hunters' problem is that, because keeping a horse is a pretty expensive activity, they were always seen as some sort of financial elite.
- She has kept her horse, Callie, which is the first she has owned, at the stables since September.
- But the RSPCA and other leading animal welfare groups advise people not to keep exotic pets.
- On the other side of the village is the Exmoor Falconry and Animal Farm, which not only keeps birds of prey and Shetland ponies but also has meerkats, a couple of kookaburras, and a llama.
- The animal bones indicated that large quantities of sheep were kept, with some cattle and pig.
- It is an active farm which keeps sheep, goats and pigs and produces cork and honey.
- He keeps pigs, cattle and sheep and does not look after the animals himself, contracting out all the mucky work.
2.1(to store, to put customarily)guardarwhere do you keep the coffee? — ¿dónde guardas / tienes el café?
- [ S ]keep in a cool place — conservar en lugar fresco
- Saddles were carefully kept in a spare stall and bridles were precisely suspended in the correct places.
- Mr Caswell kept some furniture and clothing at the flat but did not live there.
- The other guys in your unit keep pinching your bike for odd jobs throughout the day, and you wouldn't mind keeping it stored underneath a desk.
- National service is compulsory and all adult males are members of the Army Reserve, keeping a rifle at home.
- She pulled and guided her horse to the barn where the saddles were kept, moving swiftly as she worked.
- If luck was needed, Stewart had that covered, too, courtesy of his mascot Fred - a toy skeleton that he kept in his glove bag.
- It would appear that somebody knew he kept money in his house.
- Bags are a girl's best friend, allowing women to keep their must-have possessions close at hand.
- A second briefcase was kept under the White House in a secret bunker in case of nuclear attack.
- Everyone else decided to lounge around the living room where the beautiful sofas were kept.
- The letters, totalling 52 pages, were found in the west of Ireland about 30 years ago and kept in a safe ever since.
- Plants kept on the windowsill will benefit from hardening off before they are planted out.
- It's usually kept on one particular shelf, but when he asked me for it, I looked, and it was gone.
- This manuscript is on the shelf where only books by family members are kept.
- The books are lovingly maintained, and kept on shelves behind a protective screen.
- Frustratingly for the family it was the first time they had stored the bikes inside the shed after previously keeping them inside the house.
- Spread your possessions about - keep your money and mobile phone separate.
- An intricately carved wooden table is kept in between the plush sofas.
- If the fern is planted in a pot and kept in semi shade or even in a place where it gets some more sunlight, you will soon find the plant spreading around.
- A key safe is a secure box, opened by keying in a secret number, that is kept outside your house.
2.2(to have available)tenerI like to keep a first-aid kit in the car — me gusta tener un botiquín en el coche
2.3British (to stock)tenervenderwe keep several kinds of tea — tenemos / vendemos varios tipos de té
3.1(to reserve for future use)guardardejarkeep some for later — guarda / deja algo para después
- The nice thing about ginger is that it keeps well.
- The mix keeps for two to three months at room temperature.
- This product does not keep, and is mainly produced in the autumn and winter.
- The batter keeps in the fridge for up to a month; when you're ready to enjoy, just pour it into a tin, bake and you've got a hot muffin in about 25 minutes.
- Pasta will keep for months in the cupboard.
- It keeps very well if stood upright in a jug containing a little water, and refrigerated.
- Shelf life varies from product to product, but most items will keep, if stored properly, for a minimum of one month.
4.1(to manage)(shop/guesthouse/stall) tener
- Roger, of course, would rather take care of her and keep the shop, but puts on a cheerful face.
- Isaura and her husband kept a grocery nearby, and they often stayed there late in the evenings.
- Jeremy had often told her that her father had been a merchant who kept shop near the barracks.
- Little Nell Trent lives in the gloomy atmosphere of the old curiosity shop kept by her grandfather, whom she tends with devotion.
- Tucked in a bazaar along a grimy street, he keeps a shop about the size of a toolshed.
4.2(to raise)(chickens/bees/pigs) criar
4.3(to have)(servants) tener
- He worked hard to keep his family - like everybody else.
- All the families of the O'Reilly's Club kept a player each in their home, cooked for them and looked after them well.
- It describes a man who has done everything he possibly can to save his job and keep his family in the way that they have expected to live.
- My mother had to sell me as she could not afford to keep me any longer.
- Mrs. Brown had been unable to keep her children and had given her two little girls away.
5.1(to support)(family/household) mantenerhe keeps a mistress — mantiene a una amante
- can you keep her in the manner / style to which she is accustomed? — ¿puedes darle la vida a la que está acostumbrada?
5.2archaic (to protect)guardar dated
- Traditional values are so perverted by slavery that Sethe is driven to murder her own daughter to keep her from slavery's horrors.
- We have spent almost 16 years keeping her from harm and helping her grow and now we have to sit back and watch this person come in and abuse her.
- You gave him a good life and kept him from pain.
- We would do anything to keep them from danger.
5.3(to maintain)she keeps a diary — escribe / lleva un diario
- I've kept a note / record of everything — lo tengo todo anotado
6.1(to cause to remain, to continue)mantenerI kept dinner hot for him — le mantuve la cena caliente
- try and keep it clean/tidy — trata de mantenerlo limpio/ordenado
- keep her informed — manténla al tanto
- the noise kept me awake — el ruido no me dejó dormir
- keep him awake — no dejes que se duerma
- to keep sb/sth -ing
- keep your letters coming — sigan enviando cartas
- he kept the engine running — mantuvo el motor en marcha
- try and keep him talking — procura que siga hablando
- She will also need some reassurance that in future she will be kept safe and that such an event will not repeat itself.
- She smiled graciously and said, ‘I mustn't keep you’ and she was gone.
- She keeps the house clean and beautifully arranged.
- ‘I don't want to keep you,’ she apologized. ‘Guess you'd best get outside.’
- His condition became so bad he had to be kept alive on a ventilator.
- The wardens would also have had a general duty of care to keep the area clear of litter to help improve the look of the site.
- But for some prisoners a good book can be the only thing keeping them sane.
- The beaches are always kept in a pristine condition by the many vendors who are there to look after all your needs.
- Food that needs to be kept fresh can be stored in containers too, meaning less plastic wrap or foil is needed.
- Bella didn't know what to say to that, so she kept silent.
- The miracle of modern medicine may keep a loved one alive despite a terminal condition.
- No longer can they depend upon their mother to feed them or protect them, or keep them warm.
- You must be quick, and not keep me long.
- The thick layer of leaves keeps the ground relatively wet, so Bob usually waits until June to plow the leaves under and then plant hay.
- The cemetery has been kept in excellent condition over the past number of years and it is hoped that this will be the case again this year.
- The exact location of the cave will be kept secret to protect the art, which is in pristine condition.
- For security reasons, however, the exact location of the deposits is kept secret for the time being.
- More hybrids are expected in the near future and competition should keep prices realistic.
- We have to do what needs to be done in order to keep our secrets safe.
- It was used in the days before refrigerators to keep food cool and store ice blocks gathered in winter.
- The continuing cold weather has kept mildew levels very low.
- He cannot even walk on his own and he is barely kept alive by a variety of mechanical devices.
- Keeping all his constituents happy is an all but impossible task.
6.2(to detain)don't let me keep you — no te quiero entretener
- what kept you? — ¿por qué tardaste?
- she was kept in hospital — la dejaron ingresada
- they kept me at the police station for hours — me tuvieron horas en la comisaría
- the teacher kept me after school — la maestra me hizo quedar después de clase / me dejó castigado
7(to adhere to)(vow/promise) cumplirshe didn't keep the appointment — faltó a la cita
- We are free and tolerant in our private lives, but in public affairs we keep the law.
- The men will not be allowed to leave the remote centre and must also keep a vow of complete silence for six months.
- The Gentiles or unbeliever is able to keep the moral law because they are made in the image of God.
- The company kept its pledge to launch the services which will allow always-on internet access of over mobile handsets by the end of the year.
- Four years after a South Yorkshire council was blasted for failing to work on stopping benefit fraud, it has come under fire again for not keeping its promises to improve.
- How far am I expected to travel so you can say you kept your promise?
- Even as she said it, she knew that she could not guarantee herself that she would keep that oath.
- This is the work not of months, but of years and keeping these commitments is essential to our future security.
- We've made foolish promises, and it wouldn't be right to overburden those future younger workers by keeping them.
- Every week religious Jews observe the Sabbath, the Jewish holy day, and keep its laws and customs.
- Among ourselves, we keep the law but when we are operating in the jungle, we must also use the laws of the jungle.
- They were redeemed, not because they kept the law but because they received the promise.
- Our experience in Ireland is that the only thing that really works in terms of drivers keeping the law is fear.
- So for instance, the lyre bird is the storyteller of the bush, not only because it doesn't have a voice of its own, but because it keeps the law.
- However, if he also keeps the commitment to buy new helicopters from Eurocopter, this will mean that in a couple of years Bulgaria will have 36 machines.
- She can leave home only to get to her office job, to keep legal or health appointments.
- We have kept that tradition for 1,600 years and we should be proud of it, he added.
- An irregular churchgoer before September, the woman who prayed for a miracle and got one is now keeping her end of the bargain.
- He represents a party that is short on policy, short on commitment, and seriously short on keeping any promises that it made during the election.
- If they kept these laws they were going to be victorious and happy in their promised land.
- According to my teachers, only Catholics who kept the commandments had a real shot at Heaven.
- ‘This is about keeping a commitment, delivering promises and being true to our convictions,’ he said.
- It also results from engineers being conscientious people who are serious about keeping their commitments.
- We are not saved by keeping the law, or by doing good works, or by adhering to church doctrine.
- Because no one keeps the whole Law, everyone who lives by the Law must be under a curse.
- For Pharisees, holiness was achieved, in part, by rigorously keeping the law.
- Thus far we have seen only part of what he meant when he said that Christians should keep the whole law.
- Such a man obeys my commands and carefully keeps my laws.
- We wanted to find out whether Britain and the West are keeping the pledges we made.
- She was accused of failing to keep her promise to work with the aviation industry to improve the choice of destinations.
- You took an oath to defend the nation, and you kept that oath overseas and under fire.
- For all these years, I kept my promise and never looked into the box under our bed.
- Meanwhile, the budget at the club has been slashed and the manager left because pledges were not kept.
- Smaller, lighter and faster, it keeps the tradition of luxury.
- Paul and the Jesus of the gospels reject the belief that keeping the Jewish law is necessary for salvation.
- He thought that to be ‘good’ he had to keep the rules and respect the law of God.
- When we think of observing the law, of keeping the commandments, it is the will that first comes to mind.
- Catherine always said that if she won the prize she would take her mother with her, so she has kept her promise.
- Pharmaceutical companies now had to keep their promises and negotiate honestly, she said.
- We can dedicate more resources to keep our traditions that might be lost otherwise.
8(to observe, to celebrate)celebrarReligion guardar
- Some kept all the Holy Days and some kept only Passover.
- They were once so numerous that the town kept the feast of St Crispin on October 25, patron saint of cobblers.
- Not once in the New Testament are we told to keep the Sabbath.
1(to stay, to remain)mantenerseto keep fit — mantenerse en forma / en buen estado físico
- to keep awake — no dormirse
- can't you keep quiet? — ¿no te puedes estar callado?
- keep still! — ¡estáte quieto! / ¡quédate quieto!
- it's important to keep calm — es importante mantener la calma
- keep calm! — ¡tranquilo!
- he kept silent — no dijo nada
- it will keep fresh for several days — se mantiene fresco unos cuantos días
2.1(to continue)seguirkeep on this road — siga por esta carretera
- keep left/right — siga por la izquierda/derecha
- to keep -ing — seguir + ger
- keep talking/running — sigue hablando/corriendo
- you have to keep trying — tienes que seguir intentándolo
- we should have just kept going — deberíamos haber seguido (adelante)
2.2(repeatedly)she keeps hitting me — no deja de pegarme
- he keeps interfering — está continuamente entrometiéndose
- I keep thinking it's Tuesday today — me ha dado por pensar que hoy es martes
- I keep forgetting to bring it — nunca me acuerdo / siempre me olvido de traerlo
3.1(food) conservarse (fresco)it won't keep in this heat — no se va a conservar (fresco) / se va a echar a perder con este calor
- this cake will keep for several months — este pastel se conserva / se puede guardar muchos meses
3.2(news/matter) esperarI have something to tell you — will it keep till later? — tengo algo que decirte — ¿puede esperar a más tarde?
3.3informal (to be in certain state of health)how are you keeping? — ¿qué tal estás? informal
- I hope she's keeping well — espero que siga / esté / ande bien
- We have all been keeping well.
- My mother did not keep very good health, so we had a charwoman who came in to do the cleaning.
- Mother kept very unwell the greater part of the way.
- For a man who spends so much time in the gym and out on the golf course, he contrives to keep remarkably poor health.
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