In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(sound)golpe masculinemasculine golpeteomasculine cascabeleo Latin AmericaI heard a knock at the door — oí que llamaron a la puerta
- he gave a couple of knocks before entering — tocó (a la puerta) un par de veces antes de entrar
- give me a knock when you're ready — da un golpe en la puerta cuando estés listo
- About two minutes later, there was a short knock at the cabin door.
- Petrol fuels contain a host of additives to enhance octane rating, lower engine knock and counteract water.
- She was gazing into the mirror, not really paying attention to the task at hand when a knock sounded at the door.
- There was a loud, hard knock at the door.
- She must have dozed off, because the sound of a knock at the door made her nearly jump a foot in the air.
- All of a sudden there was a knock at the front door.
- At half-past six on the dot, a knock sounded on the door.
- When added to gasoline in minute amounts, tetraethyl lead prevents engine knock and increases the gasoline's octane rating.
- He opened his mouth to speak but was interrupted by a sudden knock at the door.
- She was walking towards her bedroom when a knock sounded on the door.
- He smiled and leaned down to kiss her, frowning as a sudden knock sounded on the door.
- He heard another knock and the soft sound of a doorknob being turned.
- Justin heard loud knocks coming from the front door.
- He nearly jumped out of his skin when the knock sounded at the door.
- As Willow was about to speak, a loud knock sounded on the door.
- There was a sudden knock at the door, the noise seemingly unnatural and loud in the silence that I had gotten accustomed to in the past half-hour.
- A sharp knock sounded at the door, interrupting their conversation.
- This is used to determine when to adjust ignition timing to control knock. - CAS
- Lucas oil Octane Booster eliminates spark knocks, pinging, and dieseling while promoting clean fuel burn for fewer emissions and better mileage.
- It was already very late into the night and Rosalind was beginning to doze off in her chair by the window when a sudden knock at the door startled her out of sleep.
- The sound of a knock at the door woke him from his reverie, and he walked quickly downstairs.
- I jumped as a sharp knock sounded at my door.
- There was another knock, this time louder, then the sound of the door opening.
- In the 1920s, lead was added to petrol, and this addition allowed vehicles to reach higher speeds without engine knock.
- There was no reply, just another knock, louder than the first.
2(blow)golpe masculineI got a knock on the head — me di un golpe en la cabeza
- A player just took a hard knock to the head and is lying on the field.
- Since one wall was completely knocked down two weeks ago, two more knocks have left the other cracked and weakened.
- Gashes and knocks that would put a professional footballer out of action for weeks tend to be shrugged off.
- He suffered a bad knock on the head in the second half.
- While the shell does protect the phone's internal components from everyday knocks and bumps, it is not waterproof, merely water resistant.
- He bent over a little and rubbed his head, it was already throbbing from before so another knock didn't make him feel any better.
- The bumps, jarring and knocks can damage the helmet.
- At no stage during the match could he recall having sustained a knock to his head.
- The Rams' only other injury worry is over Chris Clarke, who took a knock to a leg during the game at Flixton.
- This time his injury was as a result of an accidental knock to his head as he was laying on a tackle.
- Head guards and helmets protect the skull and the brain from injuries caused by knocks to the head during sports and greatly reduce the risk of serious head injuries.
- As the blood supply for the scalp is so good, any knock received tends to bleed profusely resulting in blood everywhere and bruising as a result.
- Of course with football being a very physical game there were always plenty of knocks to be taken, some leading to injuries and lay-offs.
- Jonathan Smith is expected to undergo a fitness test after sustaining a knock to his knee on Sunday.
- Chelsea could be without William Gallas, who suffered a knock against Villa.
- At present, an estimated three million people in the UK suffer from the condition, which weakens the skeleton so that a simple knock can snap a bone.
- The front wings are plastic and can withstand 15 km/h knocks without damage which reduces repairs.
- No matter how well you drive, with such tight racing and constant jostling for places it is inevitable that you will incur a few bumps and knocks along the way.
- One swift knock to the head knocked the guy out, and we left.
- Bumps and knocks to the head are quite common, particularly among children.
3.1informal (setback)golpe masculinehe has taken a lot of knocks in his time — le han dado / ha recibido muchos golpes en la vida
- the company has taken some bad knocks recently — la compañía ha tenido serios reveses últimamente
- There are enough hard knocks and challenges in life without us deliberately providing them for each other.
- Scotland has become a harsher place and our image as a tolerant and open minded nation has taken a severe knock.
- But this appeal has suffered two huge knocks of late.
- Hovingham's chances of lifting the divisional trophy took a knock when they suffered a shock defeat at Clifton Alliance.
- I've suffered a lot of knocks over the years, but I've survived them.
- As the weeks passed, it became ever harder to make ends meet and a £140 servicing for Vivienne's car was a severe knock.
- We're big enough to take the knocks when they're due, but is it so unthinkable sometimes to recognise and celebrate success?
- In a nutshell, I hadn't suffered the same hard knocks and had little chance of knowing what was really important in life.
- He seems like the kind of guy who has lived life and taken a few hard knocks along the way.
- Steeton saw their chance of promotion from Division One take a severe knock when they were beaten 2-1 at Ardsley Celtic.
- The party has taken greater knocks in its history than this minor set-back.
- In the past couple of years, profits at many companies have taken a severe knock.
- From Australia's point of view, having got so close and then losing was a big knock.
- After the knock suffered by the industry last year because of the Foot and Mouth crisis, tourism operators were hoping for rather better luck this year.
3.2informal (criticism)crítica femininepalo masculine informalshe's taken a lot of knocks from the critics — los críticos le han dado muchos palos informal
- This is no knock against Lucas, who does a fine job in his short scenes, but it is a structural problem that the film does not entirely solve.
- The only knock is he lacks experience against elite-level competition.
- In recent seasons, the FA Cup has taken a few knocks from the critics, but in my eyes there is still a lot of magic associated with the competition.
- If they want to get ahead, Ms McIntosh says, women have to be prepared to develop thick skins, and the confidence to take the knocks and criticism that go with a high-powered job.
1(strike, push)to knock one's head/knee on/against sth — darse (un golpe) en la cabeza/rodilla con/contra algo
- she knocked my elbow — me dio (un golpe) en el codo
- to knock a nail into the wall/a peg into the ground — clavar un clavo en la pared/una estaca en la tierra
- knock the nail in a bit further — clava / mete el clavo un poco más
- she knocked the vase off the shelf — tiró el jarrón de la repisa
- to knock sb to the ground — tumbar a algn
- he was knocked to the ground by the blast/blow — la explosión/el golpe lo tiró al suelo / lo tumbó
- to knock the bottom out of a box — desfondar una caja
- she knocked the glass out of his hand — le hizo caer el vaso de la mano
- to knock holes in sth — agujerear algo
- they knocked a large hole in the wall — hicieron un gran boquete en la pared
- the two rooms were knocked into one — tiraron la pared (abajo) para unir las dos habitaciones
- the blow knocked her unconscious — el golpe la dejó inconsciente
2informal(criticize)criticarhablar mal de
- That's because whenever they do, they never offer any praise, they will just jump straight in and start knocking what I've done.
- He sounded a little disappointed to hear that they were all knocking thirty.
- I'm not knocking the company, but it's going to be too small for institutional investors.
- So stop knocking the town you live in and be proud of what we have and what has been achieved here.
- Overall, I'm not bad for a man knocking 60.
- It's hard to knock this decision in political terms, and it has a defensible legal rationale.
- It is hard to knock a man with such charisma and unswerving comic timing, but anyone having had the pleasure of seeing him on stage before would have been disappointed at the lack of new material.
- He was raised to think he's the greatest by his parents, who wanted to instill a strong sense of self in him, so it's hard to knock him for his attitude.
- We had a fair amount of possession and worked hard, I can't knock the commitment.
- Critics knock the X3 for its austere interior, but most BMWs tend toward the spartan.
1(on door)llamargolpear Latin Americatocar Latin Americashe went in without knocking — entró sin llamar
- to knock on / at the door — llamar a la puerta
- He first learned that a newspaper was on to him when his former mistress interrupted a dinner with a colleague to tell him the News Of The World had been knocking at her door.
- Amy and I waited until I got sick and tired of waiting, and knocked lightly on the window.
- Motorists who somehow believe fines will go away if they are ignored will regret their action when bailiffs come knocking at the door.
- Her thoughts were interrupted when she heard Steve softly knock at the door before he came in.
- She went to Mark's apartment and knocked on the door.
- Elena knocked, straightening her suit coat, smoothing her hair.
- I had just flatly refused to talk to anybody for a few days but Beverly came knocking at my door.
- Jim hung his coat on a peg in the waiting area and walked over to the door, knocking quietly as he opened it.
- When they approached and knocked on the bathroom door, they heard scuffling and the toilet flushing.
- Competitors from the Asian neighborhood are already knocking at Korea's door.
- A drunk guy had spilled his drink on me and I wanted to wash my shirt so I barged in without knocking.
- After a moment, he knocked louder, trying to compete with the noise.
- He knocked lightly at the door but there was no answer.
- The Slovenian driver was asleep in his cab when he was woken by a man knocking on the window.
- Tash was ready and waiting when David knocked at her door and ushered her into a waiting taxi.
- ‘Next time knock before you come in’ I muttered, my face still beet red as I dried the plates.
- He knocked gently on the door, drawing the attention of every person in the room.
- I sort of blinked, decided I was dreaming again - I often dream there's someone ringing or knocking at the door - and drifted back to sleep.
- There was no noise from inside, so she knocked loudly.
- He knocks loudly at the door, and it swings open with a ponderous creak.
- Cameron knocked twice, and the unfamiliar face of Jason Phillips appeared behind a large oak door.
2(collide)to knock against/into sb/sth — darse / chocar contra algn/algo
- I almost knocked into her — por poco choqué con ella
- Most of that evening was pretty much a blur, except I do remember when Adam knocked my elbow by mistake and made me spill a drink all over myself.
- About five of the guys sneered at me while the others ‘accidentally’ knocked into my side.
- You might accidentally knock heads with your partner.
- The window suddenly swung open inside, the frame knocking him hard on the chin and sending him sprawling on his back.
- As she stepped forward a couple of younger boys came pounding down the sidewalk and both knocked into her, sending her falling backwards towards the street.
3(engine) golpetear(engine) cascabelear Latin America
- This premature ignition (called knocking or pinging) lowers the power output and can damage the engine.
- The only time you should consider using a higher-octane gas is if your engine starts to knock or ping.
- While driving your car, you can also listen to the engine: if you hear knocking, it's a good sign that you have trouble.
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