In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(sound)golpe masculinemasculine golpeteomasculine cascabeleo Latin AmericaI heard a knock at the door — oí que llamaron a la puerta
- he gave a couple of knocks before entering — llamó (a la puerta) un par de veces antes de entrar
- give me a knock when you're ready — da un golpe en la puerta cuando estés listo
- There was another knock, this time louder, then the sound of the door opening.
- When added to gasoline in minute amounts, tetraethyl lead prevents engine knock and increases the gasoline's octane rating.
- This is used to determine when to adjust ignition timing to control knock. - CAS
- As Willow was about to speak, a loud knock sounded on the door.
- About two minutes later, there was a short knock at the cabin door.
- He opened his mouth to speak but was interrupted by a sudden knock at the door.
- He nearly jumped out of his skin when the knock sounded at the door.
- All of a sudden there was a knock at the front door.
- She was walking towards her bedroom when a knock sounded on the door.
- He heard another knock and the soft sound of a doorknob being turned.
- The sound of a knock at the door woke him from his reverie, and he walked quickly downstairs.
- Petrol fuels contain a host of additives to enhance octane rating, lower engine knock and counteract water.
- In the 1920s, lead was added to petrol, and this addition allowed vehicles to reach higher speeds without engine knock.
- I jumped as a sharp knock sounded at my door.
- There was a sudden knock at the door, the noise seemingly unnatural and loud in the silence that I had gotten accustomed to in the past half-hour.
- There was no reply, just another knock, louder than the first.
- Lucas oil Octane Booster eliminates spark knocks, pinging, and dieseling while promoting clean fuel burn for fewer emissions and better mileage.
- There was a loud, hard knock at the door.
- It was already very late into the night and Rosalind was beginning to doze off in her chair by the window when a sudden knock at the door startled her out of sleep.
- She was gazing into the mirror, not really paying attention to the task at hand when a knock sounded at the door.
- She must have dozed off, because the sound of a knock at the door made her nearly jump a foot in the air.
- A sharp knock sounded at the door, interrupting their conversation.
- At half-past six on the dot, a knock sounded on the door.
- He smiled and leaned down to kiss her, frowning as a sudden knock sounded on the door.
- Justin heard loud knocks coming from the front door.
2(blow)golpe masculineI got a knock on the head — me di un golpe en la cabeza
- No matter how well you drive, with such tight racing and constant jostling for places it is inevitable that you will incur a few bumps and knocks along the way.
- Jonathan Smith is expected to undergo a fitness test after sustaining a knock to his knee on Sunday.
- He suffered a bad knock on the head in the second half.
- The front wings are plastic and can withstand 15 km/h knocks without damage which reduces repairs.
- The Rams' only other injury worry is over Chris Clarke, who took a knock to a leg during the game at Flixton.
- Chelsea could be without William Gallas, who suffered a knock against Villa.
- As the blood supply for the scalp is so good, any knock received tends to bleed profusely resulting in blood everywhere and bruising as a result.
- The bumps, jarring and knocks can damage the helmet.
- At present, an estimated three million people in the UK suffer from the condition, which weakens the skeleton so that a simple knock can snap a bone.
- Since one wall was completely knocked down two weeks ago, two more knocks have left the other cracked and weakened.
- He bent over a little and rubbed his head, it was already throbbing from before so another knock didn't make him feel any better.
- Of course with football being a very physical game there were always plenty of knocks to be taken, some leading to injuries and lay-offs.
- Head guards and helmets protect the skull and the brain from injuries caused by knocks to the head during sports and greatly reduce the risk of serious head injuries.
- Bumps and knocks to the head are quite common, particularly among children.
- While the shell does protect the phone's internal components from everyday knocks and bumps, it is not waterproof, merely water resistant.
- One swift knock to the head knocked the guy out, and we left.
- This time his injury was as a result of an accidental knock to his head as he was laying on a tackle.
- Gashes and knocks that would put a professional footballer out of action for weeks tend to be shrugged off.
- At no stage during the match could he recall having sustained a knock to his head.
- A player just took a hard knock to the head and is lying on the field.
3.1informal (setback)golpe masculinehe has taken a lot of knocks in his time — le han dado / ha recibido muchos golpes en la vida
- the company has taken some bad knocks recently — la compañía ha tenido serios reveses últimamente
- There are enough hard knocks and challenges in life without us deliberately providing them for each other.
- He seems like the kind of guy who has lived life and taken a few hard knocks along the way.
- After the knock suffered by the industry last year because of the Foot and Mouth crisis, tourism operators were hoping for rather better luck this year.
- Scotland has become a harsher place and our image as a tolerant and open minded nation has taken a severe knock.
- The party has taken greater knocks in its history than this minor set-back.
- From Australia's point of view, having got so close and then losing was a big knock.
- I've suffered a lot of knocks over the years, but I've survived them.
- In the past couple of years, profits at many companies have taken a severe knock.
- In a nutshell, I hadn't suffered the same hard knocks and had little chance of knowing what was really important in life.
- Steeton saw their chance of promotion from Division One take a severe knock when they were beaten 2-1 at Ardsley Celtic.
- As the weeks passed, it became ever harder to make ends meet and a £140 servicing for Vivienne's car was a severe knock.
- We're big enough to take the knocks when they're due, but is it so unthinkable sometimes to recognise and celebrate success?
- Hovingham's chances of lifting the divisional trophy took a knock when they suffered a shock defeat at Clifton Alliance.
- But this appeal has suffered two huge knocks of late.
3.2informal (criticism)crítica femininepalo masculine informalshe's taken a lot of knocks from the critics — los críticos la han vapuleado mucho
- The only knock is he lacks experience against elite-level competition.
- In recent seasons, the FA Cup has taken a few knocks from the critics, but in my eyes there is still a lot of magic associated with the competition.
- If they want to get ahead, Ms McIntosh says, women have to be prepared to develop thick skins, and the confidence to take the knocks and criticism that go with a high-powered job.
- This is no knock against Lucas, who does a fine job in his short scenes, but it is a structural problem that the film does not entirely solve.
1(strike, push)to knock one's head/knee on/against sth — darse (un golpe) en la cabeza/rodilla con/contra algo
- she knocked my elbow — me dio (un golpe) en el codo
- to knock a nail into the wall/a peg into the ground — clavar un clavo en la pared/una estaca en la tierra
- knock the nail in a bit further — clava / mete el clavo un poco más
- she knocked the vase off the shelf — tiró el jarrón de la repisa
- to knock sb to the ground — tirar a algn al suelo
- he was knocked to the ground by the blast/blow — la explosión/el golpe lo tiró al suelo / lo tumbó
- to knock the bottom out of a box — desfondar una caja
- she knocked the glass out of his hand — le hizo caer el vaso de la mano
- to knock holes in sth — hacer agujeros en algo
- they knocked a large hole in the wall — hicieron un gran boquete en la pared
- the two rooms were knocked into one — tiraron la pared (abajo) para unir las dos habitaciones
- the blow knocked her unconscious — el golpe la dejó inconsciente
2informal(criticize)criticarhablar mal de
- It is hard to knock a man with such charisma and unswerving comic timing, but anyone having had the pleasure of seeing him on stage before would have been disappointed at the lack of new material.
- That's because whenever they do, they never offer any praise, they will just jump straight in and start knocking what I've done.
- Critics knock the X3 for its austere interior, but most BMWs tend toward the spartan.
- Overall, I'm not bad for a man knocking 60.
- He was raised to think he's the greatest by his parents, who wanted to instill a strong sense of self in him, so it's hard to knock him for his attitude.
- I'm not knocking the company, but it's going to be too small for institutional investors.
- So stop knocking the town you live in and be proud of what we have and what has been achieved here.
- We had a fair amount of possession and worked hard, I can't knock the commitment.
- It's hard to knock this decision in political terms, and it has a defensible legal rationale.
- He sounded a little disappointed to hear that they were all knocking thirty.
1(on door)llamargolpear Latin Americatocar Latin Americashe went in without knocking — entró sin llamar
- to knock on / at the door — llamar a la puerta
- Competitors from the Asian neighborhood are already knocking at Korea's door.
- Cameron knocked twice, and the unfamiliar face of Jason Phillips appeared behind a large oak door.
- I sort of blinked, decided I was dreaming again - I often dream there's someone ringing or knocking at the door - and drifted back to sleep.
- He first learned that a newspaper was on to him when his former mistress interrupted a dinner with a colleague to tell him the News Of The World had been knocking at her door.
- He knocked lightly at the door but there was no answer.
- ‘Next time knock before you come in’ I muttered, my face still beet red as I dried the plates.
- Her thoughts were interrupted when she heard Steve softly knock at the door before he came in.
- A drunk guy had spilled his drink on me and I wanted to wash my shirt so I barged in without knocking.
- Amy and I waited until I got sick and tired of waiting, and knocked lightly on the window.
- There was no noise from inside, so she knocked loudly.
- He knocks loudly at the door, and it swings open with a ponderous creak.
- I had just flatly refused to talk to anybody for a few days but Beverly came knocking at my door.
- She went to Mark's apartment and knocked on the door.
- Jim hung his coat on a peg in the waiting area and walked over to the door, knocking quietly as he opened it.
- When they approached and knocked on the bathroom door, they heard scuffling and the toilet flushing.
- After a moment, he knocked louder, trying to compete with the noise.
- Elena knocked, straightening her suit coat, smoothing her hair.
- He knocked gently on the door, drawing the attention of every person in the room.
- Motorists who somehow believe fines will go away if they are ignored will regret their action when bailiffs come knocking at the door.
- Tash was ready and waiting when David knocked at her door and ushered her into a waiting taxi.
- The Slovenian driver was asleep in his cab when he was woken by a man knocking on the window.
2(collide)to knock against/into sb/sth — darse / chocar contra algn/algo
- I almost knocked into her — por poco choqué con ella
- About five of the guys sneered at me while the others ‘accidentally’ knocked into my side.
- As she stepped forward a couple of younger boys came pounding down the sidewalk and both knocked into her, sending her falling backwards towards the street.
- Most of that evening was pretty much a blur, except I do remember when Adam knocked my elbow by mistake and made me spill a drink all over myself.
- The window suddenly swung open inside, the frame knocking him hard on the chin and sending him sprawling on his back.
- You might accidentally knock heads with your partner.
3(engine) golpetear(engine) cascabelear Latin America
- While driving your car, you can also listen to the engine: if you hear knocking, it's a good sign that you have trouble.
- The only time you should consider using a higher-octane gas is if your engine starts to knock or ping.
- This premature ignition (called knocking or pinging) lowers the power output and can damage the engine.
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