In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
transitive verbknown, knew
1.1(have knowledge of, be aware of)saberI don't know his name/how old he is — no sé cómo se llama/cuántos años tiene
- do you know the words of the song? — ¿sabes la letra de la canción?
- to know sth about sth — saber algo de algo
- what do you know about that? — ¿tú qué sabes de eso?
- his wife knows it — su mujer lo sabe / está enterada
- I knew it! you've changed your mind! — ¡ya sabía yo que ibas a cambiar de idea!
- I didn't know (that) you had a brother! — no sabía que tenías un hermano
- I know you're upset but … — ya sé que estás disgustado pero …
- how was I to know that … ? — ¿cómo iba yo a saber que … ?
- I should have known this would happen — tenía que haber(me) imaginado que iba a pasar esto
- I don't know that I agree/that I'll be able to come — no sé si estoy de acuerdo/si podré ir
- I don't know how to put this, but … — no sé cómo decirlo, pero …
- I don't know what you mean — no sé qué quieres decir
- you know what he's like — ya lo conoces
- before I knew where I was, it was ten o'clock — cuando quise darme cuenta, eran las diez
- it is well known that … — todo el mundo sabe que …
- it's not widely known that she also paints — poca gente / no todo el mundo sabe que también pinta
- it soon became known that … — pronto se supo que …
- to be known to + inf
- he's known to be dangerous/opposed to the idea — se sabe que es peligroso/que se opone a la idea
- I know her to be a reliable person/a liar — me consta que es de fiar/una mentirosa
- we knew him for a devout man — lo teníamos por un hombre devoto
- to know to + inf
- he does know to turn off the gas, doesn't he? — sabe que tiene que desconectar el gas ¿no?
- she knows not to disturb us — sabe (muy bien) que no tiene que molestarnos
- without our knowing it — sin saberlo nosotros
- For youngsters struggling with issues like bullying, bereavement and family breakdown, knowing who to turn to once they get to school can be a problem.
- It is believed she may still be in the Nottingham area although she is known to have friends in Cheshire and Bedfordshire.
- Chemical fertilizers were unavailable, for eighteenth-century scientists knew too little about plant physiology to devise the right chemical composition.
- They should map out a route first and stick to it so their parents know their whereabouts.
- She is known to have had a relationship with a homeless man who was wanted by police in connection with a stolen credit card.
- He feels lucky his own family knows of his sexual orientation and has accepted him and his partner.
- Enlargement of the thyroid gland is known to be associated with hormonal changes in women.
- It's strange but just knowing that ‘someone’ out there cares helps, even if it's someone I've never met.
- The first step you should take is to simply limit the number of people who know your personal email address.
- Once you know how much money you will have every week you should be able to budget accordingly.
- Plan your night out, including your journey home, and make sure someone knows where you are and when you will be back
- I knew there was a Republican Presidential debate in Iowa today, and I'd intended to watch it.
- A spokesperson for the fire brigade said the cause of the fire was not yet known.
- Without that sort of information, firefighters have no way of knowing what is happening inside a building.
- I decided to go down to the company and found other people in the same situation demanding to know what was going on.
- I have trained hard in the past and I know what it takes in terms of time and energy.
- He was an astute politician, instinctively knowing how to exploit popular feelings for his own advantage.
- Remember to let the kennels or cattery know of any particular feeding or other requirements for your pet.
- The troops know the truth better than anyone.
- We bought our house knowing that it would be tight for the first four or five years.
- Governments know from experience that struggling companies typically can't be rescued with taxpayer money.
- My brothers and I used to get letters and I probably still would if she knew my address here.
- She said the bus companies knew that customers were very aware of green issues and clean fuel.
- I had no means of knowing whether he told the truth.
- It's good to know that the authorities are aware of the need to protect our environment.
- She knew little about her siblings, as it had been years since she had seen or spoken to any of them.
- Her relationship with her own parents is so close that she feels saddened when she hears other parents saying they don't want to know what their children are up to.
- There are additional plot twists that you probably don't want to know about if you plan to see this movie.
- If you know of a group which deserves this recognition, make sure you nominate them.
- My advice is never download any program from the internet unless you know exactly what it is.
- She is now growing increasingly concerned and wants anyone who may know of his whereabouts to get in contact.
- Depression is known to be a major risk factor for heart disease.
- Anyone who has travelled to Holland knows that they are more aware of human rights.
- Kildare went in at half time knowing that they had to retain possession for longer in order to create more meaningful chances in front of goal.
- Before my current job I was in the pub industry for 15 years, so I know what I am talking about.
- Perhaps some of the faces will be familiar to our readers or maybe someone even knows the date or the year when the picture was taken.
- However, it is worth knowing what symptoms to look for.
- Electronic tagging would be a method of ensuring their whereabouts is known at all times.
- Let it be clear from here on in that I know absolutely nothing about how cars work.
- Only one person knew my phone number and that was Alli.
1.2(have practical understanding of)(shorthand/french) saber
- He knows the subject and does a very good job of communicating this knowledge.
- However, there's no disputing the fact that the guy knows his subject.
- The author knows his subject and provides much information and analysis not easily available elsewhere.
- Neither of them knew any English although both had learned several other languages.
- The gorilla is famous for knowing sign language, and she was able to sign to her handlers in California that she had a toothache.
- Even knowing one language other than your own says so much about your attitude towards the world outside your own country.
- There is no doubt that Hoeckner has something to say, nor is there any doubt that he knows his subject.
- John himself was diagnosed with cancer some years ago and knows what a dreadful experience it can be.
- I've known hard times and good times, but writing has always been my personal salvation and I don't think I could live without it.
- If you don't know the language of the country you live in, you can't ask for what you need.
- In addition, nearly every citizen of Greenland knows the Danish language.
- English children living in France would have to know the language - spoken and written.
- I know what it's like to be out of work; I'm grateful for having lots of work because it doesn't always happen.
- He knows the language much better than he lets on, but he is far from fluent.
- Paulo's the Italian, so I let him pick because obviously he knows his wine better than I do.
- Wentworth-Day was an eccentric character, but he certainly knew his subject.
- This was no ordinary place; it was an upmarket historic inn and its chef clearly knew his stuff.
- It is not possible to know a country well without knowing its language.
- One can listen to an aria in Italian or German without knowing the language and still get the message.
- He's been a top club manager, he's got his coaching badges, he knows the game from top to bottom.
- They knew plenty of personal pain and grief, but their country was inviolable and it prospered.
- He is a man who has known much personal sorrow in his life, and yet that has not stopped him doing what he can for others.
- Arabic is the official language of the country and English is widely known throughout Sudan.
- This is all very interesting, but can knowing French really help me land a job?
- She knew poverty, but not the type of poverty that is experienced by some families today.
- This good news comes from someone who knows her subject.
- Melinda, a mother-of-three, knows first-hand how emotions can spiral out of control after giving birth.
- Today, he takes comfort in the fact that his eldest son knew personal happiness and fulfilment in the last few years of his life.
1.3(have skill, ability)to know how to + inf — saber + inf
- he doesn't know how to swim — no sabe nadar
2.1(be acquainted with)(person/place) conocerI know her from college/from somewhere — la conozco de la universidad/de algún sitio
- we've known each other for years — hace años que nos conocemos
- how well do you know her? — ¿la conoces mucho / bien?
- I only know her by name — la conozco solo de nombre
- it's not what you know, it's who you know that is important — lo que importa no es lo que sabes sino a quién conoces
- I thought you'd forgotten — you know me better than that! — pensé que te habías olvidado — ¿pero no me conoces? / ¡sabes que sería incapaz!
- you know me/him: ever the optimist — ya me/lo conoces: siempre tan optimista
- if I know her, she won't even be up yet — conociéndola, seguro que ni siquiera se ha levantado
- do you know France at all? — ¿conoces Francia?
- to get to know sb
- how did they get to know each other? — ¿cómo se conocieron?
- I got to know him better/quite well — llegué a conocerlo mejor/bastante bien
- to get to know sth — familiarizarse con algo
- I'm still getting to know the area — todavía no conozco bien la zona
- we knew her as Mrs Balfour/the little old lady next door — para nosotros era la Sra Balfour/la viejita de al lado
- Oliver was in a position to know the personal preferences of generations of British royals.
- I know this great little restaurant down the road, we can walk there.
- The former All Black captain knows British conditions from his time at Northampton, where he was an inspirational force.
- Andrea told me that all her girl friends know the site, which really flattered me.
- St. Louisans are partial to certain types of food known nowhere else on the planet.
- The castles and heritage trails are known and savoured by visitors from near and far.
- Chris had decided she should drive, because I didn't know the city.
- Anybody familiar with Citroen's larger cars knows the comfort of its hydraulic suspension system.
- Do you know any good bars around here?
- The thing is, I don't like to go to a concert and not be able to sing along to the songs I know.
- If any of you know any good articles or books that address this problem please let me know.
- As a regular cyclist I know only too well the risks I have to face each day on my way to work.
- But Mark Waites knows the New York ad scene from personal experience.
2.2(have personal experience of)he has known poverty/success — ha conocido la pobreza/el éxito
- he knows no fear — no sabe lo que es / no conoce el miedo
- you don't know what it is to be hungry — (tú) no sabes lo que es tener hambre
2.3literary (be restricted by)tenerher ambition knows no limits — su ambición no tiene límites
archaic (sexually)conocer archaic
- The angel tells Mary (a woman who has known no man) that she will bear a son.
3.1(recognize, identify)reconocerI'd know that voice anywhere — reconocería esa voz en cualquier parte
- would you know him? — ¿lo reconocerías?
- would you know the street? — ¿reconocerías la calle?
- she knows a good thing when she sees one — sabe lo que es bueno
- to know sth/sb by sth — reconocer algo/a algn por algo
- Yet Sven Goran Eriksson and his assistant clearly know a player when they see one.
- Everyone knows the name and recognises the face but not many of us have actually gone to see him.
- One man recognises a room by a small sign, another knows a street by the tram car numbers.
- I have travelled extensively for the past 25 years and I know a good bar when I see one. This is not a good bar!
- Given that many voters wouldn't have known his face until last week, he may have a tough time selling himself as Premier in time for the state election next year.
- I know that face, where have I seen her before?
- You might not immediately recognise him but you definitely know the name.
- It was Patricia talking - I'd know her voice anywhere.
- ‘I really know your face from somewhere,’ she explains.
3.2(distinguish)to know sth/sb from sth/sb — distinguir algo/a algn de algo/algn
- I don't know one from the other — no los distingo
- If you don't know your weeds from your plants, why not take some samples into your local garden centre for identification?
- I solicited advice from a doctor friend who knows his asthma from his tennis elbow, and who has studied many branches of medicine.
- Certainly, he is a man who knows his arias from his oboes.
- Every child should be brought up to know right from wrong and to respect their peers and elders.
- Even if you don't know your aft from a rudder, you and your kids can learn to sail at Colonna.
- Not knowing a pesade from a pirouette or a courbette from a capriole, I was seduced by the riders’ dashing livery of black boots, white tights, brown dress coat and gilded bicorn hat, and the ambiance of aristocratic Vienna.
- But don't worry if this is your first foray into Greek cooking and you don't know your mezedes from your mezedakia.
- The online survey is quick and easy to fill out, and if you don't know your wallabies from your wombats there's a picture gallery to help you.
- Anyway, we shall all know the answer in three weeks time but my vain hope would be that someone is put in charge of the agricultural portfolio who at least knows his sheep from his goats.
- On the weight issue, and for the benefit of those that don't know their kilos from their pounds… there are 2.25 pounds to each kilo.
- I studied Maths for a long time. I know my rotations from my reflections.
- Whether you've read the script a thousand times, or don't know your Capulets from your Montagues this show is delightful.
- John used to spend lengthy periods in India as a tour guide and knows his bhuna from his balti.
- With all the church news in the media these days, it's important to know your prelates from your pontiffs.
4(see, experience)I've never known her (to) lose her temper — nunca la he visto perder los estribos
intransitive verbknown, knew
1saberwhat happened? — nobody knows — ¿qué pasó? — no se sabe
- how do you know? — ¿cómo lo sabes?
- when will you know? — ¿cuándo lo sabrás?
- I can't accept, as he well knows — sabe muy bien que no puedo aceptar
- I ought to know! — ¡si lo sabré yo!
- I don't think so: I know so — no es que lo crea, es que lo sé / me consta
- to know about sth/sb
- he knows about computers — sabe / entiende de computadoras
- I didn't know about the strike — no estaba enterado / no sabía de lo de la huelga
- we know about your little escapade! — ¡estamos enterados de tu aventurita!
- I wish we'd known about it earlier — ojalá nos hubiéramos enterado antes
- can I invite him? — I don't know about that, we'll have to see — ¿lo puedo invitar? — no sé, veremos
- to get to know about sth — enterarse de algo
- did you know about John? — ¿sabías lo de John?
- I don't know about you, but I'm hungry — yo no sé tú, pero yo tengo hambre
- to know of sth/sb
- she knew of their activities — tenía conocimiento / estaba enterada de sus actividades
- not that I know of — que yo sepa, no
- do you know of a good carpenter? — ¿conoces a / sabes de algún carpintero bueno?
- I don't actually know her, I knowof her — no la conozco personalmente, solo de oídas
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