Translation of know in Spanish:

know

saber, v.

Pronunciation: /nəʊ//noʊ/

transitive verb

  • 1

    • 1.1(have knowledge of, be aware of)

      saber
      I don't know his name/how old he is no sé cómo se llama/cuántos años tiene
      • do you know the words of the song? ¿sabes la letra de la canción?
      • to know sth about sth saber algo de algo
      • to be known to + inf
      • to know to + inf
      • what do you know about that? ¿tú qué sabes de eso?
      • not to know the first thing about sth no saber nada / no tener ni idea de algo
      • he's clever/wrong and he knows it es listo/está equivocado y lo sabe
      • his wife knows it su mujer lo sabe / está enterada
      • I knew it! you've changed your mind! ¡ya sabía yo que ibas a cambiar de idea!
      • I didn't know (that) you had a brother! no sabía que tenías un hermano
      • I know you're upset but ... ya sé que estás disgustado pero ...
      • how was I to know that ... ? ¿cómo iba yo a saber que ... ?
      • I should have known this would happen tenía que haber(me) imaginado que iba a pasar esto
      • I don't know that I agree/that I'll be able to come no sé si estoy de acuerdo/si podré ir
      • I'll have you know that ... has de saber que ...
      • you know as well as I do that ... sabes tan bien como yo que ...
      • I don't know how to put this, but ... no sé cómo decirlo, pero ...
      • I don't know what you mean no sé qué quieres decir
      • you know what he's like ya sabes cómo es (él)
      • before I knew where I was, it was ten o'clock cuando quise acordar, eran las diez
      • it is well known that ... todo el mundo sabe que ...
      • it's not widely known that she also paints poca gente / no todo el mundo sabe que también pinta
      • it soon became known that ... pronto se supo que ...
      • he's known to be dangerous/opposed to the idea se sabe que es peligroso/que se opone a la idea
      • I know her to be a reliable person/a liar me consta que es de fiar/una mentirosa
      • we knew him for a devout man lo teníamos por un hombre devoto
      • I know that for a fact me consta que es así
      • he does know to turn off the gas, doesn't he? sabe que tiene que desconectar el gas ¿no?
      • she knows not to disturb us sabe (muy bien) que no tiene que molestarnos
      • to let sb know sth decirle algo a algn
      • let me know how much it's going to cost dime cuánto va a costar
      • let me know when you're going to arrive avísame cuándo vas a llegar
      • let me know your decision hágame saber / comuníqueme su decisión
      • he let it be known that ... dio a entender que ...
      • to make sth known to sb hacerle saber algo a algn
      • he made it known to us that ... nos hizo saber que ...
      • without our knowing it sin saberlo nosotros
      • there's no knowing what he might do quién sabe qué hará
      • do you know what! ¿sabes qué?
      • I know what: let's go skating! ¡tengo una idea: vayamos a patinar!
      • well, what do you know! ¡qué te parece!
      • maybe she forgot; what / how do I know! ¡(y) yo qué sé, quizá se haya olvidado!
      • he's not very patient — don't I know it! no tiene mucha paciencia — ¡si lo sabré yo!
      • wouldn't you know it: it's starting to rain! ¡no te digo, se ha puesto a llover!
      • not to know which way / where to turn no saber qué hacer
      • to know sth backwards
      • she knows her part backwards (and forwards) se sabe el papel al dedillo / al revés y al derecho
      • Remember to let the kennels or cattery know of any particular feeding or other requirements for your pet.
      • For youngsters struggling with issues like bullying, bereavement and family breakdown, knowing who to turn to once they get to school can be a problem.
      • I have trained hard in the past and I know what it takes in terms of time and energy.
      • She is known to have had a relationship with a homeless man who was wanted by police in connection with a stolen credit card.
      • We bought our house knowing that it would be tight for the first four or five years.
      • I knew there was a Republican Presidential debate in Iowa today, and I'd intended to watch it.
      • Plan your night out, including your journey home, and make sure someone knows where you are and when you will be back
      • Her relationship with her own parents is so close that she feels saddened when she hears other parents saying they don't want to know what their children are up to.
      • She said the bus companies knew that customers were very aware of green issues and clean fuel.
      • Without that sort of information, firefighters have no way of knowing what is happening inside a building.
      • However, it is worth knowing what symptoms to look for.
      • She is now growing increasingly concerned and wants anyone who may know of his whereabouts to get in contact.
      • Let it be clear from here on in that I know absolutely nothing about how cars work.
      • I decided to go down to the company and found other people in the same situation demanding to know what was going on.
      • It's strange but just knowing that ‘someone’ out there cares helps, even if it's someone I've never met.
      • My brothers and I used to get letters and I probably still would if she knew my address here.
      • He feels lucky his own family knows of his sexual orientation and has accepted him and his partner.
      • It's good to know that the authorities are aware of the need to protect our environment.
      • The troops know the truth better than anyone.
      • He was an astute politician, instinctively knowing how to exploit popular feelings for his own advantage.
      • The first step you should take is to simply limit the number of people who know your personal email address.
      • They should map out a route first and stick to it so their parents know their whereabouts.
      • Kildare went in at half time knowing that they had to retain possession for longer in order to create more meaningful chances in front of goal.
      • It is believed she may still be in the Nottingham area although she is known to have friends in Cheshire and Bedfordshire.
      • Once you know how much money you will have every week you should be able to budget accordingly.
      • She knew little about her siblings, as it had been years since she had seen or spoken to any of them.
      • Electronic tagging would be a method of ensuring their whereabouts is known at all times.
      • My advice is never download any program from the internet unless you know exactly what it is.
      • Depression is known to be a major risk factor for heart disease.
      • A spokesperson for the fire brigade said the cause of the fire was not yet known.
      • I had no means of knowing whether he told the truth.
      • Governments know from experience that struggling companies typically can't be rescued with taxpayer money.
      • Before my current job I was in the pub industry for 15 years, so I know what I am talking about.
      • Only one person knew my phone number and that was Alli.
      • Perhaps some of the faces will be familiar to our readers or maybe someone even knows the date or the year when the picture was taken.
      • Anyone who has travelled to Holland knows that they are more aware of human rights.
      • There are additional plot twists that you probably don't want to know about if you plan to see this movie.
      • If you know of a group which deserves this recognition, make sure you nominate them.
      • Enlargement of the thyroid gland is known to be associated with hormonal changes in women.
      • Chemical fertilizers were unavailable, for eighteenth-century scientists knew too little about plant physiology to devise the right chemical composition.

    • 1.2(have practical understanding of)

      (shorthand) saber
      • He's been a top club manager, he's got his coaching badges, he knows the game from top to bottom.
      • Wentworth-Day was an eccentric character, but he certainly knew his subject.
      • However, there's no disputing the fact that the guy knows his subject.
      • Paulo's the Italian, so I let him pick because obviously he knows his wine better than I do.
      • She knew poverty, but not the type of poverty that is experienced by some families today.
      • Melinda, a mother-of-three, knows first-hand how emotions can spiral out of control after giving birth.
      • Even knowing one language other than your own says so much about your attitude towards the world outside your own country.
      • English children living in France would have to know the language - spoken and written.
      • He knows the subject and does a very good job of communicating this knowledge.
      • He is a man who has known much personal sorrow in his life, and yet that has not stopped him doing what he can for others.
      • They knew plenty of personal pain and grief, but their country was inviolable and it prospered.
      • The author knows his subject and provides much information and analysis not easily available elsewhere.
      • Today, he takes comfort in the fact that his eldest son knew personal happiness and fulfilment in the last few years of his life.
      • If you don't know the language of the country you live in, you can't ask for what you need.
      • There is no doubt that Hoeckner has something to say, nor is there any doubt that he knows his subject.
      • This is all very interesting, but can knowing French really help me land a job?
      • This good news comes from someone who knows her subject.
      • I've known hard times and good times, but writing has always been my personal salvation and I don't think I could live without it.
      • It is not possible to know a country well without knowing its language.
      • One can listen to an aria in Italian or German without knowing the language and still get the message.
      • Arabic is the official language of the country and English is widely known throughout Sudan.
      • I know what it's like to be out of work; I'm grateful for having lots of work because it doesn't always happen.
      • He knows the language much better than he lets on, but he is far from fluent.
      • This was no ordinary place; it was an upmarket historic inn and its chef clearly knew his stuff.
      • In addition, nearly every citizen of Greenland knows the Danish language.
      • Neither of them knew any English although both had learned several other languages.
      • John himself was diagnosed with cancer some years ago and knows what a dreadful experience it can be.
      • The gorilla is famous for knowing sign language, and she was able to sign to her handlers in California that she had a toothache.

    • 1.3(have skill, ability)

      to know how to + inf saber + inf
      • he doesn't know how to swim no sabe nadar

  • 2

    • 2.1(be acquainted with)

      (person/place) conocer
      I know her from college/from somewhere la conozco de la universidad/de algún sitio
      • we've known each other for years hace años que nos conocemos
      • how well do you know her? ¿la conoces mucho / bien?
      • I only know her by name la ubico solo de nombre
      • it's not what you know, it's who you know that is important lo que importa no es lo que sabes sino a quién conoces
      • I thought you'd forgotten — you know me better than that! pensé que te habías olvidado — ¿pero no me conoces? / ¡sabes que sería incapaz!
      • you know me/him: ever the optimist ya me/lo conoces: siempre tan optimista
      • if I know her, she won't even be up yet conociéndola, seguro que ni siquiera se ha levantado
      • do you know France at all? ¿conoces Francia?
      • to get to know sb
      • how did they get to know each other? ¿cómo se conocieron?
      • I got to know him better/quite well llegué a conocerlo mejor/bastante bien
      • to get to know sth familiarizarse con algo
      • I'm still getting to know the area todavía no conozco bien la zona
      • to make oneself known to sb darse a conocer a algn
      • we knew her as Mrs Balfour/the little old lady next door para nosotros era la Sra Balfour/la viejita de al lado
      • The thing is, I don't like to go to a concert and not be able to sing along to the songs I know.
      • Oliver was in a position to know the personal preferences of generations of British royals.
      • St. Louisans are partial to certain types of food known nowhere else on the planet.
      • But Mark Waites knows the New York ad scene from personal experience.
      • As a regular cyclist I know only too well the risks I have to face each day on my way to work.
      • Andrea told me that all her girl friends know the site, which really flattered me.
      • Anybody familiar with Citroen's larger cars knows the comfort of its hydraulic suspension system.
      • Chris had decided she should drive, because I didn't know the city.
      • The former All Black captain knows British conditions from his time at Northampton, where he was an inspirational force.
      • The castles and heritage trails are known and savoured by visitors from near and far.
      • I know this great little restaurant down the road, we can walk there.
      • Do you know any good bars around here?
      • If any of you know any good articles or books that address this problem please let me know.

    • 2.2(have personal experience of)

      he has known poverty/success ha conocido la pobreza/el éxito
      • he knows no fear no sabe lo que es / no conoce el miedo
      • you don't know what it is to be hungry (tú) no sabes lo que es tener hambre

    • 2.3literary (be restricted by)

      tener
      her ambition knows no limits su ambición no tiene límites

    • 2.4Bible
      archaic (sexually)

      conocer archaic
      • The angel tells Mary (a woman who has known no man) that she will bear a son.

  • 3

    • 3.1(recognize, identify)

      reconocer
      I'd know that voice anywhere reconocería esa voz en cualquier parte
      • would you know him? ¿lo reconocerías?
      • would you know the street? ¿reconocerías la calle?
      • she knows a good thing when she sees one sabe lo que es bueno
      • to know sth/sb by sth reconocer algo/a algn por algo
      • Yet Sven Goran Eriksson and his assistant clearly know a player when they see one.
      • Everyone knows the name and recognises the face but not many of us have actually gone to see him.
      • Given that many voters wouldn't have known his face until last week, he may have a tough time selling himself as Premier in time for the state election next year.
      • It was Patricia talking - I'd know her voice anywhere.
      • You might not immediately recognise him but you definitely know the name.
      • I know that face, where have I seen her before?
      • One man recognises a room by a small sign, another knows a street by the tram car numbers.
      • ‘I really know your face from somewhere,’ she explains.
      • I have travelled extensively for the past 25 years and I know a good bar when I see one. This is not a good bar!

    • 3.2(distinguish)

      to know sth/sb from sth/sb distinguir algo/a algn de algo/algn
      • I don't know one from the other no distingo al uno del otro
      • Even if you don't know your aft from a rudder, you and your kids can learn to sail at Colonna.
      • Not knowing a pesade from a pirouette or a courbette from a capriole, I was seduced by the riders’ dashing livery of black boots, white tights, brown dress coat and gilded bicorn hat, and the ambiance of aristocratic Vienna.
      • Whether you've read the script a thousand times, or don't know your Capulets from your Montagues this show is delightful.
      • Certainly, he is a man who knows his arias from his oboes.
      • But don't worry if this is your first foray into Greek cooking and you don't know your mezedes from your mezedakia.
      • Every child should be brought up to know right from wrong and to respect their peers and elders.
      • If you don't know your weeds from your plants, why not take some samples into your local garden centre for identification?
      • Anyway, we shall all know the answer in three weeks time but my vain hope would be that someone is put in charge of the agricultural portfolio who at least knows his sheep from his goats.
      • On the weight issue, and for the benefit of those that don't know their kilos from their pounds… there are 2.25 pounds to each kilo.
      • John used to spend lengthy periods in India as a tour guide and knows his bhuna from his balti.
      • I solicited advice from a doctor friend who knows his asthma from his tennis elbow, and who has studied many branches of medicine.
      • With all the church news in the media these days, it's important to know your prelates from your pontiffs.
      • I studied Maths for a long time. I know my rotations from my reflections.
      • The online survey is quick and easy to fill out, and if you don't know your wallabies from your wombats there's a picture gallery to help you.

  • 4

    (see, experience)
    I've never known her (to) lose her temper nunca la he visto perder los estribos
    • this has been known to happen before esto ya ha ocurrido otras veces
    • I have been known to read a book occasionally, you know algún libro leo de vez en cuando, aunque te parezca mentira

intransitive verb

  • 1

    saber
    what happened? — nobody knows ¿qué pasó? — no se sabe
    • how do you know? ¿cómo lo sabes?
    • when will you know? ¿cuándo lo sabrás?
    • I can't accept, as he well knows sabe muy bien que no puedo aceptar
    • I won't argue: you know best no voy a discutir: tú sabrás
    • I know! ¡ya sé!
    • I ought to know! ¡si lo sabré yo!
    • let me know as soon as he arrives avísame en cuanto llegue
    • when will they let us know? ¿cuándo nos lo comunicarán?
    • you could have let me know! ¡me lo podrías haber dicho!
    • I don't think so: I know so no es que lo crea, es que lo sé / me consta
    • you never know nunca se sabe
    • I needed help, but they didn't want to know necesitaba ayuda, pero ellos ... ¡si te he visto no me acuerdo!
    • the government didn't want to know el gobierno se desentendió completamente / no quiso saber nada
    • I'm not stupid, you know! oye, que no soy tonto ¿eh? / ¿sabes?
    • you'll have to work harder, you know vas a tener que trabajar más ¿eh?
    • you know, if I had the choice, I'd quit tomorrow ¿sabes qué? / ¿sabes una cosa? si pudiera, me iba mañana mismo
    • it's not fair, you know, they should have told us no hay derecho, la verdad, debieron habérnoslo dicho
    • to know about sth/sb
    • to know of sth/sb
    • he knows about computers sabe / entiende de computadoras
    • I didn't know about the strike no estaba enterado / no sabía de lo de la huelga
    • we know about your little escapade! ¡estamos enterados de tu aventurita!
    • I wish we'd known about it earlier ojalá nos hubiéramos enterado antes
    • can I invite him? — I don't know about that, we'll have to see ¿lo puedo invitar? — no sé, veremos
    • to get to know about sth enterarse de algo
    • did you know about John? ¿sabías lo de John?
    • I don't know about you, but I'm hungry yo no sé tú, pero yo tengo hambre
    • she knew of their activities tenía conocimiento / estaba enterada de sus actividades
    • not that I know of que yo sepa, no
    • do you know of a good carpenter? ¿conoces a / sabes de algún carpintero bueno?
    • I don't actually know her, I knowof her no la conozco personalmente, solo de oídas

noun

  • 1

    to be in the know estar enterado
    • those in the know say that ... los enterados dicen que ...